[Home -- Accueil]

Ah! Les crocodiles 
Ah ! Les crocrocro, les crocrocro, les crocodiles
Sur les bords du Nil, ils sont partis n'en parlons plus

updated and corrections / mises à jour et corrections: 30 August 2019

Canadian Military Law -- Part II
Bibliography H to L /

Droit militaire canadien -- Partie II
Bibliographie H à L


Other sites on Canadian military law

Part II -- Bibliography: A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z

Part I  --  Canadian Military Law -- Miscellaneous

- Blog

- Somalia Inquiry & Government Reaction
      -  1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
      -  Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
          January 1997 to July 1997
-  The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
The Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
      - 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25

Governments Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act

- Current Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct

- Court Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017

- JAG & DND Web Sites

- Laws, Regulations and Orders

Superseded Legislation

- Web Sites of Interest


Starting here:

Bibliography H to L  /
Bibliographie H à L


Photo Source: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/authors/tu-thanh-ha, accessed 5 Ocober 2016
Tu Thanh Ha

HA, Tu Thanh, "Officer's complaint a royal pain, judge says", The Globe and Mail, published last updated Monday, Mar. 30, 2009, available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/officers-complaint-a-royal-pain-judge-says/article1050941/  (accessed 5 October 2016); see the decision of the Federal Court at Giolla Chainnigh v. Canada (Attorney General), 2008 FC 69 (CanLII) — 2008-01-21;

Outward displays of loyalty to the Queen are fundamental to Canadian military discipline, a judge has ruled, rejecting the complaint of an army officer of Irish ancestry who objected to toasting "an unelected monarch of foreign origin."

Captain Aralt Mac Giolla Chainnigh has campaigned for years to be excused from regimental dinner traditions such as toasting the Queen, saluting the Union Jack or singing God Save the Queen.

However, in a 28-page ruling released yesterday, Mr. Justice Robert Barnes of the Federal Court said confusion would ensue if members of the military could opt out of various protocol requirements.


In his judgment, Judge Barnes wrote that the Chief of the Defence Staff, General Rick Hillier, was right when he decided in August, 2006, to support a grievance board ruling that rejected the captain's claims.

"Whether Capt. Mac Giolla Chainnigh likes it or not, the fact is that the Queen is his Commander-in-Chief and Canada's Head of State," Judge Barnes wrote.


Capt. Mac Giolla Chainnigh, who legally changed his name from Harold Kenny to the Gaelic version, is an associate professor of physics at Royal Military College in Kingston, and a member of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.

HAECK, Louis, 1951-, "A Canadian view on ballistic missile proliferation and space defense", Working paper n.98/04, Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Politics and Economics;

__________ "Certains aspects politiques et juridiques de l'utilisation militaire de l'espace", (1997) 36 Mil. L. & L. War Rev. 159;

___________Notes biographiques sur Louis Haeck, disponible à  https://cmea-agmc.ca/sites/default/files/retirements/10.08.Haeck_f.pdf (visité le 7 juillet 2017);

[...] En 1974 il termine ses études en droit et transfère au 51 Bataillon de Services comme capitaine à la compagnie de logistique.
En 1981 il obtient sa maîtrise en droit et est promu major au sein de la 438 escadron de nos Forces aériennes. Il est muté au
quartier général du Groupe de la Réserve Aérienne à Winnipeg, Manitoba jusqu’en 1989 comme officier supérieur d’état-major.
Il obtient son doctorat en droit de McGill la même année pour rejoindre les rangs de l’Agence spatiale canadienne comme
officier de liaison. Il est désigné comme membre de la Commission juridique du CIOR de 1995 à 1998 à Bruxelles, Belgique.
Il a enseigné plusieurs années aux académies militaires alliées en tant que professeur d’études stratégiques dont, le Collège
Militaire Royal, Westpoint et USAF Académie au Colorado et à NORAD.  En 1999 il rejoint les rangs du Groupe des
Communications au quartier général comme expert à la direction spatiale à Ottawa, Ontario. Il est promu lieutenant-colonel
intérimaire en 2001 après avoir réussi le cours de commandement d’état major à Kingston au QGDN. En 2002 il demande,
pour des raisons familiales, un transfert à Montréal au 3e Régiment de Génie comme commandant d’escadron et par la suite
commandant adjoint du Régiment. En 2006 il est le G9 de la 34 Brigade vu son MBA en gestion de risques. En 2007 il revient
au 34 Régiment du Génie de Combat comme officier de liaison et conseiller en éthique et se qualifie comme officier de mesures
de contingence.

 Il a obtenu la prestigieuse bourse de l’OTAN pour son doctorat et en 1991; la bourse postdoctorale du Ministère
de la Défense pour ses recherches en études stratégiques au CMR et de nombreux prix et mérites académiques pour ses publications.
En 2007 il est sélectionné comme officier de développement pour la Fondation des Bourses du Millénaire du Canada.[...]

_________ Les prolégomènes juridiques relatifs à l'utilisation militaire du milieu aéro-spatial par les forces canadiennes, thèse de doctorat, Institut de droit aérien et spatial, Université McGill, mars 1989,  xxi, 606 p., disponible à http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/-?func=dbin-jump-full&current_base=GEN01&object_id=28403 (vérifié le 6 janvier 2012); aussi disponible à http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/webclient/StreamGate?folder_id=0&dvs=1551469649889~499 (vérifié le 1er mars 2019)

Description: The exploration of space started a long time ago with the inception of civil aviation. This mode of transport very soon became
a matter of great interest to the military. Today our strategists are concerned about the outer space and the limits of our universe. We do not
have an airforce anymore; we have an aerospace force. The first part of this thesis is a study of the air law applicable to the military operations
of our pilots. The study begins with an introduction in the world of the international public law and then moves on to the laws of armed
conflicts. The flight continues with a fly pass over the laws of airwar and, lastly, the Canadian military law. In the second part of the thesis,
we deal with the space law applicable to the military operations in space. We look at the international public law and several multilateral and
bilateral agreements relating to the use of outer space for military activities. We also study specific problems of interest for some military
operations in outer space. Thereafter we analyse some legal implications of the spying in space, space stations and self defence. The Soviets'
doctrine on space laws is explained in chapter eight. After, we do one full orbit around the law of disarmament in outer space and land on the
international order in space in the last chapter to complete our journey in deep space. Lastly, we finally conclude that the military personnel
serving in different aerospace forces need a better "corpus aero-spatialis". We, the jurists, should work to fix the legal limits of military operations
in the air and space environment. Ultimately, we need an international instrument determining the common rules of law of armed conflict for
military personnel serving in their respective aerospace forces. (source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=facet&fctN=facet_rtype
, (accessed 18 August 2016).

___________"Space Law in Military Academics in North America",  (1991) 34 Proc. on L. Outer Space 187;

[Source: https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.space/pininsl0034&div=35&id=&page=, accessed 6 January 2019]

HAECK, Louis, Michel Bourbonnière,  “Military Aircraft and International Law: Chicago OPUS 3”,  (Summer 2001) 66(3) Journal of Air Law and Commerce 885-978; available at http://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1586&context=jalc (accessed 23 January 2018);

HAECK, Louis, Georgious Leloudas, "Legal aspects of aviation risk management", (2003) 28 Annals of air and space law/Annales de droit aérien et spatial 149–169;

Ross Hainsworth

HAINSWORTH, Ross, former legal officer, court martialed twice; see https://www.facebook.com/ross.hainsworth1 (accessed 2 August 2018);

I was wrongly disbarred by the Law Society of Upper Canada on
March 23,1995. Ever since, the Law Society has covered up its
mistake with the help of the Ontario judiciary. Ontario judges failed
to follow the rule of law by ignoring my uncontested evidence when
I represented myself after my wrongful disbarment. ....

In early 1991, as a defending officer at a court martial I tried to persuade
a witness to give truthful testimony to save my client from a wrongful
conviction on a charge of aggravated assault. My client, Cpl. John Gravline,
was clearly wrongly convicted.

As a result of my conduct, my military career was destroyed by a malicious
Judge Advocate General (Commodore Peter Partner) who sought his revenge
against me for the togue-lashing he got from Justice Muldoon of the Federal Court;
I was illegally re-prosecuted as a civilian under the Canadian military justice
system after my military appeal was allowed on May 12, 1992, (also as a result
of the JAG's malice); federal MPs of all parties ignored my case - I'm sure they
were all covering up the neglect of their leaders; I was wrongly disbarred by the
Law Society of Upper Canada; and I was subjected to a comprehensive failure of
Ontario judges to follow the rule of law after my wrongful disbarment. ....

____________on HAINSWORTH, Captain Ross, 
see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 148-149, available at 103-242;

image source: commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/people/bindman-stephen, accessed 18 August 2017
Stephen Bindman
___________on  HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the article by  BINDMAN, Stephen, "[ For the first time, a Canadian military... ]", CanWest News, Jun 2, 1991, p.1; following his conviction, Hainsworth appealed and a new trial was ordered.  He had a second court martial.

Description: Capt. Ross Hainsworth, legal officer at CFB Cold Lake in Alberta, pleaded guilty last week to a charge of fraud
against the government at a court martial before three officers. According to a statement of evidence presented at his court
martial at CFB Trenton, Hainsworth was defending a Toronto corporal in February who was charged with aggravated assault.
The corporal was eventually convicted and sentenced to four months in jail and an internal investigation was begun into
Hainsworth's actions.
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved; available at : http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?
, accessed 18 August 2017

[Research note: on Mr. Hainsworth, see also:
Canada (Attorney General) v. Hainsworth, 2004 CanLII 15063 (ON SC), <http://canlii.ca/t/1hd1l>;
Hainsworth v. Canada, [2003] O.J. No. 6162, at paras. 32-34 (S.C.J.).; Hainsworth v. Canada, [2003] O.J. No. 6163, at paras. 32-34 (S.C.J.);  R. v. Graveline, 1994
CanLII 10724 (CMAC), <http://canlii.ca/t/ggprg>; referred to in G-Civil Inc. v. Canada (Public Works and Government
Services Canada), 2006 CanLII 42655 (ON SC), <http://canlii.ca/t/1q6p8>; Hainsworth v. Attorney General of Canada,
2011 ONSC 2642 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/flm2z>]

___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the article by Gadd, Jane, "Lawyer is guilty of harassing MP's staff", The Globe and Mail, 14 October 2018, at p. A30;

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 15 November 2018

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the
mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the proceedings of  the Law Society of Upper Canada Ontario Discipline Committee, 1993, available at Hainsworth, Re, 1995 CanLII 1768 (ON LST), <http://canlii.ca/t/1gp6t> (accessed 27 August 2019);

Mr. MacKenzie provided us with the following information.

Mr. Hainsworth was a defence counsel on a court martial proceeding
and that role gave rise to the allegations of professional misconduct
in this case. Mr. Hainsworth had joined the Judge Advocate General
(JAG) in l987 and was called to the Bar in l980. The incident giving
rise to these discipline proceedings occurred in l99l. Mr. Hainsworth
was dismissed from the Canadian Forces in January of l992. Mr. Hainsworth
was court martialled on two charges. As a result of plea negotiations,
Mr. Hainsworth pleaded guilty to a charge of fraud on the government.
Mr. MacKenzie advised us that Mr. Hainsworth appealed that decision based
on the Supreme Court of Canada decision in R. v. Generaux 70 CCC (3d) (3d)
that s.ll(d) of the Charter had been violated by the court martial
proceedings. Mr. Hainsworth was successful on the appeal. A second prosecution
was commenced, but Mr. Hainsworth successfully argued that a procedural error
had been made and that charge did not proceed. Mr. MacKenzie advised us that
at the present time he was uncertain whether a third attempt would be made
to proceed with a court martial against Mr. Hainsworth.

___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, Captain was the prosecutor in the Standing Court Martial of R. v. McLeod 1988 CM 17, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 4 May 1988, source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1988-12;

Source: pressreader.com/canada/the-aurora-labrador-city/20171204/281487866676474, accessed 30 June 2018
From Left: Melanie Lake, Kathy Haire,
and Sarah Heer

HAIRE, Kathy F., Major, "Professionalism in the Army: From Murder in Somalia to Disgrace in Afghanistan, How Far Has the Army Come?", Canadian Forces College, JCSP 42, 2015-16, Master of Defence Studies, v, 94 leaves, available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/318/286/Haire.pdf (accessed 15 August 2016);

HALL, G.W., Major, Assistant-Judge Advocate General at Camp Borden in 1944, see The Quarterly Army List, January 1944, Part 1, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1944 at p. 165 (bottom number) or p. 177B (top number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8897/88977987.23.pdf (accessed 20 March 2019);

HALPENNY, Andrew (Harrison Andrew), former member of the OJAG appointed to the Ontario Mining and Lands Tribunal (Environment and Land Tribunals Ontario), part-time, see https://www.pas.gov.on.ca/Home/AgencyBios/474 and https://www.pas.gov.on.ca/Home/Agency/474 (accessed 3 July 2018);

Andrew Halpenny spent the majority of his professional career in the Canadian Armed Forces as an infantry officer
and a military lawyer. He served across Canada, in Europe, the Balkans, Middle East, and in South Asia. Following
retirement, he worked for several years with the RCMP as legal counsel. He is an active member and past director
of the Rockcliffe Flying Club in Ottawa. He completed his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Manitoba,
his Bachelor of Laws degree at Queen's University, and his Master of Laws degree at the University of Ottawa.

Image source: heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/cybil50&div=21&id=&page=, accessed 13 October 2017
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the mouse allows to zoom in
or out of the web page being viewed

___________"Book Reviews: Prosecuting Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes in Canadian Courts.  By Annie Lafontaine.  Toronto: Carswell, 2012. 338 pages" (2012) 50 The Canadian Yearbook of International Law 640-647; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=N_DkAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA647&dq=Canada+%22Judge+advocate+General%22&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=MvAYVZbWMsuOyATon4A4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Canada%20%22Judge%20advocate%20General%22&f=false (accessed 30 March 2015);

___________ The Governance of Military Police in Canada, mémoire de maîtrise en droit (LL.M.), Université d'Ottawa, 2009; non disponible pour consultation; titre noté dans (automne 2009) 68 La Revue du Barrreau du Québec 584; now published in (2010) 48(1) Osgoode Hall Law Journal 1 to 54 approx.; available at http://ohlj.ca/english/documents/48_1_HALPENNY_changesmade_10_07_14.pdf (accessed on 23 February 2011);

English Abstract

The Military Police is a special federal police force in Canada with unique authority, designed to support military commanders both in
operations and in garrison. However, it has historically been under the command of non-Military Police officers, and is consequently
not governed like other police forces in Canada. Part of this arrangement can be explained by its special military duties, but much of
it is the result of a tradition that is at odds with current societal norms. It is the position of the author that differences in norms between
the Military Police and other Canadian police forces can only be justified by bona fide military requirements. This article proposes
pragmatic changes that would see the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal, who is the senior Military Police officer of the Canadian
Forces, command all Military Police. Their duties and functions, however, would be guided by a newly established Military Police
Services Board. This Board would provide transparent policy guidance and require equally transparent accountability from the
Military Police in a manner that respects the norms of Canadian law and other police services. Reprinted by permission of the
publisher. (source: http://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/ohlj/vol48/iss1/1/, accessed 6 February 2015)

___________ Independence and Impartiality and the Canadian military judicial system, Toronto : Canadian Forces Command and Staff College, 1989, 20, 5, 2 leaves;

___________photo of HALPENNY, Andrew:

"Sundridge South River Airport owner Dave Jenkins (left) and manager Gary
Thornborow welcome avid small aircraft operators like Joya and Andrew
Halpenny (centre) who flew all the way from Ottawa area on Saturday for a
fly-in and pancake breakfast. May 12, 2018. - Danielle Marr/Metroland"
Source: northbaynipissing.com/community-story/8605828-new-owner-has-big-plans-for-sundridge-south-river-airport/,
13 May 2018 (accessed 18 February 2019);

HALPIN, J. Graig (Jeremy Graig), lawyer, member of the OJAG since 2012; Deputy Judge Advocate, CFB  Gagetown since 2012 (information gathered 1 July 2018); source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/graig-halpin-394b01b6; member of the British Columbia Law Society;

Legal Advisor

Canadian Armed Forces/Forces armées csnsdiennes
– Present 11 years

(Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/graig-halpin-394b01b6, accessed 18 February 2019)

HALPRIN, Paul William, Civil Status of the Military, LL.B. thesis, University of Manitoba, Faculty of Law, 1957, 16, [1] leaves ; 29 cm.; copy at York University, Osgoode Hall Law School Library;

Sidney Halter, image source:
web.archive.org/web/20070719070952/http://www.jewishsports.net/PillarAchievementBios/SidneyHalter.htm, accessed 14 May 2019

HALTER, Sydney (also seen as Sidney), 1905-1990, avocat, juge-avocat au commandement aérien du district No. 2 à Winnipeg, voir "Sydney Halter ce jeune homme malingre d'il y a 36 ans Aujourd'hui devenu l'homme de fer de tout le footbal canadien", Le soleil, Québec,  mardi 18 février 1958 à la p. 19, disponible à  http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3294436(consulté le 15 mars 2019);

Source: blogue.uqtr.ca/2017/01/16/recherches-etudiants-tres-impliques-benevolement/, consulté 6 août 2018
"Appel de candidatures--Médailles du Lieutenant-Gouverneur pour la jeunesse 2017
Kevin Brasseur et Marie-Laurence Audet ont obtenu cette récompense en 2016. Nathalie Marchand, conseillère à l’aide
financière, Services aux étudiants UQTR (responsable des candidatures), Daniel McMahon, recteur de l’UQTR, Kevin Brasseur,
l’honorable J.-Michel Doyon, Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, Marie-Laurence Audet, major Éric Hamelin aide de camp du
Lieutenant-gouverneur et directeur du Service des ressources humaines de l’UQTR."

HAMELIN, Éric, avocat de la réserve, membre du cabinet du JAG, voir "Revue annuelle de l'escadron 14 de Shawinigan" Le Nouvelliste, Trois-Rivières, 20 mai 2000, Cahier 1 à la p. 51; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3299320 (consulté le 6 août 2018);

HAMELIN, René (or Louis-René?), Capt., died in 1973, from Montreal, member of the OJAG, see following article: "On Judicial Staff for Armed Services in Japan and Korea", Guardian of the Gulf, Friday, 4 December 1953, at p. 14, available at https://islandnewspapers.ca/islandora/object/guardian%3A19531204-014?solr%5Bquery%5D=judge-advocate&solr%5Bparams%5D%5BdefType%5D=dismax&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.limit%5D=20&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_century_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B1%5D=PARENT_decade_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B2%5D=PARENT_year_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B3%5D=PARENT_month_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B5%5D=RELS_EXT_isPageNumber_literal_ms&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqt%5D=standard&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_dateIssued_dt&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-120YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-20YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fl%5D=OCR_t&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fragsize%5D=400&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.pre%5D=%3Cspan%20class%3D%22islandora-solr-highlight%22%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.post%5D=%3C/span%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqf%5D=OCR_t%5E10.0 (accessed 10 October 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the
 wheel of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________research note: Was Capt. René Hamelin, in fact Capt Louis-René Hamelin married to Quebec painter Marcelle Ferron?  He died on 9 July 1973, see La Presse, 11 juillet 1973, à la page 10, voir http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2737878;   He may not have been a lawyer (research started 8 March 2019);

HAMILTON, C.F. (Charles Frederick), 1869-1933, "The Canadian Militia" (October 1902) 10 Queen's Quarterly 197-213; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (noted 21 May 2017); copy at Ottawa University, AP 5 .Q3  Index v.1-60 1893-1953, off campus storage -- Annex;

____________"Defence 1812-1912" in Adam Shortt, 1859-1931 and Sir Arthur G. (Arthur George) Dougty, 1860-1936, eds., Canada and Its Provinces: A History of the Canadian People and Thier Institutions By One Hundred Associates, Toronto : Glasgow, Brook and Company, 1914-1917, 23 v. at volume 7, pp. 379-468; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (noted 21 May 2017);

Source: store.lexis nexis.ca                                      Natalie  Venslovaitis                      Nada Khirdaji
                                                                                  source: ca.linkedin.com                 source: parislaw.ca/nada-khirdaji/, accessed 19 March 2018

Halsbury's  Laws of Canada, Mental Health/Military/Mines and Minerals, LexisNexis Canada, December 2011, 872 p., ISBN: 9780433456278,  NOTE: there is a 2015 reissue for the part on military law; in the 2011 edition for the part on military law. the responsible person was Nada Khirdaji; for the 2015 reissue, the responsible person was Natalie Venslovaitis; see also https://qcat.library.queensu.ca/vwebv/search?searchType=7&searchId=82985&maxResultsPerPage=25&recCount=25&recPointer=0&resultPointer=0&headingId=30107094 (accessed 19 March 2018);


LexisNexis Canada with the assistance of the Office of the Judge Advocate General for the Canadian Forces


With Canada’s armed forces at their most active level since the Korean War, this valuable title is a timely and comprehensive summary of the law that
governs military operations and military personnel. From a concise discussion of the organization of the Forces to issues of deployment, human resource
management and military justice, this work is carefully designed to serve as the definitive first reference for anyone researching this specialized subject.
Topics covered include:


  • The statutory and regulatory framework that authorize and limit military operations
  • Organization of the Canadian Forces, and the role of elected and appointed officials
  • Limitation or exclusion of Crown liability for military actions
  • Operational commands
  • Qualifications and requirements for enrolment in the Forces
  • Remuneration, pensions and additional benefits
  • Promotion, discharge, grievances
  • Deployment of Forces both internationally and within Canada
  • Code of military discipline, courts martial, the appeals process, and the role of military police
  • [Source: http://www.lexisnexis.ca/bookstore/bookinfo.php?pid=2188, accessed on 26 March 2012]

Image source: https://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/dpr-rmr/2008-2009/inst/fcg/fcg01-eng.asp, accessed 22 January 2016
Bruno Hamel
HAMEL, Bruno,  testimony of Bruno Hamel, Chair, Canadian Forces Grievance Board, on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act,
-  before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 64, 6 February 2013, minutes and evidence;
-  before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, meeting issue 38, 30 May 2013, minutes  and evidence;

HAMELIN,  Capt, legal officer, member of the OJAG, circa 1952, Korea, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 81 available at  i-xii and 1-102;

___________sur Hamelin, René, capitaine, de Montréal à Kure, Japon, voir "Nouvelles brèves", Le devoir, Montréal,  jeudi 26 novembre 1953 à la p. 3, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2782504 (vérifié le 15 mars 2019);

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/graeme-hamilton-9916ba41, accessed 28 December 2016
Graeme Hamilton
HAMILTON, Graeme, "[ Prime Minister Jean Chretien tells students that... ]", CanWest News, Oct 10, 1996, p.1;
Description: HALIFAX - Prime Minister [Jean Chretien] says the killings and torture committed by Canadian peacekeepers in Somalia were
mistakes of the kind to be expected in a large army. With morale in Armed Forces sagging in the aftermath of the Somalia affair, Chretien
urged military personnel Thursday to take pride in their accomplishments rather than dwelling on the misdeeds of a few bad apples. After a
student asked how his government would improve "the tarnished image and low morale" of the Armed Forces, Chretien blamed the continuing
public inquiry for magnifying the impact of the "incidents" in Somalia. (source:
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and
, accessed 9 July 2016)

Image source for Fen Osler Hampson: https://www.cigionline.org/content/fen-osler-hampson, accessed 22 January 2015

HAMPSON, Fen Osler, "Canada: committed contributor of ideas and forces, but with growing doubts and problems", in Charlotte Ku and Harold K. Jacobson, eds., Democratic Accountability and The Use of Force in International Law, Cambridge, UK; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003, xxv, 440 p., at pp. 127-153, ISBN: 0521807476 and 0521002079 (pbk.); copy at Ottawa University, FTX General: KZ 6376 .D46 2003; limited preview available at http://books.google.com/books?id=l_DAftAiXA8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Democratic+Accountability+%22&lr=&as_brr=0&sig=ACfU3U1mndeNxYJDCoV1veb-OXdo-nwvuA#PPA153,M1 and http://books.google.com/books?id=l_DAftAiXA8C&dq=%22Democratic+Accountability+%22&lr=&as_brr=0&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 1 August 2008);

Introduction: The issues of political, legal, and constitutional accountability in sending Canadian forces into harm's way have come to national
attention because of debate about the 1999 NATO Kosovo War. These issues of accountability have to be understood within the context of
Canada's parliamentary traditions and long-standing commitment to international peacekeeping and the United Nations. Debates about the
forms of authorization and accountability have become increasingly pronounced in recent years. On the one hand, there is growing concern
about the UN's international peace and security role and the general political accountability of the five permanent members (P-5) of the
Security Council to the wider membership of the UN. On the other hand, there are important domestic political accountability issues, too.
Many parliamentarians, particularly those in opposition, feel that successive governments neither adequately informed parliament nor
sought approval from it when Canadian forces have been deployed in peace operations. Ironically, this frustration seems to parallel a trend
towards greater – not reduced – levels of consultation and parliamentary debate by the current Liberal government. In the aftermath of the
Somalia Inquiry, issues of civilian control of military personnel and operations, as well as civilian responsibility to the military, have been
especially salient. Somalia provoked calls for improved systems of accountability within both the military and civilian hierarchies in
Canada's defense establishment. This chapter first discusses the constitutional and legal context of the use of military force by Canada.
© The American Society of International Law 2002 and Cambridge University Press, 2009.
[source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292474219_Canada_Committed_contributor_of_ideas_and_forces_but_with_growing_doubts_and_problems, accessed 3 January 2018]

Nina Han, first person on the left; source: JAG Annual Report 2016-2017

HAN, Lieutenant(N) Nina, employed by the Judge Advocate Generall/Director of Law Military Personnel and Assistant counsel for Her Majesty the Queen in the case of Duncan M.R. (Captain), R. v., 2013 CM 2002 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/fwq5t>, accessed 8 June 2018;

___________Photo of two legal officers: Lieutenant Commander Nina Han and Heidi Straarup (center of photo):

" 14 hours ago
Legal officers and staff from the offices of AJAG Pacific in Esquimalt and Comox participate annually
in the Great drill, designed to ensure readiness in the event of a major earthquake
 affecting British Columbia." (site accessed 19 October 2018).

HANCOCK, Jay, 1977-, Determined victor  : Canada's role in the prosecution of class 'A' Japanese war criminals, Thesis (M.A.)--Royal Military College of Canada, 2002;

The current scholarly investigations into Canada's role at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East
(IMTFE) incorrectly identifies the Canadian government's motives and interests in the prosecution of Japan's
wartime leadership. The careful examination of External Affairs files at the National Archives of Canada and
records from the Department of National Defence at the Directorate of History reveal a wide range of incentives
for Canada's participation in the post-war reconstruction of Japan. The appointment of a Canadian judge and
prosecutor to the inter-Allied military court resulted from a determined effort to secure retribution for the
brutal treatment of Canadian nationals and military personnel during the Pacific War. Brigadier Henry G. Nolan
and Justice Edward S.McDougall secured influence from Canada's Allied partners through their dedication and
determination to serve the cause of justice. A subsequent motivation for participating in the Allied administration
of justice in the Far Eastwas the potential to expand Canada's economic partnership with Japan.
(Abstract shortened by UMI.) (source: http://phdtree.org/pdf/25761795-determined-victor-canadas-role-in-the-prosecution-of-class-a-japanese-war-criminals/, accessed on 5 June 2014);

HANDFIELD, Catherine, "Affaire Micheline Montreuil: Ottawa a dépensé plus de 1 million", La Presse, 19 octobre 2012, disponible à http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/justice-et-affaires-criminelles/201210/18/01-4584856-affaire-micheline-montreuil-ottawa-a-depense-plus-de-1-million.php (visité 1 mars 2017); research note: "pour aller plus loin"/ to go further, see Montreuil v. Canadian Forces, 2009 CHRT 28 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/29th9>;

Image source: linkedin.com/in/nigel-hannaford-1093b189, accessed 8 January 2019
Nigel Hannaford
HANNAFORD, Nigel, "The military and the media in Canada since 1992" (2001) 1 Security and Defense Studies Review 199-214; article noted but not consulted yet (8 January 2019);

HANNINGTON, Major H.C., was a member of the OJAG, circa 1918, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 31 and 36, available at i-xii and 1-102;

Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/ken-hansen-b354661a, accessed 9 October 2018
Ken Hansen

HANSEN, Ken, "A landmark ruling on military courts means the Forces must change for the better.  The military is scrambling after a court decided that its process for trying soldiers with civil crimes violates the Charter—exposing its double standard", MacLean's, 8 October 2018; available at https://www.macleans.ca/opinion/a-landmark-ruling-on-military-courts-means-the-forces-must-change-for-the-better/ (accessed 9 October 2018);

Victor Hansen, image source: http://www.michaeltotten.com/2010/06/war-and-history-ancient-and-modern.php (accessed 13 Janurary 2015)

HANSEN, Victor, "Changes in Modern Military Codes and the Role of the Military Commander: What Should the United States Learn from this Revolution?", (2008) 16 Tulane Journal of International & Comparative Law 419-466; discusses changes in Canadian military law; available at  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1128126  (accessed on 28 July 2008); also available at http://responsesystemspanel.whs.mil/Public/docs/meetings/20130924/materials/academic-panel/Hansen/Hansen_Changes_in_Modern_Military_Codes.pdf (accessed on 1 May 2014); also available at Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1128126 (accessed 25 September 2016);

This article examines the renewed interest which legal scholars, courts, and practitioners are giving to military justice. In light of this heightened interest, there have been
a number of calls to reform the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Specifically, there is pressure to change and reduce the role of the military commander in the justice system.
This pressure for change comes in part due to the changes made in the military codes of the United Kingdom and Canada. This paper examines whether the United States
should make similar changes. The paper looks in detail at the reasons for the modifications to the military codes of the United Kingdom and Canada, and the specific changes
that those countries made. The paper next compares those changes with the approach taken in this country regarding the role of the military commander. The paper also
examines some of the possible unintended consequences that come with reducing the role of the commander in military justice. Finally, the paper offers specific recommendations
for Congress to consider in making an assessment of the appropriate role for the commander in the military justice system. (source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1128126,
accessed 25 September 2016)

Image source:msuilr.org/, accessed 30 December 2017
___________"The Impact of Military Justice Reforms on the Law of Armed Conflict : How to Avoid Unintended Consequences", (2013) 21(2) Michigan State International Law Review  229-272; available at http://digitalcommons.law.msu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1115&context=ilr (accessed on 4 January 2014); also available at http://responsesystemspanel.whs.mil/Public/docs/meetings/20130924/materials/academic-panel/Hansen/Hansen_Impact_of_MJ_Reforms_on_the_LOAC_Draft_2_Jun_13_DC_submission.pdf (accessed on 1 May 2014); also available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2393485(accessed on 24 October 2014);

One consequence of the “civilianization” of the military justice systems in Canada the United Kingdom and elsewhere potentially impacts
the commander’s own personal criminal liability. The doctrine of command responsibility holds that a commander may be criminally liable
for the law of war violations committed by the forces under his command if a commander fails to prevent, suppress, or punish law of war
violations that he either knew about or was reckless or negligent in failing to notice, he can be punished as if he committed the underlying
offenses. It is the commander who, by use of all the resources and authority available to him, ensures that his forces do not violate the laws
of war. If those forces do, it is in large part attributable to the commander’s failings. If, as a result of the civilianization of military justice,
commanders lose a significant portion of the disciplinary authority they have traditionally held, do they no longer occupy that critical
position of responsibility over the forces under their command? If they have lost that authority, to whom does the law now turn to for
accountability? Does the commander, who has lost some of his authority, lose the ability to maintain discipline through the military
justice system, and does he find himself in a situation where he is given responsibility to maintain discipline and control without having
sufficient authority to meet that obligation? This article raises and addresses these important questions and it provides a framework for
considering military justice reforms that preserve the commander’s critical role in law of war compliance.
(source: https://www.icrc.org/fre/assets/files/2014/ihl-bibliography-4th-trimester-2013.pdf, accessed 15 March 2015)

Image source: amazon.com/Guide-Cadets-Lectures-Discipline-Correspondence/dp/0428348076, accessed 19 March 2018
Cover image of the Classic Reprint

HANSFORD,  C. C , A guide for cadets : notes for lectures on discipline,  correspondence, orders, etc. / by C.C. Hansford, Toronto : G.J. McLeod, Ltd., c1918,  96 p. ; 20 cm.  NOTES: Numbered blank pages throughout the book for notes; research note also available on microform:  2 microfiches (55 fr.),  SERIES: CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches ; no. 80875; Filmed from a copy of the original publication held by the National Library of Canada. Ottawa : Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions, 1996, 96 p. ; 20 cm., NUMBERS: Canadiana: 976023997; ISBN: 0665808755;  CRMM: OOCIHM 9680875;


____________ Brief notes on discipline : a handbook of courts martial duties, discipline, etc., for young officers, [Toronto] : George. J.  McLeod, [c1918], 93 p.: forms; title noted in my research but not consulted yet (5 January 2012); copy at Toronto Public Library, Main Reference Centre, 355.13 H12; and Osgoode Hall Law School of York University, Library, KF 7625 H25 1918;

HANSON, H.A., Captain, legal officer in military district number 7 with Headquarters in St John, New Brunswick, in  1943,  see The Quarterly Army List, October 1943, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1943 at p. 165 (bottom page number) or p. 181 (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8903/89030567.23.pdf  (accessed 21 March 2019);

HANWAY, Lawrence M. ("Chub"), 1917-, Major, was a legal officer in 1969, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 16 August 2018); former chief pensions advocate, DVA, 1982-1984;

___________HANWAY, Lawrence is a former Chief pension advocate, see "Board ordered to reconsider claim by victim of skin cancer", The Globe and Mail, 11 April 1985, at p. M16;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 3 March 2019

___________HANWAY, Lawrence M., was the prosecutor in the court martial referred to in the article: "Name Membes of Court Martial On 3 Canadians", The Globe and Mail, 22 August 1951, at p. 7;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 30 November 2018

HARDINGE, Stephen ("Steve") John, "Orbituary", Vancouver Sun, available at http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/vancouversun/obituary.aspx?n=stephen-john-hardinge&pid=14074473&fhid=5857 (accessed 8 September 2016); former Judge and JAG officer, died in 2005;

____________on Steve Hardinge, research note: "Capt. S. J. (Steve) Hardinge, LL.B., formerly Deputy Judge Advocate, B. C Army Headquarters, has left the service for a post with the Legal Department of the B. C. Electric Company", in UBC Alumni Chronicle, Winter 1956, available at (accessed 16 November 2018);

HARDINGE _ Stephen Hon. Stephen John Hardinge, LLB, QC, CD, NDC, passed away May 23, 2005 surrounded by his family. Lovingly remembered and sadly missed by his wife of 54 years, Rose Hardinge; four children David, Eileen, Mary and Carol; seven grandchildren, Bryce, Kerri, Jessica, Michael, Emily, Alanna and Cameron. Served as Judge of the County Court of Cariboo and Justice of the Supreme Court of B.C. for 22 years. Stephen Hardinge graduated in law from UBC and was called to the BC Bar in 1952; he was also member of the Bar of the Northwest Territories. He served in the Canadian Army, Judge Advocate General's office for six years and he later worked as counsel at B.C. Electric Company and B.C. Hydro. He was a partner in the law firm, Fulton, Cumming, Bird in Prince George, Victoria and Vancouver. He was subsequently Crown Counsel for the Dept. of Justice, Vancouver from 1969 and Regional Director for B.C. and Yukon to 1975. Following retirement, Judge Hardinge travelled widely, enjoyed cycling and walking. He also volunteered at Vancouver Coventry House and was a Member of the Officer's Mess, Seaforth Highlanders of Canada. A private family memorial will be held. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Steve's memory to Covenant House or the Canadian Diabetes Association. "FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS" Hollyburn Funeral Home 604-922-1221 - See more at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/vancouversun/obituary.aspx?n=stephen-john-hardinge&pid=14074473&fhid=5857#sthash.CG5UPsuz.dpuf

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/julie-harmgardt-64845215, accessed 4 March 2018
Julie Harmgardt

HARMGARDT, Julie, "Survival of the Fittest: The Failure to Accommodate and Compensate in the Canadian Armed Forces", (2017) 20(2) Canadian Labour & Employment Law Journal 379-420; see http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/canlemj20&div=19&id=&page= (accessed 4 March 2018);

Image source: https://www.thestar.com/authors.harper_tim.html, accessed 2 October 2016
Tim Harper
HARPER, Tim, "Campbell takes heat in Somali killing uproar Minister told to explain, not campaign for Tory votes", Toronto Star, Apr 23, 1993, p.A4;
Description: NDP defence critic John Brewin called for [Kim Campbell] to answer questions regarding what she had been told by her
officials and when she knew certain details of the incidents. The job of taking opposition heat in the Commons again fell to Government
House leader Harvie Andre who repeatedly said Campbell's "quasi-judicial" role prevented her from publicly discussing many specifics
of the criminal probes. * March 16 The beating to death of Somali prisoner Shidane Omar Aroni, while in Canadian custody. Five soldiers,
including one who tried to kill himself in the wake of the incident, have been arrested but no charges have been laid.
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=
, accessed 8 July 2016]

----------- Image source: www.cbc.ca/player/play/1826241863 (accessed 9 Apr 17)
Cartoon by Dewar, The Ottawa Sun, 14 August             General Jean Boyle testifying at the Somalia inquiry
1996: General Boyle, the CDS, testifying before
 the Somalia Commission of Inquiry.

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the mouse allows to zoom in
or out of the web page being viewed

___________"Lack of meeting notes described as 'bizarre' ", Toronto Star, Aug 13, 1996, p. A.4;

Description: OTTAWA - With fallout of the botched Somali mission swirling about them, Gen. Jean Boyle chaired a meeting of the Somalia working group
at defence headquarters each day through October, 1993. But no minutes were ever kept of proceedings, something Somalia inquiry chairperson Gilles Letourneau
yesterday branded ``bizarre.'' (source:
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do;jsessionid=E270606272CFDDD0D15D3C5037A8E5CB?fn=search&ct=search&initialSearch=true&mode=Basic&tab=default_tab&indx=1&dum=true&srt=rank&vid=01LOC&frbg=&vl%28freeText0%29=Lack+of+meeting+notes+described+as+%27bizarre%27&scp.scps=primo_central_multiple_fe, accessed 12 July 2016);

Source: (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter--Les actualités at p. 8
"LCdr Archer KFOR and CD1 received from
Cdr Harrigan [right]"

HARRIGAN, Jane (J.D.), JAG officer, June 1985-November 2011, rank of Commander, see https://ca.linkedin.com/in/jane-harrigan-12515bb4 (accessed 28 October 2017);

____________Testimony before the Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, to which was referred Bill S-10, to amend the National Defence Act, the DNA Identification Act and the Criminal Code, met this day, 15 December 1999,  to give consideration to the bill, available at https://sencanada.ca/en/Content/Sen/committee/362/lega/07ev-e (accessed 28 October 2017);

image source: https://www.ualberta.ca/law/faculty-staff/profiles/joanna-harrington, accessed 15 August 2017;  Ms. Harrington is a Professor of Law at the University of Alberta;
Joanna Harrington
HARRINGTON, Joanna, "Teaching", available at http://www.joannaharrington.com/teaching.html (accessed 15 August 2017);
She also contributes to training programs in international law for judges, diplomats, military officers, and other government officials,
serving as a guest instructor for the Canadian Foreign Service Institute and the Judge Advocate General’s continuing legal education
program. She began this work in the UK as a contributor to the training program for members of the British judiciary following the
enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998 and the incorporation of the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law.

Recognizing that faculty also need training opportunities to support the continual development of their teaching, she was one of the
organizers of the first Canadian "Teaching IHL Workshop" in 2012, hosted in partnership with the Canadian Red Cross, the Canadian
Forces Military Law Centre, and the Washington Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Bringing together law
professors, military lawyers, and humanitarian law practitioners, the two-day workshop focussed on how we teach international
humanitarian law in the Canadian law school setting, whether as a stand-alone course or as part of a course on constitutional law,
international criminal law, international human rights law, or national security law.

Edwin C. Harris

HARRIS, Edwin C., 1908-1986, notes on:

Biographical history

George Van Vliet Nicholls, QC was born on October 25th, 1908 in Montreal, Quebec to Dr.
Albert George and Lucia Pomeroy (Van Vliet) Nicholls. The family moved to Halifax,
Nova Scotia in 1915 where Nicholls graduated from the Halifax County Academy with
the highest standing in his class. He went on to Dalhousie University, and then transferred
to McGill University his junior year, later graduating with honours in English literature in
1929 and a civil law degree from McGill in 1932. Nicholls was admitted to the Quebec
Bar that same year and practiced law for a few years in Montreal. The Nicholls family had
returned to Montreal in 1927.

Nicholls went on to work in the legal and industrial relations departments at the Toronto
head office of the Canadian Manufacturers’ Association in 1937. He was commissioned
by the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1941, and was the first sectary and chairman of the
K.R. (Air) Revision Committee. In 1943, he joined the staff of the Judge Advocate
General’s Brach in London and transferred to the Reserve in December, 1945.

After the service, Nicholls was appointed Manager of the Research Department at the
Canadian Chamber of Commerce in Montreal. Nicholls was appointed to Queen’s
Council in 1953 in Quebec. He also became the editor of the Canadian Bar Review
until 1957 when he joined the Faculty of Law at Dalhousie.

....read the rest at https://findingaids.library.dal.ca/edwin-c-harris-faculty-of-law (accessed 12 April 2019)

Image source: natoassociation.ca/about-us/eimi-harris/, accessed 27 April 2017
Eimi Harris
HARRIS, Eimi, "The Canadian Armed Forces: Integrating Gender Perspectives into Military Culture", Nato Association of Canada, 17 February 2016; available at http://natoassociation.ca/the-canadian-armed-forces-integrating-gender-perspectives-into-military-culture/ (accessed 27 April 2017);

---- Image source: parl.gc.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members/Jack-Harris(3633), accessed 22 December 2016
                                                                                                    Jack Harris

HARRIS, Jack, NDP Defence Critic "Defence platforms. NDP-- NDP proposes a new vision for Defence", available at http://espritdecorps.ca/defence-platforms-ndp/?rq=%22military%20justice%22 (accessed 22 December 2016); note: article written before 19 October 2015 federal election!

We already know that certain problems need to be fixed.

Our Forces need the right equipment to do their jobs, and taxpayers need value for money. The Conservatives have
demonstrated time and again that they aren’t capable of delivering either.

An NDP government would get military procurement back on track. We would implement an open and transparent
bidding process to replace our aging CF-18 fleet, and we would ensure that Canada’s shipbuilding strategy serves
the needs of our military.

We have already committed to enhancing our search and rescue capabilities to meet international standards in
response times, and our capabilities in the North need to be enhanced.

We would be there to support members of the Canadian Armed Forces and their families, in particular when they
are ill or injured.

Mental health challenges, particularly PTSD, continue to be a critical situation, with some of the most severe cases
resulting in death. Despite receiving an abundance of concrete recommendations from experts in the field, and a
comprehensive study undertaken by the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, the current
government has failed to implement many of the recommendations, leaving ill CAF members struggling to find
care. This would receive top priority under an NDP government.

We would also review the Universality of Service rule, which the Canadian Forces Ombudsman has called “arbitrary
and unfair,” and seek to ensure that fear of discharge would not prevent CAF members from coming forward to
obtain treatment for mental health issues.

Finally, there must be a top-to-bottom commitment to eradicate sexual harassment and assault from our military.
We would ensure full implementation of the recommendations of the Deschamps report, and consider required
changes to our military justice system.

Canadians deserve a new vision for defence strategy in the 21st century — one where our military is well-equipped,
world class, and supports its personnel. With an NDP government, they’ll get it.

Kathleen Harris, image soure: http://torontosunfamily.blogspot.ca/2011/03/kathleen-harris-out.html, accessed 11 February 2015

HARRIS, Kathleen, "960 regular force military members reported sexual assault in the past year, StatsCan survey finds:  Gen. Jonathan Vance calls report of incidents after launch of Operation Honour 'regrettably' sobering", CBC-- Politics, 28 November 2017; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/sexual-misconduct-military-survey-1.3868377 (accessed 2 October 2017);

___________ "Ex-soldier who investigated child porn in military slams $25K 'shut up and go away' money:  Retired military police officer's early termination left him bitter and financially short-changed", CBC News/Politics, 5 December 2016; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/military-police-ptsd-treatment-child-porn-1.3881733 (accessed 7 December 2016); see also: Stemmler v. Canada (Attorney General) (2016) Federal Court 1299;

___________"From drunkenness and quarrels to desertion and insubordination, military misdeeds are dealt with in-house by a system some see as much tougher than the civilian process .  PART ONE: Military justice", The London Free Press, 26 January 2008; available at  http://city3.lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=222846&s=societe (accessed on 8 May 2012); research note by François Lareau: a second article was published on 27 January 2008 "A look inside Canada's only military prison";

___________"Military reports reveal soldiers, sailors busted for drug dealing: Reports reveal cases involving crystal meth, cocaine trafficking, marijuana grow-ops", CBCNews Politics, 23 April 2015; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/military-reports-reveal-soldiers-sailors-busted-for-drug-dealing-1.3046559 (accessed 23 May 2016); 

___________from SUN Media, "Painfully absorbed the lesson of Somalia", CNews Features, 27 January 2008; available at http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Features/2008/01/24/4791902-sun.html  (accessed on 30 March 2012); also LCol Jiff Wry, director of military justice policy and research in the Office of the Judge Advocate General is interviewed for the article;

Ten years ago, the Somalia inquiry into the torture death of a civilian teen and the subsequent cover-up recommended sweeping changes to
rebuild battered public trust in Canada's military justice system. Ten years later, experts say the once problem-plagued system is stronger
and more accountable but still in need of some fine-tuning.

"If we have not reached equilibrium, we're reaching it," said retired Col. Michel Drapeau, a military law expert who teaches at the
University of Ottawa. "I think DND has painfully absorbed the lesson of Somalia. It has taken a long while, much longer than I thought,
but through time and through changes and through a new generation of people, change has occurred."

Drapeau believes the much-maligned system emerged from the Somalia affair more open and with greater independence between military
police, prosecutors and chain of command. In fact, he said the pendulum may have even swung a bit too far to the extreme.

He believes authorities are going right by the book with disciplinary action in a system that allows for a wider range of charges and stiffer
penalties than for offenders not in uniform.


___________from Sun Media, "Trading a military Uniform for an orange jumpsuit", 26 January 2008, available at http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Features/2008/01/24/4791813-sun.html?&pic=0 (accessed 11 February 2015); about military prison;

___________" 'Grossly unfair': Disabled veterans take pension battle with Liberals to Supreme Court.  Case claims federal government breached 'solemn obligation' to care for injured soldier", CBC News Politics, 31 January 2018; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/disabled-veterans-equitas-supreme-court-1.4510457 (accessed 1 February 2018);

___________"Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale revamps rules around using information gleaned through torture: Intelligence obtained through mistreatment may still be used if needed to prevent death and significant injury", CBC News -- Politics, 25 September 2017; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/torture-goodale-directive-information-1.4305897(accessed 26 September 2017);

Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale said the goal of new directives released today is to protect the security of Canadians
while ensuring the government is not complicit in torture by foreign states.
Revised rules also come with new reporting requirements, including an annual report and an independent review by the
National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians and other bodies.

Image source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Harris_(journalist), accessed 20 Dec 2017
Michael Harris
HARRIS, Michael, "Secret inquiry prior to minister [Coates] quitting PM ordered patronage probe on Coates", The Globe and Mail, Nov 6, 1985, p. A.1;

HARRISON, D.H., 1929-, Major, legal officer and member of the OJAG; appeared for the respondent, Her Majesty the Queen in the case of 
Platt v. R. (1957) 1 Court Martial Appeal Reports  213-235 (before Cameron P., Norris and Bernier J.J.)
available at lareau-legal.ca./Platt18y.pdf (put on line on 11 May 2018);  in 1969, still a legal officer, see
Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 16 August 2018);

___________on HARRISON, D., LCol, was either defence counsel or prosecutor (to verify) at the Standing Court Martial R.v. Beardsey 1972 CM, Lahr, Federal Republic of Germany, 29 March 1972, 
source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1972-6;

Image source: http://www2.unb.ca/~harrison/, accessed 7 February 2018
Deborah Harrison
HARRISON, Deborah, "The role of military culture in military organizations' responses to woman abuse in military families", (August 2006) 54(3) The Sociological Review.546-574; see her bibliography of hers writings at http://www2.unb.ca/~harrison/ (accessed 7 February 2018);

Image source: http://afs.sagepub.com, accessed 9 February 2015
HARRISON, Deborah, and Lucie Laliberté, "The Competing Claims of Operational Effectiveness and Human Rights in the Canadian Context", (Winter 2008) 34 Armed Forces & Society 208-209;

This article explores the tension between military objectives and the “democracy value” cherished by Western civilian
societies, using the situations of injured military members and the living conditions of civilian spouses; in particular, the
responses of the Canadian Forces to members' posttraumatic stress disorder, and to spouses who are victims of domestic
violence. The authors show how these responses currently privilege military objectives over the democracy value to an
extent that is incompatible with the human rights of civilians or military members. They conclude by discussing how
military leadership training could be modified to produce an altered balance between the two value systems.
(source: http://afs.sagepub.com/content/34/2/208.abstract, accessed on 1 January 2012)

HARTRY, Victor Michael, 1938-2017, obituary, Trenton, Ontario; available at  http://yourlifemoments.ca/sitepages/obituary.asp?oid=1005896 (accessed 6 April 2018);

Vic was a member of the RCAF for 30 years, a commissionaire at CFB Trenton for 3 years and
continued for 14 years as a Paralegal for the Assistant Judge Advocate General in Trenton and
Toronto for a total of 47 years. A Celebration of Life will be arranged in the late spring.

Kevin D. Hartzell, image source: http://www.kutakrock.com/kevin-hartzell/, accessed 11 February 2015

HARTZELL, Kevin D., "Voluntary Warriors: Reserve Force Mobilization in the United States and Canada", (1996) 29(2) Cornell International Law Journal 537-570;

The article focuses on the reserve force mobilization systems in the U.S. and Canada. The Canadian Armed Forces
(CF) have a voluntary mobilization system, such that individual consent of Canadian reservists is needed before
they are deployed internationally. The U.S. reserve mobilization framework is more conducive to voluntary
mobilization due to the greater size of the U.S. reserves. The seven individual components in the reserve force
structure of the U.S. are Armed Forces, Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve,
Coast Guard Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and Air National Guard. The reserve forces of the Canadian Armed Forces
(CF) has four cornponents: the Primaty Reserve, the Supplementary Reserve, the Cadet Instructors List, and the
Canadian Rangers.
(source: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/27665104/voluntary-warriors-reserve-force-mobilization-united-states-canada, accessed 13 January 2015)

HARVEY, R.O.D. (R.C.D.?), Major, JAG at military district number 2 in Toronto during WW II; acted also as Judge-Advocate for courts martial, see "Five Buckingham Girls Testify To Drinking And Dancing With German Prisoners of War in Thurso Hotel", Sherbrooke Daily Record, Tuesday, 28 mars 1944 at pp. 1 and 2; available at http://collections.banq.qc.ca/retrieve/7619561 (accessed 6 April 2018);

___________on HARVEY, R.C.D., Major, was Assistant Judge Advocate General
in military district number 2 with Headquarters in Toronto  1943,  see The Quarterly Army List, October 1943, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1943 at p. 162 (bottom page number) or p. 178A (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8903/89030567.23.pdf  (accessed 21 March 2019); the other legal officers there were  Captain Stivers, R.M.R. from Q.Y. Rang. and Maj. DEan, D.G, from General List, this information from the same pages;

____________Major Harvey
was the judge advocate  in the following court martial referred in the article: "Court-Martial Tries Charges of Criminal Negligence", Globe and Mail, 1944/01/07, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028991 (accessed 4  September 2018);

Susan J. Haslip
image source: https://www.tm17.ca/videos/panel-expanding-scope/, accessed 29 April 2019

HASLIP, Susan,  A Critical Consideration of Contemporary Provisions for the Use of Military Force Against Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, mémoire de maîtrise en droit, c. 2002, University of Ottawa; mentioned in (2002) 62 La Revue du Barreau 465; title noted on 26 October 2003 but thesis not consulted yet;

___________A Critical Consideration of the Use of the Aid to Civil Power Provision Against Aboriginal Peoples in Light of Promises of Protection Made to Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, in 5th Annual Graduate Student Symposium Proceedings 2002, Conference of Defence Associations Institute, Ottawa, 2002; available at http://www.cda-cdai.ca/symposia/2002/haslip.htm (accessed on 9 February 2006) and see also http://www.cda-cdai.ca/symposia.htm (accessed on 9 February 2006);

___________"The Use of State Force Against First Peoples in Canada: A Critical Consideration of the Aid  to Civil Power Provision", 2006, 19 p.;  available at http://www.cda-acd.forces.gc.ca/aborig_conference_autoch/engraph/docs/aidtocivilpower.pdf  (accessed on 24 July 2008);

Source: blg.com/students/en/students/Hassan-Taha, accessed 6 April 2018
Taha Hassan, lawyer with the law firm: Borden Ladner Gervais

HASSAN, Taha, "Better Know a Court: Canada’s Courts Martial", Ultra vires The independent student newspaper of the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, 16 November 2015; available at http://ultravires.ca/2015/11/better-know-a-court-canadas-courts-martial/ (accessed 3 February 2016);

Detention involves being sent to Canada’s military prison in Edmonton, where inmates undergo, by regulation, a “routine and training [that] require[s] the maximum
effort and the strictest discipline.” Every aspect of the 15-hour days is scheduled, with an emphasis on military drill and scrubbing rooms and equipment, while in uniform.
For the first two weeks, inmates are not allowed to smoke or speak without permission. After this first stage, they are allowed to speak to others for a maximum of 30
minutes per day, use the library, and have visitors. Inmates are penalized for such misbehaviours as idleness, inattention, attempting to communicate, swearing, singing,
and whistling. The most severe punishment available is days in solitary confinement in a barren cell, unable to lie down, in socks and underwear, fed only bread and water.
Consider yourselves warned, I guess.

 Image source: http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-retired-colonel-geoff-haswell-leaves-his-court-martial-for-a-break-118257272.html, accessed 7 May 2017
Colonel Geoff Haswell
HASWELL, David, Colonel, on, see CRARY, David, "Colonel who Accused Officials of Cover-Up Now Facing Court Martial", AP News Archives, 4 April 1996, available at http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1996/Colonel-who-Accused-Officials-of-Cover-Up-Now-Facing-Court-Martial/id-8f38e9b481baf7339ae57b262c02ebe8 (accessed 7 May 2017); about Colonel Geoff Haswell who was acquitted at his court martial;

__________on HASWELL, David, Colonel, see LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA, Files on General Court Martial of Lt-Col G. Haswell [textual record]. 1985-1997, predominant 1996-1997. Accession. RG24. BAN2008-00243-8. Textual material. [Access: Restricted by law]. Government.   Holland was a member of the Assistant Judge Advocate General's Central Region office at the time of this case. Copyright belongs to the Crown;

HAWKINS, P.A., Captain was defence counsel in the Disciplinary Court Martial R. v. Laary 1983 CM 76,  source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1983-19;

Laurie Hawn, image source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members/Laurie-Hawn, accessed on 9 May 2014

HAWN, Laurie, "Laurie Hawn on Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act", in the House of Commons, 26 November  2010; available at http://openparliament.ca/hansards/2324/1/only/ (accessed on 16 January 2012);

Douglas Hay, image source: http://www.osgoode.yor
, accessed 11 February 2015
HAY, Douglas, "Civilians Tried in Military Courts: Quebec, 1759-64", in Murray Greenwood, 1935-,  and Barry Wright, 1957-, eds., Canadian State Trials, Toronto: Osgoode Society, 1996, at pp. 114-126; available at https://apps.osgoode.yorku.ca/osgmedia.nsf/0/A734CE1602A30FFD85257DA2006A8AD3/$FILE/6%20-%20Civilians%20Tried%20in%20Military%20Courts.pdf, accessed on 13 January 2015; also available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=4Ps2DwAAQBAJ&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Canadian+State+Trials+Volume+I:+Law,+Politics,+and&source=bl&ots=Ldx4XTGDl6&sig=8JmbCbCy2tBDiQK_yjATH9I4nR8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwibyZPmt_PbAhXXqYMKHcmEDo4Q6AEITTAJ#v=onepage&q=Canadian%20State%20Trials%20Volume%20I%3A%20Law%2C%20Politics%2C%20and&f=false (accessed 27 June 2018);

Image source: https://www.rmcc-cmrc.ca/en/history/ronald-g-haycock-ba-ma-phd-emeritus-professor, accessed 5 October 2016
Prof. Ronald G. Haycock
HAYCOCK, Ronald G., " ‘GETTING HERE FROM THERE’: TRAUMA AND TRANSFORMATION IN CANADIAN MILITARY EDUCATION", (2004) 32(2) Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 43-64; available at http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/125/156 (accessed 5 October 2016); Note: Professor Haycock, Military History and War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada;


In early 1997, the Canadian Minister of National Defence publicly issued an excoriating report that roundly condemned the poor
state of leadership, ethics discipline, professional knowledge and education in the Canadian Armed Forces particularly among
officers. His public exposure stemmed from a series of traumatic events that occurred in the four previous years. The most
damning one had been the appalling revelation that some soldiers of the Canadian Airborne Regiment, then on a peacekeeping
mission in Somalia, had beaten to death a young Somali teenager. The trail led right back to senior officers in Canada and there
was evidence of a cover-up. The embarrassed government was forced into appointing a top level Somalia Commission of Inquiry1.
Then, in the next several months, followed revelations recorded on camera of grotesque initiation rites and racism in airborne units
and others. The usually complacent and unmilitary Canadian public was shocked and indignant.2 The government promptly
disbanded the Canadian Airborne Regiment. How, many asked, did the Canadian Forces get here from its excellent performance
in past decades? It had fought well in both World Wars, in Korea and had served with great distinction in the many United Nations
missions since that time. Canadians, after all prided themselves believing that their forces were the humanitarian ‘honest northern
brokers’ and perhaps the world’s best peacekeepers.
[source: http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/125, accessed 5 October 2016]

Peter T. Haydon, image source: http://www.dal.ca/dept/cfps/fellows/haydon.html, accessed on 8 May 2014

HAYDON, Peter T. (Peter Trevor),  "The Somalia Inquiry: Can It Solve Anything?" (Spring 1997) 26(3) Canadian Defence Quarterly 20-23; also published in Toronto: Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies = Institut canadien d'études stratégiques, 1997, 4 p.  (series; Strategic Datalink; 62), copy at the University of Ottawa, MRT General, U 162 .S75 v.62 1997;

Image source: http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9780754673460, accessed on 10 February 2015

HEAD, Michael, 1952-, and Scott Mann, 1952-, Domestic Deployment of the Armed Forces, Military Powers, Law and Human Rights, Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, VT : Ashgate Pub., c2009, x, 203 p., and see Chapter 4, "Canada: Making 'Domestic Security' a Core Mission", at pp. 63 to 80  (series; International and Comparative Criminal Justice), ISBN:  9780754673460 (hbk.: alk. paper), 0754673464 (hbk. : alk. paper) and 9780754691259 (ebk.); preview at http://books.google.ca/books?id=OcaQ341m4PEC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed on  1 December 2011); copy at Ottawa University, Brian Dickson Law Library FTX General  K 4720 .H43 2009;

HEADRICK, Jayson (Jay) S., LCdr, legal officer with the OJAG, works at AJAG Edmonton (information as of April 2017; with the reserve force; works with Suncor Energy;

Image source: albertacourts.ca/images/default-source/default-album/drnpnieu0aayiii.jpg?sfvrsn=5d1cb880_0, accessed 28 March 2019

___________on HEADRICK, Jay, see, Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta, "News and Announcements:"We Have Not Forgotten" Call to the Bar and Remembrance Ceremony", 25 March 2019, available at  https://albertacourts.ca/qb/resources/announcements/we-have-not-forgotten-call-to-the-bar-and-remembrance-ceremony (accessed 28 March 2019); includes video of ceremonly at https://www.albertacourts.ca/video/CCC_Remembrance_Day.mp4; see also "Posthumous Bar Call November 9, 2018", available at http://legalarchives.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Call-to-the-Bar_2_Jay-Headrick_Application.pdf (accessed 28 March 2019);

Associate Chief Justice Rooke accepted the application for the next 12 students, which was made by
Lieutenant Commander Jay Headrick, Office of the Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate
Calgary and then-vice president of the Calgary Bar Association.

Andrew Heard, photo source: http://www.sfu.ca/politics/faculty/full-time/andrew_heard.html, accessed on 7 April 2014

HEARD, Andrew D., "Military Law and the Charter of Rights" (1988) 11 Dalhousie Law Journal 514-545;

Jean-Claude Hébert, photo source: http://affaires.lapresse.ca/dossiers/litiges-economiques/201201/23/01-4488377-lamf-contre-la-souveraine-sur-le-chemin-de-la-cour-supreme.php, accessed on 7 April 2014

HÉBERT, Jean-C. (Jean-Claude),  "Torture des  prisonniers afghans.  Qui peut controler le gouvernement Harper?" (mai 2010) 42(5) Le Journal -- Barreau du Québec 10; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol42/201005.pdf (vérifié le 5 mars 2012);

Complicité de torture

Rappelons pour mémoire que la convention de Genève relative au traitement des prisonniers de guerre énonce que « aucune
torture physique ou morale ni aucune contrainte ne pourra être exercée sur les prisonniers de guerre pour obtenir d'eux des
renseignements de quelque sorte que ce soit ».  Un membre des forces canadiennes se rend coupable d’un acte criminel3 pour
un acte de torture commis par un tiers afin d’obtenir des renseignements d’un prisonnier. Les militaires canadiens qui, en
connaissance de cause, transfèrent des détenus aux forces afghanes engagent leur responsabilité pénale.

Dans l’armée canadienne, un directeur des poursuites militaires est responsable du processus d’inculpation devant la Cour
martiale. Il agit sur présentation des dossiers d’enquête colligés par la police militaire. Celle-ci se gouverne en fonction du
code de discipline militaire.  Faute d’une directive gouvernementale prohibant expressément aux soldats canadiens en Afghanistan
de confier des prisonniers aux militaires afghans, il serait étonnant que Peter McKay, ministre de la Défense, prenne l’initiative
d’incriminer son personnel pour des actes de complicité de torture.  Son collègue Rob Nicholson, procureur général, attend le
rapport de Frank Iacobucci pour décider ce qu’il sait ou aurait dû savoir.  D’ici là, motus, bouche cousue !

Face au déni gouvernemental bien charpenté, la possibilité d’imputer une responsabilité pénale aux grandes pointures de la
chaîne de commandement, incluant le ministre de la Défense, relève de l’utopie. (notes omises).

___________"Transfert des prisonniers afghans: le trou noir des talibans",  Le Journal Barreau du Québec, mars 2008, volume 40, numéro 3, à la p. 10; disponible à  http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol40/200803.pdf (vérifié le 8 aout 2015);

Paul C. Hébert, source de l'image:              Barbara Sibbald, image source:
ccctg.ca/Members/BIO/Dr-Paul-C              https://www.linkedin.com
-Hebert.aspx, site condulté le 8
février 2018

HÉBERT, Paul C. and Barbara Sibbald, "Protecting privacy of health information for those who serve and protect us", (23 November 2010) 182(17) Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) 55; available at  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2988547/ (accessed 8 February 2018);

HEBLY, Peter, Air Commodore, Directorate Legal Affairs, Netherlands Ministry of Defence, LCol JM Cambron and LCol Tammy Tremblay, Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Armed Forces, XXth Congress of the ISMLLW-Prague, Report to the ISMLLW–Findings from the ISMLLW Questionnaire on the Challenges in the Implementation of IHL, available at http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_14_Prague_textes%20des%20orateurs/2015-04-15%20EN.pdf (accessed 10 November 2016); see also the QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE PRAGUE CONGRESS, available at (accessed 10 November 2016); see also Report on the Questionnaire  at http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_21_Prague_rep%20quest.pdf (accessed 10 November 2016);
HEBLY, Peter, Commodore de l’air, Direction des affaires juridiques, Ministère de la défense des Pays Bas, LCol Tammy Tremblay, Cabinet du Juge-avocat général Forces armées canadiennes, 20ième Congrès de la SIDMDG Prague,  Rapport de la SIDMDG – Constats tirés des réponses au Questionnaire sur les défis de la mise-en-oeuvre du DIH, disponible à http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_14_Prague_textes%20des%20orateurs/2015-04-15%20FR.pdf (visité 10 novembre 2016);note: the name of LCol J' Cambron does not appear as one of the authors in the French version;


Rachel Lea Heide, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/rachel-lea-heide/23/3b6/730, accessed 11 February 2015

HEIDE, Rachel Lea, Obligation of the Home Front: The Necessity of Cultural Awareness Training for Interventions in the New World Order, Presented at "After the Fall: Theory and Practice of Post-Intervention Security", Centre for Security and Defence Studies Conference, 10 March 2006 (Ottawa, Ontario), 36 p.; available at http://www3.carleton.ca/csds/docs/Heide%20final%20paper.pdf  (accessed on 3 November 2014);

Image source: sun025.sun.ac.za/portal/page/portal/Arts/English/research/nrf/heinecken, accessed 4 July 2016
Prof. Lindy Heinecken

HEINECKEN, Lindy, "Military unionism and the management of employee relations within the armed forces: a comparative perspective", (December 2010) 26(4) International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations 401-419;


Many find the prospect of military unions totally inimical to the nature and functioning of the armed forces. Yet, a number of countries allow
some form of military unionism, while others vehemently resist any form of independent union based on the premise that this undermines
discipline, cohesion, and loyalty. This article examines how four different countries – the United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, and Germany –
have dealt with the issue of military unionism. The British Armed Forces, like many other English-speaking countries, have tended to approach
employee relations from a typically unitarist position, which translates into union suppression or avoidance. The Canadian Armed Forces opted
to circumvent the need for a military union by adopting a more human relations or neo-unitarist approach to employee relations. In South Africa,
the military has been obliged by legal decree to accept a more pluralist dispensation, which has led to an overtly confrontational employment
relationship. In Germany, where a union-like professional association exists, the approach has been more cooperative, even corporatist, typifying
the European experience and philosophy towards unions, even in the military. In analysing the management of employee relations from these
different typologies, the implications of union avoidance and acceptance within the armed forces are evaluated.
[source: https://www.kluwerlawonline.com/abstract.php?area=Journals&id=IJCL2010025, accessed 4 July 2016]


Richard Hewson, a former JAG officer was named a Provincial
Court judge. ("Image Credit: Richard Hewson Law Office/ YouTube")

HELSTON, Charlotte, "Two Okanagan lawyers now judges", 12 December 2013, available at http://infotel.ca/newsitem/two-okanagan-lawyers-now-judges/it6634 (accessed 9 January 2017);

VERNON - Two lawyers from the Okanagan have been appointed Provincial Court judges.

Minister of Justice Suzanne Anton announced the appointments of criminal law lawyer Richard Hewson
and family law lawyer Lisa Wyatt on Thursday. Hewson’s appointment is effective Dec. 23, 2013, and
Wyatt’s Dec. 30.


Hewson earned his bachelor of laws from the University of Victoria in 1994 and was called to the B.C. bar
in 1995. He began his law career as an articled student at Boulton Muldoon in Vancouver. He became
an associate there in 1995, and in 1997 moved on to be an associate with Davidson & Co until 2000, when
he became a lawyer with Richard Hewson Law Corporation. Between 2001 and 2003, he was also a legal
officer with the Office of the Judge Advocate General.

Hewson’s law practice focuses on defending people charged with crimes like trafficking or production of
marijuana, white collar crime, sexual or domestic assault, and dangerous or impaired driving. [emphasis in size
and bold added]

HELWER, Chantel (Chantel Anne-Marie), lawyer and a member of the Law Society of Ontario; works at DND/Canadian Forces Office of The Legal Advisor, Ottawa; also an officer in the reserves;

to LCdr Chantel Helwer, who was promoted today at NDHQ (Carling)",

Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/marc-andr%C3%A9-h%C3%A9mond-ma-pmp-277538b6, accessed 29 August 2018;

Marc-André Hémond

HÉMOND, Marc-André, "Canadian Military Law and Courts Martial during the Great War", paper, The Second Military and Oral History Conference: Between Memory and History, Victoria, BC, Canada, 5-7 May 2010, Victoria Inner Harbor Marriott Hotel, Paper Abstract, available at http://web.uvic.ca/~veterans/Marc-Andre%20Hemond%20U%20of%20Manitoba.htm (accessed 11 May 2016); contact person Dr. David Zimmerman, Department of History, University of Victoria;

           This paper addresses the significance of military legal history as oral history, as well as the
problems presented in studying this field due to the quality of the material available. The courts-martial
documents of Canadian trials during the Great War were micro-filmed from 1950-1954, consisting of 46
reels held at Library and Archives Canada. The files contain various documents regarding a trial, specifically
the summaries of evidence and trial transcripts. Both offer oral accounts of the crime being investigated
and were transcribed at the time of the testimony. The preservation of these documents allows for a novel
area of study which has yet to be done within Canadian historiography: the oral history of crimes and trials
of Canadian soldiers during the Great War.

            However, there are difficulties which arise from attempting such a study caused by the process of micro-filming:
the quality of micro-filming is particularly poor. Furthermore, the micro-films themselves lack organization. Library and
Archives Canada provides an index which a researcher can consult to find the reel on which a particular case can be found.
However, the index lists the files by file number, which is lacking on nearly all of the files contained in the reels. What
then can a scholarly researcher reconstruct about Canadian military case law during the Great War?

___________Military law, courts martial and the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918,  Thesis (M.A.)--University of Manitoba, 2008, iii, 94 leaves, advisor: DeLloyd J. Guth; available at http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/jspui/handle/1993/21177 (accessed 19 June 2015); also available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR50543.PDF (accessed 22 June 2017); according to my research of 29 August 2018, a Mr. Marc-André Hémond works at Shared Services Canada as a Senior Analyst;

Abstract – Introduction – Historiography – Shell shock and the Great War – Legal status of the CEF – Theory of military law –
Legislations and procedures for courts martial – Select cases – Assessment of courts martial – Conclusion.
[source: http://ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch,accessed on 1 Januray 2012]

Research into the history of Canadian military law during the Great War has received scant attention by historians.
British studies into the subject have,until recently, been political in nature, with a focus on discrediting the
legality and conclusions of courts martial during the war. However, the research done on the subject has been plagued
by methodological problems, resulting in political conclusions which are not supported by historical evidence. In
an effort to redefine the subject of military law during the Great War, this study critically engages the previous work
done on the subject, establishes the legal status of the Canadian forces during the war, re-constructs the theory of military
law and the procedures and legislation of courts martial during the war, and provides concrete examples of specific
court martial cases. The significance of the conclusions derived from this study demonstrates that there is reason to doubt
the predominant assumption that courts martial during the war were arbitrary, and questions the arguments infavour of pardons
for those executed during the war. Finally, this study illustrates the need for analyses of court martial trials specifically,
rather than crimes, in an effort to provide a more accurate historical understanding of Canadian military law during the Great War.
(Source: http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?sessionKey=1307288528036_142_78_200_11&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&itm=37384111&rt=1&bill=1, accessed 5 June 2011)
Source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/former-cds.page, accessed 8 November 2015
General R.R. Henault

HENAULT, R.R. (Ray), "Modern Canadian Generalship in Conflict Resolution", (July-October 2000) vol. 3 JAG Newsletter 51-58; see in particular the sections "Ethical Issues" and "Legal Issues", at pp. 55-56;

Because of the circumstances that led up to the Kosovo Air Campaign, combined with
the need to minimize collateral damage, lawyers, military and otherwise, had a prominent
role to play during the Kosovo crisis.  One of the major accomplishments for the CF
during this campaign was the creation of a national targeting policy that established a
process by which targets assigned to CF pilots were reviewed and validated.  This process
was essential to ensure that the CF demonstrated due diligence in the acceptance of NATO
assigned targets.  Among other things, this process included both a legal and moral
evaluation of each and every target, where a military lawyer would assess the target in terms
of the Geneva Conventions governing the Laws of War.  It would be confirmed that the
target was a justifiable military objective and that its value outweighed the potential costs of
collateral damage.  This litmus test was done by NATO before the targets were assigned, and,
for targets assigned to Canada, it was also repeated by a Canadian legal officer, and the chain of
command, where necessary, to ensure that it met Canadian legal and moral standards.  If it did
not meet the Canadian standard, then the Task Force Commander was given the authority to
refuse the target, with the full support of the chain of command.

Another important legal and moral aspect of operations is the Rules of Engagement (ROE) that
are assigned to the participating forces.  The ROE process has come a long way in the past ten
years, to the point where ROE development and authorization is a mature and well-structured
process.  This was particularly important during the Kosovo crisis, where the overwhelming
sensitivity to collateral damage required very clear and strict ROE.  Fortunately, combined with
the extensive targeting review, the ROE assigned proved very successful for the CF.  This was
really a tribute to the discipline and training of the Canadian aircrew who flew the missions over
Kosovo and fully respected and applied the assigned ROE.  If at any time during an actual
bombing attack the pilot was either uncertain about the target itself, or if he was concerned about
the potential of collateral damage, he was under very clear instructions to abort his mission and to
bring the bombs back.  This, in fact, happened on many missions.

With the on-going changes in the "Laws of Armed Conflict", and the varying situations under which
the CF is being asked to deploy and operate, the military lawyer is becoming one of the commander's
most important advisors.  Therefore, the requirement to carefully review, and build into an operational
plan, the legal considerations and consequences pertaining to a specific mission cannot be overstated.  

Image source:  http://www.amazon.ca/Generalship-art-admiral-Perspectives-leadership/dp/1551250608, accessed 8 November 2015
Modern Canadian Generalship in Conflict Resolution:Kosovo as a Case Study", in Bernd Horn and Stephen J. Harris, eds.,  in Generalship and the art of the admiral: Perspectives on Canadian senior military leadership, St. Catharines, Ont. : Vanwell Publishing, c2001, 560 p., ill.; 24 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 155125056X and 1551250608 (pbk.);

Source de l'image: http://www.amazon.in/Fonction-General-LArt-LAmiraute-Lieutenant-Colonel/dp/1550023675, visité 8 novembre 2015
___________"Le commandement canadien moderne et le règlement des conflits", dans, sous la direction de  Bernd Horn, 1959-, et Stephen J. Harris, La fonction de général et l'art de l'amirauté : perspectives du leadership militaire canadien,  Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2002, 579 p., aux pp. 288-302: ill. ; 24 cm. NOTES: Traduction de: Generalship and the art of the admiral. Comprend des réf. bibliogr.  ISBN: 1550023675; en partie à https://books.google.ca/books?id=fTZG-p5NYkYC&pg=PA288&lpg=PA288&dq=Henault+Because+of+the+circumstances+that+led+up+to+the+Kosovo&source=bl&ots=_fZ3KuJzsH&sig=7PKz9bQxKjL820ViLJAaf_U8c7I&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBWoVChMIwMqb3ruAyQIVwhkeCh1NIQd5#v=onepage&q=Henault%20Because%20of%20the%20circumstances%20that%20led%20up%20to%20the%20Kosovo&f=false (vérifié 8 novembre 2015); aussi disponible en version électronique, ISBN: 9781550029239;

HENCH, Florence Lang Campbell, member of the OJAG, second world war, see "Deaths--HENCH, Florence Lang Campbell", The Globe and Mail, 17 March 1998, at p. A13;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 3 March 2019

HENDERSON, J.L., 1929-, legal officer with the rank of Commander in 1969; acted as defence counsel in the court martial referred to in the article: "Severe Rerimand issued--Captain Guilty of negligence in grounding", The Globe and Mail, 17 October 1968, at p. 8:

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 24 November 2018

HENDERSON, Robert J. ("Rob"), Captain, legal officer with the OJAG; was Regional Military Prosecutions Western and Counsel for Her Majesty the Queen in the case of Liwyj A.E. (Corporal), R. v., 2008 CM 2001 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/27zp1> (accessed 10 May 2018); graduated from University of Calgary; MLTP lawyer;

HENDERSON,  Scott, died on 24 January 2002; retired as commander with the OJAG in 1973;

Source:  "Alumni/Anciens membres - HENDERSON, SCOTT" in , (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 87;

___________on HENDERSON, Commander Scott, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 91, 211 and 213, available at  i-xii and 1-102 and 103-242;

HENDERSON, W.D., "Military Law and Combat Effective Military Units" in Canada, Department of National Defence, Summary Trial Working Group Report, vol. 2, internal document, March 1993, mentioned in Paul Cormier, "La Justice militaire canadienne: le procès sommaire est-il conforme à l'article 11(d) de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés?", (2000) 45 McGill Law Journal 209-262 at p. 256, note 201;

Stuart Hendin, image source: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/stuart-hendin-qc/7/26/293, accessed on 7 April 2014

HENDIN, Stuart, "Amnesty International Canada et al v Chief of the Defence Staff for the Canadian Forces et al. : A Failed Strategy that Lead to a Flawed Judgment",  (2008) 20 (No. 2)  Sri Lanka Journal of International Law 209-274;

___________"Detainees in Afghanistan: The Balance Between Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law for Foreign Military Forces", (2007) 14(3) Tilburg Law Review 249-271;

___________ "Do as we say, Not as we do: A Critical Examination of the Agreement for the Transfer of Detainees between the Canadian Forces and the Ministry of Defence of Afghanistan", (2007) 7 New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review 18;

The article discusses the Agreement for the Transfer of Detainees Between the Canadian Forces and the Ministry of Defence of
Afghanistan, signed in December 2005. Particular focus is given on provisions, which include the implementation of the four
Geneva Convention and Additional Protocols that pertain to the humanitarian treatment of prisoners of war (POW) in Afghanistan.
It is meant to guarantee that POW are provided adequate detention areas and safety from torture during capture, detention and
transfer by Canadian Forces to Afghanistan authorities.
(source: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/27552828/do-as-we-
say-not-as-we-do-critical-examination-agreement-transfer-detainees-between-canadian-forces-ministry-defence-afghanistan, accessed 4 April 2017)

___________"Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights : The Differing Decisions of Canadians and UK Courts", (January 2010) 28 Windsor Review of Legal  and Social Issues 57-86;

The courts of two common law jurisdictions, Canada and the United Kingdom, reached opposite results on the issue of extraterritorial
application of domestic human rights instruments. The Canadian Court misapprehended the issue of jurisdiction and control as enunciated
by the ECHR, and failed to consider in detail that portion of cases from both the English Court of Appeal and House of Lords that applied
directly to the extraterritorial application of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as it pertains to detainee opreations conducted
by the Canadian Forces in Afghanistan.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110708132118/http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/ihl-bibliography-1st-trimester-2010.pdf, accessed on 15 March 2013);

____________biographical notes (not necessarilty written by):
Specializing in International Humanitarian Law, International Human Rights, International Criminal Law, Security Sector Reform
and Justice Sector Reform, Stuart has practiced and instructed internationally on the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC/IHL),
the application of human rights & criminal law to military operations and the establishment of post conflict legal standards
in failing and failed states.  After a long career of litigation that included representing his clients at the Supreme Court of
Canada and acting as outside counsel to the Speaker of the Senate, Stuart now teaches for the Canadian Forces on the
subjects of morality, ethics and professional leadership. Stuart also lectures at Algonquin College in Ottawa, the NATO
School at Oberammergau, the Austrian Defense Academy and is a designated SME for the Centre for the Centre of Civil
Military Relations (CCMR) in Monterey California.  Appointed Queen’s Counsel by the Government of Canada, Stuart is
a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario), the Canadian Bar Association, the International Institute for
International Humanitarian Law, the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War, the American Society of
International Law and the Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch Association. He holds a Bachelor’s degree from the
University of Ottawa, a Master’s degree from Carleton University, a Bachelor of Law/JD degree from Queen’s University,
a Master of Law from the National University of Ireland and is in the process of defending his doctoral dissertation in
‘Command Responsibility’ at the University of Ottawa. (source: http://www.stratredteam.com/team.html, accessed 19 April 2015);

____________"Murphy’s Law:  The Canadian Treatment of Detainees in Afghanistan:  Are Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law Obligations Circumvented?"(2007) 26(1) University of Queensland Law Journal 157-178; available at http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/UQLawJl/2007/9.pdf (accessed 18 October 2017);

___________ "Unpunished War Criminals, The Shameful Legacy of Canada's Military Involvement in Afghanistan", (2013) 34(3) Liverpool Law Review 291-310;

Description: This Article will suggest that Canadian officials, both military and civilian, are exposed to criminal prosecution secondary
to the transfer of detainees captured by members of the Canadian Forces (CF) during military operations in Afghanistan, To be very
clear at the outset, this Article will not suggest that any member of the CF during military operations in Afghanistan engaged in
torture or any form of mistreatment of any detainee captured. Rather, this Article will propose that as a result of operations in
which individuals were captured by members of the CF and subsequently transferred to the custody of Afghan authorities and
in particular the National Directorate of Security that by so doing members of the CF are exposed to prosecution as a result of
 these transferred individuals being subjected to torture or forms of cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment by Afghan authorities.

(source: http://ku-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?frbrVersion=4&tabs=detailsTab&ct=display&fn=search&doc=TN_springer_jour
, accessed on 5 August 2014)

Luke Hendry

HENDRY, Luke, "Col. Williams won't likely face military justice: Forces", Trentonian.ca, 7 March 2010, available at  http://www.trentonian.ca/2010/03/05/col-williams-wont-likely-face-military-justice-forces (accessed 29 December 2017);

Image source: forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=reservists-in-afghanistan-retrospective/hzv9k0eo, accessed 15 March 2017 - Photo courtesy Col DAVID HENLEY
Colonel David Henley
HENLEY, David, note on David Henley, "Reservists in Afghanistan– Retrospective.  Article / September 8, 2014 / Project number: 2014-sum-14-15"

Colonel David Henley took leave from his civilian law practice in Halifax to deploy to Kabul,
Afghanistan 2009. He served with the Combined Security Transition Command as the Senior
Mentor for Afghan National Army Development.

Image source: https://www.google.com (google image source)
David Henry
HENRY, David, 1916-2011, obituary:

Obituary of David Henry

It is with great sadness, the family of David Henry announce his passing, at home, on a beautiful Canada Day weekend day, from cardiac
arrest. Born in London, England, he came to Canada in 1921. He graduated from Lisgar Collegiate in Ottawa. He received his B.A. in
Economics and History from Queen's University in 1939, attended Osgoode Law School in Toronto, and was called to the Bar in 1941.
That same year, he served in the 2nd Btn. with The Royal Regiment of Canada and was overseas from 1943 - 44 with the 1st Btn in
England and Normandy. He was wounded at Falaise and was transferred to the Judge Advocate General Branch, Ottawa, with the rank
of Captain, November, 1944.

In March, 1945 he married Elizabeth Elaine Pequegnat from Stratford Ontario and was appointed Jr. Advisory Counsel in the Department
of Justice. For a period of fifteen years he continued in a number of roles for the department until he became Director of Investigation and
Research under the Combines Investigation Act in 1960. ....
[Source: humphreymiles.com/tribute/details/3387/David-Henry/obituary.html,  accessed 12 August 2017]

HENRY, Sean, retired Colonel, "Facing Reality: The nature of Canada's Defence Crisis", Esprit de corps, volume 24-01, 16 March 2017;  available at http://espritdecorps.ca/commentary/facing-reality-the-nature-of-canadas-defence-crisis?rq=lawyer (accessed 3 January 2017); 

In his article Bringing Military Culture into the 21st Century (Volume 23 Issue 12), Sean Bruyea overlooks several key factors while analyzing
the state of the military in Canada. The same could be said for articles by Messrs. Curtis, Webb and Drapeau/Juneau in Volume 23 Issue 11 (December 2016).
Drapeau/Juneau reinforce the demilitarization curse when they advocate that military justice should be one with civilian justice. As well as ignoring
the special nature of military service, they do not admit that in Canada the system of justice itself is dysfunctional as a result of a flawed Charter of
Rights, and associated weaknesses resulting in an unending appeal process in which “justice delayed is justice denied.” Moreover, allowing lawyers
and unlimited appeals into the military summary trial process at unit level would paralyze regular training and even threaten operations (see
examples from Afghanistan).

source of photo: digital.scaa.sk.ca/ourlegacy/solr?query=ID:25194&start=0&rows=10&mode=results, accessed 29 Augus 2018
Major-General Ivor J.C. Herbert

HERBERT, I.J.C. (Ivor John Caradoc), Major-General, "General Herbert and the Militia", The Quebec Daily Telegraph, 4 March 1891, available at news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1903&dat=18910304&id=AOkoAAAAIBAJ&sjid=uNIEAAAAIBAJ&pg=892,1102451 (accessed 29 August 2018);

Major-General Ivor Herbert, 1851-1933,
General Officer Commanding the Canadian militia, 1890-1895,
see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivor_Herbert,_1st_Baron_Treowen, accessed 20 May 2019

___________sur le Major-Général Ivor Herbert, voir "La loi martiale.  Les avocats peuvent-ils défendre les soldats accusés?", Le Courrier du Canada (Québec),  samedi 6 mai 1893 à la p. 2; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2541234  (consulté le 25 août 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Colonel Herfst with Francis Yergeau; image source: (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités--Newsletter at p. 5

HERFST, G. (Gijsbertus) (Bert), 1951-, "JAG Visits the Balkans", JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités, volume2, April-June 2000 at pp. 31-36;

____________ Meeting the Needs of Military Justice: The Advantages and Disadvantages of  Codified Rules of Evidence -- An Examination of the Military Rules of Evidence, Dalhousie University N.S., LL.M. thesis, 1995, vii, 336 p., Includes bibliographical references at leaves 328-336; cited in Martin Friedland's study for the Commission of Inquiry, Controlling Misconduct in the Military: a Study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, supra; also mentioned in (1996) 41 McGill Law Journal 938 (thesis survey); see summary of thesis at http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?sessionKey=1299097997015_142_78_200_11&l=0&v=1&lvl=2&rt=1&rsn=S_WWWbeaklFfkh&all=1&dt=+TW+%22Meeting%22+AND+%22the%22+AND+%22Needs%22+AND+%22of%22+AND+%22Military%22+AND+%22Justice%22&spi=- (accessed on 2 March 2011);

___________Notes on Colonel G. Herfst, available at  http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071210072008/http://www.forces.gc.ca/dsa/app_bio/engraph/fseniorofficerbiographyview_e.asp?sectchoice=1&maction=view&mbiographyid=582 (accessed 24 January 2016);

Colonel Herfst immigrated to Canada in 1957, settling in Alberta where he graduated from high school in May 1969.

Colonel Herfst joined the CF in Jan 71. Upon graduation from the University of Calgary in May 1974 he was commissioned
a Lieutenant in the Logistics Branch and posted to positions in Ottawa, Calgary and HQ UNEF. He left the Canadian Forces
in August 1979 to enter the law school at the University of Calgary.

Upon graduation from the University of Calgary Law School, Colonel Herfst was articled to a law firm in Calgary, Alberta in
June 1982. After completion of the Bar Admission Program and admission as a member of the Alberta Law Society in June 1983
he continued in private practise in Calgary until March 1984.

Colonel Herfst joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General in April 1984, and has been employed as a legal officer in various

In August 1985, he was posted as Deputy Judge Advocate and CFE Claims Officer with the Office of the Senior Legal Adviser
Europe, at CFB Lahr.

He was promoted to the rank of Major on 1 January 1986.

From 31 July 1988 to 15 August 1991 he was employed at Canadian Forces Base Gagetown as Deputy Judge Advocate
(Atlantic Region) serving all units in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

During the academic year September 1991 to September 1992 Colonel Herfst studied criminal law at the post-graduate level
at the Law School of Dalhousie University in Halifax.

In October 1992 he took up the position as DLaw/MJ 2 in Ottawa where his main functions involved administering appeals
to the Court Martial Appeal Court and acting as appellate counsel before that Court. In July 1995 he took up the position of
DLaw/Ops2. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel on 23 June 1997 and assumed the appointment of Director
of Law/Operations.

Colonel Herfst served as Division Legal Adviser, Headquarters, SFOR Multinational Division South West, Bosnia Herzegovina,
from September 2000 to April 2001. Upon return to Canada he was employed as DLaw/I until his appointment as Commanding
Officer of the Canadian Forces National Counter Intelligence Unit on 19 October 2001, the first time in the modern history of
the Canadian Forces that a Legal Officer was appointed to command an operational line unit.

Colonel Herfst was promoted to his present rank on 14 May 2004 and assumed the duties of Deputy Judge Advocate General/
Regional Services on 1 June 2004. In August 2005, he was appointed Deputy Judge Advocate General Operations.

__________"Presentation to Advanced Military Studies Course 1, Canadian Forces College, 8 October 1998"; Notes: "This presentation provides a legal view of the issues surrounding the development of rules of engagement"; title noted at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/261/grant1.pdf (accessed on 19 June 2012);

 ___________Survey of Canadian Military Law, 1981, 18, [4] leaves (series; Adanced criminal law papers); copy at the University of Calgary; OCLC Number: 150426636;  text not consulted;

___________Testimony before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, 11 December 2006, meeting number 28, on the study of Canadian Forces in Afghanistan; see minutes and evidence;


HERITAGE, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/ (accessed 25 January 2018)

- Canadian Army Courts Martial documents, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_140678 (accessed 25 January 2018);
This collection consists of Courts Martial records for the Canadian Army from 1939 to 1945. These files include correspondence, investigation reports
and proceedings. Included in these records are courts for the Canadian Active Service Force, the Canadian Army in Canada and German Prisoners of
War tried by Canadian Courts Martial. Microfilm reels T-15866 to T-15870 contain index cards for each court found on the 321 other reels. Not all
records are consistent in terms of the contents of each file.
[source: http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_140678, accessed 25 January 2018]

-Ministry of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada : Courts martial records, 1914-1919, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_136599
(accessed 27 January 2018); Description The Ministry of Overseas Military Forces was established in November 1916 to control the organization, supply, and
maintenance of all Canadian forces overseas, including the Canadian Corps and the overall Canadian Expeditionary Forces, and administer Canadian forces in
the United Kingdom, especially in the training of reinforcements. The Ministry also acted as the communications channel between the Militia Department, the
British War Office, and the Canadian Corps in France. Before its establishment, few officials in London understood how Canadian forces were being led and
administered. To end the confusion, Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden (1854 - 1937) planned to establish a military council in England. Sir Sam Hughes
(1853 -1921), minister of militia, established an Acting Sub-Militia Council. Borden then appointed George Perley (1857-1938), who was the acting high
commissioner in Britain, minister of overseas military forces on October 31, 1916. Hughes became angry, requested to resign and then did so. Sir Albert E.
Kemp (1858 -1929) succeeded Perley in October 1917, and the office was abolished in July 1920. The Ministry's creation was an important step in imposing
Canadian authority over its overseas forces, and an example of Canada's growing exertion of an independent voice in its own imperial affairs.
This collection consists of courts martial records compiled during or after the First World War.
[source: ]

Image source: smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/book-review-civil-military-relations-and-shared-responsibility, accessed 30 July 2017

HERSPRING, Dale R. (Dale Roy), Civil-military Relations and shared responsibility : a four nation study / Dale R. Herspring, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013, ISBN: 9781421409290 (electronic), ISBN: 1421409291 (electronic), ISBN: 9781421409283 (hbk : acid-free paper),   ISBN: 1421409283 (hbk. : acid-free paper)


 Includes bibliographical references and index. A conceptual framework for shared responsibility in civil military relations -- United States -- From Kennedy to Reagan -- From George Bush to Obama -- Germany -- From the creation to Willi Brandt -- From Helmut Schmidt to Merkel -- Canada -- From Hellyer to Trudeau -- From Mulroney to Harper -- Russia -- From the creation of the Russian military to Putin -- From Putin to Medvedev -- Creating shared responsibility in civil military relations. [source: AMICUS catalogue]

Dale Herspring, image
 site: http://www.k-state.edu/
accessed on 14 November 2014
 ___________"Searching for a More Viable Form of Civil-Military Relations: The Canadian and American Experiences", in  Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., Civil-military relations in perspective : strategy, structure and policy, Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, VT : Ashgate, c2012, xiii, 233 p., at pp.31-51; available in part at http://books.google.ca/books?id=ca8iH_hO1KsC&pg=PA213&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed on 28 November 2012);

Image source: www.rs.nato.int/about-isaf/leadership/brigadier-general-simon-c.-hetherington-msc-cd.html, accessed 16 June 2016
Brigadier General Simon C. Hetherington

HETHERINGTON, Major S.C., "Law and Order: Effectiveness of the Canadian Military Justice System in the 21st Century", Canadian Forces College, CSC 30, Exercise New Horizons, 23 p., available at http://wps.cfc.forces.gc.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/hetherington.htm and  http://wps.cfc.forces.gc.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/hetherington.pdf  (accessed on 17 July 2008); also available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/302/287/hetherington.pdf (accessed on 27 April 2014);

Image source: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/bernard_hewitt_12E.html?print=1, accessed 17 March 2019
Bernard Hewitt

HEWITT, Bernard, 1825-1893, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, see "Bernard Hewitt" at http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/bernard_hewitt_12E.html (accessed 17 March 2019)

BERNARD, HEWITT, lawyer, militia officer, editor, and civil servant; b. 1825 in Spanish Town, Jamaica, eldest
son of Thomas James Bernard and Theodora Foulkes; d. unmarried 24 Feb. 1893 in Montreal.

Hewitt Bernard’s father, a sugar plantation owner in Jamaica, fell on difficult times after the slave revolt of 1832.
Like many planters he had numerous functions, among which were justice of the peace and, for a time, attorney
general. Young Hewitt was sent to school at Bath, England, and on returning to Jamaica in the 1840s he set up a
law practice. After his father’s death from cholera in 1850, he became the head of the family. Concluding that he
no longer had a future in Jamaica, in 1851 he left for Canada, to establish himself in practice. A letter of introduction
brought him to James Patton, a lawyer in Barrie, Upper Canada. Bernard’s ability, manners, and steadiness made
him a welcome member of society there, and in 1854 it was decided that his mother and his sister, Susan Agnes*,
then both in England, would come to Barrie. In 1855 he joined the local volunteer militia, the Barrie Rifle Company,
eventually becoming a lieutenant-colonel

That same year the provincial capital moved from Quebec to Toronto, and by 1857 Attorney General John A.
Macdonald needed a capable private secretary. Macdonald invited Bernard, then co-editor of the Upper Canada
Law Journal
, to accept the position, which would be attached to his department. Bernard began work in February
1858 and in March 1859 succeeded Robert Alexander Harrison* as chief clerk, at which time Bernard’s function
as Macdonald’s secretary probably ended. The following year he became deputy judge advocate general, a post
analogous to deputy attorney general.
By 1864 he was sufficiently important that Macdonald had him act as
secretary to the conferences on confederation held that year in Charlottetown and Quebec and at the London
conference during the winter of 1866–67.

In February 1867 Bernard escorted his sister up the aisle of St George Hanover Square in London on her marriage
to Macdonald. On 1 July Bernard became the new dominion’s first deputy minister of justice. Macdonald, the minister,
left him with virtually the entire management of Canada’s penitentiaries (at Kingston, St John, and Halifax) and with
the establishment of new ones at Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (Laval), Que., and Lower Fort Garry, Man. [see Samuel
Lawrence Bedson]. In 1868 Bernard took the lead in arranging for witnesses and evidence in the inquiry into the
assassination of Thomas D’Arcy McGee* and in the subsequent trial of Patrick James Whelan*.  ....  [Read the rest; emphasis in bold and size added]

HIBBARD, F.-W. (Frederick William), 1881-1949, Lieutenat-colonel, member of the OJAG; acted as the Judge-Advocate in the court martial referred to in the following article: "Un capitaine sous arrêt.  Une cour martiale commence ce matin à juger le capitaine Roy, médecin militaire-- Deux inculpations sont portées contre l'accusé--Soldats du Laval dans la compagnie sibérienne", Le devoir, vendredi 27 septembre 1918, à la p. , disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2800128 (consulté le 27 juillet 2018); member of the Quebec Bar;

___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, McGill Archives, McCord Museum, see http://www.archives.mcgill.ca/resources/guide/vol2_3/gen12.htm#HIBBARD,%20FREDERICK%20WILLIAM (accessed 20 December 2018);

A lawyer, Frederick William Hibbard was a graduate of McGill and served as crown prosecutor in Montréal from 1907-1910.
He was the president of the St. James Literary Society in 1903 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the militia.


Originals, 1890-1891, 3 cm (Unaccessioned)

The F.W. Hibbard papers consist of personal bills and a diary, 1890-1891.

___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see "Le Lieutenant-Colonel F.W. Hibbard est décédé.  Le président de la Commission des Services Publics est décédé après une longue maladie.  Belle carrière légale, politique et militaire", Le Canada, 10 février 1921, à la p. 7; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3553091 (vérifié le 14 mars 2019); 

__________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see  "Nouvelle nomination", Le devoir, Montréal, 12 octobre 1918 à la p. 3; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2800141 (consulté le 14 mars 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________see "Frederic William Hibbard", Montreal, From 1535 to 1914, BIOGRAPHICAL, THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, MONTREAL VANCOUVER CHICAGO, 1914 at  pp. 198-199; available at https://www.gutenberg.org/files/48480/48480-h/48480-h.htm (accessed 20 December 2018); also available at http://www.crlearning.org/files/HTML/72000/72064-0000.html (accessed 29 March 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Larry Hickey, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/larryhickey, accessed 11 February 2015

HICKEY, Laurence (Larry) M., Enhancing  the naval mandate for law enforcement : hot pursuit  or hot potato?, [Toronto, Ont.]: Canadian Forces College, 2005, 44 p., available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/281/277/hickey.pdf (accessed 19 December 2015); also with the same title in 7(1) Canadian military Journal, available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo7/no1/maritime-marin-eng.asp (accessed on 2 June 2012); aussi publié en français dans 7(1) Revue militaire canadienne sous le titre "L'inclusion de l'application de la loi dans le mandat de la marine : une voie royale ou sans issue", disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo7/no1/maritime-marin-fra.asp (vérifié le 2 juin 2012);

 "In April 2004, the federal government promulgated Securing an Open Society: Canada’s National Security Policy. This long-awaited document
called for greater emphasis to be placed on Canada’s maritime domains in the post-911 security environment. This paper argues that the Canadian
Navy’s role should be expanded for domestic maritime enforcement in support of safeguarding national security and the exercise of Canadian
sovereignty. After describing the Navy’s significant presence in Canada’s maritime zones and the increasing reliance on the Navy by other
government, the issues that shape attitudes towards employment of armed forces for law enforcement tasks are identified and challenged.
A simple model for executing an enhanced role is proposed. The model does not suggest that the Navy should shift its primary emphasis
from preparing for combat at sea to coast guard duties. Rather, it is an appeal for powers that would enable the Navy to act upon violations
detected while carrying out its fundamental military role. Doing so would allow the Navy to leverage its presence at sea, and contribute
to realizing the goals articulated in Canada’s national security policy, specifically to provide maritime security for Canadians in an
effective integrated manner." -- Abstract. (source: IRC Catalogue);


HICKMAN, H.W., Captain, legal officer, General list, with military district number 7 with headquarters in Saint John, New Brunswick, 1944,  see The Quarterly Army List, January 1944, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1944 at p. 171 (bottom page number) or p. 181 (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8897/88977987.23.pdf (accessed 21 March 2019); note: the Assistant Judge Advocate General at that time at military district number 7 was Major E.B. Bull;

___________on HICKMAN, H.W., I have located a H.W. Hickman, Q.C., senior counsel of the Attorney General's Department of New Brunswick, Fredericton,  present at the Dominion-Provincial Conference on Correctional Reform, Parliament Buildings, 13-14 October 1958, see https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/hv%209308%20d6%201958-eng.pdf  (accessed 14 April 2019);

___________on HICKMAN, H.W., I have located a H.W. Hickman, Q.C., who was Deputy Attorney General of New Brunswick in 1964, see https://primarydocuments.ca/federal-provincial-conference-ottawa-ontario-october-14-15-1964/ (accessed 14 April 2019);  


Image source: glendon.yorku.ca/gspia/faculty-research/bmo-visiting-fellows/, accessed 16 November 2016
Bruce Hicks
HICKS, Bruce, "Hicks: The government isn't out of the nation's bedrooms – yet", The Ottawa Citizen, 15 November 2016;     available at http://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/hicks-the-government-isnt-out-of-the-nations-bedrooms-yet (accessed 16 November 2016);

With Parliament having just made homosexuality, per se, legal, some Canadian government agencies took
it upon themselves to find other ways to restore its illegality.

In the Canadian military, the Judge Advocate General’s Office was instructed by the brass to find ways to
forcibly remove homosexuals from the military. In response, the annotated Queen’s Regulations and Orders
made a number of suggestions on how to bypass Parliament’s, and the country’s, newfound tolerance of

The rationale for the military openly defying changes Parliament had made for the civilian population was
that only heterosexual men were “manly” enough to contribute to combat roles, and their very presence would
undermine a unit’s morale. There were more, disgustingly homophobic, arguments advanced, but they don’t
bear repeating here.

"Capt. Todd Bannister, left, and his lawyer, Major J.L.P.L. Boutin, at his               Brian Higgins is a CBC videojournalist on Prince Edward Island      
court marital at H.M.C.S. Queen Charlotte Monday. (Brian Higgins/CBC)"           image source: cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/brian-higgins-1.3187392
                                                                                                                                                                 accessed 16 January 2018

HIGGINS, Brian, "Former commander of Charlottetown cadets faces court martial", CBC News.ca/Prince-Edward-Island, 15 January 2018, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-todd-bannister-court-martial-1.4487687 (accessed 16 January 2018); standing court martial: accused: Capt. Todd Bannister; prosecutor; Major Luc Boutin; prosecutor: Major M.E. Leblond; military judge: Lt.-Col. Louis Vincent d’Auteuil;

Elizabeth Hillman, image source: http://www.uchastings.edu/news/articles/2012/12/new-academic-dean-hillman.php, accessed on 14 November 2014

HILLMAN, Beth, "Trends in international military justice", 30 September 2011; available at http://www.caaflog.com/?s=canada (accessed on 2 May 2014); also available at http://www.caaflog.com/2011/09/30/trends-in-international-military-justice/ (accessed on 28 October 2014);

Today is the second day of the International Society for the Study of Military Law and the Law of War’s Rhodes
Conference on Military Jurisdiction. It’s been a decade since the Society’s first such conference, and much of the
conversation so far has focused on the changes those ten years have wrought and rising interest in military justice
worldwide.  In Europe in particular, the trend has been toward shrinking military jurisdiction in favor of increasing
civilian capacity—through education, reform, and better communications technology—to enforce military justice.

Yesterday, accomplished speakers from the Belgian and French ministries of defence described the extent of efforts
to not only limit, but nearly abolish, the jurisdiction of military courts.  Reports from legal officers, jurists, and
scholars described major shifts in military prosecutorial authorities, judicial review, and jurisdiction in nations
including Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ireland, Palestine, and Tunisia.

source of image: carleton.ca/history/people/norman-hillmer/, accessed 14 August 2017
Norman Hillmer
HILLMER, Norman and Philippe Lagassé, "Parliament will decide: An interplay of politics and principle", (2016) 71(2) International Journal 328-337;

Debates about Parliament’s role in deciding military deployments are clouded by misunderstandings of the relative legal authorities of
the executive and the legislature, and the mixture of political objectives and democratic obligation that inform these discussions. Much
has been written about the legal aspects of this question. This article considers instead the issues of politics and principle, which we
argue are consistently interwoven: while governments have elevated Parliament’s role in military deployments for political purposes,
the choice to involve the legislature also reflects the idea that it is the “right thing to do” in a democracy.

HILTZ, D'Arcy,  Anita Szigeti, Ruby Dhand, Natalie Venslovaitis and Catherine Morin, Mental Health: Military : Mines and Minerals, Markham (Ontario): LexisNexis Canada, 2011, 870 p. (series: Halbury's Laws of Canada; v. 66); copy at University of Ottawa, FTX Reference: KE 444 .H35 M45 2011; this volume contains an important section on military law;

HITSMAN, J.M. (Capt), The Visiting Forces Act 1941-44, Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 180, 29 July 1947, 43 p., available at  http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/cmhqrd-drqgmc-eng.asp?txtType=2&RfId=180
(accessed on 14 September 2013); contains the "Creation of the Office of the Judge-Advocate-General Canadian Army Oversas" at pp. 36-38, Appendix "A" -- Chart showing initial distribution of JAGs staff, 21 Army Group, at p. 40, and Appendix "B", Part XV -- The Functions of the Deputy Judge Advocate General and his Staff at pp. 40-43; also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/mdn-dnd/D63-4-180-1947-eng.pdf (accessed 24 January 2017);

Legal officer giving briefing.
Donnacona is getting ready for his annual exercise. Last brief is from the A/JAG", see photo at https://twitter.com/ncsm_donnacona/status/721411422610022400 (accessed 13 October 2017);


HMCS SWANSEA K328, notes on courts martial for certain members of that ship in 1949, see forposterityssake.ca/Navy/HMCS_SWANSEA_K328_306.htm (accessed 22 July 2019);

Built by Yarrows Ltd., Esquimalt, she was commissioned at Victoria on 04 Oct 1943, Swansea arrived
at Halifax on 16 Nov 1943 and worked up off Pictou and in St. Margaret's Bay. Assigned to EG 9,
Londonderry, she made her passage there with convoy SC.154, taking part in the sinking of U 845
on 10 Mar 1944. On 14 Apr 1944 she repeated the process in company with HMS Pelican, the victim
this time being U 448. Eight days later, on 22 April 1944, this time with Matane, Swansea sank U-311
southwest of Iceland. This kill was only awarded long after the war once the records of German and
British intelligence became available. She was present on D-Day, and for the next four months patrolled
the Channel in support of the ships supplying the invasion forces. While thus employed, she and Saint
John sank U 247 off Land's End on 01 Sep 1944. She left Londonderry on 05 Nov 1944 for a major refit
at Liverpool, N.S. from Dec 1944 to Jul 1945. It was the first tropicalization of a frigate for Pacific service,
and on VJ-Day Swansea was assessing the results in the Caribbean. She was paid off 02 Nov 1945 to
reserve in Bedford Basin, but was twice re-commissioned for training cadets and new entries between
Apr 1948, and Nov 1953. In early June, 1949, while the Maingay Commission was still hearing
a group of junior hands in on the Swansea, incensed at poor treatment by their
commanding officer, locked
themselves in their mess. The response was a forceful entry by
armed troops, a rapid court-martial of the
senior hands, and their sentencing to 90 days'
hard labour and dishonorable discharge from the navy.

[emphasis in bold and size added]

Rubson Ho, image source: Twitter, accessed on 9 May 2014

HO, Rubson, "A World that has Walls: A Charter Analysis of Military Tribunals", (Winter 1996) 54 University of Toronto, Faculty of Law Review 149-185; summary available at http://www.utflr.org/abstract/ultr54_1/54_1_149.htm (accessed on 10 July 2008);

Image source: lib.unb.ca/archives/UNBComposites/results.php?action=show_graduate&graduate_id=1037, accessed 4 June 2019
Lester G. Hoar, University
of New Brunswick

HOAR, Lester G. (Lester George), Lieutenant, from St. John, N.B., was the assistant prosecutor to Capt. A.S. Fergusson, in the courts martial referred to in article: "Three Officers Before General Court-Martial.  Charge of Negligence Following Death of Soldier.  Plea of Not Guilty Entered By Capt. G.G. Alleyn", Hamilton Spectator, 1944/01/06, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028992 (accessed 4 June 2019);

____________on HOAR, Lester George, see Anonymous, "Former newspaperman remembered as true gentleman", New Brunswick Telegraph Journal,  Saint John, New Brunswick, 27 February 2002; available at https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/docview/423161826/F6B48452C25C4079PQ/2?accountid=46526 (accessed 4 June 2019);


Image source: http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/Operations%20Security%20and%20the%20Publics%20Need%20to%20know.pdf, accessed on 14 November 2014

HOBSON, Sharon, 1952-, Operations Security and the Public's Need to Know, Calgary, Alta. : Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, 2011 (Saint-Lazare, Quebec: Canadian Electronic Library, 2011), 1 electronic text (23 p.); available at http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/Operations%20Security%20and%20the%20Publics%20Need%20to%20know.pdf  (accessed on 31 May 2012);

HODGINS, W.E. (William Egerton) , 1851-1930, "The Law Applicable to the Militia of Canada" (1901) 21 The Canadian Law Times PDF at pp. 169-188 (posted on 18 January 2012); copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX Periodcals, KE 12 .C342;

___________Colonel, "Military Law: Its Origin, Development And application" (1910) 30 The Canadian Law Times PDF at pp. 485-496 (posted on 18 January 2012); copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX Periodcals, KE 12 .C342;

___________see notes on Hodgins in Kerry Badgley, "Hodgins, William Egerton", Dictionary of Canadian Bibliography, available at http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/hodgins_william_egerton_15E.html (accessed 4 August 2018);

Image source: law.robsonhall.com/blog/2011-solomon-greenberg-competition/, accessed 3 July 2018
Laura Hodgson 2011winner of the
Solomon Greenberg Competition and
Sarah Minshull runner-up.

HODGSON, Laura, legal officer with the OJAG; member of the Manitoba Law Society since 2013; works in Ottawa, laura.hodgson@forces.gc.ca, tel.: 613-949-1589 (info as of 2 July 2018);

---------------------- Image source:london.ctvnews.ca/court-martial-begins-for-former-london-based-medic-facing-sex-assault-charges-1.1470182 
David Hodson                                                    Image source: acuns.org/review-of-believers-in-the-battlespace/ 
image source: www.google.com

HODSON, David, "Eyes Right: Religious Ideologue and Pragmatist", in  Peter H. Denton, ed., Believers in the battlespace : religion, ideology and war, Kingston, Ont. : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2011, xxiii, 231 p.; at pp. 179-190, 23 cm. NOTES: "Produced for the Canadian Defence Academy Press by 17 Wing Publishing Office" --T.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 9781100161679 (bound) and 9781100161686 (pbk.);  available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/dn-nd/D2-263-2010-eng.pdf (accessed 22 October 2015);

David M. Hodson is a legal officer and litigator with Defence Counsel Services. Previously,
he was a reserve armoured recce officer with The Ontario Regiment, a reserve force rifleman
with the Queens Own Rifles and a regular force infantryman with 2 Princess Patricia’s Canadian
Light Infantry. He is a graduate of the M.A. in War Studies program at the Royal Military Col-
lege of Canada. [p. 223,in Peter H. Denton, supra.  Mr. Hodson practices criminal in Lindsay,
ON -- http://www.defendme.ca/]

Major David Hodson

___________"A Symphony of Battle: Trial Advocacy with Canada's Special Forces", available at https://www.defendme.ca/resources/durham-voice-winter-2016-p2.pdf (accessed 5 Ocober 2018); about the court martial of  Cadieux;, see Cadieux S. (Corporal), R. v., 2016 CM 4008 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/gttff> and Cadieux S. (Corporal), R. v., 2016 CM 4012 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/gtxgd>;

___________Web site of David Hodson, available at  https://www.defendme.ca/ (accessed 5 Ocober 2018);

HOLDEN, N.J., "An examination of mechanisms of complaint and grievance resolution in the Canadian Forces", [Ottawa] : Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Defence R&D Canada, 2005, vi, 33 p.;


HOLLAND, Joseph (Joe) C., "Blue Helmets: Policemen or Combatants? Comments",  in Claude Emanuelli, sous la direction de, Les casques bleus : policiers ou combattants?/ Blue Helmets: Policemen or Combatants?, Montréal, Wilson et Lafleur, 1997, 130 p. at pp. 115-120, (Collection: Secrion Bleue) ISBN: 2-89127-416-4;

__________"Canadian courts martial resulting from participation in the UNITAF Mission in Somalia", (1994) 1(4) Journal of International Peacekeeping 131-132; "Lieutenant-Colonel Joe Holland is Director of Law/Security, Intelligence and Prosecutions in the Department of National Defence, Ottawa, Canada", see http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/187541194x00172 (accessed 1 March 2018);  

___________ "[Book Review]: Casual Slaughters and Accidental Judgments: Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions : Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions, 1944-1948", (2001) 170 Military Law Review 224-234; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/275481%7E1.pdf  (accessed 17 July 2017);

___________Military Objective and Collateral Damage : Their Dynamics and Relationship, A Thesis Presented to The Judge Advocate General's School United States Army in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Laws (LL.M.) in Military Law, 50th Judge Advocate Officer Graduate Course, April 2002, 106 leaves; available at http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA440073&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf  and http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA440073 (accessed on 8 March 2012) and https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a440073.pdf (accessed 16 April 2019); notes; Lieutenant-Colonel Holland is a member of the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Forces;

Summary The two most critical aspects of targeting are the concepts of military objective and collateral damage i.e. incidental loss
of civilian life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects. The conventional international law definition of military objective
is set out in the 1977 Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Protocol I) at Article 52 (2). That definition has also become the
complete customary international law definition of military objective. The conventional international law definition of collateral
damage and the concept of proportionality of which collateral damage is a part is found in Protocol I at Articles 51(5) (b),
57 (2) (a) (iii) and 57 (2) (b). For all practical purposes, the customary international law definition of proportionality is the same as
the conventional definition. The concepts of military objective and collateral damage (and thus proportionality) are linked by the
common element of "military advantage". However, for a variety of reasons that linkage is somewhat weak and sporadic. This linkage
implies a complementary relationship between these two concepts i.e. as either grows or diminishes so does the other. An examination
of a wide range of recent law of war issues, controversies and developments confirms this relationship. The main implication of this
linkage is that at least significant military input will be necessary in determinations of military objective, collateral damage and
proportionality. The major challenge of this implication is ensuring that the resulting decisions achieve the proper balance in the
basic dynamic of the law of armed conflict i.e. satisfy both military and the humanitarian factors neither of which have primacy.
[source: science-catalogue.canada.ca/record=2086246&searchscope=06, accessed 12 October 2017]

___________Military Objective and Collateral Damage : Their Dynamics and Relationship,  (2004) 7 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 35-78;

______________________on HOLLAND, Lieutenant-Colonel Joe, see "Files on General Court Martial of Lt-Col G. Haswell [textual record]", 1985-1997, predominant 1996-1997, 0.3 m of textual records,  Former archival reference no. RG24, BAN no. 2008-00243-8,Record disposition authority no. 2000/014, MIKAN no. 3806552; see  http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&rec_nbr=3806552&lang=eng&rec_nbr_list=1098088,1078190,3806552,4868450,4427441,1024377,4801482,4818475,1099780,1099624 (accessed 10 August 2019);

This accession consists of notes and documents created and maintained by Lt-Col. J.C. Holland,
the officer responsible for prosecuting the case against Lt-Col. Geoff Haswell for charges under
Section 125 and 129 of the National Defence Act. These charges arose from the destruction of
documents in the office of the Director General of Public Affairs during the deployment of the
Canadian Forces to Somalia. Lt-Col. Holland was a member of the Assistant Judge Advocate
General's Central Region office at the time of this case.


___________on HOLLAND, Lieutenant-Colonel Joe, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 139, 141 and 170, available at  103-242;

___________photo of LCol (Ret’d) Joe Holland with others, source: https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1046847780533231617, accessed 10 October 2018;

Col(Ret’d) Allan Fenske, Ms Mexi Springers,
Capt(N)(Ret’d) Holly MacDougall and LCol (Ret’d) Joe
were in Lahr, Germany for an AJAG Europe reunion,
Sept 22-23, to celebrate the Legal Branch Centennial.
The office relocated to Geilenkirchen in ‘93 when CFB Lahr closed.

___________see the following article where LCol Joe Holland from the OJAG makes comments: Postmedia News, "Military personnel heading to ballot box to cast early election votes", 19 April 2011, available at: http://www.canada.com/news/military+personnel+heading+ballot+cast+early+election+votes/4633398/story.html (accessed 10 April 2018);

HOLLAND, V.W., Commander, from Ottawa, was the Judge Advocate in the court martial referred to in the article: Cipin, Reuben, "Navigation Officer of Magnificient Sentenced To Be Reprimanded", Guardian of the Gulf , Thursday, 30 June 1949 at pages 1 and 5, available at https://islandnewspapers.ca/islandora/object/guardian%3A19490630-005?solr%5Bquery%5D=judge-advocate&solr%5Bparams%5D%5BdefType%5D=dismax&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.limit%5D=20&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_century_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B1%5D=PARENT_decade_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B2%5D=PARENT_year_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B3%5D=PARENT_month_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B5%5D=RELS_EXT_isPageNumber_literal_ms&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqt%5D=standard&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_dateIssued_dt&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-120YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-20YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fl%5D=OCR_t&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fragsize%5D=400&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.pre%5D=%3Cspan%20class%3D%22islandora-solr-highlight%22%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.post%5D=%3C/span%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqf%5D=OCR_t%5E10.0  (accessed 10 October 2018);

Image source: https://www.securitepublique.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/liaison%203-9-1977.pdf, accessed 4 October 2016
Jack Hollies
HOLLIES, Jack (J.H.),"Canadian Military Law" (1961) 13 Military Law Review 69-87; available at http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/276C6B%7E1.pdf (accessed on 10 July 2008);

____________on a case investigated by Group Captain Hollies, see the article "Canadians cleared in executions by Ottawa investigating officer", The Globe and Mail, 28 October 1966, at p. 1:

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

____________on the same case investigated by Group Captain Hollies, see the article : Allen Harvey, "German suggests 2 nations co-operate in executions probe",  The Globe and Mail, 25 November 1966, at p. 44:

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

____________notes on Jack Hollies:

- in 1975, Jack Hollies was counsel for the Solicitor General in Ottawa, see John Beaufoy, "Lawyer sues penitentiary system
to free inmates from segregation", The Globe and Mail, 11 September 1975, at p. 5;

-  Jack Hollies was working for the National Parole Board in 1984, see Drew Fagan, "Judging the risk: Parole board members assess
 whether prisoner will make mistake", The Globe and Mail, 4 June 1984, at p. M2;

- obituary for Hollies, John H., The Globe and Mail, 20 May 1982, at p. C11; he passed away on  15 May 1982, at home in Ottawa;

- Squadron Leader Jack Hollies was defence counsel for the RCAF war crime military trial of Schumacher in 1946, Germany, transcript available at https://search.archives.un.org/unwcc-canadian-trials-trial-of-wilhem-jung-and-johann-george-schumacher-transcript-of-proceedings (accessed 25 October 2018);

-   "Boches Killed Captive Flyer R.C.A.F. Alleges", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/03/21, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5090548 (accessed 4 June 2019);

[Excerpt of article]

__________"Courts Martial in the Canadian Forces" (1959-60) 2 The Criminal Law Quarterly 67-76;

___________"Hearsay as the Basis of Opinion  Evidence", (1967-68) 10 The Criminal Law Quarterly 288;

____________on HOLLIES, Colonel Jack, see "Clear UN man in shooting of Cypriot boy", The Globe and Mail, 9 October 1967, at p. 2;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The Globe and Mail,
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 27 May 2019

____________on HOLLIES, Colonel Jack, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 91, 92 and 99, available at  i-xii and 1-102;

Image source: https://www.ucalgary.ca/utoday/issue/2015-07-24/ian-holloway-reappointed-dean-law, accessed 22 January 2016

Ian Holloway

HOLLOWAY, Ian, testimony of Ian Holloway, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary,  on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act,

- before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 64, 6 February 2013, minutes and evidence;
- before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, meeting issue 38, 29 May 2014,  minutes and  evidence;  

____________ testimony of Ian Holloway, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Western Ontario, on  Bill C-41, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, before the House of Commons, Standing Committee on National Defence, 3rd session, 40th Parliament, 28 February 2011; available at http://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/40-3/NDDN/meeting-50/evidence (accessed 4 August 2017);

    The purpose of the system of military justice is very different. It exists not to preserve freedom, but to preserve unit
cohesion, to ensure—to repeat myself—that young men and women will willingly place themselves in situations of
extreme peril because someone told them to and for no other reason. In other words, the system of military justice
doesn't exist to reflect Canadian values; it exists to give us an instrument with which we can project Canadian values.
That's what we're doing in Central Asia; that's what we did in the Balkans; that's what we did in the first Gulf War;
that's what we did in Korea. We need an instrument as a country with which we can project Canadian values.

    As someone who was subject to this system for 21 years, for more than an adult lifetime, I can say that the real
key from the perspective of the men and women in the trenches, so to speak, is a sense of fairness. It's not whether
it's the same as what civilians have. It's whether people think they're getting a fair shake, whether they think
that their commanding officers will listen to them when they have a story to tell, whether they think that their
commanding officers will give a contextual interpretation to whatever happened. That is why the vast majority of
people who can choose between a summary trial and a court martial choose a summary trial. For the most part,
they have confidence in the fairness of the system.

    As someone who teaches administrative law, I would say the real core of the system of military justice is the
doctrine of natural justice. If people think they're going to have a fair shake, that they're going to have the opportunity
to tell their side of the story, that's really what's important.

    I'll finish by saying that the Canadian system of military justice is probably the most studied system of military
justice in the world, certainly in the western world. We had the Somalia inquiry; Chief Justice Dixon [sic! should
read Dickson] did a study; Chief Justice Lamer did a study; we have this meeting today. The truth is that our system
of military justice, though not perfect, is pretty darn good. We do not have instances of mutiny, insubordination, or
violent insurrection by people in the service. Our service people, in the main, have confidence in the system of military justice.

HOLMAN, Fraser, "The State of the Canadian Forces: The Minister's Report of March 1997", (Summer 1997) Canadian Defence Quarterly 32-37;

Rob Holman, source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/judge-advocate-general-command.page --accessed 21 March 2014

HOLMAN, Robin (Rob) F. (Frazer), "Cross-Cultural Adventures in the Dissemination and Implementation of IHL -- A Canadian's Experience in Afghanistan",  40th CCIL Conference, 5 November 2011; available at Holman_Cross‐Cultural Adventures in the Dissemination and Implementation of IHL (accessed on 25 June 2012);


Rob Holman, image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/cba_abc/14414547366/sizes/m/, accessed 4 August 2015

____________biographical notes on Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, available at http://www.iihl.org/Media/Default/Courses%20and%20Workshops/Detention/Holman%20Bio.pdf (accessed on 25 June 2014);

Image source: http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/robin-holman.jpg, accessed 28 September 2016
Robin Holman, RMC graduate 1990

____________biographical notes on Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, not necessarily written by him, available at  http://www.iihl.org/Media/Default/Courses%20and%20Workshops/Detention/Holman%20Bio.pdf (accessed on 17 February 2015);

 Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, CD
Deputy Judge Advocate General, Military Justice
Canadian Armed Forces

Colonel Rob Holman was born into an Air Force family and grew up in a variety of locations across Canada
and in Germany. After graduating from high school in Toronto, Ontario, he joined the Canadian Armed Forces
in 1986 and attended the Royal Military College of Canada where he earned a degree in Engineering Physics.
 Upon commissioning, he undertook basic and advanced flying training at 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training
School in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.  He received his pilot wings in 1991 and subsequently served as a
qualified flying instructor and later a standards officer flying the CT-114 Tutor jet trainer. In 1995, he returned
to the Royal Military College where he served as a squadron commander and supervised the Air Force’s
Continuation Flying Training program.

In 1997, Colonel Holman was selected for the Military Legal Training Plan. He received his law degree from
Queen’s University and, after serving as a judicial law clerk at the Federal Court of Appeal in Ottawa was
called to the bar of Upper Canada (Ontario) and joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General in February, 2002.

From 2002 to 2007, Colonel Holman served as a military prosecutor, first as trial counsel before courts martial
and later as appellate counsel, appearing in front of the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada.  In 2007, he
deployed to Afghanistan where, as part of the American-led Combined Security Transition  Command-Afghanistan,
he served as a legal advisor and mentor to the senior leaders of the Afghan National Army General Staff Legal
Department and the Ministry of Defence Legal Department. He was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by
the United States Army.

Following his return to Canada, Colonel Holman’s work focused upon international law issues affecting Canadian
Armed Forces operations.  In 2010, he earned a Masters degree in international law from McGill University’s Faculty
of Law where he researched the application of International Human Rights Law to “rogue” civil airliners used as
weapons.  He then served successively as the senior legal advisor to the Chief of Defence Intelligence, as an
Assistant Legal Advisor at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe during part of NATO’s operations in Libya,
as the Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate General for Operational Law and as the Special Assistant to the Judge
Advocate General.  Promoted to his present rank in 2013, he assumed the responsibilities of Deputy Judge Advocate
General for Military Justice.

Colonel Holman has 2000 hours of flying time in gliders, small civilian aircraft and military jet aircraft.  He is an avid
mid-pack runner. He lives in Ottawa with his wife and their three children.

___________"La rendicion de cuentas en la justicia militar de Canada", (2014) Fuero Militar Policial Del Peru  41-44; note: Il Foro Interamericano Sobre Justicia Militar y Rerecho Operacional, Conferencias, 26 al 28 Agosto 2014; available at https://issuu.com/publica_on_line/docs/publicacion_del_foro_2_1_1_todo_5 (accessed 1 July 2016);

Rob Holman, on the right, image source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-annual-2014-15/ch-2-superintendence-military-justice.page, accessed 4 August 2015

___________Law Enforcement, the Rogue Civil Airliner and Proportionality of Effects: An Analysis of International Human Rights Law, LL.M. thesis, .Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University, 2010, vi, 136 leaves; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/QMM/TC-QMM-97268.pdf and http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/webclient/StreamGate?folder_id=0&dvs=1332805271155~384 (accessed on 26 March 2012);


Existing theoretical approaches to international human rights law governing the State's duty to respect and ensure the right to not
be arbitrarily deprived of life do not provide a satisfactory analytical framework within which to consider the problem of a rogue
civil airliner - a passenger-carrying civil aircraft under the effective control of one or more individuals who intend use the
aircraft itself as a weapon against persons and property on the surface. A more satisfactory approach is provided by the addition
of a norm of proportionality of effects that is analogous to that which has been developed within the framework of international
humanitarian law and modern constitutional rights law. This additional norm would apply only where there is an irreconcilable
conflict between the State's duties in respect of the right to life and all of the courses of action available will result in
innocent persons being deprived of life.


Existants approches théoriques au droit international des droits humains régissant l'obligation de l'État de respecter et de
garantir le droit de ne pas être privé arbitrairement de la vie ne fournissent pas un cadre analytique satisfaisant dans
lequel de considérer le problème d'un aéronef civil à passagers renégat - un aéronef civil portant des passagers et sous le
contrôle effectif d'un ou plusieurs individus ayant l'intention utiliser l'aéronef-même comme une arme contre des personnes
et des biens à la surface. Une approche plus satisfaisante est fournie par l'ajout d'une norme de proportionnalité des effets
qui est analogue à celle qui a été développé dans le cadre du droit international humanitaire et le droit moderne des droits
constitutionnels. Cette norme supplémentaire s'applique que lorsqu'il y a un conflit insoluble entre les devoirs de l'État
en respect du droit à la vie et tous les cours d'action disponibles se traduira par des personnes innocentes étant privé de
leur vie.
[Source: AMICUS catalogue, Library and Archives Canada]

Colonel Holman, centre, at the workshop, National University
of Singapore, Bukit Timah Campus.

___________"Military Justice and Human Rights: The Search for Balance atop the Constitution's 'Living Tree' ", paper presented at The Asia Pacific Military Justice Workshop 2016, 20-21 September 2016, National University of Singapore, Bukit Timah Campus; see http://law.nus.edu.sg/about_us/news/2016/AsiaPac_MilitaryJustice.html (accessed 26 October 2016);

___________"Military Justice, International Humanitarian Law Accountability and International Human Rights Law Standards", Remarks of the Deputy Judge Advocate General Military Justice – University of Ottawa Military Law Conference – 13 November 2015, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law/djag-remarks-military-law-conference-2015.page (accessed 12 February 2016);
"La justice militaire, la responsabilité de droit international humanitaire et les normes relatives aux droits internationaux de la personne", Notes d’allocution du Juge-avocat général adjoint justice militaire – Conférence de droit militaire l’université d’Ottawa – 13 novembre 2015, disponible à http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/a-propos-rapports-pubs-droit-militaire/notes-allocution-du-jaga-conference-droit-militaire-2015.page (vérifié 12 février 2016);

______________________ notes on Rob Holman from 2017 Canadian Council on International Law (CIL), 2017 CCIL Conference November 2-3 in Ottawa, “Canada at 150: The Return of History for International Law”, 2017 Speaker Biographies, Keynote Speakers, available at  http://www.ccil-ccdi.ca/speakerbios, accessed 26 October 2017:

Colonel Rob Holman (Speaker) has been a member of the Canadian Armed Forces since 1986. His service has included being a flight
instruction, a military prosecutor and deployment to Afghanistan where he served as a legal advisor and mentor to the senior leaders of
the Afghan National Army. He was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by the United States Army. In 2010, he earned a Masters
degree in international law from McGill University’s Faculty of Law where he researched the application of International Human
Rights Law to “rogue” civil airliners used as weapons. Promoted to his present rank in 2013, he assumed the responsibilities of
Deputy Judge Advocate General for Military Justice. (E)   

___________"The Revival of a Service Connection Test in Canadian Military Law?", Deputy Judge Advocate General, Military Justice, 19 May 2015, Washington, D.C.; available at http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/newcaaf/ConfHandout/2015ConfHandout/2015ColHolman.pdf (accessed on 4 August 2015); 

___________"The Rogue Civil Airliner and International Human Rights Law: An Argument for a Proportionality of Effects Analysis within the Right to Life", (2010) 48 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 39-96;

Colonel Rob Holman, second from left, at the II Foro Interamericano Sobre Justicia Militar y Derecho Operational, Lima, Peru, August 2014, photo source: https://plus.google.com/photos/
, accessed 18 February 2015

__________" 'II Forum interaméricain sur la justice militaire et droit international humanitaire', Lima-Peru du 6 au 28 août 2014", video (Colonel Holman is a participant), available at http://www.fmp.gob.pe/FMP/Html/2014-09-01/ii_foro_interamericano_sobre_justicia_militar_y_derecho_operacional.html (accessed on 14 November 2015);

Image source: https://carleton.ca/sjc/profile/holmes-kanina/, accessed 7 April 2018
Kanina Homes

HOLMES, Kanina, "Canada Military Drops Anthrax-Vaccine Court Martial", Reuters, 11 April 2012; available at http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/bioter/canadianmilanthrax.html (accessed 7 January 2016);

MacGregor said Thursday's decision to not proceed came after reviewing the evidence to determine whether it supported a reasonable prospect of conviction and was in the public interest to continue.

The military's policy on public interest includes looking at the age of the charge, how frequently it crops up among members and its impact on discipline.



HOOK, Gordon P. (Gordon Philip), "The Emperor's Old Clothes: Lack of Transparency in the Courts-martial Board of Review", (November 2004) 2(2) New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law 285-313; available at http://www.victoria.ac.nz/law/centres/nzcpl/publications/nz-journal-of-public-and-international-law/previous-issues/volume-22,-november-2004/hook.pdf (accessed on 14 October 2015); discusses Canadian law;

__________The Constitutional Status of Military Tribunals: Paradigm Lost, Paradigm Regained: A Critical Analysis of New Zealand Military Justice in the Light of International Trends, doctoral thesis at the Victoria University of Wellington Law School, 2002, 849 p.; title noted in my research but thesis not consulted yet (14 October 2015); available at https://viewer.waireto.victoria.ac.nz/client/viewer/IE915395/rep/REP915429/FL915430?dps_dvs=1528979576253~974  and   (accessed 14 June 2018);

The New Zealand military justice system consists of a number of tribunals presided over by military officers without legal training
who may impose punishments ranging from simple reprimands to imprisonment for offences under the Armed Forces Discipline Act
1971 and other statutes. The overall constitution and procedures of these tribunals has undergone little change in New Zealand since the
19th century, despite significant changes in other countries which share a common constitutional and military heritage and despite
significant legal developments, both internationally and domestically. New Zealand's obligations under the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights and its domestic obligations under the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 relating to the structure of
military courts and tribunals are explored in this thesis. The method of analysis employed is comparative and analytical. Recent military
justice developments in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States are reviewed and compared with the New Zealand
system. The principles emerging from overseas cases are examined and applied to the current statutory structure of New Zealand military
tribunals. This thesis concludes that New Zealand military tribunals fail in significant respects to offer the guarantees of independence
and impartiality required under section 25 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 and Article 14(1) of the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights, as well as failing to comply with the fundamental rules of natural justice. A list of recommendations is
offered in the final chapter which, if implemented, would bring the military justice system into compliance with New Zealand's domestic
and international human rights obligations.
[source: tewaharoa.victoria.ac.nz/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=ROSETTA_ResearchArchiveIE915395&context=L&vid=VUWNUI&lang=en_NZ&search_scope=
, accessed 14 June 2018]


New Zealand military courts are presided over by military officers, not judges, and are capable of punishing service persons overseas and at
home with imprisonment, detention and other criminal forms of punishment. They reflect a 19th Century form of justice and have failed to
keep up with New Zealand’s international human rights obligations. Gordon Hook's research finds that military courts in New Zealand
must undergo a constitutional shift to reflect the civil justice standards of independence and impartiality, and to also bring the military
justice system into line with those of our defence allies.
(source: http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/ED0312/S00030/victoria-phd-graduates-at-5-year-high.htm, accessed 14 October 2015) and
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/ED0312/S00030/victoria-phd-graduates-at-5-year-high.htm (accessed 14 June 2018;

Dr. Gordon Hook, Executive Secretary,
Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering

____________former member of the OJAG in Canada;

The APG Executive Secretary is Dr Gordon Hook. Gordon Hook was a partner in a law firm in Winnipeg, Canada
in the 1980s and 1990s focusing on criminal trial work. He also acted as counsel in military prosecutions in the
Canadian Armed Forces' court-martial system. Later he practiced law in New Zealand with the Royal New
Zealand Navy as a senior legal officer and with the Ministry of Justice, which included work in the areas of
AML/CFT and criminal procedure policy. He was appointed to his current position in the APG in late 2006.

Gordon Hook is a Barrister and Solicitor of the Manitoba Queen's Bench (Canada) and the High Court of New
Zealand. He has a LLB from Dalhousie University in Canada and a PhD (Law) from Victoria University of
Wellington in New Zealand.  He has published a number of articles on AML/CFT and other legal topics in
law journals and magazines and is the joint author/editor of the book Corporate and Trust Structures: Legal
and Illegal Dimensions,
Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2018.
[source: apgml.org/about-us/page.aspx?p=2b5f9189-0479-4ee9-b562-d93c7fe780e3, accessed 14 June 2018]

Image source: orangeville.com/community-story/1478442-putting-the-power-of-the-pen-to-work/, accessed 4 August 2018
Charles Hooker

HOOKER, Charles, Major (Ret'd), Letter to the editor on the veracity of the cover-up of the death of Shidane Arone in Somalia, 17(3) Canadian Military Journal 4; available at journal.forces.gc.ca/Vol17/no3/page4-eng.asp  (accessed on 7 April 2018);

HOPE, John Andrew, 1890-1954, lawyer, called to the Bar in 1914, was the Judge-advocate in the court martial referred to in the article: "Military Tribunal, Unique in 20 Years, Tries Two Officers.  Captains Face Grave Charges as Sequel to Hallowe'en Dance.  Revolver Alleged Used", The Globe and Mail, 25 January 1933, at p. 1;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The Globe and Mail,
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 26 November 2018

HOPKINS, Beamer W., lawyer served in WW II with the OJAG, photo and research notes:

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed
[source: "Promoted",
Hamilton Spectator, 1942/08/01, available at:
collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5020012, accessed 14 June 2018]


Research notes from
McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
at  pp. 59 and 64, see pp. i-xii and 1-102


"The house [in Hamilton] was purchased in 1908 by William B. Hopkins, a physician, and was owned and occupied by his family until 1940.
His son, Beamer W. Hopkins, had a particularly distinguished career as a politician, judge and public servant, serving at various
times as alderman, controller, vice-president of the Parks Board, police commissioner and city magistrate."
[source: d3fpllf1m7bbt3.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/media/browser/2014-12-16/hamiltons-heritage-volume-5.pdf, accessed 14 June 2018]


Source: The Globe and Mail, Nov 10, 1971; ProQuest
Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail pg. 8


"B.W. Hopkins, K.C., Back in Civvies.  Was Wing Commander in Legal Branch of R.C.A.F.", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/01/23; available at collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5020445

(accessed 15 April 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed


Image source: archive.macleans.ca/search?QueryTerm=
, accessed 22 January 2019
photo with article "Argument: BEAMER W, HOPKINS says: a bad law
is making criminals out of kids who deserve a break", MacLean's, 4 September
1965 at p. 48.

Bernd, Horn, image source: http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=30314, accessed on 14 November 2014

HORN, Bernd,  1959-, "An Absence of Honour: Somalia -- The Spark that Started the Transformation of the Canadian Forces Officer Corps", Paper prepared for the International Seminar "Leadership, Education and Multiculturalism in the Armed Forces: Challenges and Opportunities”, La Paz, Bolivia, 13-15 September 2004", 20 p.; available at http://www.cda-acd.forces.gc.ca/bolivia/engraph/seminars/sep2004/papers/Horn_sep_e.pdf (accessed on 10 July 2008); now published in Allister MacIntyre and Karen D. Davis, eds., Dimensions of military leadership, Kingston: Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2006, iv, 394 p. (series; From the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute's research files; vol. 1), ISBN: 0662439643 and  0662440307;


___________"À quoi vous attendiez-vous!?! Analyse de la désobéissance au sein de l'ancien régiment aéroporté du Canada, 1968-1995" dans, sous la direction de,  Howard G. Coombs, Les insubordonnés et les insurgés: des exemples canadiens de mutinerie et de désobéissance, de 1920 à nos jours, [Kingston, Ont.] : Presse de l'Académie canadienne de la défense, c2007, chapitre 14 aux pp. 389-416, ISBN: 978-1-55002-765-5.  Notes: Traduction de: The insubordinate and the noncompliant. Comprend des réf. bibliogr. et un index. Publ. en collab. avec: Dundurn Group, le Ministère de la Défense nationale et Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada; disponible en grande partie à https://books.google.ca/books?id=w6cPFutwP1AC&pg=PA402&lpg=PA402&dq=Somalie+desbarats&source=bl&ots=EkcAeHL9qd&sig=TWLo7BWOT4vNWneYGcmgV7uR8W8&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=-4rOVJbCLpPmgwSbo4K4CQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Somalie%20desbarats&f=false (vérifié le 1er février 2015);
___________"What Did You Expect?  An Examination of Disobedience in the Former Canadian Airborne Regiment, 1968-1995" in Howard G. Coombs, The Insubordinate and Noncompliant: Case Studies of Canadian Mutiny and Disobedience, 1920 to Present, Kingston, Ont. : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2007, 448 p., chapter 14, at pp. 397-426: ill., ports. ; 23 cm.  NOTES: Co-published by Dundurn Group. Issued also in French under title: Les insubordonnés et les insurgés. Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 9781550027648;

Source of image: https://www.amazon.ca/Bastard-sons-examination-experience-1942-1995/dp/1551250780, accessed 5 October 2016
___________Bastard sons: An examination of Canada's airborne experience, 1942-1995, St. Catharines, Ont. : Vanwell, c2001, 288 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 1551250780; 

___________Bastard sons: an examination of Canada's airborne forces, 1942-1995, doctoral dissertation, A thesis submitted to the War Studies Committee, in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor in Philosophy, Royal Military College, Kingston, 2000, vi, 441 leaves; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/001/nq89095.pdf (accessed 27 October 2016);

The Canadian political and military leadership has consistently taken an irresolute approach to the requirement for airborne forces. The decision to establish a Canadian parachute capability was initially rejected during the early years of the Second World War because the higher command in Ottawa saw no need for these special troops. But the war itself proved otherwise. It was the growing American and British development in airborne forces that eventually provided the catalyst for Canadian acceptance of the concept in 1942. However, the senior command directed that it be kept at a very low and decentralized level. The post war era was similarly fraught with hesitation and indecision. During the late-forties to early-sixties Canada's airborne force took the form of the Mobile Striking Force which evolved into the Defence of Canada Force. Their primary role was the Defence of the North, a contingency which neither the political nor military leadership thought likely to exercise. Yet by the mid-sixties the newemphasis on strategic mobility and containment of brush-fire wars heralded their rebirth. In spite of this new found rationale resentment and institutional enmity continued to fuel the debate in regards to the relevance of paratroopers in the Canadian context. Fatefully, the defining moment for the Regiment and for the public was the brutal torture and killing of a Somali teenager who was caught attempting to penetrate the 2 Commando compound to steal. Once made public, the press raised larger questions of the Airborne's suitability for the mission, its training, and disciplinary record. In 1995, after two years of coping badly with the issue in public, DND and the military establishment were again thrust into the limelight with the exposure of repugnant hazing videos. These pushed the issue over the brink. The problem became defined exclusively in terms of the 'airborne.' The solution was explained in the guise of disbanding the Canadian Airborne Regiment. The disbandment of the Canadian Airborne Regiment on 4 March 1995 and the eclipse of the nation's parachute capability that it represented cannot be dismissed simply as a 'knee jerk' political decision although there seemed to be an abundance of that. The failure rests squarely on the shoulders of the Army. Ultimately, the failure to properly identify a consistent and pervasive role for airborne forces and abide by the doctrine which was developed, led to a roller coaster existence, dependent on personalities in power, and political expedients of the day. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) [source: http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?
sessionKey=1477555880063_142_78_200_14&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&itm=30719355&rt=1&bill=1, accessed 27 October 2016]

Image source: https://www.amazon.com/Outside-Looking-Perspectives-Canadian-Leadership/dp/0662419987, accessed 4 September 2016

___________ed., From the outside looking in : media and defence analyst perspectives on Canadian military leadership / Bernd Horn, editor, Winnipeg : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2005, vi, 266 p.; 23 cm. NOTES: Running title: Media and defence analyst perspectives on Canadian military leadership Issued by Canadian Defence Academy. Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 0662419987; book available at publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/dn-nd/D2-176-2005-eng.pdf (accessed 4 September 2016);

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v
 Introduction - When Does Perception Become Reality? . . . . . . . . . .1
Chapter 1 The Military and the Media in Canada: A Relationship from Tension to Trust ,Derek Stoffel. . .19
Chapter 2 The Local Front in News Coverage of the Military, Dr. Steve Lukits...l34
Chapter 3 Canadian Military Leadership in an Era of Military Transformation, David J. Bercuson . . . . . .41
Chapter 4 From the Middle Looking Out: Reflections of a Think Tank Commander,  David Rudd. . . .54
Chapter 5 Perspectives on Canadian Military Leadership, Chris Wattie. . .67
Chapter 6 A Foot in Both Camps, Lewis W. MacKenzie. . .76
Chapter 7  Winning the Public Trust, Carol Off. . .91
Chapter 8 Looking After Your People: A Very Public Demonstration of Leadership, Linda Slobodian...107
Chapter 9 Taking the Middle Ground: A Unique Vantage Point,  Scott Taylor . . .128
Chapter 10 Somalia Redux? The Yahoo Defence, Terminal Bullshit Syndrome And The Myth Of The Isolated Incident, Adam Day...142

____________"No, but Yes. Military Intervention in the New Era: Implications for the Canadian Armed Forces", March 2015, 9 p., ISBN: 978-1-927573-29-7; available at https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/cdfai/pages/503/attachments/original/1427421429/No__But_Yes._Military_Intervention_in_the_New_Era.pdf?1427421429 (accessed 8 May 2016);

Executive Summary
The current complexity, ambiguity and chaos in the contemporary operating environment
creates, for most national governments and their militaries, difficulty in adequately
understanding, coping and responding to the myriad of security concerns. The challenge is
normally one of scope and viable options. Canada is no different. Both the Government and the
Canadian public are war-weary from over a decade of savage insurgency in Afghanistan.
Further, the dire international economic situation has necessitated fiscal austerity measures that
have had a significant impact on the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). As a result, the Government
is reluctant, if not downright opposed, to any form of military intervention that may lead to
becoming embroiled in another long drawn-out conflict with ground forces that will create a
drain on national blood and treasure. Therefore, there is a tendency to say “No” to military
intervention. Yet, for the government to maintain its status and influence with Allies, friends
and global partners, it cannot be so naïve. It must do its share of “heavy lifting” with regard to
ensuring world stability and security. As such, this article examines the necessity for the CAF,
which will find itself squeezed by the fiscal necessity of the times, to simultaneously deliver
relevant, strategic expeditionary capabilities that can quickly deploy and that will allow the
Canadian government to maintain its credibility as a reliable ally and global partner.

Source of image: http://www.amazon.ca/Forced-Change-Crisis-Reform-Canadian/dp/1459727843, accessed 20 October 2015

HORN, Bernd, and Bill Bentley, Forced to Change : crisis and reform in the Canadian Armed Forces / Colonel Bernd Horn and Dr. Bill Bentley; foreword by Romeo Dallaire, Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2015, 167 p., at pp. 67-80,  ISBN: 9781459727847; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=kGHnAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA63&lpg=PA63&dq=CANADA+role+of+the+legal+advisors+in+the+armed+Forces&source=bl&ots=_nq026_k7L&sig=1np_DloM1L1RDavt30V5NLsJpHI&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=jUDGE%20ADVOCATE&f=false (accessed 20 October 2015);

Thomas Harris Hough

HOUGH, Thomas Harris, 1922-2005, member of the OJAG, died on 27 March 2005, obituary, The Ottawa Citizen:

Thomas Harris Hough

January 02, 1922 - March 27, 2005

HOUGH, Thomas Harris, Q.C. THH slipped the surly bonds very suddenly on March 27, 2005. He was born
in North Bay, Ontario on January 2, 1922, the first child of Bill and Gwen Hough. He enlisted in the RCAF
early in the war and served as a fighter pilot with the RAF. He was shot down over Italy in 1944 and spent
the duration as a prisoner of war, surviving the Long March. He returned to Canada in 1946, completed
university and then obtained his law degree from Osgoode Hall. He started his legal career with the Judge
Advocate General and, in 1950 married Denise Lincez. He opened his private law practice in Ottawa in 1962.
He retired from that practice in the late 1980's. Tom was a true renaissance man. He was a fine cabinet-maker,
artist and portrait painter, boat builder, opera buff, audiophile and bibliophile. Above all, he was an academic
with an unrivalled passion for acquiring and analyzing new information and sharing it with one and all. ....
[Source: http://ottawacitizen.remembering.ca/obituary/thomas-hough-1922-2005-1066161658, accessed 17 October 2018]

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/marquise-houle-esq-96120317, accessed 14 June 2018
Marquise Houle

HOULE, Marquise, lawyer, Law Society of Ontario, is a Senior Conflict of Interest Analyst at the Department of National Defence since October 2017;

Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/HMCS_Magnificent_(CVL_21)#/media/File:HMCS_Magnificent_(CVL_21)_underway_c1950.jpeg
HMCS Magnificient

HOWLAND, V.W. (Vernon Wadsworth), 1918-2000, Commander, born in Winnipeg and died in Halifax; was the Judge Advocate General for two courts martials regarding the grounding of the aircraft carrier Magnificient, see "Officers of Carrier Will Face Court", Sherbrooke Daily Record, Friday, 24 June 1949, at p. 5, available at  http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2997095 (accessed 4 August 2018); from 2/8/1944 to 5/1945, was Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet, NSHQ, Ottawa, HMCS Bytown, see http://www.unithistories.com/officers/RCN_officers.html (accessed 4 August 2018);  

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

HOYLES, John, former JAG Honorary Colonel:
- Une visite du Colonel honoraire du JAG

Source:  fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016
"Le Colonel honoraire du juge avocat général (JAG) des Forces armées
canadiennes, le Colonel John Hoyles, accompagné d’une délégation du
JAG du 5e GBMC, a visité le 1er Bataillon du Royal 22e Régiment le 3
juin 2016. Le Colonel Hoyles est présentement le chef de la direction de
l’Association du Barreau canadien. Cette association représente 37 000
avocats, juges et notaires à travers le Canada. Dès son arrivée au bataillon, le
Colonel fût reçu [...]" --lire la suite à  https://fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016)

-  The Canadian Bar Association: "The very model of an Honorary Colonel", 6 February 2015:

CBA CEO John Hoyles is now Col. Hoyles, having been welcomed to the position of Honorary
Colonel of the Legal Branch of the Department of National Defence on Feb. 6.

“It is a great honour for me to be doing this, and I'm absolutely thrilled by it,” said Hoyles in an
interview with National Magazine. “I think it’s a compliment, not so much to me, but to the CBA.”

The position carries a particular honour because of his family’s rich history in both the military and the law.

His position has a three-year term, which can be renewed. The honorary rank comes with actual
responsibilities, says Hoyles, who will meet with lawyers in the Judge Advocate General’s office in
Ottawa, Halifax and Victoria to talk about the importance of their roles; and also helping to educate and
raise awareness of lawyers in military towns about the differences between military and civilian law.

The involvement of the Judge Advocate General’s office in the CBA has given members a whole new
perspective on military law, he says.

“I think there’s something very interesting when you have people that are in uniform attending the
Canadian Legal Conference. They very much wanted … the military lawyers to be more engaged
in the profession, but the legal profession (also) needs to better understand what military lawyers do.”

He jokes that when he was a lawyer practising in Northern Ontario his midnight phone calls were along
the lines of, “this guy wants to talk to you to see whether he should blow into a breathalyzer.” A JAG
lawyer working in a war zone, on the other hand, could be awaked in the middle of the night to decide
whether bombing a certain area would meet the rules of engagement. The lawyer who’s helping Hoyles
learn his new role is dealing with Shell on questions of that company’s oil rights on land used by the
army as a training ground.

Hoyles was able to choose which branch of the military he wanted to represent. He chose the army
because of his grandfather, a member of the Black Watch who was killed on the battlefield in Amiens,
France in 1918, just before the end of the First World War.

The Uniform Code is coming to mean something more than military justice to Hoyles, who wore
fatigues to his welcoming ceremony with current JAG Maj.-Gen. Blaise Cathcart because his dress
uniform wasn’t ready. First of all, he’s only to wear the uniform when he’s acting as an ambassador
for the JAG’s office. Hoyles’ son-in-law, who serves in the military, taught him how to shape (and shave)
his beret – which carries its own obligations.

“I was walking down the street wearing my uniform and I see a guy in a military uniform about to get
out of a car. I am about to walk past him, and four paces before I got to him he salutes me, ‘Sir!’ and I
have to respond and salute him as I go by him.” He got the salute because of the beret, it seems – if he’d
been without headgear the lower-ranking solder might have just stood at attention as he passed.
[source: cba.org/News-Media/News/2015/February/The-Very-Model-of-an-Honorary-Colonel, accessed 1 July 2019]

- Outgoing Honorary Colonel John Hoyles


We extend our deepest thanks to our outgoing Honorary Colonel,
John Hoyles, for his dedicated and enthusiastic service and wise counsel
throughout the past three years. His actions have demonstrated the highest
level of leadership. We wish him and his family all the very best."
(accessed 20 June 2017).
On the left is Col. Maria Dow.

HPCR Manual on International Law Applicable to Air and Missile Warfare
, Bern, 15 May 2009; HPCR = Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University, available at http://www.ihlresearch.org/amw/manual/  (accessed on 6 March 2012);  Brigadier General Kenneth Watkin, Canadian Forces and Judge Advocate General was one of the participant in the core group of experts; also available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Claude_Bruderlein/publication/264036862_Manual_on_International_Law_Applicable_to_Air_and_Missile_Warfare/links/59a911d50f7e9b27900e2f0e/Manual-on-International-Law-Applicable-to-Air-and-Missile-Warfare.pdf (accessed 4 November 2018);

Alexa Huffman, the author, source: Source of image:
ca.linkedin.com/in/alexa-huffman-9bb54830 (accessed 19 September 2017);

HUFFMAN, Alexa, "CFB Esquimalt newspaper rejects law firm’s ad seeking sexual assault victims", 17 May 2017, available at http://www.cheknews.ca/cfb-esquimalt-newspaper-rejects-law-firms-ad-seeking-sexual-assault-victims-317996/ (accessed 11 August 2017);

"Former acting base commander Nord Mensah is driven away         LCdr Saloumeh Torani, the prosecutor in this case; on the photo, she is
after being found guilty...(Arnold Lim/Black Press)", source:           "receiving a General Campaign Star for service in Afghanistan".
vicnews.com/news/former-naval-commander-to-face-court-            image source: Department of National Defence  Report on Plans and
martial-in-victoria/, accessed 5 December 2017.                               2011-12, at p. 49 at tbs-sct.gc.ca/rpp/2011-2012/inst/dnd/dnd-eng.pdf (accessed 2 November 2017)
____________ "Former base logistics officer at CFB Esquimalt found guilty in court martial", Check News, 4 December 2017, available at https://www.cheknews.ca/former-acting-base-commander-cfb-esquimalt-found-guilty-court-martial-394404/ (accessed 5 December 2017);

A former base logistics officer [Nord Mensah] at CFB Esquimalt was found guilty of having an inappropriate relationship with
a subordinate at a court martial on Monday.
“There’s specific orders and regulations out there in the military that if you’re engaged in a sexual relationship
with somebody who is in your chain of command, you’re required to report it to help prevent an adverse work
environment because things such as unit cohesion, unit morale are quite important within the military context,”
Lt.-Cmdr Sally Torani, the prosecutor on Mensah’s case.

HUMAN FACTS AND MEDICINE PANEL, TASK GROUP and Science and Tecnology Organization, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Moral Decisions and Military Mental Health (Décisions morales et santé mentale dans l’armée), Final Report of Task Group HFM-179, Published January 2018, Series: STO Technical Report; -STO-TR-HFM-179; and AC/323(HFM-179)TP/718);  (accessed 1 November 2018); ****

HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTE, Columbia Law School, "U.S. Monitoring of Detainee Transfers in Afghanistan: International Standards and Lessons from the U.K. & Canada", December 2010, 28 p.; available at http://www.law.columbia.edu/ipimages/Human_Rights_Institute/AfghanBriefingPaper%20FINAL.pdf (accessed 20 February 2015);

HUMEN, James Daniel, The Politics of Canadian Defence Policy : NATO to Nuclear Weapons, Master of Arts, University of Alberta, 1992, 123 leaves, available at https://era.library.ualberta.ca/files/6t053j50k/MM77165.pdf (accessed 29 September 2016);

"Kim Fawcett with her son Keiran.  After the crash that killed         Adrian Humphreys, reporter
him and wounded her, she returned to actice duty."                           image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psMp-r94dxk

HUMPHREYS, Adrian, "A Soldier lost her son and her leg in a crash.  Her fight against the Canadian Forces continues", National Post, 2 June 2018, available at https://www.pressreader.com/canada/national-post-latest-edition/20180602/281479277099017 (accessed 5 June 2018); see also the federal court decisions:   Fawcett v. Canada (Attorney General), 2012 FC 750 (CanLII)  and  Fawcett v. Canada (Attorney General), 2017 FC 1071 (CanLII);

Image source: http://canadianmilitaryhistory.ca/about/staff/, accessed 15 October 2018
Mark Osborne Humphries

HUMPHRIES, Mark Osborne, 1981-, The treatment of evacuated war neuroses casualties in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914–1919, Master of Arts (M.A.), Faculty of Arts, Wilfrid Laurier University, 2004, xi, 109 p.; thesis advisor: Roger Sarty; available at https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=etd (accessed 15 October 2018);

Description: The conventional historiography of the treatment of war neurosis in Canada is limited and suggests
that "shell shocked" soldiers were diagnosed and assigned treatment based on their rank and social class. According
to the literature this meant that officers and soldiers from the upper classes were diagnosed with neurasthenia and
given "rest" and "spa" treatments while soldiers from the other ranks and lower classes were diagnosed with hysteria
and treated with punitive therapies designed to convince them to return to the front lines. However, these conclusions
were based on contemporary medical journals and have been formed with very little archival research. The author,
using archival documents and statistical analysis, suggests that soldiers from the other ranks who were treated in
England for war neurosis were rarely diagnosed with hysteria and were instead labelled with one or more of several
diagnostic terms, the most prevalent of which were "neurasthenia" and/or "shell shock". These solders were also
typically treated with "rest" and "spa" therapies; punitive therapies were by far the exception to this type of treatment.
The author posits that the pre-war understanding of the "nervous" disorders heavily influenced both diagnosis and treatment.

Andrea Huncar
HUNCAR, Andrea, "Edmonton soldier reinstated, now proudly back in uniform  More than a decade after sex assault allegations Master Cpl. Orman Savage returns to serve his country", CBC News, 23 November 2016, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/edmonton-soldier-reinstated-now-proudly-back-in-uniform-1.3863207 (accessed 19 September 2017);  see order in Council PC number 2016-0819, dated 2016=09-23, available at http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/oic-ddc.asp?lang=eng&Page=secretariats&txtOICID=&txtFromDate=&txtToDate=&txtPrecis=Savage&txtDepartment=&txtAct=&txtChapterNo=&txtChapterYear=&txtBillNo=&rdoComingIntoForce=&DoSearch=Search+%2F+List&viewattach=32515&blnDisplayFlg=1 (accessed 19 September 2017);


HUNT, Mel, former JAG officer, 1978-1987, lawyer, Victoria, BC; see web sites at http://www.dinninghunter.com/our-lawyers/mel-hunt/ and http://www.pin.ca/military/lawyer/ (accessed 20 January 2015);

___________Notice from the Victoria Bar Association on the death of Mel Hunt, received from Benoit Pinsonneault by email on 30 November 2015:

"Originally from Toronto, Mel Hunt lived in many parts of Canada and Europe during the years
he was a member of the Canadian Forces. While in the services he was selected to be sent to law
school after obtaining an Honours degree in Philosophy. Mel graduated from the University of
British Columbia Law School in 1977. He articled to celebrated Victoria counsel, Dermod
Owen-Flood, (later Mr Justice Owen-Flood of the BC Supreme Court), and began to serve as a
military lawyer in 1978.

He left the military for private practice in 1987 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and joined
the firm of Dinning Hunter Jackson Law as associate counsel in 1999.

Mel practised in the criminal courts, as Courts Martial, and in the Federal Courts, as well as the
British Columbia Supreme Court and the British Columbia Court of Appeal on a wide variety of
legal issues including family and personal injury law. He was qualified as an expert witness in
the British Columbia Supreme Court on military law and military personal matters.

Mel practised in the criminal courts, as Courts Martial, and in the Federal Courts, as well as the
British Columbia Supreme Court and the British Columbia Court of Appeal on a wide variety of
legal issues including family and personal injury law. He was qualified as an expert witness in
the British Columbia Supreme Court on military law and military personal matters.

He was frequently consulted by other lawyers throughout Canada and retained by current and
former members of the Canadian Forces in relation to military grievances, summary trials,
human rights and pension matters.

Mel had a broad experience in life prior to becoming a lawyer: construction labourer, heavy
equipment operator, truck driver, boxer, fire-fighter, administrator and military member starting
as a private. Mel was widely regarded as a true litigator and was gracious in sharing his
experience with junior lawyers. He will be missed.

Mel Hunt passed away on Tuesday November 17th 2015."


Ross McLarty, the author, image source:                Mel Hunt

___________on Mel Hunt, see McLARTY, Ross, "Nos disparus--Melvin Hunt", (January 2017) 75(1) The Advocate 103-107; about Mel Hunt, former JAG Officer; available at https://historyproject.allard.ubc.ca/sites/historyproject.law.ubc.ca/files/profile/melvinhunt.pdf (accessed 27 November 2017);

HUNTER, J.W.G., Major defended Pte. I. L. MacIntyre, see "Three Soldiers Face Court at Aldershot.  Charge of Causing Mutiny Laid Against One Man by Army",  Hamilton Spectator, 1945/07/31, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5030369 (accessed 5 June 2019);

Source: thestar.com/authors.hunter_paul.html, accessed 4 August 2018
Paul Hunter, journalist and author of this article

HUNTER, Paul, "Father ‘never felt any anger’ toward soldier charged in son’s death in Afghanistan", 2 May 2014, available at https://www.thestar.com/news/honourday/2014/05/02/father_never_felt_any_anger_toward_soldier_charged_in_sons_death_in_afghanistan.html (accessed 9 January 2014);

Walsh had been on routine patrol about 20 kilometres west of Kandahar, travelling in the back seat of a jeep-like
G-Wagon, when a gun discharged in the military vehicle. A single bullet hit Walsh in the chest, above his flak jacket.

The Canadian soldier responsible for the gun, Robbie Fraser, was charged with manslaughter and negligently
performing a military duty. As the investigation dragged for seven months, Walsh’s father Ben, became increasingly
angry and agitated that he was unable to get information or updates from the military.

So the senior Walsh, a retired RCMP officer, took matters into his own hands; rising to a challenge is, apparently,
a family trait.

Ben Walsh reached out to Fraser and arranged to meet him for a coffee in a cafe on the base at Shilo. There, Fraser
recounted what happened on a dusty Afghan road after the Canadian troops heard shots.

“They all got out, took the rifles out and Robbie took the machine gun too I guess,” recounted Walsh.

“They went and checked things out. Then Jeff got in the back first. Robbie was on the opposite side. He threw
his machine gun (into the vehicle) and then he threw his rifle in. The rifle hit something and went off.”


The charges against Fraser were eventually dropped and he remains in the military. Walsh keeps in touch with him.

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

T. Murray Hunter, image source:
, accessed 22 February 2019

HUNTER, T.M. (T. Murray), Lieutenant-Colonel, Some aspects of disciplinary policy in the Canadian  services, 1914-1946, [Ottawa?] : Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 91, 15 July 1960, 131 leaves, 29 cm;  "NOTES: "This report was prepared by Lt.-Col. T.M. Hunter, a  member of the Law Society of British Columbia"--Leaf 114; "Unclassified under reference DHD 3-1 dated 19 May 1981"; available at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/ahqrd-drqga-eng.asp?txtType=3&RfId=280 and http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/doc/ahqr-rqga/ahq091.pdf (accessed on 14 September 2013); also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/mdn-dnd/D63-5-91-1960-eng.pdf (accessed 8 January 2019);

HURCOMB, Philip R. (Philip Redmond),  1909-1983,  JAG officer, died in Ottawa on 17/11/1983; on Hurcomb, see [The Crownnest, September 1964, vol. 16, number 9 at p. 28, available at: readyayeready.com/crowsnest/1964/1964-09.pdf, accessed 7 August 2018]:

commenced service in the RCNVR Feb. 20, 1942, as
a sub-lieutenant (SB); served in Carleton, Stadacona,
Bytown; transferred to RCN Jan. 17, 1946, as commander
(SB); served in Bytown, Ontario; last appointment Naval
Headquarters on Staff of Chief Naval Staff as Judge Advocate
of the Fleet and on staff of Chief Naval Personnel as Assistant
CNP.  (Administration); commenced leave Aug.4, 1964; retires
on February13, 1965.

___________memorandum by the P.R. Hurcomb, Judge Advocate of the Fleet, 7 August 1951, on the subject of Publication of Courts Martial Returns; the memorandum hereunder comes from the previously released Access to Information Act request-answer, file A-2018-00072, Library and Archives Canada; received by Francois Lareau under letter from Library and Archives Canada to Francois Lareau, 4 September 2018, file IR-2018-00630/GC;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see also the article "Officers and Men", (August 1964) 16(8) The Crowsnest  at p. 18; available at http://www.sous-marin.ca/crowsnest/1964-08.pdf (accessed 27 January 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., at pp. 61, 83 and 95, ISBN: 0662321928,  available at  i-xii and 1-102;

The Navy ultimately appointed a lawyer to replace the Deputy Judge Advocate
of the Fleet at the end of the war.  Because he was a lawyer, the title was changed
to Judge Advocate of the Fleet (JAF).  The first JAF was Commander (later
Captain) Philipp R. Hurcomb, who had been a senior civilian lawyer in Ottawa
prior to the war, served in the Office of the JAG, and remained on with the
Regular Force at the war's end.  He held this position for almost all of its existence,
retiring just months before the position disappeared.

[McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa :
Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., at p. 61, available at  pp. i-xii and 1-102]

___________HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see article "Officers and Men", (August 1964) 16(8) The Crowsnest  at p. 18; available at http://www.sous-marin.ca/crowsnest/1964-08.pdf (accessed 27 January 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the
mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

HURDIS, Blake, Book Review:  Military Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation by Mr. Justice Gilles Létourneau and Professor Michel W. Drapeau, Thomson Reuters Canada, 2011, 1761 pages, June 2012 Esprit de Corps 67; available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/51dabbe5e4b0a4195e575ebe/t/5b76ea5c575d1fdb9fd59370/1534519915533/Esprit_de_Corps_19-5_%28June2012%29+LR.pdf (accessed 21 February 2019);

Dan Hurley, source:                                 Caricature by Brian Gable, 1949-, The Globe and Mail, 6 January 1997.
accessed 20 September 2017

HURLEY, Daniel T., Turning around a supertanker: Media-military relations in Canada in the CNN age, thesis for the degree of Master of Journalism, School of Journalism, Carleton University, 2000, vi, 201 leaves; available at https://curve.carleton.ca/bdfb4660-74dc-4eb5-afb8-23d21cc28465 (accessed 5 October 2016);

Abstract In 1998, the Department of National Defence introduced a new public affairs policy pledging greater openness and transparency with the
Canadian public. The military endured five years of bad publicity following the death of a Somali teenager at the hands of Canadian soldiers in 1993.
During the “Somalia Affair,” the military was portrayed as a closed and secret culture, intolerant of diversity and internal dissent, and hostile towards
the media. The affair turned from bad to worse when amateur videos showing soldiers engaged in racist and violent activities were released. Public
support for DND plummeted. The Canadian military needed to become more open and transparent because advances in communication technology
have made the public more aware and the media more critical of its activities. With this in mind, DND has made noticeable changes to achieve this
goal. However, recent events have proven that old habits die hard with the Canadian military.

Image source: mobile.twitter.com/wateraid_nicole, accessed 28 December 2016
Nicole Hurtubise
HURTUBISE, Nicole G., Bridging the perception gap between the military and humanitarian actors, Thesis (M.A.)--Royal Roads University (Canada), 2005, 79 p.; document not consulted; on-going research, 19 August 2016;

Complex emergencies resulting from conflict bring together an intricate combination of military and humanitarian actors.
This study explores how to destigmatize the prevailing humanitarian-military debate by standardizing constructive dialogue
and the sharing of mutual knowledge at strategic and operational levels between both sets of actors. Qualitative data was
collected from a set of 18 interviews carried out with respondents selected from the Canadian military, the humanitarian sector,
the Canadian government and academia. While the military and humanitarian actors are rightfully diligent in maintaining an
arm's length distance, the decisions to work together or not should come from an understanding of the other's mission, mandates
and operational constraints and not out of defensiveness or hostility. There are far more commonalities between both sets of
actors than what might be readily evident. Hence, there may be opportunities to find a language that bridges the perception gap
and that is less beset with stigma.

Image source: findingaids.library.dal.ca/uploads/r/dalhousie-university-archives/8
Clayton Hutchins                             /7/6/87660e1a575ac8d62e06bba43ff5d9b04f6646534823b79e7e4ef56f239c969d/1941_Yearbook.pdf, accessed 5 November 2018

HUTCHINS, Clayton, former member of the OJAG, see:
- SMITH, Bryan, "Tips from the top fall 2010", Canadian Lawyer, 23 August 2010:
[Scott C. Norton , Stewart McKelvey, Halifax writes:] "Evidence. The professor was
Clayton Hutchins, who was a retired lawyer from the Judge Advocate General division
of the military. He had a very black-and-white view of the rules of evidence and required
us to memorize them for a closed-book exam. That was great foundation for a litigator.
He also had great “real life” stories to put the material in context."

- professor at the Dalhousie Law School, Halifax, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers,
 Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 212, available at pp. 103-242;

- several publications on law (criminal law, procedure and evidence), see Dalhousie University catalogue NOVANET at
 https://aleph1.novanet.ca/F?RN=622671060; and search Hutchins, Clayton;

- Clayton Hutchins was the prosecutor in the court martial referred to in the article: "No Inten to Kill, Soldier Pleads", The Globe and Mail,
5 August 1952, at p. 7:

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Source: ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 5 November 2018.

- Photo of Clayton Hutchins with others,  at "Law faculty et al say farewell",  Dal News, vol. 14. number 16, 6 July 1984,   p. 10,
available at findingaids.library.dal.ca/uploads/r/dalhousie-university-archives/3/c/5/3c5956e8139fc42ae0516ce7
(accessed 1 March 2019)

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

                                                  Scott Hutchison, source: http://hhllp.ca/#scotthutchison
                                                  accessed 7 August 2018

HUTCHISON, Scott C. and Michael P. Bury, Search and Seizure Law in Canada,  Scarborough (Ontario): Carswell, A Thomson Company, 1990-, 600 p., looseleaf suplemented book,  ISBN: 0459350617; see Chapter 9 on "Military Searches";

Source: https://vimeo.com/31240507, accessed 20 August 2016
Gilles Létourneau (left) with Michel Drapeau

HUTTON, David, "Military Justice in Action: Book Lauch", 28 October 2011; available at http://fairwhistleblower.ca/content/military-justice-action-book-launch  (accessed on 2 September 2013); includes a 20 minute video of the presentations; about Gilles Létourneau with Michel Drapeau's book, Miltary Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation, 1st edition 2011; the video is also available at https://vimeo.com/31240507 (accessed on 7 March 2015);

It is especially fitting that the Canadian War Museum was the venue for the launch of a book that is intended to improve the lot of those who serve in our forces.

The event featured an impressive array of speakers including recently-retired Supreme Court judge Ian Binnie, Justice Edmund Blanchard, and Richard Pound, former vice president of the International Olympic Committee, who all paid tribute to the authors and their 1,900-page volume. Governor General David Johnston, Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces was also present. (source: http://safeskies.ca/content/military-justice-action-book-launch, accessed 7 March 2015)

Source: assnat.qc.ca/en/deputes/hyde-john-richard-3695/biographie.html (accessed 21 August 2018)
John Richard Hyde

HYDE, J.R. (John Richard), 1912-2003 (died in Kanata), research note: article about a General Court martial where Major J.R. Hyde from Montreal was defence counsel,  see "Procès de trois soldats devant une Cour martiale, à Aldershot", Le soleil,  mardi 31 juillet 1945, à la p. 9; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3439529 (consulté le 21 août 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on HYDE, J.R. (John Richard), see article about a General Court martial where Major J.R. Hyde from Montreal was defence counsel, "Canadian Not Guilty of Fomenting Mutiny", Hamilton Spectator, 1945/08/01, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5030367  (accessed 4 June 2019);

____________note WIKIPEDIA sur John Richard Hyde at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Richard_Hyde  (accessed 21 August 2018);

John Richard Hyde (15 November 1912 – 15 July 2003) was a Canadian soldier, provincial politician and judge.


Born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of George Gordon Hyde, a Quebec MNA and member of the Legislative Council of Quebec,
and Lilian Boronow, he studied at the Royal Military College of Canada from 1930 to 1934. He studied law at Cambridge University
from 1934 to 1935 and the Université de Montréal from 1935 to 1938. He was called to the Quebec Bar in 1938.


He practiced law with his father at law firm of Hyde and Ahern (now called Ahern, Lalonde, Nuss & Drymer). During World War II,
he served with the Royal Canadian Artillery in France and Belgium. After the war, he resumed his law practice and remained in
the reserves eventually reaching the rank of Brigadier-General.

He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec representing the riding of Westmount–Saint-Georges in a 1955 by-election.
A Liberal, he was re-elected in 1956, 1960, 1962, and 1966. He was Speaker of the Legislative Assembly from January 9, 1962 to
October 14, 1965. From 1965 to 1966, he was the Minister of Revenue in the cabinet of Jean Lesage. In 1971 he was made a
judge of the Provincial Court. He retired in 1982.

He died in Kanata, Ontario in 2003.

HYLAND, Christopher James, Merciless marches and martial law: Canada's commitment to the occupation of the Rhineland, University of New Brunswick, Department of History, MA, 2007 or 2008, 138 p;

Description: In the aftermath of the First World War, the Canadian Corps was involved in an epic march
to the Rhineland to engage in garrison duties in the Cologne bridgehead, as part of the British Army. Yet,
a narrative of the Canadian Corps' experience in the Rhineland is largely absent from the literature concerning
the occupation of German territory. A comprehensive account and analysis of the corps' activities, from
November 1918 to January 1919, is not present in the Canadian martial and diplomatic texts concerning the
First World War. To date, historians have left several questions unanswered concerning the Dominion's first
experience occupying the home territory of a European enemy. Using a comprehensive search of existing
literature, Chapter 1 outlines the genesis of Canadian involvement in the occupation of the Rhineland.
Based on new archival research, Chapter 2 reveals the initial plans and preparations during the week prior
to the advance to Germany. Chapters 3 and 4 chronicle the Canadian Corps' experiences during the march
to the Rhineland and the impacts of a difficult logistical situation. Defence schemes, duties and methods
to maintain discipline are the subject of Chapter 5 while soldier-civilian interactions and the misbehaviour
on both sides are described in Chapter 6. Finally, the Canadian Corps' relief from the bridgehead and return
to Belgium are accounted for in Chapter 7. Throughout the period of Canadian Corps involvement in the
occupation, three themes—demobilization, logistics and image—underpin the Canadian soldiers' experiences
and largely explain the manner in which many events unfolded.
[Source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumber
, accessed 12 October 2018;
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved]

The Honourable Justice Robert Hyslop

HYSLOP, The Honourable Justice Robert, former JAG officer; note by F. Lareau: I remember that Capt Hyslop was working in the OJAG in NDHQ, Ottawa in 1974;

The Honourable Justice Robert Hyslop (BA ’69) is the recipient of the 2013 Judge J Elliott Hudson Distinguished Alumnus Award. He graduated
from King’s with a BA in history in 1969 and then pursued law at Dalhousie Law School, graduating in 1973. He was also admitted to the Bar of
Nova Scotia in 1973. He received a master of laws in criminology and criminal justice from the University of London, England, in 2007.

During his King’s years, Bob was an active member of Cochran Bay and was enrolled in the University Reserve Training Program. He was
commissioned as a pilot officer and served as a lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Air Force at CFB Halifax, 1969-70. In the early 1970s he served
with the Judge Advocates Generals Office in Ottawa. He continued his association with the Armed Forces and was appointed lieutenant commander
of the Navy in 1986 and commander in 1994, at the same time as taking up his duties as a military trial judge.
[Read the rest at : ukings.ca/news/judge-j-elliott-hudson-distinguished-alumnus-award-announced/, accessed 13 October 2017]

Photo of Teresa Iacobelli, photo reproduced from http://www.queensu.ca/history/people/facultyinstructorsalpha/iacobelli.html (accessed on 31 March 2014) 
IACOBELLI, Teresa,  "Arbitrary Justice?  A Comparative Analysis of Canadian Death Sentences Passed and Commuted during the First World War", (Winter 2007) 16(1) Canadian Military History 23-36; available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cmh/vol16/iss1/3/ and  http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1444&context=cmh (accessed 7 January 2016);

Image source: http://www.amazon.ca
__________ Death or Deliverance: Canadian Courts Martial in the Great War, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press (UBC Press), 2013, 192 p., ISBN: 9780774825672 (http://www.ubcpress.ca/search/title_book.asp?BookID=299174177; (accessed on 29 September 2013);

Acknowledgments / ix

Introduction / 1
1 Competing Ideologies / 11
2 Military Law: An Overview / 23
3 The Crimes / 37
4 The Court Martial Process / 65
5 The Confirmation Process / 83
6 Pardon Campaigns / 111
Conclusion / 129

Notes / 143
Bibliography / 165
Index / 173  (Source: http://www.ubcpress.ca/books/pdf/chapters/2013/DeathOrDeliverance.pdf, accessed on 2 September 2013)

source of image and story: knowhistory.ca/death-or-deliverance-canadian-courts-martial-in-the-great-war-2/, accessed 9 April 2017 
Teresa Iacobelli lecturing in 2016 on courts martial during the
First World War

__________No example is needed : discipline and authority in the Canadian expeditionary Force during the First World War, London, Ont. : School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, University of Western Ontario, c2009, Thesis (Ph.D.), vii, 287 leaves, 29 cm.;


This thesis is a study of the application of military law in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War. In particular, this study
examines the use of the death sentence for the crimes of desertion and cowardice in order to reveal both the structure of military authority, and how
strictly military law was applied. While previous studies have looked at the small number of confirmed death sentences during the First World War,
this study greatly expands the research base by also using the case files of commuted death sentences in order to provide a much fairer representation
of military justice. Case files from commuted death sentences include transcripts of the actual courts-martial, as well as the letters of recommendation
that were provided by a convicted soldier's commanding officers. In these letters commanding officers were expected to comment on whether a death
sentence should be confirmed or commuted, as well as provide the reasoning behind their decision. This study has made clear that military discipline
during the Great War was far less brutal, and far more flexible than has previously been supposed. There was a great amount of leverage within the
military judicial system.  Every level of command was encouraged to voice their opinion, and the opinion of Battalion Commanders mattered just as
much, and sometimes more, than the opinion of higher ranking Brigade and Divisional Commanders. Furthermore, in determining who would be
executed, the individual records of soldiers mattered far less than the timing of an offence and the behaviour of the battalion as a whole.
[Source: http://gradworks.umi.com/NR/73/NR73481.html, accessed on 17 March 2012]

IACOBELLI, Teresa,  John Boileau, "Face to Face: Were the First World War executions of 25 CEF members justified?", Legion Magazine, 1 September 2017, available at legionmagazine.com/en/2017/09/face-to-face-were-the-first-world-war-executions-of-25-cef-members-justified/, accessed 21 September 2017

John Ibbitson, image source:                                       Daniel Leblanc, image source:
theglobeandmail.com/authors/john-ibbitson               https://www.theglobeandmail.com/authors/daniel-leblanc, accessed 12 August 2017
IBBITSON, John and Daniel Leblanc, "Former military members who were discharged over sexuality launch class-action suits", The Globe and Mail, 1 November 2016; available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/former-public-service-staff-launch-sexual-discrimination-lawsuits/article32609060/? (accessed 3 November 2016);

plaintiffs seek redress for members of the Canadian Forces and the federal public service “who were investigated, targeted, sanctioned and/or who were
discharged or terminated by the Government of Canada because of their sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression,” according to a statement
of claim deposited Monday in Quebec Superior Court.


Two representative plaintiffs – Martine Roy for Quebec and Todd Ross for the rest of Canada – and their lawyers will announce the lawsuits at a news conference
on Parliament Hill Tuesday. The Globe and Mail was informed of the lawsuit in advance.

IDEABLAWG., "Section 5 -- The Criminal Code and the Canadian Forces: Episode 8 of the Ideablawg Podcasts on the Criminal Code of Canada", 10 November 2013, available at http://www.ideablawg.ca/blog/2013/11/10/section-5-the-criminal-code-and-the-canadian-forces-episode.html (accessed 10 March 2018);

ILLINGWORTH, Heidi, photo (image fixe à partir du video) de Mme ILLINGWORTH témoignant devant le Comité sénatorial de la sécurité nationale et de la défense sur le Projet de Loi C-77, Loi modifiant la Loi sur la défense nationale et apportant des modifications connexes et corrélatives à d'autres lois, 15 mai 2019, disponible à http://senparlvu.parl.gc.ca/XRender/en/PowerBrowser/PowerBrowserV2/20190515/-1/8916?useragent=Mozilla/5.0%20(Windows%20NT%206.1;%20Win64;%20x64;%20rv:67.0)%20Gecko/20100101%20Firefox/67.0#  (vérifié le 29 mai 2019);; Mme Illingworth est l'ombudsman fédéral des victimes d'actes criminels;

A.M. Inglis, photo source: http://www.europe.forces.gc.ca/sites/internet-eng.aspx?page=7982, accessed on 10 April 2014

INGLIS, Lt(N) A.M. (April M.), "A Life of Service: A brief biography of former JAG: BGen (ret'd) James Simpson, QC, IDC", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 11-13;
___________"Une vie de service : Une brève biographie de l'ancien JAG: le Bgén (ret) James Simpson", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 14-16;

April Inglis, home in Ottawa

___________on INGLIS, April, see "A New Backyard Oasis Helps a Military Lawyer Cope With Her PTSD (11 photos)", 26 October 2018, includes VIDEO; available at https://hub.moderaneedham.com/houzz/a-new-backyard-oasis-helps-a-military-lawyer-cope-with-her-ptsd-11-photos-10 and https://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/115047827/video/a-new-backyard-oasis-helps-a-military-lawyer-cope-with-her-ptsd (accessed 16 Jasnuary 2019);

A lot of things can trigger April Inglis’ post-traumatic stress disorder. As a military lawyer of 20 years who
spent a good amount of time in places like Afghanistan, she confronts triggers throughout her daily life in Ottawa,
Ontario. But there’s one place she doesn’t have to worry about

Canadian LCdr April Inglis, a lawyer with the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team, exchanges information through
                                                               an interpreter (foreground) regarding issues of the Afghan justice system (photo: MCpl Robert Bottrill, image source:
___________on Lt.-Cmdr April Inglis, see  POTTER, Mitch, "A Military Lawyer's Life in Afghanistan", The Toronto Star, 20 December 2007, p. A1; available at http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/12/20/a_military_lawyers_life_in_afghanistan.html (accessed on 24 February 2015); interview with Lt.-Cmdr. April Inglis;

Photo by MCpl Robert Bottrill, Canadian Forces Combat Camera (IS 2007-0725)
Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, 29 November 2007,  Kandahar, Afghanistan

___________Photo of Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, 29 November 2007,  Kandahar, Afghanistan, Canadian Forces Imagery Gallery, available at http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/cc_photos/detail/?filename=IS2007-0725&assetId=12758 (accessed 18 June 2017);disponible également en français à http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/cc_photos/detail/?filename=IS2007-0725&assetId=12758&lang=fra;

Canadians officials of the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (KPRT), Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, a Canadian Forces lawyer and
Farrah Musani (right), Program Officer from the Department of Foreign Affairs, walk with Afghan officials from the justice system, Abdul Jalil
Moulawvi Zada (left), Chief Justice of the High Court of Kandahar and Mulawvi Obaidullah, Afghan Director of Kandahar Ekhtisab (ethics advisor
to the court system), for an exchange of information on the Afghan justice system and it’s functioning.

The Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (KPRT) consists of Canadian Forces soldiers, a civilian police contingent led by the RCMP, and
representatives from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), and the Canadian International Development Agency(CIDA).
The KPRT conducts coordinated interdepartmental operations aimed at promoting good governance, helping the Government of Afghanistan to extend
its authority in the province of Kandahar, and facilitating the development of a stable, secure and self-sustaining environment for the Afghan people. ...


INSTITUT RIDEAU INSTITUTE, Letter to Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, "RE: Need for Commission of Inquiry on Canada’s Transfer of Afghan Detainees to Torture", 7 June 2016, available at (accessed 8 October 2016); available at https://bccla.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Afghan_OpenLetter-Jun7-2016_EN.pdf (accessed 8 October 2016);

The previous government systematically blocked all efforts to investigate what happened.
Citing operational security concerns, it refused to provide uncensored information to the
public, Parliament, the Federal Court, and the Military Police Complaints Commission
(MPCC). It also thwarted an investigation by the House of Commons Special Committee
on Afghanistan, first by refusing to disclose documents and then by shutting down the
committee when the Conservatives won a majority in 2011. The House approved a
December 1, 2009 motion: “That, in the opinion of the House, the government should,
in accordance with Part I of the Inquiries Act, call a Public Inquiry into the transfer of
detainees in Canadian custody to Afghan authorities from 2001 to 2009.” This motion
was ignored. 

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS, Military Jurisdiction and International Law, Vol. 1 : Military Courts and Gross Human Rights Violations, in two parts, 2004, and see Part II,  "Military Jurisdiction and National Law", at pp. 190-201 for Canada, available at  http://www.icj.org/news.php3?id_article=3254&lang=en  and http://www.icj.org/IMG/pdf/Trib._mil._ENG-_part_II.pdf  (accessed on 23 July 2008); also available at http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/87_1184764985_trib-mil-eng-part-ii.pdf (accessed on 18 December 2011);

From the left: Linda Bianchi, Marie Deschamps and Blaise Cathcart

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS CANADA, Administrator, News, "Successful CPD Event: Rule of law in interventions in fragile states", 4 November 2016, available at http://www.icjcanada.org/index.php/en/news.html (accessed 9 January 2017);

On October 20, 2017 [sic should read 2016], ICJ Canada held a very special full-day CPD programme in Ottawa, focusing on building the rule of law in fragile states
through whole of government involvement, linking military, justice sector, humanitarian, and development assistance.


Other themes discussed during the day included:


Oversight of international peacebuilding efforts in relation to international criminal law (Hon. Marie Deschamps, former justice of the SCC and UN investigator; Linda Bianchi, Counsel, Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Section, Department of Justice and former international prosecutor; MGen Blaise Cathcart, Judge Advocate General)

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS, "Customary IHL -- Canada", available at http://www.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v2_cou_ca  (accessed on 31 May 2012); IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTION

___________"Follow-up to the 28th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent -- Implementation -- Government -- Canada", available at http://www.icrc.org/Applic/p128e.nsf/va_IBP/7B837043D89AB4F9C12573AE0032E724?openDocument&section=IBP (accessed on 22 May 2012); see also https://rcrcconference.icrc.org/applic/pledges/p128e.nsf/va_navPage/IBP?OpenDocument&Start=1&Count=1000&Expand=1.27 (accessed 28 December 2016);

Hide details for [<span class="VCOUNTRY">Canada</span>]Canada

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Pledge P175

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Agenda for Humanitarian Action

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Agenda for Humanitarian Action

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Pledge P179

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Agenda for Humanitarian Action

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Agenda for Humanitarian Action

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Pledge P176

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Agenda for Humanitarian Action

- Agenda for Humanitarian Action
- Pledge P177

- Declaration / Resolution 1
- Declaration / Resolution 1

- Declaration / Resolution 1
- Pledge P352

- Declaration / Resolution 1
- Declaration / Resolution 1

- Declaration / Resolution 1
- Declaration / Resolution 1

___________Handbook on International Rules Governing Military Operations, Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross, 2013, 459 p,; available at https://shop.icrc.org/handbook-on-international-rules-governing-military-operations.html?___store=default  (accessed 16 October 2017);

___________"Recent activities to promote national implementation of International Humanitarian Law in countries and organizations of the Americas", 31-05-1998, ICRC Resource Centre; Note: "Working document prepared by the International Committee of the Red Cross for the information of OAS member States which are party to the 1949 Geneva Conventions"; available at https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/57jp74.htm (accessed 7 January 2016);


1. National structures for implementation of IHL

- October 1996. Representatives of the Canadian Permanent Mission took part in the Meeting of experts on committees or other bodies for the national implementation of IHL, organized by the ICRC in Geneva.

- March 1998. Discussions were under way on the establishment of a Canadian National Committee on International Humanitarian Law, in accordance with a Memorandum of Understanding between the Departments of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, National Defence and Justice, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Canadian International Development Agency and the Canadian Red Cross Society. Representatives of these departments and bodies were to be the core members of the Committee; other members may be designated on an ad hoc basis for particular projects. The Committee's main functions will be to the facilitate implementation of IHL and to offer advice on dissemination. It is anticipated that the Committee will meet two or three times a year, and special meetings may be convened as needed. The Canadian Red Cross will provide secretariat services. The first meeting was scheduled for March 1998.

2. Legislative and administrative measures

- Canada ratified the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1994 and the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention in 1995. It ratified the Ottawa treaty banning anti-personnel landmines in 1997, and adopted implementing legislation the same year (Bill C-22, passed by the House of Commons on 24 November 1997).

- April 1998. The Canadian National Committee on International Humanitarian Law was formally established on the basis of a Memorandum of Understanding of 18 March signed by the Departments represented on the Committee.

INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT, Tools, available at https://www.legal-tools.org/  (accessed 10 March 2017);

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HUMANITARIAN LAW, Rules of Engagement Handbook, San Remo, November 2009; available at http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/7b0d0f70-bb07-48f2-af0a-7474e92d0bb0/San-Remo-ROE-Handbook (accessed on 8 May 2012); Major Phillip Drew, Canadian Forces was part of thedrafting team;
INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT HUMANITAIRE À SAN REMO, Rédigé sous les auspices de l', Manuel de San Remo sur les règles d'engagement, San Remo, novembre 2009; disponible à http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/40f03e66-8753-458f-b90c-1dfca1be95b9/Sanremo-ROE-Handbook-%28French%29 (vérifié le 8 mai 2012);  le Capitaine Phillip Drew, Forces canadiennes faisait partie de l'équipe de rédaction;

Source: https://books.google.ca. accessed 22 September 2015
___________San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed  Conflicts at Sea / prepared by international lawyers and naval experts convened by the HIIKL; editor Louise Doswald-Beck,Cambridge; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1995, ix, 257 p., ISBN: 0521551889 (hardcover) and 0521558646 (pbk.); see book preview at http://books.google.ca/books?id=-janjtEKr7UC&pg=PR1&lpg=PR1&dq=%22San+Remo+Manual+on+International+Law+applicable+to+Armed+Conflicts+at+Sea%22+fenrick&source=bl&ots=mlbDbbzUJU&sig=B-5Ekhrmbp5d7DWeLfa1uE3Fphk&hl=en&sa
(accessed on 5 March 2012); Commander William J. Fenrick, Canadian Forces,  was part of the team of experts who authored the Explanation; copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX General KZ 6563 .S256 1995;

                                                                                                                                   Source of image for mefloquine box: globalnews.ca/news/3099642/saskatchewan-veteran-speaks-out-about-experience-with-mefloquine/

INTERNATIONAL MEFLOQUINE VETERANS ALLIANCE, "A Clinical Drug Trial Gone Wrong and the Unfinished Business of the Somalia Affairs". posted on 18 July 2016, available at https://imvalliance.org/2016/07/18/a-clinical-drug-trial-gone-wrong-and-the-unfinished-business-of-the-somalia-affair/ (accessed 12 December 2017);

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR MILITARY LAW AND THE LAW OF WAR, "Conference on Military Jurisdiction Rhodes (Greece), 28 September 2011 to 2 October 2011 -- Questionnaire [with answers from Canada]", version 3A -- Sep 12, 2011, 21 p., available at http://home.scarlet.be/~ismllw/conferences/QUESTIONNAIRE%20RHODES/Canada%20EN.pdf (accessed on 26 February 2012);
SOCIÉTÉ INTERNATIONALE DE DROIT MILITAIRE ET DE DROIT DE LA GUERRE, "Conférence relative à la jurisdiction militaire Rhodes (Grèce), du 28 septembre 2011 au 2 octobre 2011 -- Questionnaire [avec les réponses du Canada]", version 3A -- 12 sept 2011, 23 p., disponible à http://home.scarlet.be/~ismllw/conferences/QUESTIONNAIRE%20RHODES/Canada%20FR.pdf (site visité le 26 février 2012);

___________Les Garanties des droits individuels dans le répression disciplinaire et pénale militaire : IIIe congrès  international, Strasbourg 20-21 mai 1964 / Préface de Jacques Léauté / Safeguard of individual rights in the application of military law and disciplinary regulations, Strasbourg, [Paris,] : Éditions Cujas, 1966, 280 p., 25 cm; title noted in my research but book not consulted; may deal with Canada?; copy at McGill University, University of Toronto and Carleton University, UB790.I58 (CaOOCC)0491179; recherches en cours (27 octobre 2016);

INTRIPID, A Podcast called, by  Stephanie Carvin and Craig Forcese:

-Episode  44:  "War of the Words" View in iTunes

"Stephanie and Craig welcome two terrific guests back to the show: Major-General (ret) Blaise Cathcart (Canada's former JAG)
and Leah West (in her pre-law days, an ops officer with the Canadian Armed Forces). Today, we circle back to a topic we
addressed in Ep 11: "targeted killing". Our return to this topic is sparked by Stewart Bell's reporting at Global on a 2015
Canadian government memo discussing the "the strategic issues associated with the targeting of enemy combatants who are also
Canadian citizens in Op IMPACT, the CAF contribution to Coalition Operation INHERENT RESOLVE efforts against" ISIS."
[Source: https://itunes.apple.com/ca/podcast/intrepid/id1289996203#, accessed 5 July 2018]

ISAZA, Sofia Gutierrez, La criminologie et l'affaire somalienne, thèse (M.A.), Université d'Ottawa, 2008, v, 107 p.; disponible à http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR48460.PDF (vérifié le 16 avril 2012);

"La guerre et son étude ont pendant longtemps été un domaine appartenant au champ des sciences politiques, car elle relevait de la sphère inter étatique.
Suite aux deux grandes guerres du 20 siècle, le droit et la sociologie s'y sont intéressés et ont d'ailleurs développé des concepts ainsi que des théories
afin d'aborder la guerre: que ce soit le droit international et la pénalisation de certains comportements à travers un système de justice international ou
que ce soit par l'étude des acteurs et des mouvements de la guerre. Or, la criminologie en tant que discipline des sciences sociales spécialisée dans l'étude
du crime, la pénologie du crime et les politiques de contrôle de la criminalité ne s'est pas ou très peu aventurée dans l'étude des guerres et plus
précisément dans l'étude des crimes de guerre. Cette recherche se veut un exercice pratique de l'application de théories criminologiques à un cas
présentant une situation de crime de guerre. Le choix s'est arrêté sur l'affaire somalienne de 1993, une situation délicate bien connue par le public
canadien de par sa vaste médiatisation. Pour cette étude, nous cherchions à évaluer et à sonder l'utilité d'une application de théories criminologiques
en choisissant comme objet d'étude l'interprétation des membres des propres Forces canadiennes des évènements de l'affaire somalienne. Compte
tenu l'univers technique des militaires, ainsi que la complexité de l'affaire somalienne, cette étude ne cherchera pas à contribuer à l'étude des
interprétations sociales des crimes de guerre, mais elle évaluera le processus d'application de deux théories criminologiques à cet objet d'étude. Nos
choix méthodologiques ont dans leur ensemble constitué une partie de notre objet de recherche. À travers une méthode qualitative, nous avons
recueilli et choisi deux témoignages de militaires de la Commission d'enquête royale et d'un des procès à la cour martiale à travers desquels s'insérait
un récit des évènements. L'analyse narrative a été appliquée permettant de déceler des caractéristiques narratives quant au contenu, mais également
quant à la fonction du narrateur de ces récits. Bien que l'échantillon choisi est très limité l'analyse du matériel a permit de tirer certaines tendances
 L'analyse de la mobilisation des cadres normatifs pour définir le caractère déviant ainsi que celle de la gestion des problèmes sous la perspective
de la profession a dans les deux cas permis d'identifier qu'il existe plusieurs interprétations des évènements et ce, malgré la culture sociale militaire
et la même formation académique à caractère militaire. D'autre part, ces deux analyses indiquent que la position hiérarchique du militaire devient
un facteur important non seulement lorsque vient le moment de définir le crime de guerre, mais également quant à la gestion du problème suite à
ces évènements. Ainsi, bien que les militaires partagent des caract?ristiques sociales, professionnelles et culturelles communes, ce sera plutôt
l'appartenance au groupe militaire et plus encore la position hiérarchique occupée au sein de l'institution qui influencent l'interprétation des militaires
par rapport à des situations telles que les crimes de guerre. Au delà? de ces résultats, cette étude vise plutôt à contribuer au débat quant à l'absence
des études sur les crimes de guerre en criminologie."
[source: http://gradworks.umi.com/MR/48/MR48460.html, visité le 21 janvier 2012]

ISENOR, Nancy, lawyer, member of the OJAG:

" Jun 1 [2018]

Lieutenant-Colonel Nancy Isenor, Director of Law/Intelligence
and Information Operations, was the Course Director for this
week’s Detention and Captured Persons Course at
in San Remo, Italy."

source: Twitter account: https://twitter.com/JAGCAF, https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/media

Captain Nancy Isenor, 2002-11-30
sources at:



___________notes on ISENOR,  Nancy from "Speakers by Program-- CBA Military Law Conference", Ottawa, 24 May 2018; available at (accessed 16 January 2019);

LCol Nancy Isenor is the Director of the Office of the Judge Advocate General Intelligence and Information Operations
Directorate. She is responsible for the overall provision of legal support to DG Cyber, DGIMO, CFINTCOM, CFNCIU,
as well as ADM Pol on cyber operations, network operations, intelligence and information operations since September
2016. Since 1999, LCol Isenor has served in a number of positions within the Office of the Judge Advocate General.
She served as a prosecutor in the Directorate of Military Prosecutions from April 1999 - July 2002, Legal Advisor to the
Royal Military College from July 2002 - July 2003, Deputy Judge Advocate Trenton from July 2003 - July 2006,
Canadian Legal Advisor to NORAD from July 2006 - August 2009, Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit (CJIRU)
Legal Advisor from August 2009 - August 2013, DLaw Military Justice Operations 3 from August 2013 - October 2013,
Special Assistant 2 to the Canadian Armed Forces Judge Advocate General from October 2013 - July 2014, Canadian
Special Forces Command Head Quarters Legal Advisor from July 2014 - September 2015, and Director of Strategic Joint
Staff Legal Advisors from September 2015 - September 2016. LCol Isenor deployed to Bosnia between March - September
2003 as the Senior Legal Advisor. She deployed to Afghanistan from Sept 2010 - March 2011 where she was the legal
advisor to Canadian Special Forces Task Force 58. Domestically, LCol Isenor deployed in support of the 2010 G8/G20
Summit and to the 2010 Winter Olympics where she provided legal advice to Canadian Special Forces Command. LCol
Isenor is a graduate of University of Manitoba, (B.A. - 1994 and LL B -1997), and Queen's University (LL M - 2012).
She was called to the bar and became a member of the Law Society of Manitoba in 1998. Working for a short period in
private practice, she enrolled in the Canadian Armed Forces as a member of the Office of the Judge Advocate General
in January 1999.

----Image: amazon.com/Canadian-State-Trials-Toleration-1914-1939/dp/1442631082
Ben Isitt, image source:https://twitter.com/ben_isitt, accessed         
14 November 2017

ISITT, Benjamin (Ben), "Court-Martial at Vladivostok: Mutiny and Military Justice during the First World War" in Barry Wright, Eric Tucker and Susan Binnie, eds., Canadian State Trials, Volume IV: Security, Dissent, and the Limits of Toleration in War and Peace, 1914-1939,
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division, 2015, 544 p., at pp. 172-216, ISBN: 1442631082 and 978-1442631083;

___________"Mutiny from Victoria to Vladivostok, December 1918", (2 June 2006) The Canadian Historical Review 223-264; available at http://www.siberianexpedition.ca/sources/Isitt_Mutiny-from-Victoria-to-Vladivostok_2006.pdf (accessed 22 January 2019);

Image source: http://www.deslauriers-co.ca/avocats.php?lang=en, accessed 31 December 2018
Mauela Islam

ISLAM, Manuela, avocate, Cabinet du Juge-avocat général (JAG) - Forces armées canadiennes; voir ca.linkedin.com/in/manuela-islam-4a61479/fr  (visité le 31 décembre 2018); membre du Barreau du Québec (2004); travaille au Cabinet du Juge-avocat général
6560 rue Hochelaga, Garnison Montréal, Édifice 214, Local 121, Montréal QC H1N 1X9 (renseignements en date du 31 décembre 2018);  she attended, as a regular force legal officer, the 2019 mandatory legal officer qualification course at Canadian Forces Military Law Centre, CFB Kingston, see Access to Information Act, DND Acess to Information and Privacy letter dated 12 June 2019, File A-2019-00289;

___________on ISLAM, Manuela, see Linked in at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/manuela-islam-4a61479 (accessed 19 August 2019);

Source of image: http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/Annex%20C%20-%20for%20Website.pdf, accessed 22 September 2015

ISRAEL, The Public Commission to Examine the Maritime Incident of 31 May 2010, Second Report -- The Turkel Commission, Israel's Mechanisms for Examining and Investigating Complaints and Claims of Violations of the Laws of Armed Conflict According to International Law, February 2013; available at http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/The%20Turkel%20Report%20for%20website.pdf (accessed on 1 March 2005); deals with Canada; see also MacDOUGALL, M.H. (Holly), "Canada: Investigation and Prosecution of Alledged Violations of the Law of Armed Conflict", in The Public Commission to Examine the Maritime Incident of 31 May 2010, The Turkel Commission, Second Report, Israel's Mechanisms for Examining and Investigating Complaints and Claims of Violations of the Laws of Armed Conflict According to International Law, Annex C -- The Comparative Survey, at pp. 563-640, available at http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/Annex%20C%20-%20for%20Website.pdf (accessed on 1 March 2015);


From the left: Dr. Chris Madsen, Dr. Walter Dorn, Murraw Brewster,
Prof Amir Attaran, Craig Scott
JACK AND MAE NATHANSON CENTRE ON TRANSNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS, CRIME & SECURITY, Osgoode Hall Law School York University Toronto, "Public Forum: "Evidence of Torture in Canada: The New Normal of Official Complicity? Nathanson Centre - Wednesday, 9 January, 2013,  Panel 3 - Evidence of Torture in Canada & Armed Conflicts: Afghan Detainees Case and Other Cases",; NOTE: "Third Panel on torture in the military environment, with special emphasis on case law from the Canadian experience in Afghanistan, Haiti, and Somalia"; available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSZb0hcqS9A&list=UURHE5TWwkyOy1OOVAYJOWgg&index=1, accessed 7 October 2016);

____________ Special Forum on the Canadian Mission in Afghanistan (February 2010), available at http://nathanson.osgoode.yorku.ca/programs/conferences-workshops/2009-2010/special-forum-on-canadian-mission-afghanistan/ (accessed on 1 Marc h 2012);  notes: includes Commander (retd.)  William Fenrick observations;

Image source: https://library.ryerson.ca/sexdiv/authors/jackson/, accessed 20 August 2016
Paul Jackson

JACKSON, Paul, Courting homosexuals in the military: The management of homosexuality in the Canadian military, 1939–1945, Thesis (Ph. D.)--Queen's University, 2002, 866 p., thesis advisor: Karen Dubinsky;

Description: During the Second World War, contradictory anti-homosexual policies in all three branches of the
Canadian military made homosexual men vulnerable to discipline and punishment. The category of ‘homosexual’
was inflexibly cast as invidious in public discourse. Medical policy required the immediate discharge of homosexuals
as ‘military misfits.’ Under military law, servicemen were court-martialled for homosexual indecency. As the war
progressed, more extensive policing and surveillance techniques meant that queer men were increasingly likely to be
discovered and prosecuted. Since the regulations governing homosexual activity were promulgated poorly and
enforced erratically, many men were unaware of them until they were caught. However, all knew that homosexuality
was a serious offence against morality and masculinity. Meanwhile, queer men were commonly appreciated at a
personal and professional level, where they were not originally judged categorically as ‘homosexual.’ Many servicemen
at all levels of command protected their queer comrades and subordinates from the gaze of hostile military authorities.
The mobilisation for war provided queer men with unprecedented opportunities in Canada and overseas to explore their
sexuality. While they were active in all types of military units, their visibility depended on the opportunities offered by
their units. In all services, officers found guilty by court-martial of homosexuality were discharged while other ranks
were most commonly sentenced to periods of detention. Queer veterans who escaped detection often remember their
service as formative in their social and sexual development. Loyal servicemen who were persecuted or prosecuted for
their sexual difference remain deeply resentful towards the nation that broke faith with them. Using a variety of military
records and interviews with veterans, I explore the place of homosexuality in a variety of military environments and
study relationships between servicemen at various levels of command. I examine in detail the occasions when
homosexuality became a significant issue for men in their personal lives and when it became a problem at the institutional
(source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumberComingFrom=2
accessed 18 August 2016)

  ___________One of the Boys: Homosexuality in the Military During World War II, McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2004, 338 pages;

Homosexuality and military service have always made strange bedfellows. Military leaders, generally traditionalists, have
typically seen homosexuals as unmanly, immoral, and a threat to cohesion. While the U.S. military has garnered
international headlines as a result of its exclusionary policies, the issue is far from new and struggles with it have not been
limited to the United States. The Canadian military was acutely concerned with homosexuality during the Second World
War. At the outset of the war the mammoth task of mobilizing hundreds of thousands of troops overshadowed concerns
about their sexual behaviour of orientation. As the war progressed, however, senior military brass became increasingly
determined to rid the services of those engaged in "disgraceful conduct of an indecent kind." Using an wide array of
sources - including long-closed court martial records, psychiatric and personnel files, unit war diaries, films, and oral
histories - Paul Jackson relates the struggle of queer servicemen of all ranks and branches of the Canadian military to
fit in and avoid losing their careers and reputations. Open Secrets, a National Film Board of Canada documentary, was
based on this book.
[Source: http://books.google.ca/books?id=VahBObOSUDQC&source=gbs_ViewAPI&redir_esc=y, accessed on 27 April 2014]

----source foe EUROMAIL logo: google image at https://www.google.com (21 january 2016)
JACOB, Emmanuel, President of EUROMIL (European Organization of Military Associations)," 'WINDS OF CHANGE' Inaugural Conference on Canadian Military Justice 13 November 2015 Ottawa Information provided by Emmanuel Jacob, President of EUROMIL" in Michel Drapeau Law Office, ed.,  Winds of Change: Conference and Debate on Canadian Military Law, [Ottawa:] Michel Drapeau Law Office, 2016, 102 p., at pp. 33-34, NOTES: Conference held at the University of Ottawa, 13 November 2015; "For the first time an international academic conference on military law was held in Canada at the University of Ottawa with the focus on reform and comparative law" (Gilles Létourneau, Preface, p. 7);  "(Organizing Committee for the Conference: Michel W. Drapeau, Joshua M. Juneau, Walter Semianiw and Sylvie Corbin)"; Speech transcribed by Joshua M. Juneau, p. 31; available at mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf (accessed 20 January 2016);

Image source: www.usma.edu/law/SiteAssets/SitePages/LTC%20Jacobs%20LAW.jpg?Mobile=1, accessed 1 January 2018
Christopher Jacobs
JACOBS, Major Christopher W., "
Taking the Next Step: An Analysis of the Effects the Ottawa Convention May Have on the Interoperability of United States Forced with the Armed Forces of Australia, Great Britain, and Canada", (2004) 180 Military Law Review 49-114; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/180-summer-2004.pdf(accessed 25 January 2017);

Jean-Marc Jacob

JACOB, Jean-Marc, 1947-, veterinarian, member of the House of Commons; on the Jacob affair, see:

"Parliament may reprimand Bloc MP: Reform wants referendum policy for Canadian forces - Nankivell", (14 May 1996) 9(57) Financial Post p. 21; re stament by M.P. Jean-Marc Jacob, Bloc Québécois party;
Description: The House affairs committee resumes later this week with questioning of Joseph Maingot, an Ottawa-based
expert on parliamentary procedure. He'll testify on whether [Jean-Marc Jacob]'s contentious communique to Quebec members
of the Canadian Armed Forces was in contempt of Parliament or not. The communique invited them to join the embryo of
a new Quebec defence force "the day after" a Yes vote, although Jacob now says that in the original French this phrasing
didn't necessarily mean immediately. The Reformers have had a difficult, frustrating time trying to establish a clear case
of breach of parliamentary privilege. Last week, Liberal MP Ted McWhinney, appearing as an expert witness on
parliamentary practice, questioned whether the committee should even be dealing with the issue. He argued that since
the matter was originally raised on the basis of a claimed criminal offence, it goes beyond the contemporary powers of
Parliament. "The case has been colored from the beginning by its association with an alleged breach of criminal law. If
it's an alleged sedition, it should go to the courts," he said. But if a conviction followed, he added, then this would be
grounds for parliamentary action such as expulsion.
[source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumberComingFrom=
, accessed 12 April 2018;
Source: © ProQuest
 LLC All rights reserved

- statements in the House of commons (favorite word: military), available at https://openparliament.ca/politicians/7817/?page=1 (accessed 22 December 2017);

- wikepedia, at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Marc_Jacob (accessed 22 December 2017);


Jacob faced accusations that he advised Quebec members of the Canadian Forces to join a Quebec army if there was a winning vote for
Quebec sovereignty in the 1995 Quebec referendum. The prevailing Liberal government decided to investigate these remarks, while the
Reform demanded Jacob be charged with sedition.   Reaction to this incident included a 22 March 1996 sketch on the English language
television comedy series Royal Canadian Air Farce where Jacob "learns the meaning of the word sedition". [footnotes omitted]

- hearings, Parliament, 7 May 1996, see http://www.ourcommons.ca/Content/Archives/Committee/352/haff/evidence/12_96-05-07/haff12_blk-e.html (accessed 22 December 2017)

____________"Help, Please - Seditious Act Goes Unpunished", Toronto Star, 18 December 1995; available at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/nf.general/Vgs04yhwH88 (accessed 5 October 2016);

The Bloc Quebecois, it appears, has got away with it.

Readers will recall that on the eve of the Oct. 30 referendum, the
Bloc sent out a "communiqué" to all Canadian Forces bases in Quebec
urging soldiers to "transfer their loyalty to the new country" if the
Yes side won. They were assured that they could keep their rank,
seniority and pension benefits.

The words were attributed to Bloc MP Jean-Marie Jacob but were printed
on the letterhead of Bloc Leader Lucien Bouchard.

On the surface, the communiqué appeared to be a breach of the Criminal
Code sections on sedition, which makes it an offence to willfully
"interfere with, impair or influence the loyalty or discipline of a
member" for the Canadian Forces.

Defense Minister David Collenette called it "shocking" and asked for a
report from the military's judge advocate-general.

That's the last official word from the government on the matter. Don't
expect any more.

Sources in Ottawa say the government, fearful of turning Bouchard and
Jacob into martyrs, quietly has decided to drop the matter. There will
be no criminal charges laid.

Nor will the government pursue the matter in the House of Commons by
demanding disciplinary action against Bouchard and Jacob if no apology
is forthcoming.  (To date, neither has apologized for the communiqué,
although both have attempted to downplay its significance by citing
translation difficulties.)

A private citizen - Montreal lawyer Brent Tyler - is pursuing the case
on his own and attempting to lay charges against Bouchard and Jacob.
But he keeps running into roadblocks. [more to read in the article]

JACOBS, Christopher W., "Taking the next step: an analysis of the effects the Ottawa convention may Have on the interoperability of United States forces with the armed forces of Australia, Great Britain, and Canada",  (Summer 2004) Military Law Review, Issue 180, p.49-114; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/180-summer-2004.pdf(accessed 1 January 2018);

Source of image: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/mdn-dnd/D12-21-1997-1-eng.pdf, accessed 26 December 2015
JACOBSON, Captain(N) D.V., "In Defence of the Canadian Court-martial System", The  Defence Associations National Network --  NATIONAL NETWORK  NEWS,  Volume 4 No. 3 - July, 1997 ("Article reprinted courtesy of the Maritime Engineering Journal", February 1997 at 2-5), available at http://web.archive.org/web/20011208005105/http://www.sfu.ca/~dann/nn4-3_11.htm; also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/mdn-dnd/D12-21-1997-1-eng.pdf (accessed 28 December 2015); also available at http://www.cntha.ca/static/documents/mej/mej-40.pdf (accessed 14 September 2018); Note: Captain(N) D.V Jacobson was President of the General court martial of Pte Kyle Brown (Somalia affair);

I do have one caveat, however.  As the Supreme Court observed, the overriding need for a military justice system is not just to resolve issues affecting
military discipline fairly, but quickly as well.  It is
in this area of rapidity and not in any ill-informed or ill-prepared outside criticism that I see the greatest risk
to the continuing separate existence of our military justice system. While recognizing that a compromise is needed between swiftness and resources
dictated by the complexity of the case, I fear that the balance has leaned too far toward economy of resources and away from swiftness of application.
If by our corporate action our military demonstrates that time has ceased to be a factor, then a large part of the rationale for a separate military justice
system will cease to exist

JAG Alumni:

            Painting by Kim Hayman donated by the Alumni on 5                  From the left, Commodore Geneviève Bernatchez, Judge Advocate General,
            December 2018                                                                                Kim Hayman, the artist and Kenneth Watkin, a former JAG
            Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel           Source: emails from Peter Tinsley and Benoit Pinsonneault, 8 & 11 December 2018     
            of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

JAGNET (the internal JAG bulletin board);

JALONEN, B.E. (Brian), Captain, member of the OJAG, co-counsel for the Director of Military Prosecutions in Williams M.B. (Sergeant), R. v., 2017 CM 4018 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/hqf4n> (accessed 8 May 2018);

___________photo of Major Jalonen, Brian with others:

" 2 hours ago [21 November 2018]
Maj Brian Jalonen, Maj Desmond Burton-Williams, Lt(N) Ruth Shojaei and Lt(N) Naomi
Watson, from our Admin Law Division recently took part in the Administrative Law,
Labour and Employment Law Conference, a great learning opportunity in these challenging fields of law.",
accessed 21 November 2018.

JAMES, Patrick, 1957-, Canada and Conflict, Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, c2012, 156 p. ; 23 cm. SERIES: Issues in Canada, ISBN: 9780195432206; available in part at http://www.amazon.com/Canada-Conflict-Issues-Patrick-James/dp/0195432207%3FSubscriptionId%3DAKIAIRZN624HBT3HDR5Q%26tag%3Dusafind-20%26linkCode%3Dxm2%26camp%3D2025%26creative%3D165953%26creativeASIN%3D0195432207#reader_0195432207 (accessed 18 January 2016);

Barbara Janusz, image source: http://www.johnprince.ca/wpblog/alternatives-journal-barbara-janusz-2014-06-17/, accessed 26 December 2014

JANUSZ, Barbara D.,  "War and Emergency" in Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, (Ontario, 3d), volume 52, title 158, Scarborough: Carswell; copy at the Fauteux Library, University of Ottawa;

___________"War and Emergency" in Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, (West, 3d), volume 55, title 161, Scarborough: Carswell; copy at the Fauteux Library, University of Ottawa;

Image source: linkedin.com, accessed 4 February 2018
Colonel Jay Janzen

JANZEN, Jay, Colonel, "An inside look into Canada’s military justice system", The Maple Leaf, 21 March 2017, available at https://ml-fd.caf-fac.ca/en/2017/03/3670 (accessed 4 February 2018); aussi publié en français: "Regard sur le système de justice militaire du Canada", Feuille d'érable, 32 mars 2018, disponible à https://ml-fd.caf-fac.ca/fr/2017/03/3670  (consulté le 4 février 2018); Note: "Jay Janzen is director of public affairs operations at the Department of National Defence; Reprinted courtesy of The Hill Times"; also published in The Hill Times,
Feb 13, 2017, Issue 1408, p.30;

... I recently had the opportunity to serve for the first time in my 27-year military career as the senior panel member (juror) for a court martial.
I was highly impressed with what I saw and experienced and want to share my observations to better inform debate on the need for a unique
military justice system.
I personally found deliberating a difficult and complex process. There were many multifaceted factors to be considered, including the evidence
given in dozens of documents entered as exhibits, and the testimony of multiple witnesses during the trial. Three of the panel members were
commissioned officers, and two were senior non-commissioned members.

Nishika Jardine, image source Google Image - everitas.mcclub.ca, accessed on 9 June 2014

JARDINE, Nishika, LCol, Canadian Forces and the rule of Law: failures of the arrangement for the transfer of detainees in Afganistan, JCSP: Master of Defence Studies, Canadian Forces College, 2007, 89 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/293/286/jardine.pdf (accessed on 18 December 2011);

Image source: http://cmfmag.ca/best_cmf/its-never-too-late/ (accessed 20 August 2016)
Blair Hicks

JARRATT, Lee, "It's Never Too Late: There comes a time, for those of us in the Canadian Armed Forces, when our career path stalls or loses its appeal", (Summer 2015) Canadain Military Family 44-45; about Blair Hicks, admitted as a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario Bar) in 2014; available at http://cmfmag.ca/best_cmf/its-never-too-late/ (accessed 20 August 2016);

For Blair Hicks, who was an Air Combat System Operator, that time came in 2010.  After serving 20 years in the Air Force, she decided it was time
for a change.  In 2009, she applied for the Canadian Forces subsidized legal officer training (MLTP -- Military Legal Training Plan).  This program had
candidates apply concurrently to several Canadian law schools.  Hicks made the shortlist, unfortunately due to the limited military positions she was not
accepted.  However, Hicks did gain acceptance into law school at the Western University of London, Ontario where she started her path to becoming a
lawyer in 2010, something she had wanted to do for awhile.(p. 44)

Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer, source de la photo: http://dandurand.uqam.ca/chercheurs/64
                                                     -chercheurs/1066-jean-baptiste-jeangene-vilmer.html, site visité le 27 décembre 2014

JEANGÈNE VILMER, Jean-Baptiste, 1978-, Au nom de l'humanité: histoire, droit, éthique et politique de l'intervention militaire justifiée par des raisons humanitaires, thèse Ph.D., Université de Montréal, 2009;

Source: http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/content/bl/add_ms_49055.jpg, accessed 3 March 2016
JELLICO of SCAPA, Viscount, Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa on Naval Mission to the Dominion of Canada (November-December, 1919), see "Discipline", at volume 1, Chapter 4 at p. 35;

Photo of Paul Jenkins, reproduced from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=96168  (accessed on 31 March 2014)

JENKINS, P.H. (Paul), "Policing the Canadian Forces in the 21st century", Toronto, Ont.: Canadian Forces Command and Staff College, 32 leaves;  Notes:  Course 17, 1990/91;  title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (1 January 2012); I worked with Paul when he was a young captain with the military police in Halifax, circa 1975-1977;



REO: O-31526 - Training Support Coordinator

Status Closed

Competition Closing Date: 30-JUN-2017


Subj: Class B Permanent Res Svc opportunity - MILPERSGEN HQ - PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, KINGSTON, ON, K7K 7B4, CA (Actual Employment Location: CFMLC Kingston)

A. CF Mil Pers Instr 20/04 - Administrative Policy of Class A, Class B and Class C Reserve Instruction B. DAOD 5023-2 - Physical Fitness Program C. MHRRP - Military Human Resources Records Procedures - Topic Cl A, B,C Res Service D. CFIRP - Canadian Forces Integrated Relocation Program E. CFTDTI - Canadian Forces Temporary Duty Travel Instructions

  1. MILPERSGEN HQ has a Class B Permanent for a MWO/MWO MOS ID/Occupation 90000-ATR to commence on 01-SEP-2017 until 31-AUG-2020. Only personnel from the following Component/Sub-Component may apply for this position: Primary Reserve Force, Supplementary Reserve Force, Regular Force.
  2. Essential requirements are as fols:
    1. Rank: MWO/MWO
      Mbrs eligible for promotion to MWO/CPO 2 and CWO/CPO 1 who are willing to relinquish their rank can apply, but will only be considered if no qualified MWO/CPO 2 is available. WO/PO 1 may be considered only if candidates at the rank of MWO/CPO 2 or WO/PO 1 qualified for promotion are not available.
    2. MOS ID: 90000-ATR
    3. Language: English or French
    4. Security clearance: Secret
    5. Health: BE MED/DENT FIT
    6. Physical fitness: MUST BE PHYSICALLY FIT
    7. Required experience and quals:
      • Course Remarks:
        • A. Strong verbal and communications skills B. Experience with MS Office Suite C. Work Experience in a training establishment is an asset D. Knowledge of Peoplesoft and MITE is an asset
    8. Position requirements for regular force annuitants permit IAW CMP instruction 20/04: Yes - Option 2 (http://cmp-cpm.mil.ca/en/policies/cf-mil-pers-instr.page (# 20/04))
  3. Secondary requirements of position, as applic: N/A
  4. Basic description of duties: 1. Supports the administration, supply and logistical requirements of CFMLC activities and courses delivered in garrison and in the field, including the LOQC, POCT/PORT and ILOAC 2. Prepares and updates orders and directives applicable to CFMLC activities and administers military staffing processes, including the drafting of military messages/correspondence and contracts 3. Liaises and coordinates with CAF units and outside agencies on logistical matters related to CFMLC programs and activities 4. Maintains training statistics on CFMLC courses 5. Supervises CFMLC junior staff 6. Coordinates the CFMLC staff training and other PD activities 7. Responsible for the handling of CFMLC documentation, including the storing, archiving and disposal of corporate and transitory records 8. Responsible for the administration of CFMLC physical assets and infrastructure, including security requirements, building maintenance and other functions associated with the responsibilities of a fire warden and a personnel security officer 9. Fulfills other responsibilities and tasks as directed by the member's supervisor
  5. Rations, quarters, accomodations, and/or move
    1. Rations and quarters are available?: NO
    2. Member must live in service accomodation?: NO
    3. Member must live on the economy.
    4. Move of DHG and E will be considered? NO
    5. Other pertinent details: If move of DHG and E is not considered for this employment opportunity, this means that the member is responsible to bear all costs associated with moving DHG and E to their new place of duty when the member is not from the local area. No travel, rations or accommodation expenses related to the move will be reimbursed.
  6. Members of the Supp Res if eligible who wish to apply for this position may do so through SUPP RES STAFF at toll free number: 1-866-558-3566, Fax number: 1-613-992-1324, Email: DND.SuppRes-ResSupp.MDN@forces.gc.ca. Members of the P Res and Reg F if eligible who wish to apply for this position may do so through their home unit's Orderly Room. If eligible, members of the NAVRES/RCN PRL, who wish to apply for this position, may do so by submitting an e-mail through their chain of command before going to the appropriate career manager for action. If selected, members of the NAVRES/RCN PRL must receive an authorisation from NAVRESHQ prior to start employment; this will ensure careful review of position requirements and time to complete appropriate administrative action. If selected for an employment within RCN, members of all Commands must receive an authorisation from NAVRESHQ prior to start employment. All nominations must be submitted through the Monitor Mass Reserve Employment Opportunity (REO). NOMINATIONS NOT PROCESSED THROUGH REO WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED. Nominations must include the following: 
    1. Contact information.
    2. Confirmation of whether or not member is in receipt of a pension under the CFSA attributable to REG F SVC.
    3. Any other pertinent info that should be considered by the employer (personal limitations affecting service performance, etc), including comments regarding any requirements for the position that may not be up to date in HRMS (such as language profile, physical fitness or medical) since initial screening for the POSN will be based on HRMS data. Sources documents will be required.
    4. CL C RES SVC IPC/IC calculation report results from HRMS (for CL C RES SVC opportunities only).
  7. OPI:
    • Name: LCol Maynard , Kimberley
    • Phone: 271-6150
    • Email: kimberley.maynard@forces.gc.ca
  8. Interviews: Only applicants considered suitable for the position will be contacted for interviews.
  9. Remarks: [source: http://armyapp.forces.gc.ca/reo-oer/en/details.aspx?positionnumber=O-31526&pedisable=true, accessed 25 July 2017]


OER: O-31526 - Coordinateur de soutien de l'entrainement

ÉTAT: Fermé

Date de fin du concours: 30-juin-2017


OBJET: Classe B permanent RES SVC OPPORTUNITY - GÉNPERSMIL - PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, KINGSTON, ON, K7K 7B4, CA (Endroit réel de l'emploi: CFMLC Kingston)

A. Instructions Personnel Militaire de FC 20/04 Politique Administrative pour le service de Réserve de classe A, de classe B, et de classe C B. DOAD 5023-2 - Programme de conditionnement physique C. A-PM-245-001/F-001 D. PRFIC - Programme de réinstallation intégrée des Forces canadiennes E. IFCUST - Instruction des Forces canadiennes sur les voyages en service temporaire

  1. GÉNPERSMIL A UNE OCCASION DE SVC DE RES Classe B permanent POUR UN adjum/adjum SGPMS ID/OCCUPATION 90000-TCE POUR COMMENCER 01-sept-2017 JUSQU'EN 31-août-2020. Seuls les employés de cette composante/sous-composante peut postuler pour ce poste: Force de la première réserve, Force de la réserve supplémentaire, Force régulière."
    1. GRADE: adjum/adjum
      Les militaires admissibles à une promotion au grade adjm/pm 2 et les adjc/pm 1 qui sont disposés à accepter une diminution de grade peuvent postuler, mains on ne les retiendra que si aucun adjm/pm 2 qualifiés n'est disponible. Les adj/m 1 seront considérés seulement si aucun des candidats appropriés au grade d'adjm/pm 2 ou d'adj/m 1 qualifié pour promotion n'est disponible.
    2. ID SGPM: 90000-TCE
    3. LANGUE: L'anglais ou le français
    4. COTE DE SECUR: Secret
      • Commentaires sur le cours:
        • A. Doit être capable de communiquer efficacement oralement et par écrit B. Doit avoir de l'expérience avec le logiciel Microsoft Office Suite C. Doit avoir de l'expérience dans un environnement d'entraînement est un atout D. Connaissance du logiciel Peoplesoft et de ITEM (MITE) est un atout
    8. Les exigences du poste pour les pensionnés de la force régulière permettent conformément à l’instruction de CPM 20/04: Oui - l'option 2 (http://cmp-cpm.mil.ca/fr/politiques/instr-pers-mil.page (# 20/04))
  4. COURTE DESCRIPTION DES TACHES: 1. Apporte un soutien à la gestion administrative, à l'approvisionnement et aux besoins logistiques des activités et de la formation livrées par le CDMFC en garnison et dans le champ, incluant le CQAM, le FAOP/RAOP et le DCAI 2. Rédige et met à jour les ordres et directives applicables aux activités du CDMFC et gère les communications militaires, incluant la rédaction d'ébauches de messages militaires et d'autres correspondances et de contrats 3. Assure une liaison et coordination avec les unités des FAC et autres agences externes quant aux besoins logistiques liés à la livraison de la formation offerte par le CDMFC et de ses autres activités 4. Gère la collecte de statistiques liées à la formation offerte par le CDMFC 5. Supervise le personnel subalterne du CDMFC 6. Coordonne la formation et autres activités de développement professionnel du personnel du CDMFC 7. Responsable de la gestion de la documentation du CDMFC, incluant de l'entreposage, de l'archivage et du transfert des dossiers corporatifs et transitoires 8. Responsable de la gestion des biens meubles et immeubles du CDMFC, incluant des questions de sécurité, de l'entretien des biens immeubles et de tâches liées aux responsabilités de l'officier responsable de la prévention des incendies et de sécurité de l'unité 9. S'acquitte d'autres responsabilités et tâches telles qu'assignées par son superviseur
    3. Le militaire doit habiter un logement non subventionné.
    5. AUTRE DETAIL PERTINENT: Si un déménagement des PAM & EP n'est pas considéré pour cette opportunité d'emploi, ceci implique que le militaire sera responsable d'assumer tous les coûts associés au déménagement des PAM & EP à leur nouveau lieu de travail lorsque ce dernier n'est pas de la région locale. Aucune dépense de déplacement, repas ou d'hébergement reliée au déménagement sera remboursée.
  6. Les membres de la réserve supplémentaire si admissibles qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire par l'entremise du Personnel de la réserve supplémentaire en utilisant le numéro de téléphone sans frais: 1-866-558-3566, ou par fax au 1-613-992-1324, ou par courriel: DND.SuppRes-ResSupp.MDN@forces.gc.ca. Les membres de la Rés P et de la F Rég si admissibles qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire par l'entremise de leur salle de rapport d'unité d'appartenance. Si admissibles, les membres de la RESNAV/CPR MRC, qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire en soumettant un courriel à leur chaîne de commandement avant d'être envoyées au gérant de carrière approprié pour action. Si sélectionnés, les membres de la RESNAV/CPR MRC, doivent obtenir une autorisation du QG RESNAV avant de débuter l'emploi; ceci permettra une révision attentive des besoins de la position et le temps pour compléter les procédures administratives. Si sélectionné pour un emploi avec la MRC, les membres de tous les commandements doivent obtenir une autorisation du QG RESNAV avant de débuter l'emploi. Toutes les nominations doivent être soumises par l'entremise de Monitor Mass Opportunité d'emploi de la Réserve (OER). LES NOMINATIONS QUI NE SONT PAS SOUMISES VIA OER NE SERONT PAS CONSIDÉRÉES. Les nominations doivent inclure ce qui suit:
    1. Coordonnées de l'appliquant.
    2. Confirmation si le membre reçoit une pension sous LPRFC suite à du service dans la force régulière.
    3. Toutes autres information pertinentes qui devraient être prise en considération par l'employeur (limitations personnelles affectant le service, etc.), y compris des informations qui ne sont plus à jour dans SGRH (tel que le profile linguistique, les résultats de test de condition physique ou médicale) car le SGRH sera utilise lors de l'évaluation initiale des prérequis pour le poste. Les documents sources seront requis.
    4. Le résultat des calculs de CPR/CI de SGRH (pour les opportunités de service de réserve CL C seulement).
  7. BPR:
    • Nom: lcol Maynard , Kimberley
    • Téléphone: 271-6150
    • Courriel: kimberley.maynard@forces.gc.ca
  8. Entrevues: Seulement les applicants considéré souhaitable pour la position vont être contactés pour les entrevues. [source: http://armyapp.forces.gc.ca/reo-oer/fr/renseignements.aspx?positionnumber=O-31526&pedisable=true, visité le 25 juillet 2017]

Dean Jobb
JOBB, Dean, "Crown asset: Jerry Pitzul has put Nova Scotia's Public Prosecution Service on a sound business footing, but some high-profile cases are mired in controversy and there's grumbling in the ranks over low salaries and the director's aloof management style", Canadian Lawyer, Jan 1998, Vol.22(1), pp.18-21; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (8 July 2016);

Source of image: http://www.mqup.ca/canada-in-norad--1957-2007-products-9781553391357.php#!prettyPhoto/0/, accessed 22 September 2015
JOCKEL, Joseph T., Canada in NORAD, 1957-2007: A History, Montreal and Kingston: McGill- Queen’s University Press, 2007, 240 p. (series; Queen's Policy Studies Series; 115); see Table of Contents at http://www.mqup.ca/canada-in-norad--1957-2007-products-9781553391357.php (accessed 5 June 2015);

JODOIN, Major R., "The Code of Service Discipline after the Constitution", Toronto, Canadian Forces College, 1983, 1 microfiche (series; Exercise New Horizons); cited in Martin Friedland's study for the Commission of Inquiry, Controlling Misconduct in the Military: a Study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, supra, at p. 171, footnote 225;

JOHANSEN,  David, "Armed forces on active service : sections 31 and 32 of the National Defence Act",  [Ottawa] : Research Branch, Library of Parliament, 1990,  4 p., (series;  Mini-review; MR-71E);
JOHANSEN, David, "La mise en service actif des Forces armées : articles 31 et  32 de la Loi sur la défense nationale",  [Ottawa] : Service de recherche, Bibliothèque du Parlement, 1990,  5 p. (series;  Mini-bulletin ; MR-71F);

JOHNSON, Lt(N) Alexandra, "JAG CLE Workshop", (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 77-78;
JOHNSON, ltv Alexandra, "Atelier de travail de la FJP du JAG", (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 78-79;

JOHNSON, C.H. (Clarence Howard), LL.B. degree, lawyer and legal officer with the JAG (Army General List Officer), circa 1948-1952; got this information from the Canadian Army List of that period;

___________on JOHNSON, C.H. (Clarence Howard), Major, note that he was "designated to act as Courts for the purposes of the Canadian Citizenship Act", see Register of Official Appointments at p. 1257, available at https://www66.statcan.gc.ca/eng/1957-58/195712941257_p.%201257.pdf (accessed 17 March 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Laurel Johnson

JOHNSON, Laurel, notes on:

Laurel Johnson is employed with the Department of Justice Canada, and for the past five years has been Director and Senior Counsel,
Public and Labour Law, Office of the Legal Advisor for the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces. She previously
worked as Counsel and Special Assistant in that office, and worked at Treasury Board Secretariat Legal Services and at the Canada
Industrial Relations Board, both as Counsel. Prior to joining the federal government, she practiced labour and employment law in
private practice in Ottawa, Toronto and London, Ontario.

Laurel is an avid athlete and certified yoga instructor, with a particular fondness for cross country skiing, yoga, swimming and trail
and road biking and running. Her boys are 20 and 17, leading their own active lives, with opportunities for family connection at their
cottage in the Ottawa Valley. (available at: http://shepherdsofgoodhope.com/about-us/board-of-directors/  accessed 11 April 2017);

JOHNSTON, David, Son excellence le très honorable, Gouverneur général du Canada, "100e anniversaire de la nomination du premier juge-avocat général canadien", Ottawa, 6 octobre 2011; disponible à http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14260&lan=fra  (vérifié le 23 décembre 2016);

JOHNSTON, George A., "Canada's War and Emergency Legislation", (1942) 35(6) Law Library Journal 467-476;

Discusses the statutes, regulations, and orders passed as of May 1942. Includes
an appendix listing these documents, along with a short list of pertinent books
and journal articles
[Source: Joel Fishaman et al., "Bibliography of Legal History Articles Appearing
in Law Library Journal, Volumes 1–94 (1908–2002)", (2003-13) 95(2) Law Library
Journal 217-278 at p. 270; available at citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
, accessed 15 March 2018]


JOHNSTON, Anthony M. (Tony), Lieutenant-Colonel, legal officer in Lahr, 1993, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 152, available at  103-242;

___________received the US Meritorious Medal in 2000, see "Meritorious Mefal" in (July-August 2000) 3 JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités at pp. 9-10;

Image source: https://www.grad.ubc.ca/campus-community/meet-our-students/jones-craig, accessed 8 March 2018
Craig Jones

JONES, Craig A., "Lawfare and the juridification of late modern war", (2016) 40(2) Progress in Human Geography 221-239; available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/594513bf197aeadbcb2e057b/t/5a707bcfc83025e2657dbcea/1517321169285/Jones+-+Lawfare+.pdf (accessed 8 March 2018); for other publications by Mr. Jones, see https://www.thewarspace.com/downloads/;

Processes of juridification are a defining feature of late modern war. But geographic accounts of war have
generally not considered the role that law plays in shaping its conduct. This paper explores the juridification
of war using the concept of lawfare. Lawfare may signal an intensification and shift in the relationship between
war and law, but I argue that understanding the nature and extent of these changes requires a careful
examination of the historical geographies of war, law and lawfare. Drawing from critical legal approaches
I offer a preliminary geographical and historical theorization of lawfare so that we may better understand the
relationship between war and law today.

JONES, Douglas, 1846-, compiled by, Notes on military law for the use of the cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, Ottawa: Maclean, Roger, 1880, 80 p.; also available: CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches ; no. 13594, ISBN:  0665135947; copy available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_06713  and http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_13594 (accessed on 21 December 2011)

 "Table of Contents [partial]:
Chapter 1: Introductory...5;
Chapter 2: Martial Law... 6-9;
Chapter 3: Historical Summary of Military Law... 10-19;
Chapter 4: Courts Martial... 20-26;
Chapter 5: Preliminaries to Trial...27-43;
Chapter 6: Crimes and Punishments...44-53;
Chapter 7: Courts of Inquiry...54-55;
Chapter 8: Eviden...56-66; Appendix: Form of Proceedings of a General C.M. (including some of the more unusual incidents which may occur to vary the ordinary course of procedure, with instructions for guidance of the court)...67-75; Administration of Oaths...76-78"

____________Notes on military law for the use of the cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, London: Chapman & Hall,  1881, vii, 169 p.; available at books.google.ca/books?id=JrsDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP7&dq=Canada+%22military+law%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqq6mqkd_YAhUDXKwKHRRsAF04RhDoAQhAMAU#v=onepage&q=Canada%20%22military%20law%22&f=false (accessed 17 January 2018);

___________Textbook of Military Law For the Use of the Gentlemen Cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, [2nd ed.,], Kingston (Ontario]: Daily News Stream Print House, 1882, 266 p.; also published by CIHM/ICMH Microfiche Series number 10644, ISBN: 06665106440; available at  (accessed on 27 December 2014); available at  https://archive.org/details/cihm_10644  (accessed on 27 December 2014); also available at https://archive.org/stream/cihm_10644#page/n5/mode/2up (accessed 26 December 2015);

Chapter I. Civil Law, Military Law, and Martial Law, contrasted... 1;
Chapter II. Historical Summary of Military Law...5;
Chapter III. The 'Army Act 1881'...16;
Chapter IV. Discipline...27;
Chapter V. Courts Martial...50;
Chapter VI.  Proceedings before trial...65;
Chapter VII. Duties, Responsibilities etc. of Persons Officiating at Courts Martial...82;
Chapter VIII.  Procedure at Trial...104;
Chapter IX. Field General, and Summary Courts Martial...141;
Chapter X. Crimes and Punishments...149;
Chapter XI. Fotrfeitures, Stoppages, and Fines...178;
Chapter XII. Various Regulations, Penalties etc....183;
Chapter XIII. Courts of Inquiry, Committees and Boards...188;
Chapter XIV. Martial Law...194;
Chapter XV. Evidence...206;
Chapter XVI. Military Law as it Concerns the Militia in Canada...246;
Index 252"


___________on JONES, Douglas, see MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), 1968-,  Another Kind of Justice : Canadian Military Law from Confederation to Somalia, Vancouver : UBC Press, c1999, x, 236 p., at pages 19-20, ISBN: 0774807180 at pages ; available at https://www.ubcpress.ca/asset/12440/1/9780774807180.pdf (accessed 19 April 2019);

JONES, Victor, Lieutenant-Colonel, defending officer in the court martial referred in the following article: "Refuse to Free Accused Officer under Amnesty", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/10/10, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5025601 (accessed on 24 September 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: ingeniumcanada.org/channel/articles/helping-win-battle-britain-canraf-bomber-command, accessed 7 February 2018
Mathias Joost
JOOST, Major Mathias, "Regulation? What regulation?  February is Black History month", Royal Canadian Air Force, News article, 2 February 2018, available at http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/news-template-standard.page?doc=regulation-what-regulation/jd1uw5k0 (accessed 7 February 2018); aussi disponible ne français: "Le règlement? Quel règlement? Février est le Mois de l’histoire des Noirs", disponible à http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles-modele-standard.page?doc=le-reglement-quel-reglement/jd1uw5k0;

Image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/rejoseph, accessed 25 May 2018
Rebecca Joseph
JOSEPH, Rebecca, "Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan defends $2M nearly empty military prison", Global News, 23 May 2018; available at https://globalnews.ca/news/4227613/defence-minister-harjit-sajjan-empty-prison/     (accessed 25 May 2018); 

Vihar Joshi, source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/judge-advocate-general-command.page --accessed 21 March 2014

JOSHI, Lcol Vihar, "Implementation of the JAG's Intent -- Guiding Principles for the Office of the Judge Advocate General (16 May 06) /  Mise en application de l'intention du JAG -- Principes pour le cabinet du Juge-avocat général (16 mai 2006)", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités Newsletter 50-53;

message "Fw: Retirement --  Colonel Vihar Joshi", 22 August 2018, from Bill & Ben (JAG Alumni):

After 28 years of outstanding service to Canada, the CAF and the Office of the Judge Advocate General (JAG), Colonel
Joshi will retire on 15 October 2018.

Colonel Joshi joined the Canadian Forces in 1990 and was promoted to his current rank in September 2009. Early in his career, he served
in Halifax as the Deputy Judge Advocate (Halifax) and at National Defence Headquarters as legal advisor in respect of a number of areas
including human resources, compensation and benefits, pensions, finance and legislative drafting. In the rank of LCol, he served as the
Director of Legislative and Regulatory Services, Director of Law/Human Resources, Director of Pensions and Finance Legal Services, the
Director of Law/Compensation and Benefits, and the Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate General/Operations. He was also the Special
Assistant to the Judge Advocate General. Upon promotion to Col, he assumed the position of the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Military
Justice and Administrative Law. His last posting was as the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Administrative Law, a position he held for 9 years.

Col Joshi has deployed in support of a number of CF operations. In 1996, Maj Joshi deployed to Haiti as the legal advisor to the Commander,
Canadian Contingent, UNSMIH. In 2002, LCol Joshi deployed to SFOR HQ in Bosnia where he served as the Deputy LEGAD to the
Commander SFOR. In 2007, LCol Joshi deployed to Kabul, Afghanistan for a one-year period with the Strategic Advisory Team-Afghanistan
(Op Argus). In that capacity he was an advisor to Afghanistan's Minister of Justice and mentor to the senior staff of the Ministry of Justice. For
his work in Afghanistan, he was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. In 2013, he was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Military Merit.
In 2014, he was appointed as Queen’s Counsel.

Col Joshi holds a Bachelor of Administration from the University of Ottawa, a LL.B. from Osgoode Hall Law School, and a LL.M. in legislative
drafting from the University of Ottawa. He has completed advanced training in strategic human resource management at Rotmans (University
of Toronto) and holds the designation of Certified In-House Counsel – Canada.

Col Joshi’s contributions to the CAF and the well-being of its members go far beyond his leadership and provision of legal services with the
Office of the JAG. A long time participant in and supporter of CAF sports, he served most recently as champion of the squash program and
as deputy head of delegation at the world CISM games in South Korea in 2015. He also served for six years as the NCR champion for visible

Upon retirement from the CAF, he will assume the function of Director General of Operations and General Counsel to the Military Grievances
External Review Committee. He and his wife Sue, will remain in the Ottawa area while their daughter Danielle will continue her studies in

An informal gathering will take place on 29 August 2018 from 1300 to 1600 at the Ottawa Army Officer’s Mess, 149 Somerset Street West. At
that time, friends and colleagues will have an opportunity to say farewell to an extraordinary member of the CAF.

The official celebration will take place during the Office of the JAG’s Mess Dinner on 14 February 2019 at the Fairmont Chateau Laurier,
1 Rideau Street, Ottawa.

Please send pictures or anecdotes to
Capt Sigouin (marc.sigouin@forces.gc.ca); and
Michelle Fauteaux: (michelle.fauteux@forces.gc.ca).


Après 28 exceptionnelles années au service du Canada, des FAC et du bureau du juge avocat général (JAG), le colonel Joshi prendra sa
retraite le 15 octobre 2018.

Le colonel Joshi est entré au service des Forces canadiennes en 1990 et il a obtenu le grade actuel en septembre 2009. Au début de sa
carrière, le col Joshi a servi comme juge avocat général adjoint (Halifax) et avocat militaire au Quartier général de la Défense nationale
dans de nombreux domaines de droit, dont les ressources humaines, la rémunération et les avantages sociaux, les pensions, les finances
et la rédaction législative. À l’époque où il était lieutenant-colonel, il a été directeur – Services législatifs et réglementaires, directeur
juridique – Ressources humaines, directeur – Services juridiques des pensions et des finances, directeur juridique – Rémunération et
avantages sociaux et assistant du juge avocat général adjoint/Opérations. Il a également été l’adjoint spécial du juge avocat général.
Suite à sa promotion au grade de colonel, le col Joshi a rempli les fonctions de juge avocat général adjoint – Justice militaire et droit
administratif. Il est actuellement juge avocat général adjoint – Droit administratif, une position qu’il a occupé pour 9 ans.

Le col Joshi a été affecté à de multiples opérations des Forces canadiennes. En 1996, major Joshi a été stationné en Haïti à titre de conseiller
juridique du commandant du contingent canadien, MANUH. En 2002, le lieutenant-colonel Joshi a été déployé au quartier général (QG) de
la Force de stabilisation (SFOR) en Bosnie, en qualité de conseiller juridique du commandant de la SFOR. En 2007, le lieutenant-colonel
Joshi a été déployé à Kaboul, en Afghanistan où il a travaillé pendant un an avec l’équipe consultative stratégique – Afghanistan. À ce titre,
il conseillait le ministre de la Justice de l’Afghanistan et offrait du mentorat aux cadres supérieurs du Ministère. Le col Joshi a reçu la Médaille
du service méritoire pour le travail accompli en Afghanistan. En 2013, il a été nommé officier de l'Ordre du Mérite militaire. En 2014, on lui a
conféré le titre de conseil de la Reine.

Le col Joshi est titulaire d’un baccalauréat en administration de l’Université d’Ottawa, d’un baccalauréat en droit de l’école de droit Osgoode
Hall et d’une maîtrise en rédaction législative de l’Université d’Ottawa. Il a terminé une formation avancée en gestion stratégique des ressources
humaines à l’École de gestion Rotman (Université de Toronto) et il détient le titre de juriste d’entreprise agréé – Canada.

La contribution du colonel Joshi aux FAC et au bien-être de ses membres va bien plus loin que son leadership et la provision de conseils
juridiques pour le compte du bureau du JAG. Il est depuis longtemps impliqué dans le programme sportif des FAC comme supporteur. Récemment,
il a servi comme défendeur du programme de squash et comme directeur adjoint de délégation aux jeux mondiaux du CISM en Corée du Sud en
2015. De plus, pendant 6 ans il a occupé la fonction de défendeur des minorités visibles de la RCN.

Suite à sa libération des FAC, il occupera les fonctions de directeur général opérations et de directeur juridique pour le Comité externe d’examen
des griefs militaires. Lui et sa femme Sue demeureront dans la région d’Ottawa et leur fille Danielle continuera ses études à Hamilton.

Une cérémonie informelle aura lieu le 29 août 2018 de 1300 à 1600 au mess des officiers de l’armée d’Ottawa, 149 rue Somerset Ouest. À cette
occasion, amis et collègues auront l’opportunité de souligner la fin du service militaire d’un officier extraordinaire.

La cérémonie officielle aura lieu lors du dîner régimentaire du bureau du JAG le 14 février 2019 au Fairmont Château Laurier, 1 rue Rideau,

SVP faire parvenir photos et anecdotes à :
Capt Sigouin (marc.sigouin@forces.gc.ca); et
Michelle Fauteaux: (michelle.fauteux@forces.gc.ca).

Notes, materials, slides and resources that were used, prepared or relied upon by Col Vihar Joshi for his appearance at the CBA Conference titled "Canada's Military Citizens: The Intersection of Military and Civilian Laws", held 1 Dec 11 at CFB Stadacona, all disclosed, 14 pages, completed Access to Information Requests, April 2012, request number A-2011-01624; see http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/transparency-access-info-privacy/2012-completed-requests.page, accessed 17 February 2015;

Image source: https://www.google.com (accessed 10 May 2018)
___________Notes on Colonel Joshi (source: email from JAG, 12 December 2014):

Yesterday, the Government of Canada recognized seven lawyers in the federal public service as Queen's Counsel (Q.C.).
Formally styled "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law," the federal Q.C. honours lawyers who demonstrate exemplary
service to the Canadian justice system.

The individuals receiving this honour are members of the federal public service who have demonstrated leadership in their
professional lives, raised esteem for the legal profession, and made outstanding contributions to the development of the law.

Colonel Vihar Joshi, Deputy Judge Advocate General, Administrative Law, Canadian Armed Forces

Colonel Joshi is Canada's leading authority on military administrative law. Throughout his career, he has been involved in
such key files as the drafting of the Anti-Terrorism Act (2001) and the Canadian Armed Forces' first pension plan for Reserve
Force personnel. He has also made important contributions as a legal adviser on operational matters, including in Haiti, Bosnia
and Afghanistan, for which he received honour and recognition (Meritorious Service Medal in 2010, Officer of the Order of
Military Merit in 2014).

Le gouvernement du Canada reconnaît hier sept avocats de la fonction publique en leur conférant le titre de conseiller de la
reine (c.r.). Auparavant appelé « conseiller de Sa Majesté en loi », le titre fédéral de c.r. rend hommage à des avocats qui
offrent des services exemplaires au système de justice canadien.

Le titre de conseiller de la reine est conféré à des avocats du secteur public fédéral qui font preuve de leadership dans leur
vie professionnelle, rehaussent l'estime dont jouit la profession juridique et contribuent de manière exceptionnelle à l'évolution
du droit.

Colonel Vihar Joshi, juge-avocat général adjoint, Droit administratif, Forces armées canadiennes

Le colonel Joshi est une sommité canadienne en droit administratif militaire. Au cours de sa carrière, il s'est occupé de dossiers
importants comme la rédaction de la
Loi antiterroriste (2001) et l'élaboration du premier régime de pension des Forces armées canadiennes
pour le personnel de la Force de réserve. À titre de conseiller juridique, il a également apporté une importante contribution à des questions
opérationnelles, notamment à Haïti, en Bosnie et en Afghanistan, contribution pour laquelle il s'est mérité la Médaille de service méritoire en 2010
et a été nommé officier de l'Ordre du mérite militaire en 2014.

___________on JOSHI, Lieutenant-Colonel Vihar, see
McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 178, available at  103-242;

___________Should regulations made under Section 12 of the National Defence Act continue to be exempt from the procedural requirements relating to the making of subordinate legislation in Canada, Master's essay for LL.M. degree / mémoire de maîtrise en droit pour le grade LL.M., University of Ottawa, 2007; apparently the paper deals with national security and counter-terrorism; on lit que ce mémoire de maitrise n'est pas disponible pour consultation, voir "Liste des mémoires de maïtrise et thèses de doctorat acceptés en 1999", (Automne 1999) 59 Revue du Barreau 757 à la p. 758; note: DCL Paper, University of Ottawa Faculty of Law 1998;

Vihar Joshi,

__________testimony before the House of Commons Special Committee on Electoral Reform, 25 October 2016 (42nd Parliament, 1st session), available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Committees/en/ERRE/Meetings (accessed 27 October 2016);

__________testimony before the House of Commons Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs (PROC), Tuesday, 5 June 2018, on Bill C-76, An Act to amend the Canada Elections Act and other Acts and to make certain consequential amendments (42nd Parliament, 1st Session); see http://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/PROC/meeting-111/evidence (accessed 15 June 2018);

JOURNAL DU BARREAU DU QUÉBEC, "Recensions juridiques --Les avocats militaires: Colonel (retraité) R. Arthur McDonald, Les avocats militaires du Canada, Défense nationale, Cabinet du juge-avocat général, Ottawa, Ministère des travaux publics et services gouvernementaux du Canada, 2002, 263 pages", Journal du Barreau du Québec, volume 35, numéro 13, 1er août 2003; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol35/no13/recensions.html (vérifié 20 octobre 2015);

"The Judge Advocate General to teach at the US Naval War College from 2010" (May/Mail 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#top and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#article4  (accessed on 28 April 2012);
"Le juge-avocat général enseignera au Naval War College des É.-U. en 2010" (May/Mai 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx#article12 (site visité le 28 avril  2012);

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, "Legal Officer Intermediate Training: Military Operations Law - April 29 [2013]" course schedule, Kingston; available at http://nsbs.org/event/2013/05/legal-officer-intermediate-training-military-operations-law-april-29  and at http://nsbs.org/inforum/2013-04-15/full(accessed 5 September 2016);

Lesson/Leçon                                                                                        Instructor(s)/Instrucreur(s)

Assistance to Law Enforcement Agencies /                                          Mr Fensom
Assistance aux agences de maintien de l’ordre

Case Study: OP PODIUM /Étude de cas : Opération                            Mr Fensom

Use of Force in Domestic Operations / Emploi                                     Mr Fensom
de la force au cours d’opérations domestiques

Military Police Jurisdiction / La compétence                                        Maj Pawlowski
de la police militaire

Administrative Law on Deployment / Le droit administratif                Maj Pawlowski
dans le cadre d’un déploiement

Military Justice Issues/ Questions liées à la justice militaire                Maj Pawlowski

CF Armed Assistance Directive (CFAAD) and                                    Maj Clute
Introduction to NCTP / IAAFC et présentation du PNCT

Introduction to ROE Handbook and assignment read-in /                    Maj Clute
 Introduction au RE et lecture de l’exercice

CF Routine Activities ROE / Règles d’engagement                             Maj Drew
pour les opérations de routine

Maritime Operations Law / Droit relatif aux opérations                       Maj Drew

ROE and the Use of Force in International Operations /                       Maj Drew
RE et l’emploi de la force au cours d’opérations

Naval Operations Assignment /                                                             Maj Drew
Travail sur le droit maritime

Use of Force/ ROE assignment /Travail: Emploi de la force                Maj Drew
et RE

Evidentiary Issues and Post-Operations Procedures /                           LCdr Levesque
Questions relatives à la preuve et procédure post-­opérations

Environmental Legal Considerations - Air, Space and Cyberspace      LCdr Levesque
Operations / Considérations d’ordre juridique propre à
l’environnement - Opérations aériennes, spatiales et cyber spatiales

The Protection of Information / La protection de l’information           LCdr Barnet

Environmental Legal Considerations - Land Operations /                    LCdr Barnet
Considérations d’ordre juridique propres à l’environnement
- Opérations terrestres

EX SECURUS PATRIA briefing / Briefing : EX SECURUS              LCol Waters

EX SECURUS PATRIA read-in /Lecture: EX SECURUS                   LCol Waters

Strategic Legal Considerations for International Operations /              LCol Waters
Considérations stratégiques d’ordre juridique liées aux
opérations internationales

Exercise Able Advocate: Briefing and Orders / Briefing et les            LCol Waters
orders pour l’exercice Able Advocate

Legal Aspects of Detainee Treatment/ Aspects juridiques                    LCol Waters
liés au traitement des détenus

Intelligence and Information Collection in Operations /                       Maj Maynard
Collecte d’information et recherche du renseignement dans
le cadre d’opérations

Use and Sharing of Intelligence and Information in Domestic             Maj Maynard
Operations / Utilisation et partage de l’information et du
renseignement dans le cadre d’opérations domestiques

Task Specific Legal Considerations: NEO, PSO, HA and                    Maj Maynard
Disaster Relief Operations/Considérations d’ordre juridique
liées à la tâche : opérations d’évacuation de non-combattants,
opérations de soutien de la paix, opérations d’aide humanitaire/
de secours aux sinistrés

CF Operational Planning Process / Processus de planification             Maj DeCaluwe
opérationnelle des FC

Targeting in CF International Operations / Ciblage- Le droit               Maj DeCaluwe (L)
 relatif à la sélection et à l’engagement de cibles                                   LCdr Levesque (A)

Defence of Canada - International and Continental Alliances /            Maj Isenor
La défense du Canada - Alliances internationales et continentales

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, JAG [Membership] Coins; here is the LIST of the 306 JAG Officers who have received a JAG coin; list obtained Access to Information Act letter, file A-2016-01294, dated 7 December 2016];


Military Legal Officer (reserve or full time)

JAG, Canada

Job description
Legal Officers deliver legal services in the fields of operational law, international law, training, military personnel law, and military justice.

The primary responsibilities of a Legal Officer include:
Providing advice on international and domestic law to the commander of a deployed force
Providing general legal advice and services to the commanding officer of a Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Base
Providing advice on operational legal issues at National Defence Headquarters
Representing clients at Court Martial and appearing before the Court Martial Appeal Court
Representing the interests of the CAF and the Department of National Defence (DND) as:
A member of a Canadian delegation negotiating international treaties
A member of the military liaison staff at an allied headquarters
Delivering training on military law and military justice

Current position:00:00:00 Total time:00:03:44
Working environment
Legal Officers are members of the Legal Branch of the CAF. This branch is commanded by the Judge Advocate General (JAG) that acts as legal adviser to the Governor General, the Minister of National Defence, the DND and the CAF in matters relating to military law and administers military justice in the CAF.
The Office of the JAG provides the military justice system with military judges, prosecution and defence counsel. A Legal Officer may also work at the Office of the DND/CAF Legal Adviser, working in such areas as legislative drafting, pensions, claims and administrative law. A Legal Officer could also be appointed to the military bench, to serve in the independent Office of the Chief Military Judge.
Pay and career development
The starting salary for a fully trained Legal Officer is $77,000 per year; however, depending on previous experience and training the starting salary may be higher. Regular promotions through the junior officer ranks take place based on the completion of required training and on the length of service as an officer.
During the first appointment, a Legal Officer will be expected to complete Legal Officer Basic Training and Legal Officer Intermediate Training. Legal Officers who demonstrate the required ability, dedication and potential are selected for opportunities for career progression, promotion and advanced training.
Related civilian occupations
Back to top

Basic military officer qualification
After enrolment, you start basic officer training at the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, for 15 weeks. Topics covered include general military knowledge, the principles of leadership, regulations and customs of the CAF, basic weapons handling, and first aid. Opportunities will also be provided to apply such newly acquired military skills in training exercises involving force protection, field training, navigation and leadership. A rigorous physical fitness program is also a vital part of basic training. Basic officer training is provided in English or French and successful completion is a prerequisite for further training.
Following basic officer training, official second language training may be offered to you. Training could take from two to nine months to complete depending on your ability in your second language.
Professional training
During the first posting, Legal Officers are expected to complete all Legal Officer basic occupational training which will allow you to work in the varied areas of employment within the Office of the JAG.
Specialty training
Legal Officers may be offered the opportunity to develop specialized skills through formal courses and on-the-job training, including graduate degrees.
Back to top

Entry plans
Now hiring: we are now accepting applications for this job through direct entry.

Direct entry
All Legal Officers must be admitted to the Bar of a Canadian province or territory, and be a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial law society.
If you have graduated within the last two years, you must have practice experience within the last two years. This experience may include clinic work or articling experience under the supervision of a licensed lawyer in Canadian Criminal Law, International Law, Administrative Law, Labour and Employment Law or Human Rights Law.
If it has been more than two years since you graduated from Law School, you must have practised law on a full-time basis in Canada since graduation. If you have not worked as a lawyer since law school and you graduated more than two years ago, you may have your legal experience evaluated by the Office of the JAG to determine suitability. This will be done after you have applied to the CAF.
Basic training and military officer qualification training are required before being assigned.
Back to top

Part-time option
This occupation is available part-time within the following environments: Navy, Army, Air Force
Serve with the Reserve Force
This position is available for part-time employment with the Primary Reserve at certain locations across Canada. Reserve Force members usually serve part time with a military unit in their community, and may serve while going to school or working at a civilian job. They are paid during their training. They are not posted or required to do a military move. However, they can volunteer to move to another base. They may also volunteer for deployment on a military mission within or outside Canada.
Part-time employment
Legal Officers may serve with the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army or the Royal Canadian Air Force as members of the Legal branch of the CAF. They are employed to deliver legal services in the fields of operational law, international law, military personnel law, military administrative law and military justice. Those employed on a part-time or casual full-time basis usually serve at military bases, wings, home ports and units at locations within Canada.
Reserve Force training
Reserve Force members are trained to the same level as their Regular Force counterparts. They usually begin training with the Office of the JAG to ensure that they meet the required basic professional military standards. Following basic officer training, the home unit will arrange for specialized skills training. Applicants with a university degree in law (LL.L, LL.B. or J.D.) may be placed directly into the required on-the-job training program following basic training.
Working environment
Reserve Force members usually serve part-time with their home unit for scheduled evenings and weekends, although they may also serve in full-time positions at some units for fixed terms, depending on the type of work that they do. They are paid 85 percent of Regular Force rates of pay, receive a reasonable benefits package and may qualify to contribute to a pension plan.


Avocat(e) militaire (réserviste ou temps plein)

JAG, Canada

Les avocats militaires fournissent des services juridiques en matière de droit opérationnel, de droit international, de formation, de droit du personnel militaire et de justice militaire.

Ils ont comme principale fonction d’exercer le droit en milieu militaire, notamment :

Prestation de conseils en matière de droit international et de droit interne au commandant d’une force en déploiement

Prestation de conseils et de services juridiques généraux au commandant d’une base des Forces armées canadiennes (FAC)

Prestation de conseils sur des questions juridiques d’ordre opérationnel au quartier général de la Défense nationale

Représentation de clients devant une cour martiale et devant la cour d’appel de la cour martiale

Représentation des intérêts des FAC et du ministère de la Défense nationale (MDN), à titre de membre d’une délégation canadienne négociant des traités internationaux ou de membre du personnel de liaison militaire dans un quartier général allié

Environnement de travail

Les avocats militaires sont des officiers de la Branche des services juridiques des FAC, qui est commandée par le Juge-avocat général (JAG). Celui-ci agit comme conseiller juridique du gouverneur général, du ministre de la Défense nationale, du MDN et des FAC pour les questions de droit militaire et surveille l’administration de la justice militaire dans les FAC.

Le Bureau du JAG offre à l’appareil de justice militaire le personnel qualifié dont il a besoin, notamment des juges militaires, des avocats de la poursuite et des procureurs de la défense. Les avocats militaires peuvent aussi être affectés au Cabinet de la Conseillère juridique auprès du MDN et des FAC, où ils travaillent dans des domaines comme la rédaction de lois, les pensions, les réclamations et le droit administratif. Plus tard au cours de leur carrière, les avocats militaires pourraient être nommés à la magistrature militaire et servir au sein du Cabinet du Juge militaire en chef, qui est indépendant.

Solde et perfectionnement professionnel

Le salaire de départ pour un avocat entièrement formé est de 77 000 $ par année. Cependant, en fonction de l’expérience et de la formation antérieures, le salaire de départ pourrait être plus élevé. Pendant les différents échelons des officiers subalternes, des promotions régulières ont lieu fondées sur l’achèvement de la formation requise et la durée du service en tant qu’officier.

Durant leur première affectation, les avocats militaires doivent suivre la Formation élémentaire des avocats et la Formation intermédiaire des avocats. Les avocats qui manifesteront le dévouement, les aptitudes et les prédispositions nécessaires auront accès à des possibilités d’avancement, de promotion et de perfectionnement.

Emplois civils équivalents




Qualification militaire de base des officiers (QMBO)

Après votre enrôlement, vous commencerez la qualification militaire de base des officiers de 15 semaines à l’École de leadership et de recrues des Forces canadiennes de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, au Québec. Les sujets abordés comprennent les connaissances militaires générales, les principes du leadership, les règlements et coutumes des FAC, le maniement des armes de base et les premiers soins. Vous aurez la possibilité de mettre en application les compétences militaires nouvellement acquises dans le cadre d’exercices d’entraînement portant sur la protection de la force, l’instruction appliquée, la navigation et le leadership. Vous participerez également à un programme rigoureux de sports et de conditionnement physique. Le cours de QMBO est offert en anglais ou en français et sa réussite constitue un préalable à la poursuite de l’instruction.

À la suite de la formation de base des officiers, une formation en seconde langue officielle peut vous être offerte. La formation peut durer de deux à neuf mois selon vos compétences en langue seconde.

Instruction professionnelle

Pendant votre première affectation, vous devrez terminer toute l’instruction professionnelle de base qui vous permettra de travailler dans les différents domaines liés au groupe du JAG.

Instruction spécialisée

Vous pourriez avoir la possibilité d’acquérir des compétences spécialisées par l’intermédiaire de cours magistraux ou d’une formation en cours d’emploi.

Programmes d’enrôlement

Nous embauchons : nous acceptons actuellement les candidatures pour ce poste par le biais de l’enrôlement direct.

Enrôlement direct

Tous les avocats militaires doivent être admis au barreau d’une province ou d’un territoire canadien, et être membre en règle d’une association professionnelle des avocats d’une province ou d’un territoire.

Si vous avez obtenu votre diplôme au cours des deux dernières années, vous devez posséder de l’expérience pratique au cours de ces deux dernières années. Cette expérience peut comprendre du travail dans une clinique d’aide juridique ou une période de stage sous la supervision d’un avocat agréé en droit pénal canadien, en droit international, en droit administratif, en droit du travail et de l’emploi ou en droit de la personne.

Si vous avez obtenu votre diplôme de la faculté de droit depuis plus de deux ans, vous devez avoir pratiqué le droit à temps plein au Canada depuis l’obtention de votre grade. Si vous n’avez pas travaillé comme avocat depuis la faculté de droit et que vous avez obtenu votre diplôme depuis plus de deux ans, votre expérience juridique pourrait être évaluée par le Cabinet du JAG afin de déterminer votre admissibilité. Cette démarche sera faite après que vous aurez fait votre demande d’enrôlement dans les FAC.

L’instruction de base et la qualification militaire de base des officiers doivent être réussies avant que le candidat soit affecté.

Option temps partiel

Ce métier est disponible à temps partiel au sein des environnements suivants : Marine, Armée, Force aérienne

Servir dans la Force de réserve

Cette possibilité d’emploi à temps partiel est offerte auprès de la Première réserve, à certains endroits au Canada. En règle générale, les membres de la Force de réserve servent à temps partiel au sein d’une unité militaire dans leur communauté et peuvent effectuer leur service pendant qu’ils sont aux études ou qu’ils occupent un emploi civil. Ils sont payés durant leur instruction. Ils ne sont pas assujettis aux affectations ni aux déménagements militaires. Toutefois, ils peuvent se porter volontaires pour déménager à une autre base ou pour être déployés au Canada ou à l’étranger dans le cadre de missions militaires.

Emploi à temps partiel

Les avocats peuvent servir auprès de la Marine royale canadienne, de l’Armée canadienne ou de l’Aviation royale canadienne, au sein des services juridiques des FAC. Leur responsabilité consiste à fournir des services juridiques dans les domaines du droit opérationnel, du droit international, du droit concernant le personnel militaire, droit administratif militaire et de la justice militaire. Lorsqu’ils sont employés à temps partiel ou à titre d’occasionnels à temps plein, ils effectuent habituellement leur service dans des bases, des escadres, des ports d’attache ou des unités militaires à différents endroits au Canada.

Instruction de la Force de réserve

Les membres de la Force de réserve reçoivent le même niveau d’instruction que leurs homologues de la Force régulière. Ils commencent généralement leur instruction avec le bureau du JAG, pour s’assurer qu’ils répondent aux normes militaires professionnelles de base. Après l’instruction de base destinée aux officiers, l’unité d’attache s’occupera de prévoir l’instruction permettant l’acquisition des compétences spécialisées. Les candidats qui détiennent un diplôme universitaire en droit (LL.L, LL.B. ou J.D.) pourront passer directement au programme de formation en cours d’emploi à la suite de l’instruction de base.

Environnement de travail

En règle générale, les membres de la Force de réserve effectuent leur service à temps partiel au sein de leur unité d’attache, le soir et la fin de semaine, suivant un horaire établi. Toutefois, ils peuvent également effectuer leur service en occupant des postes à temps plein au sein de certaines unités pour des périodes déterminées, selon la nature des tâches à exécuter. Ils reçoivent 85 pour cent du taux de rémunération de la Force régulière, ont droit à des avantages sociaux raisonnables et peuvent être admissibles à contribuer à un régime de pension.

John McKiggan, the lawyer                                             Jack Julian, the CBC journalist (source:cbc.ca/beta/news/canada/nova-scotia/cbc-nova-scotia-personalities-1.3521580, accessed 1 April 2017))

JULIAN, JACK, "Military, DND face class-action lawsuit over alleged treatment of gays, lesbians.   'There was a constant aura of intimidation and fear within the forces for anyone who was gay or lesbian' ", CBC NEWS /Nova Scotia, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/halifax-military-lawsuit-sexual-orientation-descrimination-1.3886254 (accessed 1 April 2016);

A Halifax lawyer [John McKiggan] has launched a class-action lawsuit on behalf of homosexual members of the
Canadian Forces and employees of the Department of National Defence who say they were
targeted by the military because of their sexual orientation while serving in Atlantic Canada.

McKiggan believes this lawsuit could serve as a template for a larger national settlement.

He notes that class-action lawsuits have already been filed in other provinces for discrimination
faced by homosexual military members, federal civil servants and the RCMP.

"The nature of the discrimination and the practices are very clearly identified within the military, so
I think using the military claims as a stepping stone to a resolution of the broader claims is a manageable
way to address it with the courts," he said.

JULIANI,  T J. (Tony Joseph), 1950-, and C.K. (Charles Kenneth) Talbot, Military Justice: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Ottawa : CRIMCARE, c1981,  xii, 71 leaves (series; A CRIMCARE  publication), ISBN:  0919395007; mostly non-Canadian references; at pp. vii and ix-xi, the authors point out the difficulty of making research on Canadian military law; copy of this book at the Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa; copy at University of Ottawa, Library Annex,  KE 7160 .A1 J845 1981;

Joshua M. Juneau, photo source: http://mdlo.ca/our-team/joshua-juneau/, accessed on 7 April 2014

JUNEAU, Joshua, "Like throwing darts at a dartboard : the promotion system at the Department of National Defence, and the interplay between the Canadian Forces Grievance Board and the Chief of the Defence Staff",  (May/Mai 2012) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/2012/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=48115  (accessed on 6 May 2012);
JUNEAU, Joshua M., "Comme des fléchettes lancées  sur une cible : Le système de promotion du ministère de la Défense et l'interaction entre le Comité des griefs des FC et le chef de l'état-major de la Défense",  (May/Mai 2012) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2012/2012-05_military.aspx#article1 (site visité le 6 mai 2012);

___________"Outgoing JAG firing blanks at critics", The Hill's Times, Monday 15 May 2017;

___________photo (image fixe à partir du video) de Me JUNEAU, Joshua témoignant devant le Comité sénatorial de la sécurité nationale et de la défense sur le Projet de Loi C-77, Loi modifiant la Loi sur la défense nationale et apportant des modifications connexes et corrélatives à d'autres lois, 15 mai 2019, disponible à http://senparlvu.parl.gc.ca/XRender/en/PowerBrowser/PowerBrowserV2/20190515/-1/8916?useragent=Mozilla/5.0%20(Windows%20NT%206.1;%20Win64;%20x64;%20rv:67.0)%20Gecko/20100101%20Firefox/67.0#  (vérifié le 29 mai 2019);

Delphine Jung, source:                        Marc-André Ferron

JUNG, Delphine, "Un avocat [Marc-André Ferron] au service des militaires", http://www.droit-inc.com/DROIT-INC, nouvelles, 7 septembre 2017 disponible à http://www.droit-inc.com/article21085-Un-avocat-au-service-des-militaires (site consulté le 9 septembre 2017);

                                        Le jeune homme [Marc-André Ferron] originaire de Repentigny se lance alors en droit, à l’Université de Sherbrooke. Barreau 2011, il fait ensuite une maîtrise
                                        en droit international.   C’est là que ses professeurs lui parlent du juge-avocat général, le JAG, dans les Forces armées canadiennes.

                                        Après avoir travaillé au DPCP et au Tribunal spécial pour le Liban à La Haye, le Capitaine Ferron pose sa candidature pour entrer dans les Forces armées en 2014.
                                        Ce n’est qu’en janvier 2016 qu’il est enrôlé.

Image source: amazon.ca/Tribe-Homecoming-Belonging-Sebastian-Junger/dp/1455566381, accessed 16 October 2018

JUNGER, Sebastian, Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging, Toronto: Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., 2016, 192 p., ISBN: 9781443449588, ISBN 10: 144344958X;

About the Book

Sebastian Junger, the bestselling author of War and The Perfect Storm, takes a critical look at post-traumatic
stress disorder and the many challenges today’s returning veterans face in modern society.

There are ancient tribal human behaviors-loyalty, inter-reliance, cooperation-that flare up in communities
during times of turmoil and suffering. These are the very same behaviors that typify good soldiering and
foster a sense of belonging among troops, whether they’re fighting on the front lines or engaged in non-combat
activities away from the action. Drawing from history, psychology, and anthropology, bestselling author Sebastian
Junger shows us just how at odds the structure of modern society is with our tribal instincts, arguing that the
difficulties many veterans face upon returning home from war do not stem entirely from the trauma they’ve suffered,
but also from the individualist societies they must reintegrate into.

A 2011 study by the Canadian Forces and Statistics Canada reveals that 78 percent of military suicides from 1972
to the end of 2006 involved veterans. Though these numbers present an implicit call to action, the government is
only just taking steps now to address the problems veterans face when they return home. But can the government
ever truly eliminate the challenges faced by returning veterans? Or is the problem deeper, woven into the very fabric
of our modern existence? Perhaps our circumstances are not so bleak, and simply understanding that beneath our
modern guises we all belong to one tribe or another would help us face not just the problems of our nation but of
our individual lives as well.

Well-researched and compellingly written, this timely look at how veterans react to coming home will reconceive
our approach to veteran’s affairs and help us to repair our current social dynamic.
[source: https://www.harpercollins.ca/9781443449588/tribe/, accessed 16 October 2018]

JURKOWSKI, Marlo, "Military hosts Manitoba lawyers" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2008/news.aspx (accessed on 26 April 2012);
JURKOWSKI, Marlo, "Des militaires accueillent des juristes du Manitoba" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2008/nouvelles.aspx#article4 (site visité le 26 avril  2012);

KAIROS CANADIAN ECUMENICAL JUSTICE INITIATIVES, Canada, Afghanistan and Human Rights, Toronto: Kairos Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, 2007, 17 p.; notes: discussion paper; available at  http://schools.alcdsb.on.ca/social_justice/Human%20Rights%20Documents/Afghanistan%20Dec%2007.pdf (accessed on 2 November 2014);

KALWAHALI, Kakule, The Crimes Committed by UN Peacekeepers in Africa: A reflection on jurisdictional and accountability Issues, Doctor of Laws thesis, University of South Africa, 2013, xvii, 404 leaves, promoter: Professor Charnelle Van Der Bijl; available at http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/9950/thesis_kalwahali_k.pdf?sequence=1 (accessed on 10 August 2013); deals with Somalia and the Canadian Forces;


This thesis investigates both substantive and procedural issues pertaining to allegations of crimes committed by UN
peacekeepers in three African countries, Somalia, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Under the current
UN Model Status-of-Forces Agreements, criminal jurisdiction over peacekeepers rests with their sending States.
However, although the UN has no criminal jurisdiction, it has been the Office of Internal Oversight Services that has
conducted investigations. It is argued that every Status of Force Agreement and every Memorandum of Understanding
should contain specific clauses obligating Troop-Contributing Countries to prosecute and the UN to follow-up. If rape,
murder, assault, and any other crimes by UN peacekeepers go unpunished, the message sent to the victims is that
peacekeepers are above the law. Rape is the most commonly committed crime by peacekeepers, but is usually considered
as an isolated act. The procedural issue of prosecuting peacekeepers is investigated in order to establish whether troops
can be caught under the ambits of the criminal law of the Host State to hold UN troops criminally accountable for their
acts. The laws relative to the elements of each crime and the possible available defences under the three Host States,
and the criminal law of South Africa as a Troop-Contributing Country, are discussed. The apparent lack of prosecution
is investigated and existing cases of prosecution discussed. Alternatives to the unwillingness by States with criminal
jurisdiction under the Status of Forces Agreement or under the Memorandum of Understanding are considered.
Considering the current rules related to crimes committed by peacekeepers, the argument put forward is that crimes
by peacekeepers must be dealt with completely and transparently though a Convention aiming at barring Troop-
Contributing Countries who do not meet their obligations under international law from participating in future
operations of peace. This thesis, furthermore, suggests a tripartite court mechanism to fill the lacunae in the law
relating to the prosecution of peacekeepers. It considers the issues of reserving jurisdiction over peacekeepers to
the Troop-Contributing Countries which are reluctant to prosecute repatriated alleged perpetrators. The victims’
importance in criminal proceedings and their their right to a remedy are highlighted.
[source: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/9950

Image source: http://collegialuniversitaire.groupemodulo.com/2363-precis-de-droit-penal-general-2e-edition-produit.html, accessed 8 January 2015 
KAMEL-TOUEG, Nabil, 1932-, Précis de droit pénal général - Droit pénal I, 2e édition, Mont-Royal (Province of Québec) : Modulo Éditeur, 1994, ix, 242 p., voir "Les militaires" aux pp. 143-144, ISBN: 2891135024;

Dieudonné Kandolo; source de l'image:cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/

KANDOLO, Dieudonné, Capitaine, avocat militaire, membre du cabinet du Juge-avocat général; dans l'arrêt Monette J.F. (Soldat), R. c., 2011 CM 1007 (CanLII), <https://www.canlii.org/fr/ca/cm/doc/2011/2011cm1007/2011cm1007.html>, le capitaine Kandolo fait partie de l'équipe de la poursuite;

Image source: canadianlawyermag.com/legalfeeds/blog/Alexia-Kapralos.html, accessed 8 July 2017
Alexia Kapralos
KAPRALOS, Alexia, "First female judge advocate general appointed to Canadian Armed Forces", Legal Feeds, the Blog of Canadian Lawyer & Law Times, 28 June 2017; available at http://www.canadianlawyermag.com/legalfeeds/alexia-kapralos.html (accessed 8 July 2017);

Being the first woman to occupy this role, Bernatchez says that this sends a clear signal to the Canadian Armed Forces and the
Department of National Defence but also to women and girls across Canada and worldwide.

“We are now at a time in our history where the contributions of women, their vision, their talents, are welcomed and that if they
dare dream big, if they dare to give it their all, there is an opportunity for them to be recognized and occupy the most important
positions in our Canadian institutions,” says Bernatchez.

--8th Judge Advocate General, 1982-1986
KARWANDY, Frank, 1927-2016, notes on,

Born in Neidpath, Saskatchewan, in 1927, Frank Karwandy came from a family with roots in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Keen on education,
his father served as a councillor and reeve in the Municipality of Lawtonia. Frank was educated locally in one and two room schools, in high
school in Herbert, Saskatchewan, and came to UBC in 1947 to study History, English, and French. He entered UBC law school in 1949, when he
was twenty-one.

He recalls his years at UBC law school with affection. "Four of us banded together," he says. "Bill Quinn, Roland Barnes, Al MacDonnell,
and myself. Law classes were in the morning, and we met in the afternoons and talked about our classes and cases. We'd say, 'What did you
think?' and, 'How important is such-and-such a case?" The four of us stayed together for the three years of law school. Law School was difficult!
But not so much academically: the main problem was the amount of work and remembering case names. There were so many cases! The library
was quiet and I used to stay there until 9 at night. Of the four of us, Bill, who was also from Saskatchewan, moved to Alberta and practiced law
there; Roland went into the Royal Canadian Navy legal branch; and Al, who was from Vernon, practiced in Prince Rupert and became a judge
in the Supreme Court of British Columbia. I was in the same class as Mary Southin and Patricia Proudfoot [nee Fahlman], both of whom became
well-known judges in British Columbia."
Karwandy enrolled in the Canadian Officers" Training Corps (COTC) at UBC in 1950, spent the summers training, and enlisted in the Regular
Army prior to the third year of law school. Upon graduation, he was posted to The Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) in Calgary. In
1955, he gained admission to the BC Law Society and obtained his articles with the Burnaby law firm of Hean, Wylie and Hyde. "Burnaby was
being developed so it was primarily real estate," he recalls. "I did a lot of title searches!"

His combination of legal and military training made Karwandy an ideal candidate for the Office of the Judge Advocate General (JAG), which
he joined in 1956. This office provides legal advice to the senior and commanding officers of the Canadian Forces. JAG officers also serve as
prosecuting and defending officers at General Courts Martial, which deal with serious military offences, and at Disciplinary Courts Martial,
which deal with less serious military offences. Additionally, legal officers provide a limited legal aid service to all members of the Forces
involving such matters as marital problems and landlord and tenant issues. Karwandy was stationed in Canada and in Germany and saw
service in Cyprus and France. In 1982, he was promoted to Brigadier General and appointed Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces.
He retired from the Forces in 1987 and now lives in Surrey, BC, with his wife Esther.

For further details, see R. Arthur McDonald, Canada's Military Lawyers (Ottawa: 2002).  (source: http://www.law.ubc.ca/allard/history.html,
accessed on 12 May 2014)

____________on Karwandy, Frank, see Koring, Paul, "Soldier may lose Charter rights overseas", The Globe and Mail, 29 December 1988, at p. A9; on the homicide charge against Cpl. Pépin committed in Humgary; defence counsel was LCol Alain Ménard; the Judge-Advocatde  was Col Pierre Boutet;

excerpt only

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 27 May 2019

Image source: back dust jacket of: McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
Frank Karwandy
___________ Orbituary, born 16 September 1927 Neidpath, Saskatchewan - died 26 September 2016, White Rock, B.C,

Brigadier General (retired) Frank Karwandy, LLB, CDQC, was born September 16, 1927 in Neidpath, Saskatchewan. He died on September 26, 2016 in White Rock, B.C.
Frank received his LLB in 1952 from the University of British Columbia, whereupon he joined the Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) in Calgary. Frank married
the love of his life, Esther Ludwig, in 1954 in her home town of Winnipeg. They had met as students at the University of British Columbia, Frank completing his law degree
and Esther her postgraduate nursing degree. In 1956 Frank and Esther returned to B.C. where Frank was called to the B.C. Bar. From May of 1956 until his retirement in 1986,
Frank served as a legal officer in Canada's armed forces. His career took Frank and Esther to Edmonton, Halifax, Fredericton, Winnipeg, and Ottawa, as well as to Soest, Germany.
In 1982, Frank was appointed to the office of Judge Advocate General and was awarded the CD Queen's Counsel. In 1987, Frank and Esther retired to White Rock, B.C. In 1994,
Brigadier General Karwandy was awarded the Special Service Medal in recognition of his service in support of NATO. Frank was predeceased by his parents, Rosina and Frank
Karwandy, his brothers John and Walter, sisters-in-law Margaret Karwandy, Ethel Ludwig and Leya Ludwig, brother-in-law Bobby Ludwig, and nieces Leone Karwandy-Hagel
and Joanie Ludwig. Frank leaves his beloved wife Esther, siblings Nick (Florence), Rose (Bill), William, Kathy (Archie), brother-in-law Jack Ludwig, many nieces, nephews,
and great-nieces and great-nephews. Frank will be remembered for his love of family and for his contribution to Canada.
 (source: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thestarphoenix/obituary.aspx?n=frank-karwandy&pid=181895903&fhid=5869, accessed 13 October 2016)

____________Research note: Brigadier Karwandy testified before Judge Deschênes' Commission of Inquiry on War Criminals in Canada; see article by OZIEWICZ, Stanley, "Jewish group given standing at hearings on war criminals", The Globe and Mail, 11 April 1985, at p.1; I am sure that there is a transcript of the proceedings;

Late yesterday afternoon, Brigadier Frank Karwandy, the Judge Advocate-General of the Canadian Forces,
began the commission's examination of the role played by the army in the investigation and prosecution of
war criminals after the Second World War.   

____________Research note on 14 June 2018: see note 68 in TRUDEL, Maryse, Le paradoxe de la politique canadienne visant l'impunité des criminels de guerre, Mémoire présenté à la Faculté des études supérieures en vue de l'obtention du grade de Maîtrise en droit (L.L.M.), juin 2005, 237 p.; disponible à https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1866/2416/11634505.PDF?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (consulté le 14 juin 2018):

68,  KARWANDY, Rapport du service d'enquête canadien no I sur les crimes de guerre, Compte rendu, vol. II, mars 1946, p. 140,
cité dans COMMISSION D'ENQUÊTE SUR LES CRIMINELS DE GUERRE [Rapport partie I: publique, 1986], op. cit., note 27, p. 27.

__________see also on KARWANDY, Brigadier-General Frank, McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 126-128 and 132, available at  103-242;

____________testimony of Col Karwandy before: PARLIAMENT, Senate of Canada, Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Proceedings of the Subcommittee on National Defence, Tuesday, 19 May 1981 (32nd Parl., 1980-81, First Session), issue No. 17, 34 pages (Chairman: The Honourable Paul C. Lafond), witnesses before the Subcommitte were Gen R.M. Withers, Chief of the Defence Staff; MGen John P. Wolfe, Judge Advocate General, BGen R.G. Therriault, Director General, Personnel Careers Officers; and Col F. Karwandy, Deputy Judge Advocate General/Advisory, available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa1.pdf for most of the pages and http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa2.pdf for pages 19 and 31 (resolving these two pages problems); on the proposed Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Human Rights Act and the proposed amendments; copy at the  Brian Dickson Law Library, University of Ottawa,  FTX Parliamentary Documents, CA1 YC23 F53, consulted on 28 May 2018; put on line on 29 May 2018;
___________témoignange du Colonel Karwandy devant: PARLEMENT, Sénat du Canada, Comité sénatorial permanent des affaires étrangères, Délibérations du sous-comité sur la Défense nationale, mardi le 19 mai 1981 (32e législature, 1980-81, Première session), fascicule no 17, 34 pages (Président L'honorable Paul C. Lafond), les témoins devant le sous-comité sont: Gén R.M. Withers, chef de l'état-major de la défense; Mgen John P. Wolfe, juge-avocat général; Bgen R.G. Therriault, directeur général, Carrièeres militaires (Officiers); et Col F. Karwandy, juge-avocat général adjoint/consultations, disponible à http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa1.pdf pour la plupart des pages et http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa2.pdf pour les pages 19 et 31 (corrections de erreurs pour ces deux pages); sujet: la proposée Charte des droits et libertés et la Loi canadienne sur les droits de la personne et les modifications qu'on propose d'y apporter; copie de ce document à la Bibliothèque Brian Dickson,Université d'Ottawa,  FTX Parliamentary Documents, CA1 YC23 F53, consulté le 28 mai 2018; mis en ligne le 29 mai 2018;

____________testimony of Colonel Karwandy before the Senate sub-committee on National Defence that eventually made its report in January 1982, see "Need for discipline and order cited Military to seek exemptions from rights charter", The Globe and Mail, 10 March 1982, at p. 8;

Col. Karwandy told senators that allies could refuse to share secrets if Canada enlisted people of any
political belief; that homosexuals are open to blackmail and could undermine morale; and that there
would be a severe risk by allowing emotionally handicapped people to have access to weapons and
explosives. ''Accordingly, there would appear to be little if any place, either now or in the future, for
a person to acquire a career in the Armed Forces who does not possess high physical, mental and
emotional qualities and capabilities.''

____________ testimony of BGen Karwandy before Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs, 25 April 1985, on  Bill C-27, an Act to amend certain Acts with regard to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedonns;

Image source: www.cbc.ca/ottawa/features/capitalkicks/bloggers.html, accessed 21 May 2017
Ashifa Kassam
KASSAM, Ashifa, " 'React first': Canadian army issues guide to dealing with child soldiers.  Military doctrine is first in world that attempts to help troops deal with issue that can inflict deep psychological wounds", The Guardian, 19 May 2017; available at https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/may/19/canadian-army-guide-dealing-child-soldiers-react-first  (accessed 21 May 2017);

KASURAK, Peter, " Civilianization and the Military Ethos: Civil-Military Relations in Canada", (1982) 25 Canadian Public Administration 108-129; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (5 April 2018);

Photo of Peter Kasurak: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/peter-kasurak/10/384/ab6, accessed on 10 November 2014
___________ "Concepts of Professionalism in the Canadian Army, 1946-2000: Regimentalism, Reaction, and Reform", (January 2011) 37(1) Armed Forces and Society  95-118;

During World War II the Canadian Army was a small cadre force augmented by citizen volunteers. It was a colonial institution, dependent on the
British Army for doctrine and staff training. After the war, the army became involved in a lengthy struggle to define its concept of professionalism.
Modernizers aimed for a well-educated officer corps that was integrated with other elites and able to influence national security policy.
Traditionalists wished to preserve regimental traditions and leadership based on social class. Contention between these factions resulted in stalemate,
with modern management undercut by internal politics. The result was the failure of professional norms in the 1993 Somalia operation. Subsequent reforms have put a modern “constabulary-realist” model of professionalism in place. (source: http://afs.sagepub.com/content/37/1/95.abstract, accessed on 1 January 2012) 

KEIRSTEAD, Major Doug, Canadian Armed Forces officer who often acts as a spokeman for the OJAG; see https://twitter.com/DougKeirstead?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor (accessed 5 June 2018);


KELLY, Gloria, “RMC-led team win international competition”, (11 May 2005) 8(18) The Maple Leaf 4; available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/mdn-dnd/D12-7-8-18.pdf (accessed 25 September 2016); also, with the same title, in (2005) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 11;
KELLY, Gloria, "Une équipe du CMR remporte un concours international", (2005) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 11;

KELLY, John J.,"The Prisoner of War Camps in Canada 1939-1945, Thesis (M.A.), University of Windsor, 1977; not consulted yet, source: at p. 132 of https://harvest.usask.ca/bitstream/handle/10388/5629/Stotz_Robin_Warren_1992_sec.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y , thesis of Robin Warren Stotz, CAMP 132: A GERMAN PRISONER OF WAR CAMP IN A CANADIAN PRAIRIE COMMUNITY DURING WORLD WAR TWO, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (accessed 5 February 2019);

KELLY, John Joseph, 1898-1952, former OJAG officer;

Born at Thornhill on 20 October 1898, son of Asenath Hoskin and Daniel Kelly, he joined the Winnipeg law firm of David Campbell following his graduation in 1922.
He became senior partner in the law firm of Kelly and Campbell working closely with Arnold Munroe Campbell. He was made a King’s Counsel (1939). In 1949, he
filled the vacancy left by the death of William James Donovan on the Manitoba Court of King’s Bench.

A veteran of both wars, he enlisted in November 1915 serving overseas with the 90th battalion. After being wounded twice, he returned to Canada in December 1918.
He was appointed to the Judge Advocate General’s Branch during the Second World War and served at C.M.H.Q. in London and at H.Q. 1st Canadian Army. He retired
to the reserve with the title of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Made a King’s Counsel in 1938, Kelly was a bencher and honorary secretary of the Law Society of Manitoba as well as Vice-Chairman of the Manitoba Power Commission
and secretary of the South Winnipeg Liberal Association. He additionally served as counsel for the International Railway Unions of Canada as an officer in the Canadian
Legion. He was President of the Crescentwood River Heights Branch of the Canadian Legion and Vice-President of the Canadian Legion for Manitoba and North-Western
Ontario. President of both the Blackstone Club and the Laurier Club, he also belonged to the Canukeena Club, St. Andrews United Church, and the Masons (Ionic Lodge).
[Read the rest at: http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/kelly_jj.shtml, accessed 17 October 2017]

___________on KELLY, John Joseph, Captain, was Deputy Judge Advocate, see "Renfrew Officer Promoted", The Globe and Mail, 12 March 1942, at p. 13;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 25 November 2018

___________on KELLY, J.J., as civilian counsel in court martial referred to in article:  "Non-Comissioned Officers Will Be Tried at Winnipeg.   Pair Said to Have Ill-Treated Other Prisoners After Fall of Hong Kong",  Hamilton Spectator, 1946/03/04, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5134595 (accessed 8 June 2019);

Image source: wikivisually.com/wiki/Mike_Kelly_(Australian_politician), accessed 13 October 2018
Mike Kelly
KELLY, Michael Joseph, Lieutenant-Colonel, Public Security in Peace Operations: The Interim Administration of Justice Operations and the Search for a Legal Framework, thesis submitted for the Degree of Doctorate of Philosophy in the School of Law of the University of New South Wales, 1998, xxiii, 375 leaves; available at http://classic.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/UNSWLawTD/1998/7.pdf (accessed 13 October 2018); discusses Canada;

This thesis investigates the problem of the maintenance of public security in peace
operations by military forces intervening in collapsed or disrupted States pursuant to a
UN mandate. At issue is the proper legal framework for dealing with this problem and as
a basis for the regulation of the relationship between the civil population and the
intervening force. The problem was analysed primarily by using the case study of the UN
authorised and commanded operations in Somalia between December 1992 and March
1995, including in particular the experience of the Australian forces which were present
in the Bay Province of Somalia as part of these operations. Investigation and research
was conducted in Israel, the United States and Canada. Relevant literature, cases and
documents were surveyed and utilised, including the author's personal records and
Australian Department of Defence files. Interviews were conducted with key personnel
with first hand knowledge in the Israeli Defence Force and academic communities, the
US Government, Military and NGO communities, the UN, and the Canadian Defence
establishment. Conferences were attended which analysed the Somalia experience and
aspects of the legal subject matter. The research produced relevant perspectives and
reference material to enable a proper theoretical analysis and also the range of practical
considerations to which the theory was applied. In this respect the material obtained from
the lessons of the NGO and military personnel in Somalia, and the Israeli experience in
the occupied territories was particularly instructive. It was concluded that there is a
definite need to provide a proper legal framework for interventionary operations where
military forces will be dealing with public security issues and that such interventions are
likely to continue to occur. It was further concluded that the Fourth Geneva Convention
of 1949 Relative to the Protection of Civilians can applyde jure to many such intervention
scenarios, including the Somalia operations at certain stages, and that rather
than being feared because of the obligations it imposes, it should be appreciated for the
utility it offers. In this respect the Fourth Geneva Convention is the only currently
available framework to address the identified need.

KELLY, T.R., 1925-, Major and legal officer in 1969, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 17 August 2018);

De la gauche, Kim Carter, Jean-Gabriel Castel, et Michael
Barutciski à la conférence Castel, 15 novembre 2006.
KEMENY, Marika, agente de communication de Glendon, d’après les contributions du professeur Michael Barutciski et des étudiants de sa classe de troisième année d’études internationales, et par Meagan Ross, coordonnatrice au développement de Glendon, "L’ombudsman de la Colombie-Britannique [Kim Carter] examine le rôle du droit international humanitaire lors de la conférence Castel tenue à Glendon", disponible à  http://fricka.glendon.yorku.ca/monglendon.nsf/GLNewsReaderF/9B5290FD81981DC885257236005A7A00?OpenDocument (vérifié le 17 octobre 2016);

KEMP, Brian, "Disciplinary charges soar since the push into Afghanistan", CBC News (http://www.cbc.ca), 25 July 2008; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/disciplinary-charges-soar-since-the-push-into-afghanistan-1.699842 (accessed 16 November 2015);

Source of image: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Kempt, accessed 25 September 2016
James Kempt by William Salter

KEMPT,  James, Sir, 1764-1854,  Raport du comité spécial [microforme] : auquel a été référé cette partie de la harangue de Son Excellence relative à l'organization de la milice, Neison & Cowan, 1829, microfiche number 39980 one to six, location at the Supreme Court of Canada Library: S/R1 (microforms);

KENNEDY, Mark, Althia Raj, "Government releases Afghan detainee documents", National Post, 22 June 2011, available at http://nationalpost.com/news/canada/government-poised-to-release-afghan-detainee-documents/wcm/0431d2a4-bef8-4f58-93cb-5cb72cf375cb (accessed 4 July 2017);

source: legacy.com/obituaries/ottawacitizen/obituary.aspx?page=lifestory&pid=165538851
William Kenney

KENNEY, W. J. (William Joseph), "History of Defence Legislation in Canada as it Applied to the Army", memorandum 1455-17 (Office of the Judge Advocate General), 13 June 1979, 5 pages ; copy of this memorandum can be found in research file 79/725 at the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH), Ottawa; available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Kenney50.pdf (accessed 24 September 2017);

Colin Kenny, image source: http://colinkenny.ca/en/p100012 with Google Image (accessed on 23 January 2015)
KENNY, Colin, 1943-, Parliamentary Control  and National Defence: The Canadian Experience, Toronto : Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies = Institut canadien d'études stratégiques, 1998, 4 p. (series; Strategic Datalink; number 70);

Source: detail of  https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1015363301172174848  (accessed 7 July 2018)
Martin Kenny

KENNY,  Martin F., Lieutenant-Colonel, lawyer, a member of the OJAG; worked for the Directorate of Law/Defence and was Counsel for Captain L.M. Paquette in the case of R. v. Captain L.M. Paquette, 1997 CanLII 17819 (CA CM), <http://canlii.ca/t/gtnsg> (accessed 10 May 2018); member of the Law Society of Newfoundfland; works at NDHQ with the OJAG at martin.kenny@forces.gc.ca Office (613) 992-1127 Cell (613) 608-8937 (information as of 2 July 2018);

_____________Kenny, Martin at https://twitter.com/marty945 (accessed 1 December 2018);

___________photo of KENNY,  Martin F., Lieutenant-Colonel, see " Office of the JAG @JAGCAF Nov 6 [2018 ] LCol Martin Kenny from our AJAG Atlantic office recently spoke at an #IHL panel on Detention and Prohibitions against Torture, Cruel and Unusual Punishment @SchulichLaw, #DalhousieU.", see https://twitter.com/jagcaf (accessed 9 November 2018);


___________ "Protecting International Humanitarian Agencies in a UN Chapter Six Operation" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 1, 4 and 7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (accessed on 18 April 2012);
___________"Précis : La protection des organisations humanitaires dans les missions de l'ONU" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 1; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf  (site visité le 18 avril 2012);

KERR, Douglas G., born in Chatham, Ontario, Wing Commander, legal officer, see biographical notes at  http://www.gatheringourheroes.ca/hero/kerr-douglas-g/ (accessed 14 October 2018);

A native of Chatham, ON. the son of the late Judge John G. Kerr. Prior to the war Douglas [Kerr] practiced law in Chatham for
fifteen years. In 1937-38 he served as an alderman in Chatham.  The husband of Alma (nee Watson), they had a daughter
born in September of 1944, CDN 4/09/40 and a son in September 1945.  CDN 12/09/45

Being stationed at St. Thomas made it easy for Douglas to get home for a weekend with his family.

Enlisting in the RCAF as a judicial officer in Eastern Air Command he presided over Courts Martial. Being stationed at
St. Thomas made it easy for Douglas to get home for a weekend with his family.  Douglas was still reported to be serving
in St. Thomas with the RCAF and was home for the weekend with his family at Erieau. CDN 3/08/42. In December 1942
he was reported stationed in Halifax, NS. when he arrived in Chatham to spend Christmas with his wife and family on
Victoria Ave. CDN 18/12/42 Flt. Lieut. Kerr was reported returning to the east coast before New Years. CDN 31/12/4

In August of 1944 he took over the chief legal position in the Command becoming Judge Advocate General a position
he held until his retirement from the service, with the rank of Wing Commander. It was reported in the CDN 12/09/42
that F/O Kerr was reassigned to duties in Halifax and after spending a week at home he departed to the east coast.

He held until this position until his retirement from the service, with the rank of Wing Commander.. CDN 29/08/45(P).

Commander Kerr resumed his civil practice of the law in Chatham in partnership with his brother Col. W. George Kerr KC.

Discharged August 17th, 1945.

KERR, Dylan (R.D.), Major, legal officer, member of the OJAG; photo, video-still, of Major Keer taken from  Her Majesty the Queen v. Ordinary Seaman Cawthorne and  Her Majesty the Queen v. J.G.A. Gagnon, et al.-- http://www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=36466&urlen=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1971%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&urlfr=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1970%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&date=2016-04-25

Major Dylan Kerr

__________on Colonel Bruce MacGregor presenting Lieutenant-Colonel Dylan Kerr to CPAC viewers after the Stillman decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, see CPAC, "Headline Politics:  Reaction to Supreme Court Ruling on Canada’s Military Justice System", circa 27 July 2019, available at http://www.cpac.ca/en/programs/headline-politics/episodes/66026163 (accessed 30 July 2019); re R. v. Stillman, 2019 SCC 40 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/j1n56>;

Colonel MacGregor, Director of Military Prosecutions, stated:

"But one thing I do want to do is introduce co-counsel Lieutenant-Colonel
Dylan Kerr who worked extensively on this case and did an extremely good
job in front of the Supreme Court in arguing this case."

KERR, William George, Lieutenant-Colonel, former OJAG member, sentenced to 7 days imprisonment for impaired driving; see "Le lieutenant-colonel Kerr condamné pour ivresse", Le devoir, Montréal, 14 juin 1943, à la p. 3, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2804972 (vérifié le 25 juillet 20178);

____________on Col. W.G. Kerr, see "Col. W.G. Kerr", The Globe and Mail, 20 December 1951, at p. 7:

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the
mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Source: ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 24 November 2018

___________research note about LCol W.G. Kerr who acted as defence counsel in a general court martial: "Col M'Intosh Reprimanded", The Globe and Mail, 1944/09/25; available at collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028204 (accessed 30 August 2018);

KEYSERLINGK, Henry R., "A crash course on Canadian military justice", The Record (Sherbrooke), Thursday, 13 December 2001, at p. 2; available at http://numerique.banq.qc.ca/patrimoine/details/52327/2968960?docsearchtext=military%20lawyer (accessed 30 March 2018);

KIDD, James Kenneth, member of the OJAG, see obituary in The Globe and Mail, 15 November 1991, at p. D6;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed


ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 5 November 2018.

Image source: sheridancollege.ca/academics/faculties/humanities-and-social-sciences/faculty-profiles/peter-kikkert, accessed 26 September 2018
Peter Kikkert

KIKKERT, Peter, "Kurt Meyer and Canadian Memory Villain and Monster, Hero and Victim or worse – a German?", Canadian Military History, (2015),  volume 21, issue 2, Article 4,  at pp. 33-44; available at https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1653&context=cmh, accessed 26 September 2019;

Following the lead of Ralph Allen, a number of Canadians believed that Meyer should be released
because of the injustice of his trial. The Globe and Mail, which in 1946 had been one of the newspapers
calling loudest for Meyer’s blood, ran a number of editorials exploring the inadequacies of the general’s
trial. The first, entitled, “Procedure Unusual in Meyer Trial,” argued that much of the evidence used against
the general had been hearsay and inadmissible in an English Court of Law. The editorialist thought
Meyer should be given a chance to win his freedom before the Supreme Court, but acknowledged that
this would not happen for it would repudiate before the whole world the rules by which Canada judged
its war criminals.60  Another editorial, “No Time to Lose,” claimed that haste, strong passions, and the
confusion of war, may have resulted in a faulty verdict in the Meyer case.61  This writer also wanted to
give Meyer the opportunity to plead his case before the Supreme Court.
60. “Procedure Unusual in Meyer Trial,” Globe and Mail, 8 December 1951.
61. “No time to Lose,” Globe and Mail, 11 December 1951.

[at pages 39 and 44]

Photo of Guy Killaby, image source: https://www.facebook.com/pckillaby, accessed on 10 November 2014;

KILLABY, Lieutenant Commander Peter C. ("Guy Killaby"), "Books & articles of interest" (January/Janvier 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 6-7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20030519205047/abc.cba.org/Sections/military_F/sword+01-01.pdf (accessed on 18 April 2012);
KILLABY, Guy, "Précis : Ouvrages et articles dignes d'intérêts" (January/Janvier 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 6; disponible http://web.archive.org/web/20030519205047/abc.cba.org/Sections/military_F/sword+01-01.pdf (site visité le 18 avril 2012

____________" 'Great Game in a Cold Climate': Canada's Artic Sovereignty in Question" (Winter 2005-2006) 6(4) Canadian Military Journal available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo6/no4/north-nord-01-eng.asp (accessed on 18 April 2012);
___________ " 'Le grand jeu dans le grand nord' : remise en question de la souveraineté du Canada dans l'Arctique" (hiver 2005-2006) 6(4) Revue militaire canadienne 31-40; disponible à  http://www.arctique.uqam.ca/IMG/pdf/Le_grand_jeu_dans_le_Grand_Nord.pdf (site visité le 31 mai 2012);

___________"The Influence of Law Upon Canadian Naval Strategy: Leadmark and the Evolving International Legal Regime" in Robert H. Edwards and Ann L. Griffiths, eds., Intervention and Engagement : A Maritime PerspectiveHalifax, NS: Dalhousie University, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, 2003, at pp. 95 to approx. 126, ISBN 978-1-896440-41-X;

___________"National Security and Technology: The Legal Constraints Upon the Canadian Forces" presented at Transformation & Technology : A Canadian Maritime Security Perspective -- A Conference hosted by the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies --- www.cfps.dal.ca -- Dalhousie University, 15-17 June 2006; available at CF INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS PLAN (accessed on 3 June 2012);

___________on KILLABY, Lieutenant-Commander Peter C. (Guy), see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 171, available at  103-242;

___________"The Operational Legal Challenges of Naval Operations in Canada's Artic Waters", Office of the Judge Advocate General, Strategic Legal Paper Series Issue 3, A-LG-007-SLA/AF-003, Issued on Authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff,  OPI: JAG-DIOL, 2008-06-18; available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-strategic-legal-paper/naval-ops-arctic-waters-guide.page?  (accessed on 28 January 2014) and http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/en/jag/strategic-legal-paper-3-naval-ops.pdf; (accessed on 28 January 2014);

Table of Contents

___________ "Les difficultés juridiques que présentent les opérations navales dans l'Arctique Canadien, Série de documents juridiques stratégiques du cabinet du juge-avocat général - Fascicule 3, A-LG-007-SLA/AF-003, Publication autorisée par le Chef d'état-major de la Défense
BPR : JAG-DDIO, 2008-06-18; disponible à http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/a-propos-rapports-pubs-droit-militaire-document-juridique/operations-navales-eau-arctic-guide.page? (vérifié le 28 janvier 2014) et à http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/fr/jag/document-juridique-3-operations-navales.pdf (vérifié le 28 janvier 2014);

Table des matières

____________"Operational Military Law: Deployment in Kosovo", (July/Juillet 2000) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 3-4; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20030519184345/abc.cba.org/Sections/military_F/sword+00-07.pdf (accessed on 18 April 2012);

Image source: mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/info/pubs/annRpt/2016annRpt-eng.aspx?=undefined&wbdisable=true#H_17, accessed 8 July 2017
"From left to right – David Goetz (Senior Counsel), Julianne Dunbar (General
Counsel), Hilary McCormack (Chairperson), BGen Robert Delaney (CFPM),
LCol Brian Frei (Deputy Commander) and CdrPeter Killaby (CFPM Legal Advisor)"

KILLABY, P.C., papers completed for his Masters in Law, with distinction and Certificate in National Security Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C., 2005, abstracts in (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 75;

1. The Commitment Myth Revisited: The Constitutionality of the Invocation of North Atlantic Treaty Article 5; completed for GULC Constitutional Aspects of Foreign Affairs Seminar Fall 2004;

2. National Security Information Protections in the International Criminal Court; completed for GULC War Crimes Seminar, Fall 2004;

3. International Legal Analysis of the Report of the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Charge; completed for GULC Use of Force Seminar, Spring 2005;

4. Keeping Canada's Military Secrets Secret; completed for GULC Strategic Intelligence Law Seminar, Spring  2005;

5. The Northwest Passage and Alaska Boundary Disputes: A Canadian National Security Law Analysis; completed for GULC Graduate Honors Seminar, Spring 2005;

KING, Graeme, Senior Counsel, Privy Council, see https://www.linkedin.com/in/graeme1king, accessed 20 June 2019;

[While at the Department of Justice Canada, he was, inter alia:]

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Lieutenant-Colonel Bruce King

KING, Bruce, JAG officer, testimony before the Military Complaints Commission, 22 May 2012, as reported by Chris Cobb, The Ottawa Citizen, see http://live.ottawacitizen.com/Event/Live_blog_Military_complaints_commission_hearing_Tuesday_May_22?Page=1 (accessed 30 September 2016);  research note: on-going research going on (30 September 2016);

_____________________Testimony of Lieutenant-Colonel Bruce King before the Military Police Complaints Commission, Fynes Public Interest Hearings, Transcript of Proceedings, Ottawa, 22 May 2012, volume 25, at pp. 112 to 167; available at http://mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/2012-05-22-Maj-Fowler-LCol-King.doc (accessed 20 August 2017);

Source of image: https://www.google.com  (Google image, accessed 26 September 2016)

KINGSLEY, Regeena, Fighting against Allies: An Examination of "National Caveats" within the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Campaign in Afghanistan & their Impact on ISAF Operational Effectiveness 2002-2012, a doctoral thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor in Philosophy in Defence and Strategic Studies at Massey University, Manawatu, New Zealand, 2014, xxix, 562 p.; available at mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/6984/02_thesis.pdf (accessed 29 December 2015); deals with Canada;

KINGSMILL, W.B. (Walter Bernard), 1876-1950, Lieutenant-Colonel, was Deputy Judge Advocate General in 1918, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 31 and 209, available at i-xii and 1-102;

___________on Kingsmill, Walter Bernard, see the "Canadian Great War Project" at https://cgwp.uvic.ca/detail.php?pid=1327526t (accessed 1 May 2019);

KINGSTONE, Herbert Courtney, Lieutenant (N), legal officer mentioned in The Canadian Navy List for January 1945, available at https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1945_January_400dpi.pdf (accessed 17 August 2018);

Image source: , accessed 3 November 2016
KINSMAN, Gary, Patrizia Gentile, 1970-, The Canadian War on Queers, Vancouver : UBC Press, c2010,  xxiii, 554 p. : ill., port. map ; 24 cm. SERIES: Sexuality studies series, 1706-9947, ISBN: 978-0-7748-1628-1;

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface: National Security Wars -- Then and Now


List of Abbreviations

1. Queering National Security, the Cold War, and Canadian History: Surveillance and Resistance

2. Queer History and Sociology from Below: Resisting National Security

3. The Cold War against Queers: Social and Historical Contexts

4. Spying and Interrogation: The Social Relations of National Security

5. The "Fruit Machine": Attempting to Detect Queers

6. Queer Resistance and the Security Response: Solidarity versus the RCMP

7. The Campaign Continues in the 1970s: Security Risks and Lesbian Purges in the Military

8. "Gay Political Activists" and "Radical Lesbians": Organizing against the National Security State

9. Sexual Policing and National Security: Sex Scandals, Olympic Clean-Ups, and Cross-Country Organizing

10. Continuing Exclusion: The Formation of CSIS and "Hard-Core Lesbians"

11. From Exclusion to Assimilation: National Security, the Charter, and Limited Inclusion

12. From the Canadian War on Queers to the War on Terror: Resisting the Expanding National Security State

Appendix: Index of Interviews



Index  [source: http://www.ubcpress.ca/search/title_book.asp?BookID=299172599, accessed 3 November 2016]

image source:

On November 3, 2010 Sault Ste. Marie showcased their newly ...

KIRK, David G., lawyer, Ontario Law Society, legal officer, member of the OJAG (reserve force) in 2009; Crown Attorney in Sault Ste-Marie;

___________on KIRK, David, was the prosecutor in the Standing Court Martial of R. v. Pellen 2007 CM 2023 (sentence), Petawawa, 21 November 2007;
source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 2, at p. APP2: 2007-28 and 29;

source de l'image Linkedin.com

KIRKUP, Kristy, "Supreme Court upholds constitutionality of military justice system", The Globe and Mail, 19 November 2015; available at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/supreme-court-upholds-constitutionality-of-military-justice-system/article27358762/ (accessed 20 March 2018);

Major Klein on the right with his
borother, image source: canadianlutheran.ca/brothers-in-arms-say-farewell-at-blessing-service/, accessed 26 August 2019

Source of image: https://www.linkedin.com/in/niave-knell-a8b765b, accessed 26 September 2016
Niave Knell

KNELL, Niave F., Reemergence of the Arctic as a strategic location, Fort Leavenworth, KS : US Army Command and General Staff College, 2008, Thesis / Dissertation ETD; NOTES: School of Advanced Military Studies Monographs; available at http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p4013coll3/id/2330 (accessed 2 March 2016);

This monograph analyzes the Arctic region as a system by examining the strengths and weaknesses of its political,
military, economic, social, infrastructure, and information sub-systems. This investigation reveals the key nodes
(critical people and things) and key linkages (critical relationships between the nodes). Key nodes include the
ice itself, as well as three of the Arctic states (The Russian Federation, The United States of America, and Canada),
the European Union (EU), multi-national oil and gas corporations, supra-national non-governmental organizations,
indigenous groups, the World Trade Organization, the internet, and trade among the Arctic states. Key linkages
include the Arctic Council, the Barents Euro-Arctic Council, the Nordic Council, the EU's Northern Dimension,
the indigenous groups' councils, and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) treaty.
This investigation also reveals the system's potential. At this time, it could travel in one of two directions, either
becoming an area of conflict as the quest for resources drives states to clash, or becoming an area of cooperation
with states securing their national interests within UNCLOS while sharing information on common topics. With
the knowledge gained from examining the Arctic region as a system and ascertaining the key nodes and linkages,
as well as system potential, the researcher examines what this means for the United States. Using an all-of-
overnment approach, the monograph discusses the strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for U.S.
instruments of national power. From this discussion, the monograph author then makes recommendations within
those instruments, concluding that it is critical for the U.S. to develop the vision, objectives, and policies prior to
 2012, when a majority of the Arctic coastal states must have submitted their UNCLOS claims.
[source: http://www.worldcat.org/title/reemergence-of-the-arctic-as-a-strategic-location/oclc/465222788&referer=brief_results, accessed 2 March 2016]

KNOX, C.B., Captain, prosecutor in the court martial referred in the following article: "Refuse to Free Accused Officer under Amnesty", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/10/10, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5025601 (accessed on 24 September 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

image source:  ca.linkedin.com/in/l-greg-koenderman-a1819378 (accessed 22 February 2018);
L. Greg Koenderman
KOENDERMAN, L. Greg, member of the Law Society of Ontario, B.A. (Royal Military College, 2003), B.C.L./LL.B. (McGill University, 2013), legal officer, member of the OJAG; research done on 22 February 2018;

KOPPANG, Nancy, Captain, member of the OJAG, see the article by Kevin Cox, "Navy divers guilty of poaching protected lobster, The Globe and Mail, 28 June 2000; available at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/navy-divers-guilty-of-poaching-protected-lobster/article1040808/ (accessed 26 August 2018);

__________on KOPPANG, N.K., Major was the prosecutor  in the Standing Court Martial of R. v. Greene 2000 CM 55; source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 2, at p. APP2: 2000-26;

Image source: theglobeandmail.com/authors/paul-koring, accessed 4 April 2017
Paul Koring
KORING, Paul, "Court to hear transfer-injunction arguments today", The Globe and Mail, 3 May 2007, available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/court-to-hear-transfer-injunction-arguments-today/article17995569/ (accessed 4 April 2017);

___________ "Red Cross contradicts Ottawa on detainees", The Globe and Mail, 8 March 2007, at p. A1; available at  theglobeandmail.com/news/national/red-cross-contradicts-ottawa-on-detainees/article20394095/ (accessed 4 April 2017);

Troops told Geneva rules don't apply to Taliban", The Globe and Mail, 31 May 2006, last updated 17 March 2009; available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/troops-told-geneva-rules-dont-apply-to-taliban/article709574/ (accessed 5 April 2017);

___________"Whistle-blower was court-martialed.  Doctor who warned about soldiers' health risks says he was 'set up', The Globe and Mail, 30 July 1999, at p. A1 and A4;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed


Brian Laghi, image source: https://twitter.com/brianlaghi              Clark Campbell, image source: theglobeandmail.com/authors/campbell-clark, accessed 15 April 2017 
KORING, Paul, Brian Laghi, Clark Campbell, "Hillier pushed flawed detainee plan", The Globe and Mail (Index-only), May 2, 2007, p.A.1; also available at
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/hillier-pushed-flawed-detainee-plan/article684279/ (accessed 24 July 207);
Description:   The Defence officials who helped draft the Canadian agreement included then-judge
-advocate-general Jerry Pitzul, a major-general, and a colonel on his staff, both of whom had experience
in the laws of war and international humanitarian law, said a source involved with the discussions.
Just as important, according to an insider, the military officials argued that Dutch and British officials
would not be able to effectively monitor detainees in practice, and that the Canadian agreement was
better because it contained an explicit legal commitment that the detainees would be covered by the
Geneva Conventions.
(source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&page
, accessed 26 September 2016)

Image source for Benjamin Kormos: http://www.walshlaw.ca/Lawyers/Benjamin-J-Kormos.shtml, accessed on 25 November 2014:
KORMOS, Benjamin J., "The Posttraumatic Stress Defence in Canada: Reconnoitring the 'Old Lie' ", (2008) 54(2) The Criminal Law Quarterly 189; available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1073982 (accessed on 14 December 2013);

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a hitherto-obscure phenomenon in the criminal law. Law has, for too long, been "marching
with medicine, but in the rear, and limping a little." Yet, increasing awareness of the Disorder has prompted counsel to plead it in
both civil and criminal proceedings. It is, perhaps, unsurprising that this disease, which was once prevalent as "shell shock," is
the modern scourge of Canada's military obligations abroad. When Canadian Forces (CF) personnel return home, they are often
not debriefed, nor provided with adequate mental health services. This neglect sows a ticking time bomb in Canadian homes; when
the time is up, the explosion is sometimes violent, and criminal charges are laid. Yet, PTSD is not germane to only soldiers; sexual
assault victims, and disaster survivors often suffer from the Disorder. However, because combat veterans often suffer more severe
PTSD, and suffer it more prevalently, they will be the focus in this analysis. This paper will demonstrate that Posttraumatic Stress
Disorder can form the basis of a successful Defence of Mental Disorder (Not Criminally Responsible, or NCR) in criminal proceedings.

The analysis will first define PTSD as a Mental Disorder; second, it will synthesize the Canadian law on the Defence of Mental Disorder;
third, it will demonstrate how PTSD can form a basis for a successful NCR defence; fourth, it will address potential problems with the
latter assertion; and finally, it will propose some measures to prevent PTSD in the highest risk group - Canadian Forces soldiers - and
more effective means of treating them when they do suffer from PTSD.

A 2008 report by CBC News indicates that the number of CF soldiers suffering from PTSD has more than tripled since Canada first
deployed troops to Afghanistan in 2001. The deployment is now expected to continue to 2011. Veteran Affairs acknowledges that
"without [treatment] - many [such] veterans have the potential to harm themselves or others." In June 2006, the Manitoba Court of
Queen's Bench, acquitted a CF member on this precise defence, in R. v. Borsch. The Court of Appeal recently ordered a new trial,
on factual grounds. These decisions, coupled with the fact that the Defence application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of
Canada is currently pending, demonstrate that this defence is clearly relevant to the discourse in the modern Canadian criminal law

U.S. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Theron Korsak, judge advocate, left, is promoted
to the rank of commander during a ceremony held at the National
Museum of the U.S. Navy aboard the Washington Navy Yard Sept. 1, 2014. (U.S. Navy photo/Released);
image source: www.flickr.com/photos/navyjagcorps/15173576119, accessed 22 January 2019

KORSAK, LCdr Theron, "Afghan National Army.  Legal Development Training", (Winter 2010) 11(4) JAG Official Magazine of the United States Navy Judge Advocate General Corps 14-15; available at http://www.jag.navy.mil/news/jag_mag/archive/2010_VOL1/JAGMAG_winter%202010.pdf (accessed 12 October 2018); note: LCdr Korsak is from the Center for Law and Military Operations;

  Image source: http://www.rmcclub.ca/eVeritas/2005/Issue21/200521.htm, accessed 21 February 2015
Angela Koskie
KOSKIE (née McDonnell), A.I. (Angela), Captain, legal officer, member of the OJAG, see www.lawyerscanada.net/capt-a-i-koskie/ (accessed 20 August 2018);

___________on KOSKIE, Angela, see Bailey, Lisa, "412 (Transport) Squadron feels like home for new Commanding Officer", The Contact [newspaper serving 8 Wing/CFB Trenton], volume 44, issue number 35, 18 September 2009, at pages 1 and 5, available at http://thecontactnewspaper.cfbtrenton.com/archives/2009/04_September_2009/sep_18_2009/thecontact_sep_18_2009.pdf (accessed 10 March 2019);
How does LCol Koskie himself have fun? He trains for and competes in triathlons
along with his wife of
seven years, Major Angela Koskie,who is a legal officer with
the Office
of the Judge Advocate General. She competed in an ironman event just
few weeks ago.

____________ "Vision and Achievement:/ Vision et réalisations: A Biography of former JAG MGen (Ret's) Jerry S.T. Pitzul, CMM, CD, Q.C., BAD, MBA, LLB/ Notice biographique de l'ancien juge-avocat général, le M.gén (retr.) Jerry S.T. Pitzul, CMM, CD, C.R., B.Adm, MBA, LL.B.", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 6-9; article in French & English/article en français et en anglais;

Image source: http://www.viewzone.com/politicians.html, accessed 26 September 2016
Jim Kouri

KOURI, Jim, "North American Military Agreement Signed by the U.S. and Canada", Global Research Centre for Research on Globalization, 4 April 2008, available at http://www.globalresearch.ca/north-american-military-agreement-signed-by-the-u-s-and-canada/8551 (accessed 19 September 2016);

Image source: www.huffingtonpost.ca/2015/09/12/jerry-kovacs-veterans-harper-rally_n_8127626.html, accessed 21 August 2016
KOVACS, Jerry, testimony before the House of Commons, Veterans Affairs Committee, 15 October 2012 (41st Parliament, 1st Session); available at https://openparliament.ca/committees/veterans-affairs/41-1/45/jerry-kovacs-1/only/, accessed 21 August 2016; veterans' law;

KRONENBERG, Vernon J.,  All together now: the organization of the Department of National Defence in Canada, 1964-1972,  Toronto : Canadian Institute of International Affairs, 1973,  124 p. (series; Wellesley papers; 3);  notes: Revision of the author's thesis (M.A.), Carleton University, 1971, presented under the title: All  together now : Canadian defence organization, 1964-1971, Bibliography: p. 118-120;

Image source: https://www.linkedin.com, accessed 17 March 2018
Diane Kruger

KRUGER, Diane, reserve officer with the OJAG;

LCol Diane Kruger LLB JD CD is a lawyer and forensic expert in private practice in Toronto. Diane will speak on developing a career
in forensic science and law and how it all started for her right at the University of Toronto and the Centre of Forensic Sciences,
Province of Ontario. She also serves with the Canadian Forces, currently holding a senior leadership position as a reservist with the
JAG branch. Diane is a frequent lecturer and has sat on the Boards of the Royal Canadian Military Institute and Heritage Toronto.
She is the immediate past President of the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto.

____________research note: Capt. D.M. Kruger was promoted to Major on 1 June 1999, see "Personnel",  in (October-December 1999) 4 JAG Newsletter -- Bulletin d'actualités at p. 29;

___________research note: LCol (Ret'd) Diane Kruger, recent photo with others:

" hours ago [2 May 2019] AJAG Central LCol Kim Maynard,
MGen (Ret’d) Fraser Holman, Maj Eric Weaver, DJA Toronto, and LCol (Ret’d) Diane Kruger
enjoyed the annual joint dinner of the and the earlier this
week, a great opportunity to connect with defence stakeholders".

Art Kruse, 1930-2015

KRUSE, Art (Arthur Edward), "Arthur Edward L.COL., LLB, RCAF 1930-2015 Kruse", orbituary; died on 16 June 2015; born in 1930; former JAG Officer and military judge; see http://yourlifemoments.ca/sitepages/obituary.asp?oid=888419 (accessed 12 December 2015); also worked as a pension advocate;

1930-2015 KRUSE, Arthur Edward L.COL., LLB, RCAF - Peacefully at Westmount Gardens on Tuesday,
June 16, 2015, Arthur "Art" Kruse born in Humboldt, Saskatchewan. Beloved husband of Joan Kruse (née Davis).
Father of Michael (Jodi) of Windsor. Cherished grandfather of Laura of Edmonton; Alex of Lachute, PQ; and
Scott of Oakville; nieces and nephews in Vancouver, Manitoba and Iowa. Predeceased by son Brian in 2009
(Mary Anne of Oakville), brothers Rae, Walter and Norman and sister Lois Figas. The Funeral Mass will be
celebrated at ST. GEORGE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH , 1164 Commissioners Road West, London
on Saturday, June 20, 2015 at 11:00 a.m., with visitation one hour prior. Interment of ashes will take place
at a later date at St. Patrick's R.C. Cemetery Fallowfield, Ontario (Ottawa). In lieu of flowers, donations in
memory of Art may be made to the St. John Evangelist Pension Fund Society or Alzheimer Outreach Services
of McCormick Home. For information and online condolences, please visit www.westviewfuneralchapel.com

___________on KRUSE, Lieutenant-Colonel Art, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 213, available at  103-242;

___________on KRUSE, Art, see "Arthur Edward 'Art.' Kruse, LLB'69", (2015) Queen's Law Reports  at p. 31, available at https://law.queensu.ca/sites/default/files/publication/QLR/QLR_2015.pdf (accessed 26 June 2019);

Image source: gandhi.com.mx/the-modern-senate-of-canada-1925-1963, accessed 7 March 2018
KUNZ, F.A. (Frank), The Modern Senate of Canada/ 1925-1963 A Re-Appraisal, Toronto : University of Toronto press, 1965, xii, 395 p. (series; Canadian Government series; 15); copy at the University of Ottawa, ; on the National Defence Bill of 1949-, available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=BjU5DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT172&dq=Canada+Judge+Advocate+General&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjb-amAldvZAhUL5IMKHZP-AXg4HhDoAQgzMAM#v=onepage&q=Orde&f=false (accessed 7 March 2018);

" Office of the JAG @JAGCAF  AJAG Pacific team members,
CPO1 Darragh, LCdr [M.E.]Kwasniewska, LCol Reichert, LCdr Han,
prepare for #ShakeOutBC, checking survival kits as part of
@MARPAC_FMARP efforts to be ready for any earthquakes."
[Source: twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1042111948123525120, accessed 18 September 2018]

KWASNIEWSKA, LCdr M.E., legal officer, member of the AJAG Pacific Team (information as of 18 September 2018); was co-counsel for the accused in Dryngiewicz Z.A. (Corporal), R. v., 2012 CM 1016 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/fv5cn>;

LABELLE, Diane, notes on:

The Public Law and Legislative Services Sector (PLLSS) has announced that Diane Labelle, LLM 2003, has been
named the Director General and Senior General Counsel for the Constitutional, Administrative and International
Law Section (CAILS) effective May 13, 2019.


Ms. Labelle has had an extensive public service career dating back from 1997, and has worked for Justice
Canada since 1999 in various areas, including the Office of the Legal Advisor to the Department of National
Defence and the Canadian Forces ....

[Source: http://app.uocml.ca/en/news/, accessed 22 May 2019]

Image source:/www.editionsyvonblais.com/product-detail/international-law-of-the-sea/, accessed 16 June 2016

LABRECQUE, Georges, 1945-, International Law of the Sea, Toronto : Carswell, [2015], xvi, 595 pages : maps ; 26 cm, NOES: Includes bibliographical references (pages 451-487) and index. Preface and acknowledgements -- Abbreviations -- Figures -- Introduction -- Maps of the maritime world and legal definitions -- Geopolitical and legal history of the maritime world -- Geographical locations of states in relation to the sea -- marine resources and environment -- maritime zones under national jurisdiction -- Maritime zones beyond the limits of national jurisdiction -- Internationa straits and canals -- International maritime boundaries -- Pacific settlement of maritime disputes -- Recent case law on maritime issues -- Canada and the sea -- The Arctic -- General conclusion : the future of the internationa law of the sea. In English. NUMBERS: ISBN: 0779867068 ISBN: 9780779867066;

LABRÈQUE, Alexandre Adolphe, avocat, membre du Barreau du Québec et du Cabinet du JAG; voir "Nouvelle étude légale", Le soleil, Québec, vendredi, 23 décembre 1949, à la p. 3; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3297764  (consulté le 23 juillet 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Source de l'image: http://www.parl.gc.ca/employment/senate/pageprogram/2011-2012-e.htm, visité le 22 septembre 2016
Julien Labrosse

LABROSSE, Julien, “I didn’t have time to find the English words”: The Korean War’s Role in the Evolution of Bilingualism in the Canadian Armed Forces, A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the MA degree in History Department of History, University of Ottawa, 2016, vii, 157 leaves, available at (accessed 22 September 2016); good research on the evolution of bilingualism in the Canadian Forces;

This thesis explores the impact of the Korean War on the evolution of the role of the French language in the Canadian
military between 1946 and 1954. It explains how the Korean War acted as both a catalyst for a more accommodating
stance towards the French language in the Canadian Armed Forces, and an immediate impediment to the implementation
of such changes. Particularly, this thesis explores the conflict that emerged between various officials in the Department
of National Defence concerning the place that should be made for the French language, and how best to recruit more
French Canadians. It shows that there was serious disagreement between the Minister of National Defence, Brooke Claxton,
who wanted more bilingualism in the Canadian military, and the Chief of General Staff, General Guy G. Simonds, who
resisted further concessions to francophones. Moreover, this thesis reveals the extent to which there was goodwill within the
Canadian Armed Forces on the part of both anglophones and francophones on the frontline in Korea. This constituted the
basis on which the Department of National Defence was able to begin the process of implementing a more bilingual system.
In this respect, this thesis shows the Canadian military to have been ahead of the federal Civil Service.
[source:, accessed 22 September 2016]

Karl Lacharité

LACHARITÉ, Karl, lawyer, legal officer with the Judge Advocate General since July 2014, see ca.linkedin.com/in/karl-lacharit%C3%A9-0709a832 (accessed 8 July 2017);

Image source: www.amazon.com/Battle-Grounds-Canadian-Military-Aboriginal/dp/0774813164, accessed 3 June 2016
LACKENBAUER, P. Whitney, Battle grounds : the Canadian military and aboriginal lands, Vancouver ; Toronto : UBC Press, c2007, xvii, 350 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 24 cm (series; Studies in Canadian military history; 013), ISBN: 0774813156;

___________"Carrying the Burden of Peace: The Mohawks, The Canadian Forces, and the Oka Crisis", (Winter 2008) 10(2) Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 1-71, and see pp. 21-22; available at http://jmss.org/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/viewFile/89/99 (accessed 7 July 2016);

___________"Kurt Meyer, 12th SS Panzer Division, and the Murder of Canadian Prisoners of War in Normandy: Historical and Historiographical Appraisal", Gateway--An Academic History Journal on the Web", available at http://homepage.usask.ca/~jgz816/archive9.html (accessed 23 January 2017)

___________"The Military and “Mob Rule”: The CEF Riots in Calgary, February 1916", (2001) Canadian Military History: Vol. 10: Iss. 1, Article 4, pp. 31-42; available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1298&context=cmh (accessed 21 Jamuary 2016);

  -------------------------------------www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/136/284-fra.html, accessed 31/3/14
WhitneyLackenbauer,www.sju.ca/staff/whitney-lackenbaue        Chris Madsen
LACKENBAUER, P. Whitney and Chris Madsen, "Justifying Atrocity: Lieutenant-Colonel Maurice Andrew and the Defence of Brigadeführer Kurt Meyer",  in [Department] of National Defence, and Yves Tremblay, ed., Canadian Military History Since the 17th Century: Proceedings of the Canadian Military Conference, Ottawa, 5-9 May 2000, [Ottawa: DND], at pp. 553-564; available at https://studylib.net/doc/8080854/canadian-military-history-since-the-17th-century (accessed 5 October 2018);;

Source de l'image: collegeahuntsic.academia.edu/SylvainLacoursi%C3%A8re, site visité le 21 décembre 2016
Sylvain Lacoursière
LACOURSIÈRE, Sylvain, Le soldat dans la culture au Québec en 1939-1945; du héros-guerrier à la chair à canon, mémoire présenté comme exigence partielle de la maîtrise en histoire, Université du Québec à Montréal, juillet 2009, viii, 202 p., disponible à http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/2209/1/M10985.pdf (vérifié le 21 décembre 2016);

Fannie Lafontaine, image source at https://www.fd.ulaval.ca/faculte/personnel/40, accessed on 8 April 2014

LAFONTAINE,  Fannie, "Poursuivre le génocide, les crimes contre l'humanité et les crimes de guerre au Canada: une analyse des éléments des crimes à la lumière de l'affaire Munyaneza", (2009) 47 The Canadian Yearbook of International Law --Annuaire canadien de droit international 261-297;

La décision Munyaneza constitue la première analyse judiciaire de la "Loi sur les crimes contre l'humanité et les crimes
de guerre" et des définitions qu'elle propose des infractions de droit international maintenant criminalisées dans le
système juridique canadien.  Il s'agit d'un régime juridique nouveau, original et complexe, qui fait s'entrecroiser le droit
international et le droit canadien, et qui constitue un pilier important de l'entreprise globale de lutte contre l'impunité
pour les crimes internationaux les plus graves.  L'auteure propose une analyse critique du jugement Munyaneza en ce
qui concerne les éléments constitutifs du crime de génocide, des crimes contre l'humanitié et des crimes de guerre.  Elle
offre une discussion de certains des aspects les plus difficiles des définitions de ces crimes et vise à contribuer à ce que la
juridsprudence future soit cohérente avec l'esprit et la lettre de la loi et avec le droit international.  Le régime des peines
applicables en vertu de la loi est aussi brièvement analysé.
[source: web.archive.org/web/20120119140132/http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/2011/ihl-bibliography-2nd-trimester-2011.pdf, à la p. 30, site visité le 16 mars 2015]

___________ Prosecuting Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes in Canadian Courts, Toronto: Carswell, 2012;

___________Prosecuting International Crimes in Canadian Courts: Where International Law Meets Domestic Law, doctoral thesis (Ph.D.), National University of Ireland Galway, Irish Center for Human Rights, March 2011;

___________site web de la professeure Lafontaine à l'université Laval:  https://www.fd.ulaval.ca/faculte/personnel/40 (visité le 26 août 2013);

___________"The Unbearable Lightness of International Obligations: When and How to Exercise Jurisdiction Under Canada's Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act", (2010) 23(2) Revue québécoise de droit international 1-50; disponible à  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2117944 (vérifié le 26 août 2013);

___________'Wanted: War Criminals'?: The Challenge of Ensuring Justice for Canada’s Unwanted War Criminals (June 30, 2011). Legal Frontiers, McGill’s Blog on International Law, June 2011 . Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120841, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2120841  (accessed on 15 October 2012);

LAFRANCE, Édith, 1964-, Résistance à la conscription, réfractaires et insoumis Canadiens-français lors de la deuxième guerre mondiale, thèse (M.A.), Université du Québec à Montréal, 1997;

Image source: amazon.ca/Bullies-Power-Sergeant-Retd-Lagace/dp/1420857568, accessed 24 October 2018
LAGACÉ, Paul M., Bullies in Power,  Bloomington : Authorhouse, 2005, xiv, 251 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.   NOTES: Includes bibliographical references (p. 251),  ISBN: 1420857568; copy at the Library of Parliament: U55 L34 A3; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=vNZ3fgSG8LgC&pg=PA253&lpg=PA253&dq=Born+in+St+George,+New+Brunswick+on+a+very+cold+and+snowy+January+31,+1954,+Paul+Morel+Lagace+is+the+second+of+twelve+children.+Yvon+and+Jeannine+Lagace&source=bl&ots=KM8spVvUKX&sig=PMCj7R2T-28Nh1UrUQc338yL1OE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjQ8tvb3J7eAhVtc98KHb6yC6YQ6AEwAXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Born%20in%20St%20George%2C%20New%20Brunswick%20on%20a%20very%20cold%20and%20snowy%20January%2031%2C%201954%2C%20Paul%20Morel%20Lagace%20is%20the%20second%20of%20twelve%20children.%20Yvon%20and%20Jeannine%20Lagace&f=false (accessed 24 October 2018);

___________on LAGACÉ, Paul M., see the following decisions of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal:

  • 1.
    Lagacé v. Canadian Armed Forces, 1993 CanLII 1124 (CHRT) — 1993-04-08
    Canadian Human Rights Tribunal — Canada (Federal)
    common-law relationship — marital status — station — evidence — trailer pad
  • 2.
    Lagacé v. Canadian Armed Forces, 1996 CanLII 1299 (CHRT) — 1996-10-17
    Canadian Human Rights Tribunal — Canada (Federal)
    evidence — living in a common-law relationship — bias — discrimination — complaint
  • 3.
    Lagacé v. Canadian Armed Forces, 1994 CanLII 754 (CHRT) — 1994-06-16
    Canadian Human Rights Tribunal — Canada (Federal)
    thirty days — service — holiday — served — offices

Photo of Philippe Lagassé, reproduced from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=109126 (accessed on 31 March 2014)

LAGASSÉ, Philippe, "Accountability for National Defence -- Ministerial Responsibility, Military Command and Parliamentary Oversight", (March 2010) 4 IRPC Study 1-60; available at http://www.irpp.org/pubs/IRPPstudy/IRPP_Study_no4.pdf (accessed on 6 July 2010); IRPC = Institute for Research on Public Policy; in French: IRPP = l'Institut de recherche en politiques publiques;

In this study, Philippe Lagassé assesses the state of accountability for matters of national defence in Canada, and evaluates
calls to reform how the government is held to account for military and defence matters.  In the first section he examines the
national defence responsibilities of Canada’s Parliament, as well as proposals to strengthen the powers of the House of
Commons and parliamentary committees in defence matters. The author argues that while certain changes are needed to improve
the ability of parliamentarians to hold the government to account for Canada’s defence, reforms must respect the principles of
responsible government. Reforms that dilute ministerial responsibility and the adversarial character of Parliament will weaken
rather than strengthen defence accountability. Indeed, it could be argued that reinforcing ministerial responsibility and encouraging
partisan competition could bolster Canadian defence accountability. In the second section, Lagassé examines the lines of responsibility
and accountability for defence within government.  He shows that the part played by senior officials in formulating defence policy
and in helping to keep the military accountable to the civilian authority is both necessary and in line with statute law. Drawing on the
history of Canadian civil-military relations and contemporary civil-military relations theory, the study shows why the government’s
existing structure of defence administration is advantageous and effective. Although the administration of national defence in
Canada is not perfect, it ensures that the Prime Minister and the Minister of National Defence are well informed about their defence
policy choices, and that the policy preferences of the government are respected by the military and the defence bureaucracy, regardless
of whether senior officers and official agree with these preferences. – p. 1
[source: ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch, accessed on 1 January 2012]

Image source: ubcpress.ca/the-harper-era-in-canadian-foreign-policy, accessed 14 March 2018
___________"‘The Constitutional Politics of Parliament’s Role in International Policy’ in A. Chapnick and C.J. Kukucha, eds.,  The Harper Era in Canadian Foreign Policy: Parliament, Politics, and Canada’s Global Posture, Vancouver:  University of British Columbia Press; [2016], xi, 285 pages ; 24 cm, 9780774833196;


___________"The Crown and Prime Ministerial Power", (Summer 2016) Canadian Parliamentary Review 17-23; available at http://www.revparl.ca/39/2/39n2e_16_Lagasse.pdf (accessed 2 October 2016);

Image source: http://ualawccsprod.srv.ualberta.ca/ccs/index.php/review-of-constitutional-studies
___________"The Crown's Powers of Command-in-Chief: Interpreting Section 15  of the Constitution Act, 1867", (2013) 18(2) Review of Constitutional Studies 189-220; available at http://ualawccsprod.srv.ualberta.ca/ccs/images/03_Lagass.pdf (accessed 28 December 2015);

___________"How Canada goes to war", The Ottawa Citizen, 4 December 2013; with the same title at http://cepi.uottawa.ca/how-canada-goes-to-war-2/, accessed on 8 January 2015;

___________How Should Canada's Parliament Decide Military Deployments?  Lessons from the United Kingdom, Calgary: CDFAI (Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute), December 2013; available at http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/How%20Should%20Canadas%20Parliament%20Decide%20Military%20Deployments.pdf (accessed on 9 December 2013);

Executive Summary
Since 2006, Canada’s House of Commons has been asked to vote on military deployments.  These votes have allowed Members of Parliament to express their
views on the operations of the Canadian Forces, while serving to democratize the executive's power to send armed forces overseas. However, this practice of
consulting the Commons does not impose any binding legal or political constraints on the executive’s prerogative to deploy the military. The legal and constitutional
authority to send forces abroad still rests with the prime minister and Cabinet. The practice of consulting MPs when deploying the military remains a courtesy,
rather than an obligation.

In contrast, the British House of Commons has been granted political control of the executive's military deployment prerogative through a constitutional convention.
The effect of this convention was recently shown in the vote involving British military strikes against Syria. Unlike in Canada, the British government is politically
bound to consult and adhere to the views of MPs before considering military deployments overseas.

This paper examines whether Canada should follow the British example, granting members of Parliament control over the executive's power to deploy the armed
forces by means of a constitutional convention. It concludes that Canada’s existing practice has many advantages, and that Canadian parliamentarians should
be mindful of the risks and costs involved in adopting a constitutional convention to control the executive's military deployment prerogative.

___________"The Military Roles and Responsibilities of Canada's Governor General and Commander-in-Chief", report prepared for the Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces, July 2013; 


___________"Parliamentary and judicial ambivalence toward executive prerogative powers in Canada", (June 2012) 55(2) Canadian Public Administration 157-180; available at http://www.academia.edu/5610281/Parliamentary_and_Judicial_Ambivalence_Toward_Executive_Prerogative_Powers_in_Canada (accessed 2 May 2015);


This article argues that ambivalence surrounds the prerogative powers of the Canadian Crown and the significant authority they afford the executive in Canada. In strictly legal terms, these residual Crown powers are vulnerable to parliamentary abolition, displacement and limitation, and their exercise is subject to judicial review and remedy, leading scholars to suggest that these powers are an increasingly marginal source of executive authority. In practice, however, they have proven more resilient to legislative infringement than their formal vulnerability to statutory interference implies. In addition, the judiciary's authority to review the exercise of these powers has been tempered by the courts' reluctance to impose robust remedies. The article maintains that the predominant understanding of these powers, which stresses their vestigial status, fails to capture the actual power and acquiescence they afford the executive.


Le présent article soutient qu'il existe une ambivalence autour des prérogatives de l'État canadien et de l'importante autorité qu'elles procurent au pouvoir exécutif au Canada. D'un point de vue strictement juridique, ces pouvoirs résiduels de la Couronne sont à la merci d'une abolition, d'une supplantation et d'une restriction parlementaire, et leur exercice est assujetti à un contrôle et à un recours judiciaires, ce qui amène les érudits à laisser entendre que ces prérogatives sont de plus en plus une source marginale du pouvoir exécutif. Dans la pratique, toutefois, ces prérogatives s’avèrent plus résistantes à l'empiètement législatif que ce qu'implique leur vulnérabilité formelle à l'interférence établie par la loi. En outre, la réticence des tribunaux à imposer des recours musclés affaiblit l'autorité du pouvoir judiciaire à revoir l'exercice de ces prérogatives. L'article soutient que la compréhension prédominante de ces prérogatives, qui insiste sur leur statut rudimentaire, omet de saisir le vrai pouvoir et l'accord qu'elles procurent au pouvoir exécutif. (see http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1754-7121.2012.00222.x/abstract, accessed on 8 January 2015)

___________"Parliament and the war prerogative in the United Kingdom and Canada: Explaining variations in institutional change and legislative control", (2017) 70(2) Parliamentary Affairs 280300; available at https://academic.oup.com/pa/article/70/2/280/2669629?searchresult=1 (accessed 14 March 2018);
A decade after the practice of holding votes began, the Canadian Parliament’s role in military deployment decisions remained ambiguous.
Consulting the House before deploying the military was politically prudent and will likely continue as a result (Hillmer and Lagassé 2016),
but there are few indications that the Commons must hold votes or that the executive is bound by the results. The war prerogative, it can be
argued, was doubly converted, first to amplify the Commons role in pursuit of the Harper government’s short-term political interests, then
to reassert ‘the exclusive role of the executive in military matters’, as Prime Minister Trudeau stated, echoing his predecessor (PMO 2016).
This suggests that no significant institutional change to the Canadian war powers has occurred. This, in turn, reinforces Mahoney and
Thelen’s observation that opportunistic change agents often encourage institutional inertia, rather than veritable change.

___________"Parliament Neglects its Duty to Debate Military Deployments", The Ottawa Citizen, 6 May 2014, available at http://cepi.uottawa.ca/parliament-neglects-its-duty-to-debate-military-deployments-2/ (accessed on 8 January 2015);

___________There are excellent references in the courses taught by Professor Lagassé at Ottawa University, see http://www.cda.forces.gc.ca/cfmlc-cdmfc/index-eng.asp  (accessed on 14 January 2013);


___________"Royal in law, not only in name", 31 August 2011; available at http://www.irpp.org/media/op-eds/2011-08-31.pdf (accessed on 31 May 2012);

LAGASSÉ, Philippe and Patrick A. Mello, "The Unintended Consequences of Parliamentary War Powers: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and Germany", Paper prepared for presentation at the International Studies Association’s 58th Annual Convention, 22-25 February 2017, Baltimore, MD, 23 pages; available at http://patrickmello.com/uploads/2017/02/lagassecc81-mello-2017-isa.pdf (accessed 28 February 2018);

LAGASSÉ, Philippe and Stephen M. Saideman, "Public critic or secretive monitor: party objectives and legislative oversight of the military in Canada",  (2017) 40(1) Journal West European Politics 119-138;

This paper analyses how democratic legislatures oversee the military, using Canada as a case. The paper argues that the tendency to engage in intrusive
oversight versus reactive oversight is shaped by institutional structures and party preferences. Canadian institutional structures discourage parliamentary
defence committees from engaging in intrusive oversight of the armed forces to achieve policy influence, and encourage opposition parties to focus on
reactive oversight efforts that complement their vote-seeking preferences. Vote-seeking, the paper argues, incentivises opposition parties to be public critics
of the government’s handling of military affairs, rather than informed but secretive monitors of the armed forces. The paper then addresses a key case where
the opposition was able to use an exceptional constitutional power of the House of Commons to force the executive to disclose classified information
regarding the military: detainee transfers by the Canadian Armed Forces in Afghanistan. This case highlights the trade-offs that parliamentarians face when
they demand information to perform more intrusive oversight of the armed forces. This suggests that party preferences are a significant, yet understudied,
aspect of how legislatures vary in their oversight of the military.
[source: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402382.2016.1240409?scroll=top&needAccess=true, accessed 24 July 2017]

LAHAIE, Marcellin-L., 1913-1973, LCol, fut juge-avocat  à la cour martiale du caporal suppléant J.-C.-E. Desjardins, voir "Un militaire doit répondre à 46 chefs d'accusation",  Le devoir (Montréal),  jeudi 7 octobre 1954 à la p. 3, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2786663 (vérifié le 26 août 2018);  note de recherche: il s'agit probablement d'une erreur et que monsieur Lahaie fut le président plutôt que le JAG de la cour martiale car il était un ingénieur, voir http://rmc-e-veritas.herokuapp.com/commandant-series-8/ 

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

LAIRD, A.C., Captain, was defence counsel (assistant?) in the Standing Court Martial of R. v. Danis 2007 CM 2015, Kingston, Ontrio, 3 October 2007, source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 2, at p. APP2: 2007-23;

LAJEUNESSE, Adam, "The Canadian Armed Forces in the Artic: Purpose, Capabilities, and Requirements",  Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, May 2015, 13 p.; available at https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/cdfai/pages/544/attachments/original/1432260016/Canadian_Armed_Forces_in_the_Arctic.pdf?1432260016 (accessed 8 May 2018);

Image source: https://www.amazon.com/                                         Dr. Adam Lajeunesse, source: https://www.stfx.ca/about/news/adam-lajeunesse-dafoe-prize, accessed 13 May 2017

_____________Lock, stock, and icebergs : a history of Canada's Arctic maritime sovereignty, Vancouver ; Toronto : UBC Press, [2016],  xv, 404 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm,  ISBN 9780774831086; ISBN 0774831081;

"In April 1988, after years of failed negotiations over the status of the Northwest Passage, Brian Mulroney gave Ronald Reagan a globe, pointed to the Arctic, and said
"Ron that's ours. We own it lock, stock, and icebergs." A simple statement, it summed up Ottawa's official policy: Canada owns the icy waters that wind their way
through the Arctic Archipelago. Behind the scenes, however, successive governments have spent over a century trying to figure out how to enforce this claim.
Drawing on recently declassified material, Lajeunesse guides readers through the evolution of Canada's Arctic sovereignty, showing how the Northwest Passage
and the surrounding waters became Canadian."-- Provided by publisher.


The origins of Canada's Arctic Maritime sovereignty -- The early Cold War and the end of splendid Isolation -- Continental defence and straight baselines --
Working with the Americans in the Arctic -- The nuclear submarine and early Arctic operations -- Canada's law of the sea priorities -- The Manhattan crisis and the
Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act -- Securing the Canadian claim : defence and diplomacy -- Canada and the Third UN Law of the Sea Conference -- The Cold
War under Ice -- The establishment of straight baselines -- Unfinished business.
HVD ALEPH and available at http://hollis.harvard.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?tabs=detailsTab&ct=display&fn=search&doc=HVD_ALEPH014686139&indx=75&recIds=HVD_ALEPH014686139&recIdxs=14&elementId=14&renderMode=poppedOut&displayMode=full&frbrVersion=&pcAvailabiltyMode=true&query=any%2Ccontains%2Cmilitary+law+Canada&vl(51615747UI0)=any&vl(1UI0)=contains&search_scope=everything&dscnt=0&scp.scps=scope%3A%28HVD_FGDC%29%2Cscope%3A%28HVD%29%2Cscope%3A%28HVD_VIA%29%2Cprimo_central_multiple_fe&mode=Basic&vid=HVD&onCampus=false&bulkSize=30&institution=HVD&highlight=true&tab=everything&displayField=all&fromDL=&vl(freeText0)=military%20law%20Canada&dstmp=1494664446848, accessed 13 May 2017)

Source: umontreal.academia.edu/LouisLalancette, consulté le 25 décembre 2018
Louis Lalancette

LALANCETTE, Louis, Les capitaines des troupes de la Marine de 1683 à 1739;  la carrière militaire en Nouvelle-France, Département d’histoire, Université de Montréal, Faculté des arts et des sciences, Mémoire présenté à la Faculté des arts et des sciences en vue de l’obtention du grade de maître ès arts en Histoire option « recherche ». juin, 2015, vi, 203 p.; disponible à https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1866/13458/Lalancette_Louis_2015_memoire.pdf?sequence=6&isAllowed=y  (consulté le 13 octobre 2018); voir sa bibliographie sur les forces françaises en Nouvelle-France;

Source: lapresse.ca/actualites/dossiers/commission-bastarache/201101/25/01-4363642-rapport-bastarache-
Georges Lalande (Photo Reuters)                                                                        georges-lalande-envisage-dintenter-des-poursuites.php, consulté le 23 juillet 2019

LALANDE, Georges, notes biographiques; un ancien membre du cabinet du Juge-avocat général;

Me Georges Lalande est diplômé en ingénierie, détenteur d’un certificat en administration publique et titulaire d’un baccalauréat ès art et d’une
licence en droit de l’Université de Montréal. Il est membre du Barreau depuis 1974. Dans les années 60, il débute sa carrière dans le domaine de
l’aéronautique, alors qu’il est professionnel puis directeur de l’ingénierie de la Division aérospatiale de la compagnie ABEX en Californie. De retour
au Canada en 1973, il fait des études en droit, est reçu avocat en 1974 et travaille comme avocat au Bureau du Juge-avocat général à Ottawa.
Puis, il amorce une carrière dans l’administration publique du Québec qui sera toutefois brièvement interrompue alors que de 1979 à 1981,
il est élu député du comté de Maisonneuve à l’Assemblée nationale. Après un court passage en enseignement, il est nommé directeur des services
judiciaires au ministère de la Justice à Saint-Jérôme, puis à Québec et à Montréal. Il est nommé juge administratif en chef et président du
Tribunal d’appel des lésions professionnelles en 1989, sous-ministre en titre du ministère des Transports en 1992, PDG de la Société de
l’assurance automobile en 1994 et PDG de la Société des établissements de plein air en 1998. Ensuite, il est nommé sous-ministre à la
réforme des tribunaux administratifs au ministère de la Justice. En novembre 2004, il est membre et président du Conseil des aînés du Québec.
En 2005, il préside un groupe de travail du gouvernement « Pour une pleine participation des aînés au développement du Québec » et en 2009,
il accepte de se joindre à l’Association internationale francophone des aînés (AIFA) à titre de vice-président, pour notamment, mettre en œuvre
un Conseil international francophone des personnes aînées au sein de cet organisme, qui possède un statut consultatif auprès de l’Organisation
internationale de la Francophonie. Depuis juin 2012, il assume, par intérim, la présidence de l’AIFA.
(source: https://www.mfa.gouv.qc.ca/FR/AINES/COMBATTRE-MALTRAITANCE/MEMBRES/Pages/Georges_Lalande.aspx
, visité 4 décembre 2015)

source de l'image: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/eric-lallier-65ba1813, visité 26 septembre 2016
Éric Lallier

LALLIER, Éric, Major, L'emploi de la force, les règles d'engagement et la division des responsabilités au sein des forces canadiennes transformées: un besoin de plus d'intransigeance,  PCEMI numéro 35 / JCSP 35, Projet de recherches / MDS research project, 21 avril 2009; disponible à http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/295/286/lallier.pdf (vérifié le 18 décembre 2011);

Image source: numerique.banq.qc.ca/patrimoine/details/52327/2634233?docsearchtext=suret%C3%A9%20Maurice-Charles%20Lalonde%20avocat%20militaire
Maurice-Charles Lalonde

LALONDE, Maurice-Charles (Maurice-C.), 1894-, "En cour martiale", Le Devoir, Montréal, mercredi, 26 mars 1941, à la p. 7; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2804283 (vérifié le 10 juin 2018);

Le capitaine Maurice Lalonde, "juge avocat général" des districts miütaires nos 4 et 5,
a déclaré hier qu’un sous-officier et un soldat ont été jugés en Cour martiale sous l'accusation
d’avoir permis à des prisonniers ennemis internés au Canada de communiquer avec l’ extérieur.


___________"Promotions au district militaire no 4.  Le capitaine Maurice Lalonde, ancien directeur de la Sûreté provinciale, devient major", Le devoir, Montréal, 30 avril 1941, à la p. 8; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2804313 (consulté le 10 juin 2018); né à Montréal, étudia au Collège Mont-Saint-Louis et à l'université McGill, admis au Barreau en 1917; épousa Jeannette Church;

___________sur LALONDE, Maurice-C., "Chronique militaire: Le capitaine Maurice-C. Lalonde est promu major.  L'ancien directeur de la Sûreté du Québec occupe le poste de juge-avocat général aux quartiers généraux du district No 4, depuis le 1er juillet 1940", Le Canada, Montréal 30 avril 1941 à la p. 1; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3571847  (consulté le 26 janvier 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Colonel Roméo Lalonde, image source:
plus.google.com/101597850433546766653, accessed   
19 December 2017

LALONDE, Roméo,  The Court martial Appeal Court orders a new trial for Colonel Roméo Lalonde, see R. v. Lalonde, 1995 CanLII 10768 (CMAC) — 1995-05-02;  counsel, on appeal, for Col Lalonde were LCol. Denis Couture and Major Vihar Joshi; and for Her Majesty the Queen: LCdr. Peter J. Lamont and Major G. Herfst; the prosecuting authorities decided that such new trial was not necessary;

André Lamalice, source de l'image: http://www.lamalice.ca/Introduction.php, site visité le 2 mai 2014

LAMALICE, André,  En temps de guerre comme en temps de paix, gouvernement manquant, gouvernance manquée : la protection civile au Canada, 1938-1988, thèse de doctorat en histoire (Ph.D.), Université d'Ottawa, 2011; disponible à http://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/en/handle/10393/19839 (vérifié le 11 janvier 2012); la bibliographie cite d'autres thèses sur le sujet;

Source: www.jalbertlamarreavocats.com/#!nos-professionnels/galleryPage, accessed 11 August 2016
LAMARRE, Patrick, Complicity in International Criminal Law: A fragmented law in need of a new approach, A thesis submitted to the Graduate Program in Law in conformity with the requirements for the Degree of Master of Laws Queen’s University Kingston, Ontario, Canada, September, 2015, x, 261 leaves; available at qspace.library.queensu.ca/bitstream/1974/13736/1/Lamarre_Patrick_201509_LLM.pdf (accessed 11 August 2016);

Image source: twitter.com/stevelambertwpg?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor, accessed 15 April 2017
Steve Lambert
LAMBERT, Steve, "Indigenous communities should have power to call in the military, says chief.  Defence minister's meeting in Winnipeg part of cross-country public consultations on defence policy", CBC News, 14 September 2016; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/defence-minister-harjit-sajjan-indigenous-winnipeg-1.3761780 (accessed 23 March 2017); the chief is Ron Swain, national vice-chief with the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples;

Peter Lamont, image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPaXrVy2p2w, accessed 20 September 2015

LAMONT, Peter J., "Judicial appointment process: military judges",  (2011-2012) 34:1 Prov. Judges J. 53; available at http://www.judges-juges.ca/sites/default/files/journals/journal_vol_34_no_1.pdf  (accessed 24 September 2017); aussi publié en français: "Le processus de nomination des juges militaires" (2011-2012) 34:1 J.J. prov. 52, disponible à http://www.judges-juges.ca/sites/default/files/journals/journal_vol_34_no_1.pdf   (consulté le 24 septembre 2017);

____________ "The judicial duty to give reasons", in Military Law Section, CLE Conference : unravelling the mystery : the key to military administrative law = Conférence de la FJP de la Section du droit militaire : les Secrets du droit administrative dévoilés, Ottawa : Canadian Bar Association, 2003, 1 v. (various pagings) ; 28 cm; Note: "October 22, 2003/22 octobrer [sic] 2003 Ottawa, Ontario"; source: http://library.lsuc.on.ca/vwebv/holdingsInfo?searchId=612&recCount=10&recPointer=3&bibId=43343&searchType=7, accessed 9 October 2017;

___________Peter Lamont is part of the band "Lex Rock":

Photo sent by Peter Lamont to Benoît Pinsonneault and then to the list of alumni,
1 December 2017.

Image source: publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2010/forces/D1-16-2009-eng.pdf, at p. 125.
Peter Lamont, left

___________ "The Military Judges", (Été 2007 Summer) 30(1) Provincial Judges' Journal / Journal des juges provinciaux 41; available at http://www.judges-juges.ca/en/publications/pubdocs/jugesv30n1ete07%284739%29.pdf (accessed on 20 March 2012);
___________ "Les juges militaires", (Été 2007 Summer) 30(1) Provincial Judges' Journal / Journal des juges provinciaux 40; disponible à http://www.judges-juges.ca/en/publications/pubdocs/jugesv30n1ete07%284739%29.pdf (vérifié le 20 mars 2012);

__________"Military law and discipline at the danwei level in the People's Liberation Army",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 21 November 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/11/military-law-and-discipline-at-danwei.html  (accessed 2 December 2017);

__________Notes -- Biography on Commander Peter Lamont (not necessarily written by Mr. Peter J. Lamont / Notes -- Biographie sur le capitaine de frégate (non nécessairement écrites par monsieur Peter J. Lamont):

Biography - Commander Peter Lamont, CD, B.A., LL.B

Commander Lamont received his B.A. from the University of Western Ontario, and graduated from the University of Ottawa with his LL.B degree in 1977. He was called to the Ontario
Bar in 1980, and was a member of the bars of both Alberta and the North West Territories. Immediately prior to his appointment as a Military Judge, Cdr Lamont was a reserve force
legal officer and counsel with the Criminal Law Branch of the Department of Justice. He has extensive experience in both civilian and military justice systems including working as a
Provincial Crown Attorney during an exchange with the Ottawa Crown Attorney's Office.

At the time of his appointment, Cdr Lamont was the Deputy Assistant Judge Advocate General for central region, responsible for supervising reserve force legal officers within Ontario.
Cdr Lamont has also assisted the Director of Military Prosecutions, and has been the legal adviser to 33 BDE HQ and various reserve force units in the Ottawa area. Cdr Lamont has
been a prosecutor and defending officer at Courts Martial, and has argued appeals before the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada. (source: http://web.archive.org/web/20070904025804/http://www.forces.gc.ca/cmj/biosLamont_e.asp, accessed on 14 January 2015)


Biographie - Capitaine de frégate Peter Lamont, DC, B.A., LL.B.

Le Capf Lamont a reçu son B.A. de L'Université Western Ontario, et a obtenu son LL.B. de L'Université D'Ottawa en 1977. Il a été admis au barreau de L'Ontario en 1980,
et a été membre des barreaux de L'Alberta et des Territoires du Nord Ouest. Le Capf Lamont était, jusqu'à sa nomination à titre de Juge Militaire, un avocat militaire de la
force de réserve et avocat au sein de la direction du droit pénal du Ministère de la Justice. Il a une expérience considérable au sein des systèmes de Justice Militaire et
Civile, incluant son emploi à titre de procureur de la couronne dans le cadre d'un échange avec le bureau du Procureur Général de L'Ontario à Ottawa.

Au moment de sa nomination, le Capf Lamont était l'adjoint à L'assistant du Juge-Avocat Général pour la région du centre, responsable de la supervision des avocats
militaires de la force de réserve en Ontario. Durant son service à titre D'avocat militaire, le Capf Lamont a aussi aidé le Dpm, et a été le conseiller juridique pour le
Qg de la 33 BDE et diverses unités de la force de réserve dans la région D'Ottawa. Le Capf Lamont a été procureur et avocat de la defense à differentes Cours
Martiales, et il a plaidé des appels devant la Cour D'Appel de la Cour Martiale du Canada. (source: archive.org/web/20051129214457/http://www.forces.gc.ca/cmj/biosLamont_f.asp,
visité le 14 janvier 2015)


Image source: http://www.judges-juges.ca/journal, accessed 13 February 2015
E., "President's Report", (Été 2007 Summer) 30(1) Provincial Judges' Journal / Journal des juges provinciaux 8; available at http://www.judges-juges.ca/en/publications/pubdocs/jugesv30n1ete07%284739%29.pdf (accessed on 20 March 2012);
Our constitution was amended recently, so that Canada’s military judges are now entitled to full membership in CAPCJ. We welcome the military judges and were happy to see a number of them in attendance at our Moncton conference.  In October, I had the pleasure of traveling to Ottawa to attend the swearing-in of the Chief Military Judge, Colonel Mario Dutil, as well as two other judges of the court , Lieutenant-Colonels Louis-Vincent d’Auteuil and Jean-Guy
LAMPERT, Irwin E., "Message du Président", (Été 2007 Summer) 30(1) Provincial Judges' Journal / Journal des juges provinciaux 6; disponible à http://www.judges-juges.ca/en/publications/pubdocs/jugesv30n1ete07%284739%29.pdf  (vérifié le 20 mars 2012)
Nous avons récemment amendé notre constitution, de sorte que les juges militaires sont maintenant éligibles à devenir membres à part entière de l’ACJCP. Nous leur souhaitons la bienvenue et étions heureux de voir plusieurs d’entre eux assister au colloque de Moncton. En octobre, j’ai eu le plaisir de me rendre à Ottawa afin d’assister à l’assermentation du juge militaire en chef, le colonel Mario Dutil, ainsi que deux autres juges de la cour, les lieutenants-colonels Louis-Vincent d’Auteuil et Jean-Guy Perron.

Marc Lampert, source: http://www.redecoupage-federal-redistribution.ca/content.asp?section=pei&dir=mem&document=index&lang=f, accessed on 20 March 2014

LAMPERT, Marc, "Absence of Impetus: Examining the doctrine of reciprocity in the law of armed conflict", (May 2013) Sword and Scale; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/sections_military/newsletters2013/essay.aspx and http://www.cba.org/CBA/sections_military/pdf/2013-05-lampert.pdf (accessed on 28 August 2013);

Rémi Landry, image source: http://www.usherbrooke.ca/politique-appliquee/nous-joindre/personnel-enseignant/landry-remi/, accessed on 11 May 2014;

LANDRY, Rémi, "Was Former Captain Robert Semrau Solely Responsible, From an Ethical Point of View, for Killing an Injured Man?, (Spring 2012) 12(2) Canadian Military Journal 53-60; available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol12/no2/53-landry-eng.asp (accessed on 2 September 2013) ";
LANDRY, Rémi, "Monsieur Robert Semrau, anciennement capitaine, est-il, du point de vue éthique, le seul responsable d'avoir achevé un blessé?  Commentaires sur l'article du Lieutenant-colonel (à la retraite) Peter Bradley, Ph.D.", (printemps 2012) 12(2) Revue militaire canadienne; disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol12/no2/53-landry-fra.asp (vérifié le 2 septembre 2013);

LANGIS, J.D., Captain, legal officer with the OJAG, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 16 August 2018);

___________on LANGIS, J.G., Major was defence counsel in R. v. Gagné 1974 CM 21, Standing Court Martial, 30 April 1974, Valcartier, Québec,  source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1974-13;

LANGLOIS, Larry, "Captain Larry Langlois, Military Prosecutor, Judge Advocate General: 60 seconds with...", available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/index.page; and http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=captain-larry-langlois-military-prosecutor-judge-advocate-general/j9snqvgh (accessed 10 November 2017);

Larry Langlois
____________legal officer with the OJAG, see https://ca.linkedin.com/in/larry-langlois-cd-beng-ll-l-jd-msc-b4149697 (accessed 25 July 2017);

Tim Langlois (left) with the JAG, Jerry Pitzul, photo source: JAG Newsletter, vol. 1, 2006 at p. 10

LANGLOIS, Tim, "Why does the DART need a lawyer?" (December/Décembre 2006) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at  http://web.archive.org/web/20070515000335/www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2006/news.aspx (accessed on 24 April 2012); also published at (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 76;
LANGLOIS, Tim, "Pourquoi la DART a-t-elle besoin d'un avocat?" (December/Décembre 2006) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à  http://web.archive.org/web/20070518052202/http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2006/nouvelles.aspx#article3 (site visité le 24 avril  2012); aussi publié à (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 77;

____________Testimony before House of Commons, Standing Committe on the Status of Women, 18 April 2013; see https://openparliament.ca/committees/status-of-women/41-1/68/maj-tim-langlois-1/only/ (accessed 29 June 2018);

source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/sarahmelanielaou
Sarah Mélanie Laou
LAOU, Sarah, "Les femmes ont leur place dans les Forces armées », assure la commodore Geneviève Bernatchez", Brossard Éclair, 16 août 2017, disponible à http://www.brossardeclair.ca/actualites/societe/2017/8/16/--les-femmes-ont-leur-place-dans-les-forces-armees----assure-la-.html (consulté 24 août 2017)

LAPLANTE, Laurent, "Why a Specific Justice System for the Military?",  (1994) 10(3)  Justice Report 6-8; Justice Report is a publication of the Canadian Criminal Justice Association; ****
LAPLANTE, Laurent,  "Questions sur une justice spécifiquement militaire", (1994) 10(3) Actualités-Justice 6-8; Actualités-Justice est une publication de l'Association canadienne de justice pénale; ****

LAPOINTE, Gabriel, avocat, ancien membre du JAG; research note by François Lareau: his brother, Jean Lapointe, is a former senator and Quebec singer (19 March 2018);

Un plaideur recherché

Diplômé en droit de l'Université Laval, Me Lapointe a entrepris sa carrière en 1952 et il a occupé successivement, jusqu'à 1958,
les fonctions de lieutenant d'artillerie au First Light Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery et de capitaine au bureau du juge-avocat-
général de l'Armée canadienne
. Il a décroché par la suite une maîtrise en administration des affaires à Harvard, mais s'est dirigé
rapidement vers le droit criminel, qui comblait mieux ses aspirations que le droit corporatif.

Un des premiers avocats de la Couronne à temps complet à Montréal, en 1961, il n'a pas tardé à se faire remarquer devenant
procureur en chef en 1965. On se souviendra notamment de l'affaire du vol du camion postal alors qu'affrontant seul les sept
avocats des sept accusés, Me Lapointe a réussi à faire condamner les voleurs à des peines variant entre 25 et 35 ans.

En 1966, il a traversé la clôture et est devenu avocat de la défense. Là aussi, il n'a pas tardé à se distinguer et à s'attirer le respect
de ses collègues criminalistes. Il a été impliqué dans des causes notoires, difficiles (Claire Lortie, Henri Marchessault) et délicates
(impliquant des membres de la magistrature, les juges Dionne, Verreault, Léveillé, Bienvenue et des politiciens).
[lire l'article au complet à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol31/no16/lapointe.html, vérifié le 25 octobre 2017]

Source: www.iforum.umontreal.ca/Forum/ArchivesForum/2001-2002/011126/348.htm, accessed 11 August 2016
Andrée Laprise
LAPRISE, Andrée, 1962-, Des civils internés pendant la Deuxième guerre mondiale [microforme] : le camp des femmes de Kingston, 1939-1943, [Montréal : Service des archives, Université de Montréal, Section Microfilm], 2001. DESCRIPTION: 1 bobine de microfilm; 16 mm. NOTES: Thèse (M.A.)--Université de Montréal, 2001. Comprend des réf. bibliogr (source: catalogue AMICUS); 

François Lareau, 2018

LAREAU, François, Bibliography on Obedience to Superior Orders / Bibliographie sur l'obéissance aux ordres des supérieurs
      • Canadian Law / Droit canadien
      • Comparative Law / Droit comparé

___________Bibliography on Command Responsibility and Superior Responsibility / Bibliographie sur la responsabilité des commandants et des supérieurs hiérarchiques
      • Canadian Law / Droit canadien
      •  Comparative Law / Droit comparé

___________on LAREAU, François: born in Verdun, Province of Quebec, in the first half of the XXth century, François Lareau obtained his law degree from the University of Montreal in 1972.  A member of the Quebec Bar from 1974 to September 2014, he obtained his master of laws degree (LL.M. with thesis) in 1992 from the University of Ottawa.   He has been a Lieutenant-Colonel with the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Forces, 1974-1983, a lawyer with the Department of Justice Canada, Criminal Law Review Section, and a senior researcher with the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia.  He has also worked for the House of Commons.  He is married to Gisèle Lareau (née Bellemare).  They have two children.  They are now four time grand-parents (November 2014)

image source: http://asted.org/formation-17-octobre-2016-comprendre-le-droit-d-auteur-dans-les-bibliotheques-8028.html, accessed 25 August 2016
Jules Larivière
LARIVIÈRE, Jules, "La publication des décisions des tribunaux fédéraux canadiens: un aperçu historique", (1995) 20(1) Canadian Law Libraries / Bibliothèques de droit canadiennes 12;

LAROCHE, Louis, avocat de Québec attaché au HMCS de Montcalm, participe comme procureur de la poursuite à une cour martiale, voir "Cour martiale pour une fraude de $10,000.00", Progrès du Saguenay,  mardi 7 septembre 1954 à la p. 6, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2619492 (accessed 20 August 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

LAROUCHE, Maryse, lawyer, member of the OJAG. see https://www.lawyerscanada.net/capt-maryse-larouche/ (accessed 20 August 2018);

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/lynn-larson-a0a21328, accessed 25 August 2016
LARSON, Lynn, Testimony before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, 11 March 2009 on the provisions and operation of an act to amend the National Defence Act (court martial) and to make a consequential amendment to another act (S.C. 2008, c.29), Issue 3; testimony about the work of Mr. Justice Lamer review of Bill C-25;

Lynn Larson, Lawyer, as an individual: As a preliminary matter, I thank Jessica Richardson, clerk of the
committee, for all her help in getting me here. It was a surprise to receive the invitation, and I thank the
committee for inviting me to speak. You will note that my statement is in the plural. I do not have an imaginary
friend. Catherine [McKenna] was supposed to be with me today and was quite excited about providing our
input to the committee. Unfortunately, she could not be here, as Madam Chair explained.

My name is Lynn Larson. I am a lawyer. I would like to thank the committee for the opportunity to appear
before you today. Both Catherine McKenna and I enjoyed the privilege of working with the late Chief
Justice Lamer during his 2003 review of the provisions and operation of Bill C-25. I will refer to his report
as the Lamer report just for convenience throughout the question period.

My work with former Chief Justice Lamer began when I was an articling student and then continued as an
associate. I was assigned various duties on this file including research, organizing base visits and meetings
with interested parties, and assisting with pretty much anything that former Chief Justice Lamer requested
of me. Ms. McKenna worked as an associate similarly assigned to assist Chief Justice Lamer.

I would like to make clear at the outset that I am not an expert in criminal or military law, nor am I really
in a position to comment as to the extent to which the recommendations set out in the Lamer report have
been or are in the process of being implemented, but I would be interested to receive some questions on that
point if you are interested. Indeed, over five years have passed since the Lamer report was tabled in Parliament
on November 5, 2003, and as you all know, former Chief Justice Lamer himself passed away on November 24,
2007. I am, however, happy to provide information regarding the process and approach followed by Chief Justice
Lamer in drafting his report and developing his recommendations. I can also provide some context regarding
certain recommendations contained in the report that appear most pertinent to the review of Bill C-60. However,
I must make it clear that Chief Justice Lamer's report must speak for itself and I cannot presume to speak on his behalf.

It would be useful to provide some background information regarding Chief Justice Lamer's report. As you are
aware, unlike previous reports relating to the military justice system, such as those arising from the Somalia inquiry,
the report was not precipitated by serious incidents. It arose out of the requirement that the Minister of National
Defence arrange for an independent review of the provisions and operation of Bill C-25, which also sounds simple
but was not in practice. While Bill C-25 dealt with a variety of issues, one of the main areas subject to review was
the military justice system. A number of significant changes to the military justice system made by Bill C-25 were
intended to address perceived deficiencies within the military justice system, including the goal of establishing clear
standards of institutional separation between the investigative, prosecutorial, defence and judicial functions. The
success of this goal was, in turn, reviewed by former Chief Justice Lamer, and several of his recommendations were
intended to form the basis for further improvement.

Chief Justice Lamer was given complete access by the Minister of National Defence to the employees of the
Department of National Defence, and officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Forces of all
ranks, as well as to any information relevant to the review. Chief Justice Lamer took a consultative approach to
his review, as he had the hope that sharing his concerns with the relevant people and affording them an
opportunity to either institute corrective measures or explain why his concerns were unjustified would
result in expedient reforms addressing the issues identified by him. During the six months Chief Justice
Lamer was afforded to conduct this review, he consulted numerous times with the judge advocate general,
the director of military prosecutions, the director of defence counsel services, the Canadian Forces military
judges, soldiers of all ranks and many other people with expertise in matters falling under Bill C-25.

Sessions were also conducted at bases across the country — Valcartier, Montreal, Comox, Esquimalt and
Gagetown — where, generally speaking, we had round tables with members involved in the military justice
system in the morning and confidential meetings with people who requested them in the afternoons. Chief
Justice Lamer also received and considered numerous submissions from interested parties in response to his
call for comments published in the Canadian Forces newspaper The Maple Leaf and base newspapers where

I believe it is accurate to say that Chief Justice Lamer found, as a result of the changes made by Bill C-25,
that Canada could boast of a very sound and fair military justice framework. However, as his recommendations
demonstrate, there were areas where Chief Justice Lamer felt that further improvements could be made to
improve the military justice system, keeping in mind the requirement that such a system need often operate
abroad under circumstances of duress, hostility and outright war. As noted by Chief Justice Lamer, an
independent military judiciary is the hallmark of a fair military justice system, and we can confirm this was
one of Chief Justice Lamer's guiding principles when forming his recommendations.

LASH, J.A., Major, Deputy Judge Advocate General mentioned in "BRIG. M'RAE APPOINTED BRIGADIER-GENERAL", The Globe, Toronto, 27 January 1917, at p. 24;

Major J.A. Lash is relinquishing his appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate
General.  He will act in France as Colonel Bims' assistant.

LASH,  John F. (John Francis), 1885-1950, Major, Deputy Judge Advocate-General of Canadian Forces in England, see Politics and the Canadian Army Medical Corps : a history of intrigue, containing many facts omitted from official records, showing how efforts at rehabilitation were baulked / by Herbert A. Bruce ; with introd. by Hector Charlesworth, Toronto : W. Briggs, 1919, 321 p. at pages 18 and 91: chart, map. ; 20 cm.;

___________on Lash, John Francis, see the article: John F. Lash.  Lawyer, Director, Active in Sports Served Overseas", The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 1 November 1950, at p. 4; Mr. Lash died on 30 October 1950 at the age of 66;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed


ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 27 October 2018.

___________on LASH, John Francis, personal records, Archives and Library Canada, available at http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/personnel-records/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=515438 and http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.item/?op=pdf&app=CEF&id=B5418-S061 (accessed 5 March 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on LASH, John Francis, see The war book of Upper Canada College, Toronto: Printers' Guild, 1923, 350 pages at p. 206; available at http://online.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_89637/234?r=0&s=1 (accessed 24 March 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: David Last' website at http://www.davidmlast.org/davidmlast-home/About.html, accessed 3 January 2016
David Last
LAST, David, "Military Police Complaints Commission Discussion Paper: Canadian Values and Civilian Oversight of Operations", Royal Military College of Canada, 10 October 2008,  Note:These notes are prepared for discussion pursuant to an informal meeting (by invitation) with the Chair and counsels for the Military Police Complaints Commission, 9 October 2008; available at http://www.davidmlast.org/davidmlast-home/Publications_files/Civilian%20Oversight%20of%20Operations%20and%20Canadian%20Values-r2.pdf (accessed 3 January 2016); Corresponding author: last-d@rmc.ca

___________Web site at http://www.davidmlast.org/davidmlast-home/Welcome.html  and blog at  https://www.blogger.com/profile/07767764909266217154 (accessed 27 March 2017);

LAST, David, Ali Dizboni, Christian Breede, Royal Military College of Canada, Corresponding author: last-d@rmc.ca, "Teaching International Relations: Canada's emergent strategy to produce strategic practitioners". 2015, available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280022988_Teaching_International_Relations_Canada%27s_emergent_strategy_to_produce_strategic_practitioners (accessed 26 March 2017);
This paper was prepared to support comparative discussions about teaching international
relations and strategic studies in allied military colleges, at a workshop sponsored by the
Norwegian Military Academy, May 2015. Following discussions in June, it is now
intended to be one of three co-authored chapters. The second will be a perspective on the
evolution of teaching international subjects of RMC’s six decades of degree-granting
status. The third chapter will address larger questions of educational strategy and
strategic education of military leaders within a security complex.

"Late by 10", music band, playing Johnny B Goode, on YouTube

"Late by 10", music band, see web site at https://lateby10.com/, accessed 18 September 2018; music band formed of OJAG members!

source de l'image: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/dir/Guy/Latour, consulté le 1er juin 2018
Guy Latour, l'auteur de l'article
LATOUR, Guy, "Deux nouveaux membres au barreau", Le Journal de Joliette, 29 novembre 2011; au sujet notamment de Me Marc-André Ferron aujourd'hui membre du JAG;

"Deux avocats stagiaires du Directeur des poursuites criminelles et pénales de
Joliette ont été officiellement assermentés au barreau du Québec, le 25 novembre
dernier, au Palais de justice de Joliette. Il s'agit de Me Marc-André Ferron et Me
Louis-Philippe Mercier. Ceux-ci poursuivront leur carrière à la couronne à Joliette.
Sur la photo, Me Ferron et Me Mercier sont accompagnés de Me Mario Prieur
(au centre), premier conseiller du barreau Laurentides-Lanaudière, qui a présidé
[source: lejournaldejoliette.ca/actualites/faits-divers/174669/deux-nouveaux-membres-au-barreau,
vérifié le 1er mai 2018]

LAVIOLETTE, D., "Freedom Lost", (1993) 55(3)  Royal Canadian Mounted Police Gazette 11-14;

The detention barracks in Edmonton, Canada, opened in 1959 as Disciplinary Barracks No. 10, can accommodate
up to 116 military and civilian inmates.

The inmates include military officers, noncommissioned military personnel, and civilians subject to the Code of Service
Discipline. Reasons for incarceration range from insubordination to homicide. Individuals sentenced to lengthy imprisonment
are held until their court martial appeal has been heard. If their sentence is upheld, they are transferred to a civilian institution
to complete their sentence. In any case, an inmate can only be incarcerated at the detention barracks for a maximum of 2 years
less a day. Inmates receive eight marks a day which they can accumulate to earn privileges and reduce their sentence. Corrective
measures in the detention barracks include loss of marks, counseling, warnings, and minor punishments such as additional drill.
More stringent corrective measures are implemented if necessary, including loss of privileges for 7 days and solitary confinement.
A life skills enhancement program attempts to help inmates deal with alcoholism and career problems. In addition, correctional
staff undergo a 12-day course that teaches them how to interact with inmates.
[source: https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=141911, accessed 5 March 2018]

Source de l'image: http://www.lavoienotaire.ca/about-en.php, visité le 22 septembre 2016
Martial Lavoie
LAVOIE, Martial Notaire, blog du, "Pouquoi avez-vous besoin d'un avocat militaire devant une cour martiale", disponibe à http://notairemartiallavoie.com/juridique/avocat-militaire-cour-martiale.html (vérifié le 28 août 2015);

La sélection d’un procureur

Pour défendre une cour martiale, vous avez besoin d’un avocat plaidant. Les travaux d’essai militaire ne sont pas
pour les amateurs. L’avocat militaire doit connaître les lois militaires, les règlements et les procédures de la cour
martiale à fond. Même si une cour martiale peut sembler un peu comme un procès civil, il y a d’innombrables
détails essentiels que seul un avocat bien formés dans les procès militaires verra. Aussi, votre avocat doit
comprendre la mission militaire et la façon dont les militaires pensent. Tout au long du procès, votre avocat
devra communiquer avec les commandants militaires, des témoins, des enquêteurs militaires, et les jurés militaires.

Tout aussi important, votre avocat doit être dédié à la pratique du droit. Votre avocat doit avoir une expérience
significative dans la salle d’audience. Il doit avoir pris des cours de formation de haut vol et il doit continuer à
s’entraîner et faire des recherches pour s’assurer que ses compétences restent affûtées et sa connaissance de la
loi ne soit pas dépassée. Assurez-vous qu’il a passé sa carrière à faire des essais contestées en cour martiale.

Votre avocat militaire doit avoir le savoir-faire et la ténacité pour vous protéger contre le gouvernement et pour
vous empêcher de dire ou de faire quelque chose qui va nuire à votre cas. Il doit être prêt à vous dire ce que vous
avez besoin d’entendre, et pas seulement ce que vous voulez entendre.

Peut-être plus important encore, votre avocat ne doit pas avoir peur des enquêteurs militaires, et pas avoir peur
de prendre des cas difficiles dans une salle d’audience et de durs combats pour les personnes accusées de crimes
terribles. Trop nombreux sont les avocats militaires qui craignent la salle d’audience et qui sont terrifiés à l’idée
d’avoir à juger une affaire devant un jury. Malheureusement, beaucoup d’avocats militaires ont trop confiance
dans les enquêteurs militaires, et une trop grande confiance dans les commandants militaires. Même lorsque
la culpabilité de l’accusé est claire, vous avez encore besoin d’un combattant pour s’assurer qu’il obtient une
peine juste. Très souvent, le combat le plus important est dans la phase de détermination de la peine. 

___________"Comprendre le principe des cours martiales", 13 septembre 2013, disponible à http://www.justicecanada.ca/lois/comprendre-principe-cours-martiales/ (vérifié le 24 décembre 2016);

LAVOIE, Sylvain, "Amnesty International Canada et al v. Attorney General of Canada et al Federal Court of Canada -- 7 February 2008", (30 April 2008) 13 Nato Legal Gazette  2-3; available at  http://www.ismllw.org/NATO%20LEGAL%20GAZETTE/Legal%20GazetteIssueNo%2013.pdf (accessed 12 February 2015);

___________"Les modalités juridiques de la présence de troupes militaires étrangères alliées dans les États de l'O.T.A.N." (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (site visité le 18 avril 2012);
___________"Précis: The presence of allied armed forces in NATO countries" (December/Décembre 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 4; disponible à  http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074904/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscalenov2001.pd  (site visité le 19 avril 2012);

Sylvain Lavoie (à gauche) avec le JAG Jerry Pitzul (source: (July-Oct 2000) 3 JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités à la p. 5

Myriam Jézéquel, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/myriam-j%C3%A9z%C3%A9quel/12/248/952, vérifié le 23 janvier 2015
____________sur Sylvain Lavoie, voir l'article par JÉZÉQUEL, Myriam, "Avocat au sein des Forces armées canadiennes: un mode de vie unique en son genre", (1er octobre 2004), 36(16) Journal du Barreau; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/publications/journal/vol36/no16/forcesArmees.html (vérifié le 27 février 2012); notes: interview avec l'avocat militaire Sylvain Lavoie;

Image source: https://publicintelligence.net/nato-legal-deskbook/
LAVOIE, Sylain et al, contributors, and al., NATO Legal Deskbook, 2nd edition, available at  https://info.publicintelligence.net/NATO-LegalDeskbook.pdf (accessed 14 September 2016); for more information on this publication, see https://publicintelligence.net/nato-legal-deskbook/ (accessed 14 September 2016);

THE LAW SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, "VIMY: 1917-2017", available at https://www.lawsociety.bc.ca/Website/media/Shared/docs/about/Vimy.pdf (accessed 1 May 2017);
This year, for the first time, the Chief Justice of Canada and the Judge Advocate General of Canada will join the
official party at the Cenotaph in Ottawa in recognition of the remarkable service and leadership o f Canada’s legal
profession throughout our military history.

Image source: Riverwash Books (IOBA) (Prescott, ON, Canada) AbeBooks Seller, www.abebooks.com, accessed 20 May 2018
LAWSON, William J., The Canadian Constitution A Study of Our Government: A study of our system of government, Ottawa : Roger Duhamel, Queen's Printer, 1964, 31 pages, 8vo 8" - 9" tall: Cat. no.: SP7-964 ; copy at the University of Ottawa, KE 4128 .L29 1964; 1971 reprint of the 1964 edition; also published in French/aussi publié en français: La constitution canadienne une étude de notre système de gouvernement, [Ottawa : Impr. de la Reine, 1963], 31 p. ; 20 cm.  Cat. no.: SP7-963F NOTES: "Edition revisée d'une brochure publiée en premier lieu  en 1952, la première d'une série préparée pour les forces armées canadiennes sur la citoyenneté canadienne."

   Judge Advocate General 1950-1969
William J. Lawson, source of photo:  
McDonald, R. Arthur,
Canada's Military Lawyers, infra, at p. 72
___________"Canadian Military Law" (1951) 29 Canadian Bar Review 241-255, available at https://cbaapps.org/cba_barreview/Search.aspx?VolDate=09%2f01%2f2017 (accessed 22 September 2017);  also reproduced at (1951) 9 Judge Advoc. J.  1-12,

                                      source: heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/jajrnl11&div=4&id=&page=, accessed 18 November 2017

___________"Constitutional and Legal Aspects of Emergency Planning" EMO National Digest, vol. 3, number 6, December 1963; EMO=Emergency Neasures Organization; copy at the University of Ottawa, CA1 D84 E52, MRT Storage;

__________"Every Lawyer's Introduction and Guide to the Canadian Constitution", (January 1964) 50(1) American Bar Association Journal 70-73; available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=FqM8cbfXL2kC&pg=PA70&lpg=PA70&dq=William+J.+Lawson++Judge+Advocate+General&source=bl&ots=giWTPGFbT_&sig=Sx5cLlDsXr4TGD5JSiCn0EXWdBQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiL8PzIiN3NAhXONx4KHXjnA6UQ6AEIKzAD#v=onepage&q=William%20J.%20Lawson%20%20Judge%20Advocate%20General&f=false (accessed 5 July 2016);

___________"The Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces Addresses the Association", The Judge Advocate Journal, Bulletin number 6, October 1950, at pp. 10-13; available at http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/JAG_Journal-No-6.pdf, accessed on 22 December 2014;

__________on LAWSON, Brigadier-General William J., see "Canadian in Karachi", The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 25 October 1957 at p. 2;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/,
accessed 27 May 2019, 
ProQuest Historical Newspapers

___________on LAWSON, Brigadier-General William J., see "Conscription charged", The Globe and Mail, 15 March 1967, at p. 8;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/,
accessed 4 March 2019, 
ProQuest Historical Newspapers

___________on LAWSON, Brigadier-General William J., see  McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 68, 71-73, 78, 82, 86, 90, 99, 101, 117, 209 and 217, available at i-xii and 1-102 and  103-242;

___________Photo de promotion du Brigadier-général Lawson, La Presse, 1er juin 1950, à la p. 35 (recherche effectuée le 21 mars 2018)

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________Photo du Brigadier-général Lawson, Le soleil, Québec, mercredi 13 octobre 1954, à la p. 30:

"ARRIVES SUR L' "ATLANTIC": Le paquebot de la
Home Lines est arrivé hier matin à l’Anse-au-Foulon avec
au delà de 1000 passagers à son bord.  Parmi eux, on remarquait
le major-général J.-P.-E. BERNATCHEZ, de Montréal, qui rentrait
d’une visite aux troupes canadiennes cantonnées en Allemagne
avec l’OTAN.  On le voit ci-dessus, à gauche, avec son épouse
venue le rencontrer, et le brigadier W.J.
LAWSON, juge-avocat général de l'armée à Ottawa."

___________Photo of Brigadier-General with others,  at the annual dinner of the Judge Advocates Associa­tion held in New York City on September 18, 1951, at the Park Lane Hotel.,   The Judge Advocate Journal, Bulletin, number 9, November 1951 at p. 24; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/JAG_Journal-No-9.pdf (accessed 9 March 2019);  The Judge Advocates Association "is an affiliated organization of the American Bar Association. composed of lawyers of all components of the Army, Navy, and Air Force".

___________Témoignage devant, Chambre des communes, Comité spécial des dépenses aux fins de la défense, Procès-verbaux et témoignages, fascicule 1, séances des mardi 27 janvier et jeudi 29 janvier 1953 (21e législature, 7e session; Président: M. David A. Croll), Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, 1953; Note: "Le brigadier W.J. Lawson est appelé.  Il donne lecture d'une déclaration concernant les irrégularités au camp de Petawawa, l'enquete menée à ce sujet et les dispositions qui ont ét prises.  Le témoin est interrogé, puis se retire" (p. 7 du fascicule);  copie à l'Université d'Ottawa, FTX Parliamentary Doc, CA1 XC2 D23F; j'ai consulté ce document à la bibliothèque de la Faculté de droit, le 28 mai 2018 et il n'y avait que la version française; pour les recherches en anglais, voir House of Commons, Special Committee on defence expenditure, Minutes of proceedings and evidence;

____________ Testimony before the House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill No. 133 An Act Respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence: Special Committee on Bill No. 133 on Act Respecting National Defence, Ottawa: Edmond Cloiutier, King's Printer, 1950; eight numbers, No. 1 dated 23 May 1950 to No. 8 dated 6 June 1950, 360 p.; copy at the Library of Parliament, call # J103 H7 1950 D4 A1 and at Library and Archives Canada; the wallet of the Special Committe is located at the Library and Archives Canada,  Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, Box 58 which contains the reports to the House, amendments, exhibits and minutes; there is a Microfiche. [Toronto] : Micro Media Limited, [1995?] -- 5 fiches ; 11 X 15 cms at the University of Ottawa,  Off-Campus Storage - Annex  CA1 XC2 N14a  212;
___________Témoignage devant la Chambre des communes, Comité spécial chargé d'étudier le Bill 133 intitulé Loi concernant la défense nationale, Procès-verbaux et témoignages, Ottawa Edmond Cloutier, 1951, 8 fascicules (le 1er est du mardi le 23 mai 1950);  Note de recherche de François Lareau: Il existe une copie de ces procès-verbaux à la Librairie du Parlement, no de cote J103H7 D4 A1 et à la Bibliothèque et Archives Canada; le dossier du Comité spécial se trouve aux Archives nationales, Ottawa, Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, boîte 58 et il contient les rapports à la Chambre des communes, les amendements, les pièces et les procès-verbaux; on retrouve également une copie des huit fascicules en français à la Bibliothèque Brian Dickson, de la Faculté de droit de l'Université d'Ottawa, University of Ottawa, FTX Parliamentary Doc, CA1 XC2 D25F;

___________Testimony before the Senate Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce to whom was referred the Bill C-27, intituled: “An Act to amend the National Defence Act”, 2nd Session, 24th Parliament, 10th March 1959; available at https://archive.org/stream/bankingcommerce_52/bankingcommerce_52_djvu.txt (accessed 4 March 2018);

Brig. Lawson: We have had these rules of evidence prepared by the Law Faculty of Dalhousie University. The Dean and two of the senior
members of the Faculty did the original draft of this code of evidence. Of course* we have worked on it in the office and made amendments to
bring it more in line with our military requirements. In perfect fairness, I can say that the code certainly takes away no protection that the acculsed
has under the ordinary law of evidence, and furthermore it gives him, if anything, some added protection that he does not have under the ordinary law
of evidence.
The Chairman: Of course, I can see some advantages of a single code. 

Senator Macdonald: Is that code still available? 

Brig. Lawson: We have a first draft. It has not been approved by Governor 
in Council, of course, because the section is not passed, but the minister under- 
took in the Commons to table the code when it is printed, and I am sure he 
will be pleased to have it tabled in the Senate when the section is passed. 

Senator Macdonald: Is the Governor in. Council going to table this before 
it is approved? 

Brig. Lawson: No, I would not think so.

___________Testimony before the Standing Committee on Privileges and Elections, Minutes of proceedings and evidence re: Canada Elections Act, No. 4, Thursday, 17 March 1955, at pp. 103-131 (not all pages by Lawson);
Brigadier Lawson was questioned on the proposal of the Department of National Defence to extend
the existing provisions of the Canadian Forces Voting Regulations, contained in Schedule Three to the
Canada Elections Act, to the wives of members of the armed forces.
[http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/spac-pspc/PF1-4-1955.pdf, Canadian Government Publication, Catalogue, 1955,
at p. 56, accessed 19 October 2018]

___________Testimony before the Standing Committee on Privileges and Elections, 3rd session, 24th parliament, 8-9 Elizabeth II, 1960. Chairman: Mr. Heath Macquarrie. Minutes of proceedings and evidence respecting Canada Elections Act, see http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/spac-pspc/PF1-5-1960-6.pdf (accessed 28 February 2019);

No. 16, Tuesday, May 31, 1960. Pp. 425-465. Witnesses: Mr. Nelson Castonguay, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. And from the Department
of National Defence: Brigadier W. J. Lawson, Judge Advocate General; and Captain J. P. Dewis, RCN, Deputy Judge Advocate General. 350. per copy.
a oCat. No. XC19-243/1-16

No. 17, Thursday, June 2, 1960. Pp. 467-496. Witnesses: Mr. Nelson Castonguay, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. And from the Department
of National Defence: Brigadier W. J. Lawson, Judge Advocate General; and Captain J. P. Dewis, RCN, Deputy Judge Advocate General. 250. per copy. * o o Cat. No. XC19-243/1-17

LAWYERS' RIGHTS WATCH CANADA and prepared by Erika Chan, Gail Davidson and Catherine Morris, "Right to Trial by Civilan Courts: International law on the use of military tribunals to determine the rights of civilians", Vancouver, [2015], 15 p., (series; working paper); available at http://www.lrwc.org/ws/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Right-to-Trial-by-Civiliian-Courts-LRWC-6-Jan-2015.pdf  and http://www.lrwc.org/right-to-trial-by-civilian-courts-international-law-on-the-use-of-military-tribunals-to-determine-the-rights-of-civilians-working-paper/ (accessed 28 April 2015);
The Right to Trial by Civilian Courts is a working paper on the right of civilians to be tried, and to have their rights—including rights to remedies—determined by civilian courts. Production of the working paper was inspired by the practice of repressive governments to delegate military tribunals under the control of the executive, the power to both try civilians and to try matters involving alleged violations against civilians by military personnel. Such trials do not comply with internationally protected rights to a fair trial and due process and have resulted in unjust convictions, arbitrary detentions and denial of remedies for grave human rights abuses. LRWC invites feedback on changes and additions to the working paper. (source:, http://www.lrwc.org/right-to-trial-by-civilian-courts-international-law-on-the-use-of-military-tribunals-to-determine-the-rights-of-civilians-working-paper/, accessed 28 April 2015);


Harvey Lazar, image source: http://www.nationalnewswatch.com/author/harveylazar/, accessed 11 February 2015
LAZAR, Harvey, Parliamentary Control of Defence in Canada, 1945-1962, Thesis, M.A. in Economics and Political Science, University of British Columbia, 1963, 374 leaves with bibliography at 363-374; available at https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1.0105749 (accessed 11 March 2019);

Source de l'image: https://twitter.com/sim00732, visité le 22 septembre 2016
Simon Leblanc

LEBLANC, Simon, "Cour martiale, le public est le bienvenu!", ADSUM, Le journal bimensuel de la Comunauté militaire -- Région de l'est du Québec; disponible à  http://www.journaladsum.com/nouvelle.php?id=831 (vérifié le 14 septembre 2014);

Le premier maître de 1re classe Brian Lillie, du cabinet du juge-avocat général région de Québec, a constaté depuis son arrivée en poste que peu de gens assistent aux cours martiales qui se déroulent à Valcartier. Il croit que les militaires y perdent une belle opportunité de développement professionnel.

C’est pour cette raison qu’il a fait appel au journal, afin de faire savoir aux militaires et aux civils qu’ils sont les bienvenus aux différentes audiences. «C’est important pour les militaires d’assister à la cour martiale. Un jour ou l’autre, ils peuvent être appelés à y participer. D’ailleurs, ça peut les aider à mieux comprendre les principes de droit applicables, même en matière disciplinaire», affirme le pm1 Lillie.

Ce dernier précise qu’il est possible pour les militaires de demander à leur supérieur d’assister à une cour martiale lorsqu’ils sont en service, car l’exercice constitue une forme d’apprentissage pour eux.

___________"Formation sur les enquêtes disciplinaires", ADSUM, 15 janvier 2015; available at http://www.journaladsum.com/nouvelle.php?id=869 (accessed on 16 January 2015); aussi disponible à http://www.journaladsum.com/ftp/journaux/Archives/2015/VOL_43_NO_14_ADSUM_2015-01-15.pdf (vérifié 14 septembre 2016);

Ce sont 55 sous-officiers supérieurs qui ont pris part à des scénarios d’enquête fictifs, sous la direction de la juge-avocate adjointe (JAA),
major Marie-Ève Tremblay, accompagnée du capitaine Henri Bernatchez, qui les familiarisaient avec les procédures entourantl’enquête disciplinaire.

Major M.E. Leblond, 2018                                                          accessed 25 June 2018
LEBLOND, M.E. (Marie-Élaine), Major, legal officer member of the OJAG; member of the Quebec Bar since 2008; works at AJAG Halifax (June 2018);

Source: commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/people/bouthillier-yves, accessed 29 March 2017
Yves Le Bouthillier

LE BOUTHILLIER, Yves, "Claims for Refugee Protection in Canada by Selective Objectors: An Evolving Jurisprudence" in Ellner, Andrea, Paul Robinson, David Whetham, eds., When soldiers say no : selective conscientious objection in the modern military, Farnham, Surrey, England : Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2014, xvi, 271 pages, at pp. 155 to approx. 176; 24 cm. (series: Military and defence ethics), ISBN: 9781472412140 and ISBN1472412141; copy at University of Ottawa, Morisset Library MRT General  U 22 .W44 2014;

Image source: , accessed 13 November 2017
Harold Leduc
LEDUC, Harold, Testimony of Harold Leduc,
President, Canadian Peacekeeping Veterans Association, before the Subcommittee on Veterans Affairs of the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence, 28 November 2001 (, available at https://sencanada.ca/en/Content/SEN/Committee/371/vete/02eva-e?Language=F&Parl=37&Ses=1&comm_id=20 (accessed 12 November 2017); on "active service";

Mr. Leduc: Most of our members are members of the Legion. We believe in the Legion, but we feel that it is off the rails right now.

We believe that the Government of Canada once knew how to look after our veterans. In fact, the government treated the veterans very
well after the Second World War. They instituted the Veterans Charter, which looked after the re-establishment of our active service
veterans after the Second World War.

For the sake of clarity of this presentation, I will follow two central issues: The first is active service, the second, compensation for
active service. We believe that these issues are at the root of the problem facing our veterans today.

I have chosen bits and parts of some of my own family history of active service to illustrate the historical background of active service
in the Canadian Military.

My first ancestor came here in 1691 as a soldier from France. In the early days of New France we relied on other countries for our
defence. As the country began to establish itself Canadians were enlisted as captains in the militia. It was during these years that the
obligation of service began for all citizens between the ages 16 to 65 years. These men could be called up in case of need.

This system worked with varying degrees of success; as long as the men were called up between harvest-time everything was fine.
Sometime after the battle of the Plains of Abraham there was a split between the active and sedentary militia.

During the War of 1812 Canadians fought for the first time as a force against the Americans. One of my ancestors fought in the Battle
of Chateaguay as a militia member of the Canadian Voltigeurs. Ten days later, he was reassigned to the British 48th Regiment. Men
were interchangeable within units at the time. With the passing of the Canadian Militia Act of 1855, we began to base our military
system on the British model.

The first significant force we sent overseas was for the Boar War, officially called the South African War. We sent Canadian soldiers
over as a special service. Just after the turn of the 20th century our troops went over as an expeditionary force.

We have been able to discover that the central orders that called citizens to arms are Orders in Council. In this case, the Orders in
Council were used to bring Canadian citizens onto active service.

There are some basic items involved in those Orders in Council: the reason troops are requested to go on active service, what is expected
of them, the size of the force necessary, and the authority of the Governor General to place on active service either the regular or reserve
forces inside or outside of Canada.

Annex A lists the periods of time that our modern day Canadian troops have been on active service since 1950. The following two pages
show that members of the Canadian forces regulars have been on active service in Canada and abroad since November 20, 1973. That has
been a continuum.

Annex B defines the terms of enlistment. In this annex you will find a letter from the Minister of National Defence clarifying some terms
of the National Defence Act and a definition of the Canadian forces regulars on active service. On the following page you will find the
details of when we were on active service and a copy of the Privy Council orders. The letter outlines the practice of the Privy Council
Orders in Council, to put members of the forces on active service. As well, it tells us that the practice of drafting Orders in Council to put
members of the forces on active service for service overseas stopped in 1989 because everyone was on active service in Canada and abroad.
However, since 1973, NATO regular forces have been in active service in Canada and abroad.

The Chairman [Senator Michael A. Meighen]: Canadian Forces have been on active service, whether in Canada or abroad, pursuant to
that Order in Council of 1973?

Mr. Leduc: Yes, as well as the reserve forces when they are attached to the regular forces overseas.

The Chairman: Is that indicated in the Order in Council, as well?

Mr. Leduc: Yes, it is in both of them. The National Defence Act also indicates when they would be on active service.

LEE, C.R., Master Warrant Officer, Special Investigator Unit,
Lahr, Federal Republic of Germany
Lee, C.R., "Murder Investigation by Remote Control: The Pepin Case",  The Thunderbird Journal, Number 1, 1991 at pp.  4-12, available at http://www.cmpa-apmc.org/uploads/7/1/9/7/71970193/1991_no._1_-_commemorative_edition_en.pdf (accessed 12 November 2017); about the case of Cpl Pepin, tried by General Court Martial in Lahr, Federal Republic of Germany, 6-18 March 1989; Cpl. Pepin pleaded guilty to a charge of manslaughter; prosecutor: LCol Denis Couture; defence counsel: Alain Ménard; victim: Antoinette Charest; JAG at the General Court Martial was Colonel Pierre Boutet; aussi disponible en français à https://www.cmpa-apmc.org/uploads/7/1/9/7/71970193/1991_nu._1_-_edition_commemorative_fr.pdf;

LEE, E.D., Major was the Judge-advocate in the general court martial referred in the article: "Soldier Murder Case Decision To Be Announced", Globe and Mail, 1946/05/29; available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028160 (accessed 30 August 2018); Capt. A.D. Crowe was the prosecutor and Major J.C.A. Campbell from Camp Borden was defence counsel;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

LEE, F.J., Commander, was the military judge, i.e. President of the Standing Court Martial in R. v. Cameron 1986 CM 97, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 26 September 1986,  source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1986-34;

Image source: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/printview/?issn=0885-0607&subcategory=SS240000&linktype=7 , accessed 13 February 2015
LEFEBVRE, Stéphane,  "Canada's Legal Framework for Intelligence", (2010) 23(2) International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence  247-295; Stéphane Lefebvre is Section Head -- Strategic Analysis at the Centre for Operational  Research and Development Canada (CORA), Research and Development Canada (DRDC);

Source de l'image: http://www.operationspaix.net/39-banque-d-experts-legault-dr-albert.html, vérifié le 22 septembre 2016
Albert Legault

LEGAULT, Albert, “Civil-Military Relations: Democracy and Norm Transfer”,  in Albert Legault and Joel Sokolsky, eds., The Soldier and the State in the Post-Cold War Era , Kingston: Queen's Quarterly Press, 2002, 236 p., ISSN 0033-6041;

___________"Démocratie et transfert de normes: les relations civilo-militaires", (2001) 32(2) Études internationales 169-201; disponible à http://nelson.cen.umontreal.ca/revue/ei/2001/v32/n2/704280ar.pdf (vérifié le 30 avril 2014); aussi disponible à https://www.erudit.org/revue/ei/2001/v32/n2/704280ar.pdf (vérifié 14 octobre 2015);

___________dir., “La commission d'enquête sur la Somalie”, Le maintien de la paix, bulletin no. 22, avril 1996; titre noté dans mes recherches mais non consulté (10 septembre 2015);

___________on LEGAULT, Albert, see "Parizeau sees no problem in forming Quebec army Series: Quebec Decides: [Final Edition]", The Ottawa Citizen, 18 August 1994, at p. A4;  note: "Albert Legault director general of the Quebec Centre for International Relations at Laval University;

The Parti Quebecois leader reiterated his desire for a Quebec army while campaigning recently in Montreal.
"We'll need one, he said Monday. "Maybe not as elaborate as the Canadian army but we'll need one.

Sources say the PQ has approached some army personnel over the past 18 months, laying the groundwork
for a Quebec army.

Albert Legault, director general of the Quebec Centre for International Relations at Laval University,
conducted a major study 18 months ago for the Quebec government on armed forces in an independent Quebec.

Quebec could afford a small armed forces, Legault said, particularly since the branch it would need most,
the army, is the least expensive to equip.

The PQ favors a coast guard; it sees no need for an ocean-going navy. It would want to keep some of the
aircraft Quebec taxpayers helped buy -- perhaps including the super-sophisticated CF-18 jet-fighter, Legault said.

__________“Réflexions sur la politique de défense du Canada et sur celle d'un éventuel Québec indépendant” dans Les implications de la mise en oeuvre de la souveraineté : Les aspects juridiques, les services gouvernementaux (Exposés et études vol. 2), Commission d'étude des questions afférentes à l'accession du Québec à la souveraineté, Québec, 1992, p. 309-393; titre noté dans mes recherches mais non consulté (10 septembre 2015); voir sa mise à jour à  http://www.ieim.uqam.ca/IMG/pdf/politique-defense_Canada-Quebec.pdf  (vérifié le 11 mars 2017);

Roch Legault, photo source: http://www.rmc.ca/aca/his/per/legault-r-eng.php, accessed on 27 April 2014

LEGAULT, Roch, "L'organisation militaire sous le régime britannique et le rôle assigné à la gentilhommerie canadienne (1760-1815)", (1991) 45(2) Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique française 229-249; disponible à http://www.erudit.org/revue/haf/1991/v45/n2/304967ar.pdf (vérifié le 5 juin 2012); contribution  à la recherche historique importante;

LÉGER, André R., Major,  The legal and ethical considerations for Canada in using non-lethal  weapons in an operational environment, Toronto, Ont. : Canadian Forces College, 2006, iii, 64 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/292/286/leger.pdf  (accessed on 2 January 2012);

“This paper examines some of the legal and ethical considerations of using non-lethal weapons, raises some concerns which the Canadian Forces
should address if some of the new non-lethal weapons are to be incorporated into the National Use of Force Model, and presents some
recommendations to ease in the transition of these new options. This paper concludes by recommending the introduction of the Taser into the
Canadian Forces Military Police Branch. Since the early 12th century, there have been efforts by the church and state(s), and more recently the
international community to codify the laws of armed conflict. Although the international community recognized a nation’s right to use deadly
force in defence of its national interests, international treaties like the Hague Convention (IV) Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land,
ratified in 1907, forbid the use of arms, calculated to cause unnecessary suffering. But what constitutes unnecessary suffering? The existing
international treaties are insufficient to support and provide guidance to nations which currently use or are considering using some of the new
non-lethal weapons. The manner in which some non-lethal weapons function may render an opponent incapacitated, but will result in the infliction
of some pain and suffering. Therefore, is it better to kill your opponent, accepting the fact that there may or may not be any suffering, or is it better
to use a non-lethal weapons which will incapacitate your opponent but is specifically designed to cause suffering, the infliction of which is contrary
to the Hague Convention (IV)? The dilemma of using non-lethal weapons to incapacitate, even though it was designed to cause some suffering,
also brings the Just War Theory, ethical criteria of proportionality into play. Is the critical issue the survival of the opponent, regardless of the
amount of pain inflicted, or is the most important consideration the infliction of suffering, and whether or not that suffering is temporary or permanent.
The selection of a suitable non-lethal weapon for the CF must be examined from both a legal and ethical perspective. Once a suitable non-lethal
weapon has been identified, the CF must educate the Canadian public on the specifics of the weapon while dispelling non-lethal weapon myths,
and we must properly train our soldiers so that they will be able to perform their duties with complete confidence in the non-lethal weapon and the
chain of command. By understanding the implications and potential pitfalls of using a specific non-lethal weapon, we will be better prepared to
provide these new options to our soldiers.” - Author's abstract
[source: http://ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch, accessed on 1 January 2012]

LÉGER, Francis A. (Frank; F.A.), 1920-,  "Application de la loi étrangère dans le droit militaire canadien", (1970) 9(2) Revue de droit pénal militaire et de droit de la guerre/The Military Law and Law of War Review 393-395; le colonel Francis (Frank) Léger fut membre du cabinet du JAG; il présida de nombreuses cours martiales;

___________"In memoriam Colonel Frank Leger", (1981) 20(3-4) The Military  Law and Law of War  Review 420, disponible à https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/mllwr20&div=30&id=&page= (accessed 1 August 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

____________"Military Criminality in Canada" , (1970) 9(2) Revue de droit pénal militaire et de droit de la guerre/The Military Law and Law of War Review 297-300;

___________on LEGER, Colonel Frank, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 77 and 104, available at i-xii and 1-102 and  103-242;

"The defence and prosecution staffs pose in front of the renamed
Normandy Building of the Maple Leaf Barracks.  Wady Lehmann
is on the far right, front row in the the light-coloured overcoat."
LEHMAN, Wady, "Recollections Concerning War Crimes Investigations and Prosecutions”,  (2002) 11(4) Canadian Military History 70-80; available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1335&context=cmh (accessed 21 January 2016);

Image source: http://www.rmcclub.ca/eVeritas/2007/Issue01/200701.htm, accessed 9 April 2016
Eric Lehre

LEHRE, Eric J., 1949-, Canada-US Military Interoperability at what Cost Sovereignty?, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 2012, xviii, 441 leaves; available at https://dalspace.library.dal.ca/bitstream/handle/10222/15306/Lerhe,%20Eric,%20PhD,%20POLSCI,%20Oct%202012%20D.pdf?sequence=5 (accessed 9 April 2016); also published as a book, see infra;
General Henault also indicated that the Judge Advocate General (JAG), Brigadier-General Jerry Pitzul, played a particularly  important internal role:
 “Jerry was as consistent and as honest as you could get in that respect. There was no arm twisting that he would allow.”  While there is a danger of
exaggerating, the fact is the JAG enjoyed very powerful influence over military plans by virtue of his unchallengeable ability to determine what was
legal and what was not.  This was reinforced by the fact that the Chief of Defence Staff was not his only boss.  Rather, the JAG was also responsible for
providing legal advice to the Defence Minister and Governor-General and thus enjoyed a certain independence, and with that a level of freedom from
"arm twisting." (footnotes omitted; p.188).  

Image source: http://www.dal.ca/dept/cfps/publications/AtWhatCost.html, accessed 9 April 2016
___________At what cost sovereignty? : Canada-US military interoperability in the war on terror, Halifax, NS : Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, 2013, ISBN:  9781896440729 (pbk.); see Table of Contents at http://www.dal.ca/content/dam/dalhousie/images/cfps/pubs/cfps_lerhetableofcontents-chapter1.pdf (accessed on 11 May 2014); see also his thesis with about the same title, supra;

___________Civil Military Relations and Aid to the Civil Power in Canada : Implications for the War on Terror", 33 p.; available at http://www.cda-cdai.ca/symposia/2004/Lerhe,%20Eric-%20Paper.pdf  (accessed on 2 August 2008); also accessed at http://cdai.jimmedia.ca/uploads/cdai/2009/04/lerhe04.pdf (15 December 2011);  paper presented at the Royal Military College, October 29-30, 2004;

___________Commander Eric Lehre was once suspended, court-martialed and reinstated for looking at pornography on his dnd-cf-navy laptop, court martialed and re-instated, see:
-"Canadian Commodore faces net porn keelhauling", 21 June 2001, see theregister.co.uk/2001/06/21/canadian_commodore_faces_net_porn/
Remarkably, Lehre is the victim of his own honesty. The offence only came to light
when he declared that it would be inappropriate for himself to participate in a court
martial of a sailor charged with misuse of a Navy computer.

Image source: web.archive.org/web/20011101084125/http://www.dnd.ca:
accessed 19 December 2017

- Commodore Eric Lehre reinstated as Commander Canadian Fleet Pacific:

Source: web.archive.org/web/20011114230235/
, accessed 19 December 2017

___________"Connecting the dots" and the Canadian counter-terrorism effort-- steady progress or  technical, bureaucratic, legal and political failure? [electronic resource], Calgary, Alta. : Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, 2009 (Saint-Lazare, Quebec : Gibson Library, 14 p.; available at http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/Connecting%20the%20Dots%20and%20the%20Canadian%20Counter-terrorism%20Effort.pdf (accessed on 31 May 2012);
Even when all the departments assemble, not all can share data. While in a perfect data sharing structure each agency would have
access to the other’s database to allow instantaneous “dot” connection across the government’s data systems, technology and legal
concerns are reportedly hampering that effort.18 These combined maritime centres hoped to overcome this by collecting the various
departments’ officers with their separate databases into a single room where face–to-face exchanges might move the information
instead.  Regrettably, even this sub-optimal approach was occasionally thwarted with an officer at one MSOC claiming in 2006 that,
“anything collected under the auspices of the Customs Act cannot be shared with any other department. It can be as benign as the
name of a ship.”  This, of course, dooms any effort to connect all the elements of the myriad data that can provide warning of a
developing terrorist attack. In response to these barriers, the Department of National Defence has recently started ‘war gaming’
cross-government legal activities within its maritime exercises. In 2007, for example, legal teams from across government and
the United States participated in exercise FRONTIER SENTINEL, an attempt to isolate the legal barriers in the operations that
cross-departmental and national boundaries. When an exercise event failed because of a perceived legal or procedural
impediment these teams either resolved the impasse or recorded it for later analysis and, one hopes, correction. [p. 3]

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the mouse allows
to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on Commodore Eric Lehre, see Maltas, Robert, "Web-surfing commodore fined $200.00", The Globe and Mail, 17 August 2001, at p. A1;

___________ Setting the limits on parliamentary influence : the 1994 Defense Policy Review, Thesis (M.A.)--Dalhousie University, 1996, 469 p.; title noted in my research but thesis not consulted yet;

In the past Parliament's influence in defence matters was limited to scrutinizing the government's policies. This thesis will argue that
the 1994 Defence Policy Review marks an important departure from this narrow approach. As the paper traces why this review was
different, it will conclude that Parliament's participation was not only far greater than past efforts but also that those efforts substantially
affected the government's subsequent defence policy. For perhaps the first time Parliament made defence policy. The thesis will also argue
that despite this new power, significant limits on Parliament's policy influence still remain because it is failing in its traditional scrutiny
function. It will conclude by offering recommendations to improve this. [Source: AMICUS catalogue]

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/denise-lemay-52198229
Denise Lemay
LEMAY, Denise Marie, Jus ad Bellum and Canada’s war in Afghanistan, A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies of The University of Manitoba in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Arts, Department of Political Studies University of Manitoba Winnipeg, 2012, 110 p.; available at https://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/bitstream/handle/1993/8620/Jus%20Ad%20Bellum%20and%20Canada%27s%20War%20in%20Afghanistan.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (accessed 3 April 2017);

LEMON, Brent (Brent Kenneth), Lieutenant (N), member of the OJAG, regular force; he attended the 2019 mandatory legal officer qualification course at Canadian Forces Military Law Centre, CFB Kingston, see Access to Information Act, DND Acess to Information and Privacy letter dated 12 June 2019, File A-2019-00289; works as Deputy Judge Advocate at CFB Borden (information as of 18 June 2019);

___________on LEMON, Brent, see April Community Newsletter, University of Toronto, Faculty of Law, International Human Rights Program, available at https://ihrp.law.utoronto.ca/utfl_file/count/LATEST_NEWS/IHRP%20April%20Community%20Newsletter.pdf (accessed 18 June 2019);
Finally,our humanitarian law working group, led by Glenn Gibson (3L) and Brent Lemon (2L),
continued our long
-standing partnership with the International Committee of the Red Cross to
update their
quarterly bibliographywhich provides annotations of materials related to
international humanitarian law to assist academics, policy makers,
and military officials. This
year, the working group
provided 44 abstracts for inclusionaddressing issues from the use of
biological weapons to t
he care of thewounded and sick.This partnership has proven so
successful that the ICRC is now reaching out to
other university-based human rights programs
to contribute to the bibliography.

LENNOD, C.K., Major, attached to London office as Deputy Judge Advocate General in 1917, see "Canadians Appointed", The Globe, Toronto, 10 August 1917 at p. 6;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the mouse allows
to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Source: https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 5 March 2019
ProQuest Historical Newspapers

LEONARD, S., lawyer with the OJAG; was with the Directorate of Defence Counsel Services in the case of Liwyj A.E. (Corporal), R. v., 2008 CM 2001 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/27zp1> (accessed 10 May 2018);

LEONARD, Shaina, "Canadian Military Tribunals: A Constitutional Analysis", 2012 "independent research paper supervised" by Eric M. Adams, professor Faculty of Law, University of Alberta; title noted in professor Adans's c.v., posted on the internet, in pdf format, accessed 24 September 2015; Shaina Leonard works for the Public Prosecution Service of Canada;

Professor Joanna Harrington (left) with Shaina Leonard (image source: https://lawschool.ualberta.ca/news/main-news/2014/june/leonardsuccessfullydefendsllmthesis, accessed 13 February 2015)

____________ Jus Post Bellum: The Case for a Light Footprint "Plus" Approach to Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, LL.M. thesis, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, 2014, viii, 108 leaves, thesis supervisor: professor Joanna Harrington; available at https://era.library.ualberta.ca/public/view/item/uuid:5270f55c-df00-4a3d-9042-028d0653b231/, accessed 13 February 2015); Shaina Leonard is a former member of the office of the Judge Advocate General;

The term jus post bellum is used increasingly to refer to the legal frameworks applied in post-conflict peacebuilding projects.
This thesis considers the recent application of three jus post bellum frameworks in states emerging from conflict to determine which
framework has the greatest potential for success in terms of securing lasting peace and security in the post-conflict state. The three
frameworks considered are: the law of occupation applied in Iraq, the United Nations-led interim administrations applied in Kosovo
and East Timor, and the light footprint approach applied in Afghanistan. The thesis concludes that the light footprint approach, with
its focus on local ownership over the peacebuilding process, should be considered for future post-conflict states, but with enhanced
attention to security and coordination. A light footprint “plus” approach that includes increased international support and mentorship
is advocated as the clearest route to lasting peace and security. This thesis concludes that the law of occupation is not an effective tool
for post-conflict peacebuilding because it restricts the types of changes that can be made within the post-conflict state and it only arises
in rare instances of international armed conflict. In Kosovo and East Timor, the UN-led interim administrations took control of all aspects
 of governance and made significant changes. While UN-led interim administrations can bring about significant post-conflict change, the
lack of popular consultation and perceived lack of accountability makes them less desirable as post-conflict peacebuilding frameworks.
In Afghanistan, peace builders were wary of the risks of imposing change on the Afghan people and adopted a light footprint approach
that allowed Afghan authorities to lead post-conflict rebuilding efforts. Unfortunately, the international community did not provide
sufficient support to the Afghans, the result of which was a poor security environment, an uncoordinated approach, and a failure to
incorporate existing judicial frameworks into the new institutions of government. Although the light footprint approach is considered a
failure in Afghanistan, a light footprint “plus” approach cannot be discounted for future peacebuilding initiatives.
(source: https://era.library.ualberta.ca/public/view/item/uuid:5270f55c-df00-4a3d-9042-028d0653b231/, accessed 13 February 2015)

___________“Targeted  Killing:  A  Choice  of  Law  Analysis  under  International  Law,” 2011, research paper, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, supervised by Dr. Johanna Harrington, as seen at http://lawschool.ualberta.ca/~/~/media/law/About%20Us/Contact%20Us%20and%20People/Faculty/Joanna%20Harrington/Joanna%20Harrington%20website%20CV.pdf   (accessed on 5 November 2014);

LÉONARD, Vincent (V.J.P.M.), avocat, membre du Barreau du Québec depuis 2004, cabinet du Juge-avocat général (renseignement au 27 juin 2018);

Emmanuelle Léonard-Dufour
LEONARD-DUFOUR, Emmanuelle, legal officer in the Canadian Armed Forces since August 2017, see https://ca.linkedin.com/in/emmanuelle-leonard-dufour-9b662984 (accessed 18 November 2017); as regular force legal officer, she attended the 2019 mandatory legal officer qualification course at Canadian Forces Military Law Centre, CFB Kingston, see Access to Information Act, DND Acess to Information and Privacy letter dated 12 June 2019, File A-2019-00289;

___________photo of LEONARD-DUFOUR:

" [6 September 2018...] the Price of the Embassy
of France was awarded to Miss Emmanuelle Léonard-Dufour, who received
Montesquieu’s comprehensive works [from Brigitte Proucelle, cultural counsellor at the Embassy of ,]"
[source: https://twitter.com/fcculture_/status/1037722439407595521, accessed 2 June 2019]

Source de l'image: pulaval.com/produit/la-constitution-bilingue-un-projet-inacheve, consulté le 9 décembre 2018
LEONARD-DUFOUR, Emmanuelle, Mark C. Power, Marc-André Roy, "L’adoption de la version française des textes constitutionnels ayant valeur officielle uniquement en anglais -- Le recours aux tribunaux ou à la volonté politique pour parvenir au bilinguisme constitutionel" dans Cardinal, LInda, 1959- et François Larocque, sous la direction de, La Constitution bilingue du Canada : un projet inachevé, [Québec] : Presses de l'Université Laval, [2017], 334 p., au chapitre 6, aux pp. 127 à approx. 177, SERIES: Collection Prisme (Presses de l'Université Laval), ISBN: 9782763731483 (PDF);

Maurice Lepage, la source de cette
photo est L'Action catholique, samedi, 29 juin 1946, à la p. 20,
disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3523519 (consulté le 27 janvier 2019)

LEPAGE, Maurice, capitaine, avocat, deuxième guerre mondiale, ville de Québec, département du Juge-avocat général, voir "Lévis et la banlieue", L'action catholique, jeudi, 11 juillet 1946, à la p. 14; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3523530 (consulté le 26 janvier 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

LEPATRIOTE.CA, "Forces canadiennes --des bonis injustifiables", 21 octobre 2014; disponible à http://lepatriote.ca/nouvelles/2014/10/21/forces-canadiennes-des-bonis-injustifiables/ (vérifié le 21 octobre 2014);

Des formations prestigieuses

L’armée dépense près de 700 M$ par année en éducation et formation pour ses membres. Mais les soldats ne
vont pas seulement dans les écoles militaires. L’armée permet à ses officiers de parfaire leur formation dans les
universités les plus prestigieuses du monde.

Non seulement ils continuent de recevoir leur plein salaire, mais tous leurs frais sont remboursés durant la formation.

Depuis 20 ans, près d’une cinquantaine de militaires vont à l’étranger chaque année et plusieurs ramènent des factures
de plusieurs dizaines de milliers de dollars.

Notre Bureau d’enquête a d’ailleurs épluché le parcours d’un juge militaire. L’État a payé, en un an, 246 888 $ afin qu’il
réalise une maîtrise à la prestigieuse université London school of Economics, en Angleterre. De ce montant, on constate
que le militaire a facturé beaucoup à l’État, malgré son important salaire. Même ses crayons stylo de quelques dollars y ont passé.

Un juge avocat-général adjoint a quant à lui fréquenté l’Université Cambridge, aussi en Angleterre. Les contribuables ont payé
302 473 $ pour sa maîtrise. Il avait aussi, au début des années 90, fait une maîtrise à London school of Economics, au coût de
205 000 $ pour les contribuables.

Nos documents montrent que certains officiers passent parfois le tiers de leur carrière sur les bancs d’école, payés par leur
employeur, l’armée canadienne.

Ces années d’études comptent aussi pour leur pension et ils reçoivent leur salaire, ce qu’on retrouve rarement au privé.
 L’armée n’a pas commenté.

Luc Lépine, image source: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/luc-lepine/45/112/b8, accessed on 29 June 2015

LÉPINE, Luc, "Les cours martiales durant la guerre de 1812", (1995) 43 Cap-aux-Diamants : la revue d'histoire du Québec 32-35; disponible à http://www.erudit.org/culture/cd1035538/cd1041650/8774ac.pdf (vérifié le 6 janvier 2012);

___________La milice du district de Montréal, 1787-1829, essai d'histoire socio-militaire, thèse de doctorat en histoire, Université du Québec à Montréal, 2005, 684 p;

Description: La milice du district de Montréal s'inscrit, pour la période 1787-1829, dans un processus de transformation où la colonie
s'intègre graduellement à l'empire britannique. Son fonctionnement qui était au début géré par des ordonnances dépend plus tard de lois
longuement débattues à la Chambre d'Assemblée. La milice du Bas-Canada possède des racines bien ancrées tant dans les milices
européennes que dans les milices coloniales nord-américaines. L'évolution de la milice durant cette période reflète les événements
politiques et militaires. Le district de milice de Montréal compte le plus grand nombre de miliciens et d'officiers parmi les districts de
la colonie. Plusieurs constats concernant ce district s'appliquent également à l'ensemble de la colonie. La milice possède un rôle militaire
et un rôle civil. Il s'agit d'une structure de contrôle sur la population masculine. La Conquête amène une brisure dans la continuité de ses
fonctions. Dès 1787, les ordonnances et les lois de milice ne font que créer l'illusion d'une force militaire. Nous y retrouvons tous les
éléments d'une structure efficace: des règlements, des unités de milice, des officiers et des miliciens. Mais, sauf exception de la période
de guerre, l'utilité de cette milice dans la défense du district et de la colonie est tout au plus marginale: les miliciens sont peu entraînés
et peu armés. À l'intérieur du district cohabitent deux réalités: «la milice canadienne» et «The British Militia». Pendant plusieurs années,
ces deux réalités se manifestent par la présence de deux adjudants-généraux de milice: un Canadien et un Britannique. Chez les Britanniques,
les marchands d'origine écossaise comblent les rangs des officiers du «Montreal British Militia». Comme la ville compte plusieurs marchands,
ils doivent se faire compétition pour obtenir les quelques commissions disponibles. La réalité de la milice diffère dans les bataillons ruraux
et les bataillons urbains. Dans les compagnies de milice rurale, il est difficile de joindre les miliciens, les informer et les rassembler rapidement.
Celles-ci évoluent presque en vase clos. Le capitaine de milice est souvent le leader naturel dans sa compagnie. Sa notoriété dépasse largement
le rôle qui lui est dévolu par les lois et règlements de milice. Pour les simples miliciens ruraux, la milice de la colonie ou même celle du
bataillon est quelque chose de fort vague. On peut diviser le fonctionnement de l'institution en trois périodes: 1787-1812, 1812-1815 et 1816-1829.
(Abstract shortened by UMI.)
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved, at http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&
, accessed 14 March 2018

__________Le Québec et la guerre de 1812, Presses de l'Université Laval, 2012, 142 p., ISBN: 978-2-7637-9959-9; voir "La désertion et les cours martiales", aux pp. approx. 118-124;


Image source: http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2012/04/12/patrick_lesage_to_review_regent_park_condo_purchases.html, accessed on 12 April 2014

LESAGE, Patrick J., former Chief Justice of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, as an individual, testimony on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, issue 38, 28 May 2013,  minutes and evidence;

__________research note: LESAGE, Patrick J., was appointed by the Minister of National defence as the Second Independent Review authority, see http://www.lareau-legal.ca/dnd12.pdf (accessed 18 April 2019); 

- The work of the Second Independent Review Authority is examined at the web page http://www.lareau-law.ca/military.1Somalia.html and look (search) for
the following titles there:
2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25  (a few years late) /
2011 -- Deuxième révision quinquennale du projet de loi C-25
(avec quelques années de retard)

- I informed the Minister that he willfully does not follow the law by refusing to have an independent
review of the Act.. /
J'informe le ministre qu'il ne suit pas la loi en refusant de tenir un examen indépendant de la loi...

On 25 March 2011 (and quite late), the Minister directs that the second review be held /
Le 25 mars 2001 (et avec beaucoup de retard), le ministre ordonne la tenue du deuxième examen

The LeSage Report -- put on the internet on 2 August 2012/
  Le rapport LeSage -- mis sur l'internet le 2 aoû
t 2012

- Records on LeSage's Work

François LeSieur, photo reproduced from   http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/francois-lesieur/8b/247/344 (accessed on 31 March 2014)

LESIEUR, François, A New Appeal to Canadian Military Justice: Unconstitutionality of Summary Trials Under Charter 11(d), master's dissertation, not available for consultation / mémoire de maîtrise, non disponible pour consultation, University of Ottawa / Université d'Ottawa, mentioned at /mentionné à (automne 2010) 69 La revue du Barreau du Québec 374; on 17 February 2011 Mr. LeSieur sent me his work on pdf format with the new title A New Appeal to Canadian Military Justice: Constitutionality of Summary Trials Under Charter 11(d) which is now available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/LeSieur.pdf  (put on internet 17 February 2011);  you can communicate with the author at f_lesieur@hotmail.com

Source of image: http://lmlaw.ca/robert-j-lesperance/, accessed 2 November 2015
Robert J. Lesperance
LESPERANCE, Robert J., LCol, "2006 JAG Commendation", (2007) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 86;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

______ "Canada,'s Military Operations against ISIS in Irak and Syria and the Law of Armed Conflict", (2015) 10(2) Canadian International Lawyer 51-63 ; available at http://lmlaw.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/15-9-7-RJL-Canadian-International-Lawyer-Article-00125489xDA33B.pdf (accessed 2 November 2015);

___________"Legal aspects of requests for cross border military assistance [presentation slides]" in The 2010 International Law Conference : the future of Canada-U.S. cross-border relations, [Ottawa, Ont.] : Canadian Bar Association, 2010, Notes: "May 6-7, 2010 ... Vancouver, B.C.,       "Presented by the Canadian Bar Association's National International Law Section and the National Continuing Legal Education Committee"; source: http://library.lsuc.on.ca/vwebv/holdingsInfo?searchId=594&recCount=10&recPointer=3&bibId=59936, accessed 9 October 2017;

Nomand Lester

LESTER, Norfmand, "Les Waffen-SS canadiens d’Hitler", Blogues Normand Lester, vendredi le 26 juillet 2019, disponible à https://www.journaldemontreal.com/2019/07/26/les-waffen-ss-canadiens-dhitler (consulté le 6 août 2019);

Les trois SS canadiens furent capturés par l’armée britannique alors qu’ils
tentaient de se dissimuler parmi des prisonniers de guerre alliés quand les
soviétiques ont pris Berlin et que le régime nazi s’est effondré. Galaher fut
condamné par une cour martiale canadienne à l’emprisonnement à perpétuité [...]

Just Letellier                  From the left: a person -- I don't remember her name, François
1961, Metz France        Lareau and Just Letellier, Lahr, circa 1982 (photo by François Lareau)
Source of image:
detail of a group photo in McDONALD, R. Arthur,
 (Ronald Arthur), Canada's Military Lawyers, infra, at p. 93.

LETELLIER de St-Just, Just P.,  former Judge Advocate General officer and military Judge; deceased, married to Diana Arnison; graduated from Université Laval; Chair of the Pension Review Board, 1985-1987, Chair of the Veterans Appeal Board, 1987-1989;  research made on 7 February 2016;

source:collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3172283  , consulté le 6 mai 2018
Just Letellier de St-Just, alors qu'il était avocat
et commandant en second du H.M.C.S. Montcalm,
journal Le soleil, 6 mars 1953, à la p. 13.


À Charlottetown, le 15 décembre 1989, a l’âge de 63 ans, est décédé Monsieur Just Letellier De St-Just,
époux en premieres noces de feu Greta Corriveau et en secondes noces de Diana Arnison, il demeurait a
Charlottetown. Il laisse dans le deuil, outre son épouse ses fils: Marc (Anne Clément) et Paul d’Ottawa;
sa mère Mme Cécile Lord Letellier de St-Just et ses soeurs Louise et Nicole de Quebec. Le service religieux
sera célébré le mercredi 20 décembre 1989 a 11 h en l'église St-Isidore a Kanata, Ontario. La famille recevra
les condoléances une demi-heure avant la cérémonie. Des dons à la Fondation du Québec des Maladies du coeur
seraient appréciés.
[source: consulté le 5 mai 2018]


___________on LETELLIER, Colonel Just, presiding a Standing Court Martial, see the article: "Transport rules often bent, court-martial told", The Globe and Mail, 10 September 1977, at p. 5;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/...., accessed 29 September 2018
ProQuest Historical Newspapers

___________on LETELLIER, Colonel Just, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 104 and 213, available at  103-242;

___________on LETELLIER, Colonel Just's wife, Diana Arnison, in The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle, volume 15, number 1, Spring 1961 at p. 9, available at http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/chronicle/AL_CHRON_1961_1.pdf  (accessed 12 March 2019);

LETENDRE, Robert W., Pretrial Restraint: A Comparative Historical Analysis of American, British and Canadian Military Law,  Thesis--The Judge Advocate General's School, United States Army, 1969; 80 leaves; available at http://cdm15962.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15962coll7/id/78 (accessed 27 September 2016);

LETOURNEAU, Adam, "Judge Advocate General (JAG)", 5 December 2006; available at http://canadian-law-school.blogspot.ca/2006/12/judge-advocate-general-jag.html (accessed on 30 October 2014);

Gilles Létourneau, source of photo: https://plus.google.com/100888799498930312253/photos---accessed 21 March 2014

LÉTOURNEAU, Gilles, 1945-, "A criminal record for a simple disciplinary offence!", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 27 January 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/search?updated-max=2014-01-27T19:21:00-05:00&max-results=7&start=28&by-date=false (accessed on 15 February 2014);

In Canada prosecutions before disciplinary board for disciplinary offences such as conduct prejudicial to the profession
do not create rise to a criminal record. The same act, however, may give rise to a criminal prosecution where, upon
conviction, the accused will inherit a criminal record. In Canadian military law, the situation is different. Some disciplinary
offences prosecuted before service tribunals, although not criminal in any way, may upon conviction saddle an accused for
life with a criminal record.

___________"Actual and perceived independence of military judges", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 26 January 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/search?updated-max=2014-01-27T19:21:00-05:00&max-results=7&start=28&by-date=false (accessed on 15 February 2014);

___________"A new era?", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 29 July 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/07/a-new-era.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (accessed on 30 July 2015);  Mr. Létourneau gives his preliminary impressions on the fact that  LCol Stalker was charged before the civil authorities;

___________"Another drama in the Canadian Forces" Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 4 January 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/01/another-drama-in-canadian-forces.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+(Global+Military+Justice+Reform) (accessed on 5 January 2017);

___________"Another landmark in the quest for justice and fairness in the military justice system", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 2 May 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/05/another-landmark-in-quest-for-justice.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 3 May 2014);deals with the case of Larouche v. Her Majesty the Queen, 2014 CMAC 6;

___________"Another step towards a fairer Canadian military justice system", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 13 March 2016, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/03/another-step-towards-fairer-canadian.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 15 March 2016); deals with the case of R. v. Korolyk, 2014 CMAC 6;

___________"Another step towards the protection of the accused before military courts",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 17 April 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/04/another-step-towards-protection-of.html (accessed on 18 April 2014);  discusses the case of In The Queen v. Wehmeier 2014 CMAC 5 (Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada);

___________"Another strip-tease of the Canadian military justice system", 
Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 22 March 2016, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/03/another-strip-tease-of-canadian-penal.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 23 March 2016); 

___________"Canadian Forces Members Deprived of Constitutional Right to a Jury Trial", The Ottawa Citizen, Defence Watch, 9 March 2014, available at http://blogs.ottawacitizen.com/2014/03/09/canadian-forces-members-deprived-of-constitutional-right-to-a-jury-trial/  (accessed on 14 March 2014);

"However, with the exception of murder, manslaughter and abduction of children committed in Canada, all other ordinary
criminal law offences, whether committed at home or abroad by members of the Canadian Forces, in all likelihood will be
prosecuted before and tried by a military tribunal, thereby depriving the accused of the constitutional right to a jury trial
guaranteed by par.11(f) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

The constitutional protection applies to persons tried by civilian courts for serious offences punishable by an imprisonment
of five years or more, but is denied when the trial takes place before a military tribunal.

In my respectful view, as a matter of public policy, equality of rights and treatment before and under the law as well as
fairness, no serious ordinary criminal law offence punishable by imprisonment for five years or more should be prosecuted
before a military tribunal under the guise of discipline in peacetime.

Not unlike a police officer, a soldier is a citizen in uniform. Like the police officer he should be prosecuted before a civilian
tribunal where he would regain his constitutional right to a jury trial."

___________"The Canadian military criminal justice system at a crossroad", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 29 July 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/07/the-canadian-military-criminal-justice.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 30 July 2014);

___________"Canadian military justice system's lack of independence unfair for military personnel", Ottawa Citizen, 22 January 2016; available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/lack-of-independence-for-canadas-military-justice-system-unfair-for-military-personnel (accessed 22 January 2016);

____________"La croissance surprenante du bureau du Juge-Avocat Général", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 24 April 2017, available at https://mg.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=rogers-acs&.rand=4ha33cgd63hnd#mail  (accessed on 25 April 2017);

Source de l'image: http://www.wilsonlafleur.com/wilsonlafleur/CatDetails.aspx?C=340.591, visité 20 janvier 2016
__________Combattre l'injustice et réformer, Wilson et Lafleur, 2015, 206 p., ISBN: papier, 9782896892945; les pages 87-115 traitent de  "La Commission d’enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie" et les pages 129-146 de " La justice militaire et la nécessité d’une réforme fondamentale"; disponible à https://edoctrine.caij.qc.ca/wilson-et-lafleur-livres/118/1661165239/ (consulté le 23 mars 2018);

___________"Comment to the blog article by Eugene R. Fidell, "Statement by Gabriela Knaul, UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 23 February 2014; available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/02/statement-by-gabriela-knaul-special.html  (accessed on 22 December 2014); lien important;

__________"Comment to the blog article by Eugene R. Fidell, "Victim's rights in the Canadian Forces",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 14 September 2014; available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/09/victims-rights-in-canadian-forces.html (accessed on 15 February 2014);

___________"Le courage de ses convictions", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 11 October 2015; available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/10/le-courage-de-ses-convictions.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (12 October 2015);

___________"L'effeuillage (strip-tease) du système de justice pénale militaire canadien", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 21 March 2016; available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/03/leffeuillage-strip-tease-du-systeme-de.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (22 March 2016);

__________"Hon. Edmond Blanchard, Chief of the Court Martial Appeal Court and the Federal Court of Canada dies", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 28 June 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/06/hon-edmond-blanchard-chief-justice-of.html (accessed on 29 June 2014);

____________"Les enquêtes internes sur les décès de militaires", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 4 April 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/04/les-enquetes-internes-sur-les-deces-de.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+(Global+Military+Justice+Reform) (accessed on 5 April 2017);

___________"Fonds Gilles Létourneau", 0,7 m de documents textuels, 1995-1997, Archives nationales du Canada, voir la note bibliographique à http://www.archivescanada.ca/english/search/ItemDisplay.asp?sessionKey=1143825756048_206_191_57_199&l=-1&lvl=1&v=0&coll=1&itm=267137&rt=1&bill=1 (vérifié le 1er février 2015);

Portée et Contenu:
Le fonds comprend des documents qui permettent d'éclairer la façon de travailler d'un président d'une importante commission
d'enquête relative au déploiement des Forces cannadiennes en Somalie. Les documents permettent de voir l'évolution, le
cheminement intellectuel et les commentaires d'un commissaire ainsi que ses méthodes de travail pendant l'enquête. Les
notes d'audiences, les annotations diverses et la correspondance sont particulièrement intéressantes pour étudier non seulement
le travail interne mais le mandat, le processus et le fonctionnement de la commission. On retrouve non seulement des notes et
de la correspondance mais aussi des agendas, des minutes, des rapports, des allocutions et des communiqués de presse. 

___________"Impact of Administrative Release from Forces on Adequacy and Enforceability of Sentences", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 10 November 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/11/impact-of-administrative-release-from.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 11 November 2014);

___________ Initiation à la justice militaire : un tour d'horizon du système de justice pénale militaire et de son évolution au Canada/Introduction to Military Justice : An Overview of Military Penal Justice System and its Evolution in Canada, Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2012. x, 70, 68, viii p. : ill. ; 24 cm.; copie à la bibliothèque de la Cour suprême du Canada, KF7620 L48 2012; copie également à Fauteux, Université d'Ottawa, KE 7160 .L486 2012; voir la la table des matières en français; now the English Table of Contents is available;   disponible en français à https://edoctrine.caij.qc.ca/recherche#q=cour%20martiale&t=edoctrine&sort=relevancy&f:caij-unik-checkboxes=[Doctrine,L%C3%A9gislation,jurisprudence]&m=detailed&bp=results (consulté le 23 mars 2018); lien important pour la version française;   disponible en anglais à https://edoctrine.caij.qc.ca/recherche#q=cour%20martiale&t=edoctrine&sort=relevancy&f:caij-unik-checkboxes=[Doctrine,L%C3%A9gislation,jurisprudence]&m=detailed&i=4&bp=results (accessed on 23 March 2018); important link for the English version;

___________"Interview of  Mr. Justice Létourneau" by Pierre Donais, CPAC, 29 minutes and 6 seconds; available at http://www.cpac.ca/endigital-archives/?search=Somalia&orderby=relevance (accessed on 11 July 2016);

In this episode, Pierre Donais sits down with Gilles Létourneau. Justice Gilles Létourneau was appointed Judge
of the Federal Court of Canada, Appeal Division and ex officio member of the Trial Division, and Judge of the
Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada on May 13, 1992, as well as Chairman of the Commission of Inquiry into
the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia on March 20, 1995. Prior to that, he had been appointed President
of the Law Reform Commission of Canada on July 5, 1990. He also contributed to several major legislative reforms
in Quebec.

___________"In the search for a better Canadian military justice system", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Monday 13 April 2015, available at  http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/04/in-search-for-better-canadian-military.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (accessed on 14 April 2015);

___________"It's Time To Examine Status of Military Judges to Unequivocally Ensure Their Independence From The Chain of Command", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Wednesday 19 March 2014, available at http://blogs.ottawacitizen.com/2014/03/19/its-time-to-examine-status-of-military-judges-to-unequivocally-ensure-their-independence-from-the-chain-of-command/ (accessed on 22 March 2014);

___________"Jurisdiction of Canadian military tribunals questioned -- military justice system at a crossroad", The Ottawa Citizen, Defence Watch, 9 March 2014, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/jurisdiction-of-canadian-military-tribunals-questioned-military-justice-system-at-a-crossroad (accessed on 14 March 2014);   

___________"L'exemple du Canada" in Ministère de la défense, Colloque: Droit pénal et défense, École militaire 27 et 28 mars 2001, Paris: Ministère de la défense, Secrétariat général pour l'administration, Direction des affaires juridiques, 2001, 202 p., aux pp. 121-139; titre noté dans mes recherches mais article non consulté;

___________"L'injustice des procès sommaires au Canada", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Saturday, 28 March 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/03/linjustice-des-proces-sommaires-au.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+(Global+Military+Justice+Reform) (accessed on 29 March 2017);

___________"Military nexus and the right to a jury trial", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Tuesday, 15 December 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/12/military-nexus-and-right-to-jury-trial.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 16 December 2015); includes a blog reply/comment by Michel Drapeau;

___________"Military Penal Justice in Canada", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Saturday, 30 July 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/08/military-penal-justice-in-canada.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (accessed on 24 August 2014);

___________"Military Tribunals Being Abolished in Other Countries Except Canada", The Ottawa Citizen, Blog, News, Defence Watch, 29 March 2014, available at http://blogs.ottawacitizen.com/2014/03/29/military-tribunals-being-abolished-in-other-countries-except-canada/ (accessed on 31 March 2014);

___________"The monolith of Canadian military justice: blindness, deafness and general recalcitrance", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Tuesday, 19 January 2016, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/01/the-monolith-of-canadian-military.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (accessed on 20 January 2016); 

___________"A Most welcome judicial poultice", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Monday, 4 January 2016, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/01/a-most-welcome-judicial-poultice_4.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 5 January 2016); comments on the decision R. v. Gagnon, 2015 CMAC 2;

___________"A move towards equality of rights for Canadian soldiers", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, Wednesday 19 March 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/ (accessed on 20 March 2014);

___________on the SOMALIA AFFAIR or INQUIRY  & Government Reaction, see complete web site at http://www.lareau-law.ca/military.1Somalia.html

__________"Out of kilter? The investigation, prosecution and trial of ordinary criminal law offences in the Canadian military",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 8 May 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/out-of-kilter-investigation-prosecution.html  (accessed on 9 May 2015); research note: Mr. Létourneau in his blog makes reference to the reply made by Pascal Lévesque, at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/canadian-military-justice-system-has.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29;

___________"La problématique des commissions d'enquête des temps modernes" dans Actes de la XIIIe Conférence des juristes de l'État. Cowansville: Y. Blais, 1998, aux pp. 173; disponible à http://www.conferencedesjuristes.gouv.qc.ca/files/documents/6l/77/laproblematiquedescommissionsdenquete.pdf (vérifié le 1er février 2015); 

___________"Prosecution of children before service tribunals", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 23 January 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/search?updated-max=2014-01-27T19:21:00-05:00&max-results=7&start=28&by-date=false (accessed on 15 February 2014);

___________"Selection Process of the Panel Members of General Courts Martial in Canada: Another Needed Reform", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 2 September 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/09/selection-process-of-panel-members-of.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 3 September 2014);

___________"Shuffle the deck of cards?" Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 2 February 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/search?updated-max=2014-02-05T09:51:00-05:00&max-results=7&start=14&by-date=false (accessed on 14 February 2014);

In Canada, pursuant to ss. 60 and 273 of the  National Defence Act (Act), civilian criminal courts and military tribunals have
concurrent jurisdiction to try ordinary criminal law offences committed by persons subject to the military Code of Service Discipline,
even when they are committed outside Canada. This is due to the fact that s. 130 of the Act transforms all ordinary criminal law
offences into service offences, i.e., disciplinary offences. This duality of jurisdictions begs the traditional thorny questions: who
should prosecute what, when, where, why, how and under what conditions? While the answers to these questions are important for
the following reasons, they are not easily found.

___________testimony of Gilles Létourneau, Retired Judge of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Court Martial Appeal Court on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act,

-  before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 65, 11 February 2013, minutes and evidence;
- before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, meeting issue 38, 29 May 2013minutes and  evidence;

___________"The decision in Moriarity could have gone further",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 23 March 2014, available at https://ca-mg5.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=rogers-acs&retry_ssl=1#6 (accessed on 24 March 2014);

___________"The long and winding road of reform", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 22 June 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/06/the-long-and-winding-road-of-reform.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 23 June 2014);

The Canadian penal military justice system is in need of fundamental reform, not mere tinkering. So far there has been some changes to the system, a great many of them in the field of penal and disciplinary justice which were imposed by judicial decisions of the Court Martial Appeal Court (CMAC) and the Supreme Court of Canada.

It took more than 19 years of costly litigation to achieve an incomplete independence of military judges: see Leblanc v. R., 2011 CMAC 2, R.v. Lauzon (1998), 6 C.M.A.C. 19 and R.v. Genereux (1992) 1 S.C.R. 259. They still hold a rank inferior to over 100 officers who fall under their penal and disciplinary jurisdiction. As their judicial independence grew, military judges have become more assertive. Improved fairness and justice are already visible on this front.

The same cannot be said, however, of both the existing Prosecutorial and Defence Services which fall under the general supervision of the Judge Advocate General (JAG). The potential for unwarranted command influence is great on both Services, either in the form of active or refraining influence on the lawyers who operate in these Services. Their pay increase is linked to their performance assessed by their superior, i.e. the JAG. It is also the case for their promotion or task assignment within the Canadian Forces as a whole   

___________"The resurection of Napoléon's principle of equal justice", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 30 April 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/04/the-resurrection-of-napoleons-principle.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 24 March 2014);

____________"The title Judge Advocate General: a misleading misnomer in Canada",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 25 April 2014, available at  http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/04/the-title-judge-advocate-general.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 24 March 2014);

While the term “JAG” leads one to believe that, in Canada, the person appointed to that position is a judge, he is not a judge at all. He is a senior legal adviser to the Governor General, the Minister of National Defence (Minister), the Defence Department and the Canadian Forces, in matters relating to military law. He is also responsible to the Minister in the performance of his or her duties and functions: see ss.9.1 and 9.3 of the National Defence Act. This is a far cry from a judge who enjoys judicial independence, especially independence from the chain of command. In plain and simple words he is a lawyer. He is himself part of the chain of command as the Commander of all military lawyers. He attends all senior management meetings at National Defence Headquarters.

I think it is fair to say that the misnomer is confusing and misleading for everybody, especially the lay person, but convenient for the incumbent. The title JAG is a remnant of a distant past. For the sake of clarity and the better administration of military justice,  the title should be changed to reflect the current reality as well as the conditions and benefits which attach to the function that it is rather than the function that it is not.

___________"The Status of the Military Nexus Doctrine in Canada", Discussion paper delivered at the Global Military Appellate Seminar, Yale University, Connecticut, April 1, 2011; available at http://www.law.yale.edu/The_Status_of_the_Military_Nexus_Doctrine_in_Canada.pdf (accessed on 3 June 2011);

___________"Text of Oral Remarks on Bill C-15 -- Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Delivered by the Honorable Justice (retired) Gilles Létourneau", 11 February 2013, 7 p.; Note: on 20 March 2013, the clerk of the National Defence Standing Committee of the House of Commons, Leif-Erik Aune, sent me a copy of the public briefs submitted by witnesses under the committee's study of Bill C-15, the Strenghtening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act, First reading, 7 October 2011; also available in French;
"Observations sur le projet de loi C-15 -- Loi visant à renforcer la justice militaire pour la défense du Canada présentées par l'honorable juge (à la retraite) Gilles Létourneau", 11 février 2013, 8 p.; le projet de loi C-15 a reçu sa première lecture le 7 octobre 2011;

___________"Toute bonne chose a une fin", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 11 May 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/05/toute-bonne-chose-une-fin.html  (accessed on 13 May 2017);

Toute bonne chose a une fin

All good things must come to an end. This is also true of bad things. According to critics and observers of military justice,
it appears that the appointment of the current Judge-Advocate General of the Canadian Armed Forces was the appointment
of the wrong person, at the wrong position, at the wrong time. Due to leave his position in this coming June, it is hoped that
the new incumbent will be open to the important changes that have been made in recent years with success and without
prejudice to the need for good order and discipline in the military.

___________"Two Fundamental Shortcomings of the Canadian Military Justice System", Global Seminar on Military Justice Reform, Yale Law  School, 18-19 October 2013; available at http://www.law.yale.edu/documents/pdf/conference/Letourneau_TwoFundamentalShortcomings.pdf
(accessed on  7 December 2013);

___________"Un sérieux manque de considération à l'égard de l'institution de la justice militaire et de ses juges",  Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 26 April 2017, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2017/04/un-serieux-manque-de-consideration.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+(Global+Military+Justice+Reform)  (accessed on 27 April 2017);

__________"Two Observations in relation to the Moriarity and Larouche cases", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 9 January 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/01/two-observations-in-relation-to.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 10 January 2015);

__________"Why limits are necessary on the scope of the Canadian penal military justice system", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 14 May 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/why-limits-are-necessary-on-scope-of.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29  (accessed on 15 May 2015);

__________"Will Canada be moving towards a further expansion of the scope of the penal military justice system?", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 13 May 2015, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/will-canada-be-moving-towards-further.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 14 May 2015);

___________"Will Justice and Fairness Prevail?", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 27 March 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/ (accessed on 28 March 2014);

Will Justice and Fairness Prevail?

In his article entitled ‘Anglo-American’ Military Justice Systems and the Wave of Civilianization: Will Discipline Survive?, Lieutenant-Colonel S.S. Strickey of the Office of the Canadian Judge Advocate General asks whether discipline will survive as a result of what he calls civilianization of military justice.
The issue in Canada is not about civilianization of military justice.  Far from it. It is about justice itself.  It is about justice and fairness to soldiers who, as Canadian citizens, are entitled to it as much as civilians when it comes to the military prosecution of ordinary criminal law offences.
The remedy is a simple one. Let the civilian courts try ordinary criminal law offences and  the military institute disciplinary proceedings against military offenders. In this way the military offenders retain their civil rights that they can invoke before civilian tribunals and the military can secure discipline for disciplinary offences before military tribunals. 

___________"Will the Supreme Court of Canada provide soldiers with equality of treatment", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 12 November 2014, available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2014/11/will-supreme-court-of-canada-provide.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29 (accessed on 12 November 2014);

....... From the left: Michel Drapeau and Gilles Létourneau, image source: http://www.hilltimes.com, accessed 12 November 2014

LÉTOURNEAU, Gilles, 1945- and Michel Drapeau, 1943-,  Canadian Military Law Annotated, Toronto: Thomson -- Carswell, 2006, ciii, 1787 p., ISBN: 0459244086; see the Table of Contents, etc., at http://www.nimj.com/documents/CdnMilitaryLawAnnotated.pdf (accessed on 10 July 2008); copy at Ottawa University, KE 6800 .L48 2006; copy at the Supreme Court of Canada Library KF7210 ZA2 L48 2006;

Foreword / Avant-Propos / The Honourable Edmond Blanchard – Prologue / Lieutenant General Richard Evraire – Preface – Table of cases – Table of acronyms and abbreviations – Part I. Introduction. 1. Introduction. Table of contents. Introduction. Background. The war years. The unification of the Canadian Forces. The post-war years. The legislative framework. The current structure. Customs, traditions and service etiquette. Military justice professional associations. Conclusions. Annex A. Canada’s contributions to UN peacekeeping operations, 1947-2006 – Annex B. National Defence Headquarters Organizational Chart – Annex C. CF hierarchical rank structure – Annex D. Pay and allowances: Regular Force – Annex E. Canadian honours and awards – Annex F. CF major weapons platforms – Annex G. Major (non-fighting) equipment – Annex H. Principal Canadian Forces installations-postal addresses – Bibliography – Permissions. Part II. Canadian Military Law. 2. National Defence Act – 3. Visiting Forces Act – 4. Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act – 5. Geneva Conventions Act. Part III. Canadian Military Law: Rules. 6. Court Martial Appeal Court Rules – 7. Military Rules of Evidence – Part V. Defence Agreements. 8. NATO Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), 1951.  [source, http://ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch, accessed on 1 December 2011]

___________"Epilogue" in Michel Drapeau Law Office, ed.,  Winds of Change: Conference and Debate on Canadian Military Law, [Ottawa:] Michel Drapeau Law Office, 2016, 102 p., at pp. 86-90;  NOTES: Conference held at the University of Ottawa, 13 November 2015; "For the first time an international academic conference on military law was held in Canada at the University of Ottawa with the focus on reform and comparative law" (Gilles Létourneau, Preface, p. 7);  "(Organizing Committee for the Conference: Michel W. Drapeau, Joshua M. Juneau, Walter Semianiw and Sylvie Corbin)"; available at mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf (accessed 20 January 2016);

___________Military Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation, Carswell, 2011, approx. 1700 p., ISBN: 978-0-7798-3632-1;

Foreword – Preface – A word of introduction by the authors – Table of cases – Table of acronyms and abbreviations – 1. The Defence portfolio and key actors – 2. National Defence Act annotated – 3. Queen’s regulations and orders-Volume I. Administration – 4. Queen’s regulations and order-Volume II. Discipline – 5. Queen’s regulations and orders-Volume III. Financial – 6. Military rules of evidence – 7. Rules of the Court Martial appeal court – 8. Charter of Rights and Freedoms. [source: http://ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch, accessed on 1 December 2011] 


--- image source: http://mdlo.ca/uncategorized/launch-military-justice-in-action/, accessed 20 February 2015
                                         Michel Drapeau (left) and Gilles Létourneau
___________Military Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation, 2nd edition,  Carswell, 2015, approx. 2000 p., ISBN: 978-0-7798-6062-3; see video clip in French on the new book at http://tvanouvelles.ca/lcn/infos/national/archives/2015/02/20150212-130051.html, accessed 15 February 2015;

___________Modernization of Canadian Military Criminal Justice: Behind the Times, 2017, 114 pages; available at http://mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Behind-The-Times.pdf (accessed 3 April 2017);  for more information, please contact: Michel Drapeau Law Office, 192 Somerset West • Ottawa, Ontario • K2P 0J4, Tel: 613-236-2657 • Fax: 613-236-747, info@mdlo.ca

__________"We need restorative justice for members of Canadian military", The Hill Times online, 5 May 2015, available at http://canadianveteran011.blogspot.ca/ (accessed 7 May 2015); at http://mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Restorative-Justice-for-CAF-members1.pdf (accessed 9 May 2015); at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/canadian-military-justice-system-has.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29; and at http://mdlo.ca/news/restorative-justice-for-cf-members-an-absolute-necessity/ (accessed 10 May 2015); see also http://www.hilltimes.com/opinion/2015/05/04/we-need-restorative-justice-for-members-of-canadian-military/41977  (accessed 7 May 2015);

Source de l'image: still photo http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=35755&urlen=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%
Mark Létourneau before the Supreme Court of Canada

LÉTOURNEAU, Marc P. (Mark),  Biographical notes on; not necessarily written by Mr. Létourneau;

LCdr Marc P. Létourneau,
Directorate of Defence Counsel Services
(Biography to be added when available)

Prior to joining the Canadian Forces in 2006, LCdr Mark Létourneau acted as a provincial prosecutor with the Directeur des poursuites criminelles et
pénales in Montréal.  Since becoming a Legal Officer, he has been prosecution and defence counsel. LCdr Létourneau is currently the Appellate Counsel
 in the office of the Director of Defence Counsel Services. LCdr Létourneau is a graduate of the University of Montréal Faculty of Law (LLB). He is currently
pursuing his graduate degree at Osgoode Hall Law School (LLM Criminal Law and Procedure). He is called to the Bar in Québec.
 (image source: http://www.cba.org/cba/cle/pdf/MIL13_Materials.pdf, accessed 21 January 2015).

___________on LÉTOURNEAU, Marc P. (Mark), see University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law -- Common Law Section, "January Term 2019: New Opportunities and New Perspectives to Start the New Year", 18 December 2018, available at https://commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/news/january-term-2019-new-opportunities-and-new-perspectives-start-new-year (accessed 25 December 2018); aussi disponible en français à  https://commonlaw.uottawa.ca/fr/nouvelles/session-janvier-2019-nouvelles-possibilites-nouvelles-perspectives-commencer-lannee;

French Program students will have the chance to take a special course on military criminal law, “Droit pénal militaire” (CML4504JA),
offered under the auspices of the Department of National Defence by Lieutenant-Commander Mark Létourneau, Legal Counsel at
the Office of the Judge Advocate General.


Les étudiants du Programme en français auront l’occasion de suivre le cours spécial « Droit pénal militaire » (CML4504JA),
offert sous l’égide du ministère de la Défense nationale par le capitaine de corvette Mark Létourneau, conseiller juridique
au Cabinet du Juge-avocat général.

___________photo de Marc Létourneau devant la Cour supreme du Canada, représentant l'adjudant Gagnon, 16 octobre 2018;  Warrant Officer J.G.A. Gagnon v. Her Majesty the Queen (Federal Court) (Criminal) (As of Right), Case Docket 37972, https://www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/dock-regi-eng.aspx?cas=37972;

Image source: scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=
, accessed 16 October 2018

Dan Lett (source: winnipegfreepress.com/biographies/304912371.html)

LETT, Dan, "Hunting for Pirates: Dan Lett on board HMCS Winnipeg.  Perspective: Months of Monday.  Pirate-hunting an endless grind for HMCS Winnipeg and crew", Winnipeg Free Press, 30 May 2009; available at http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/special/hmcswinnipeg/Perspective-Months-of-Monday--46576202.html (accessed 6 April 2017); article discusses the presence of Major Warren Fensom, a JAG officer;

As the ship’s officers arrived for dinner — a special menu of roast turkey, mashed potatoes and cranberry sauce — Maj. Warren
Fensom looked on with a warm smile. The ship’s lawyer, Fensom was hosting a special dinner to celebrate the marriage of his son Kevin.

Fensom’s sudden and somewhat unexpected deployment with HMCS Winnipeg on counter-pirate duties kept him from the wedding,
which was held in the stateroom in Esquimault, B.C., headquarters of the Canadian navy’s Pacific operations.

With a full table of ship’s officers,